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The English Phonetic Alphabet_JudyThompson_Appi2013

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  • 1. Judy ThompsonAPPI Conference, LisbonApril, 2013
  • 2. The Problem with EnglishLetters don’t represent soundsNo one knows what words sound like from reading themblue throughyou whotwo dofew shoedue boo
  • 3. The Presentation1. A short History of English showing speaking as adifferent language than writing2. The Sounds of English1. Consonants – sounds that stop2. Vowels – sounds that stretch3. Take away pronunciation tools students can useanywhere
  • 4. 40 sounds26 letters
  • 5. Checking in(Am I talking too fast?) English speaking as completely separate from Englishwriting The history provides context for students and theireducation so far It is not their fault that their speaking has not gone as wellas they’d hopedWe have a clean slate– a fresh start for some new thinking
  • 6. Framework for Speaking We are at zero What we put in place now is a structure for how speakingworks in all situations Students can use this framework outside ofclass, independent of teacher support, for the rest of theirlivesToday we’ll cover 1 and 2 from a set of 6 powerful tools fromSpeaking Made SimpleNo other speaking program works like this
  • 7. 2. SoundsThere are 40 sounds in English24 consonant sounds16 vowel sounds40 Consonant sounds STOP Vowel sounds s t r e t c h
  • 8. Sound NotationExplain the notation slash brackets/makes the sound/This is a dog.– it makes the sound /woof/This is a d - it makes the sound /d/ThompsonLanguageCenter.com 8
  • 9. 24 Consonants of English18 familiarb, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, y, z/b/ /d/ /f/ /g //h/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /p/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /v/ /w/ /y/ /z/6 newSh, Ch, TH, Th, Ng, Zh/Sh/ /Ch/ /TH/ /Th/ /Ng/ /Zh/
  • 10. EPA Consonants_ b _ d _ f g h _ j k l m n _ p _ r s t _ v w _y z/Sh/ - shoe, sugar, nation, machine*/Ch/ - church, cello, picture/TH/ - thing, thank, both, teeth/Th/ - the, them, these, mother, brother/Ng/ - singing, pink/Zh/ - Asia, garage, usual, Taj Mahal(* Transformation)
  • 11. Old FriendsOld Friends Ol’ FrenzWe walked and talked we wakt an taktAnd talked and walked an takt an waktWalked and talked wakt an taktTalked and walked takt an wakt(* Transformation)
  • 12. Families of Exercises Bingo Listening Skills Consonant Hunt Sound Maze Word Search Mystery Match Cry Wolf
  • 13. EPA Vowels The first thing people learn in a new language is thenames of the colors Inside the names of 16 common colors in English arethe 16 vowel sounds of English Students learn the colors of words and crazy Englishspelling is no longer a barrier to confident speaking
  • 14. What color is this?
  • 15. Turn the card around slowlyCan you think of other words with the sound /Ay/?
  • 16. What color is rain? Great? Play?(* Transformation)
  • 17. What color is this?Think of other words with the sound /a/Turn the card around
  • 18. Spelling Doesn’t Matter Anymore
  • 19. Secret Treasure in the Vowel Chart Students understand the most important feature ofEnglish organically – you just wake it up in them English is a stress-based language The stressed syllable determines the color of the word Every word in English is a colorBAnana is not a wordNeither is banaNAThe word is baNAnaThere are no variations. Banana is a Black word
  • 20. What color is your name? It is one of the colors on the Thompson Vowel Chart Every word in English is somewhere on that chart! * TransformationFYIIf the word-stress isn’t right, a native English speakercan’t guess what is being said
  • 21. Old FriendsOld Friends Ol’ FrenzWe walked and talked we wokt an toktAnd talked and walked an tokt an woktWalked and talked wokt an toktTalked and walked tokt an wokt
  • 22. 3. Take Away for Students Every word in English is a color English is a stress-based language – if someone can’tunderstand word stress is the problem not ‘accent’ Accents don’t matter – everyone has an accent – onlyword stress matters
  • 23. Take Away for YouThe other four tools we did not talk about today are: Content words carry message – grammar doesn’t Linking – all spoken words start with consonants Expressions – English is idiomatic Body Language – non-verbal is 80% of the messageIt was my goal to show you a new way of looking atSpoken English and how to teach itAnd to assure you that a full range of materials areavailable if you are interested
  • 24. Thank youJudy Thompson2554 The Grange SideroadCaledon, OntarioCanadawww.ThompsonLanguageCenter.comEmail: judy@thompsonlanguagecenter.comSkype: judycaledonTwitter: @judyisblue