Future Tenses

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Presentation revising the use and form of basic tenses to express the future in English.

Published in: Education

Future Tenses

  1. 1. Expressing
  2. 2. BASIC FUTURE TENSES <ul><li>WILL </li></ul><ul><li>BE GOING TO </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT CONTINUOUS </li></ul>
  3. 3. WILL BE GOING TO PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>It is followed by an infinitive: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I will go to your party” </li></ul><ul><li>It is the same form for all the subjects: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Susan will do it” </li></ul><ul><li>“ We will do it” </li></ul><ul><li>The negative “ will not” is usually contracted to “won’t” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The dog won’t bite you”. </li></ul><ul><li>For questions, we change the order: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Will I ever be rich?” </li></ul><ul><li>* “Who will do it?” </li></ul><ul><li>We need the correct form of “be” in the present simple tense, according to the subject: </li></ul><ul><li>“ She is going to do it” </li></ul><ul><li>It is followed by an infinitive: </li></ul><ul><li>“ My mother is going to tell me off. </li></ul><ul><li>For the negative, we use the correct form of the verb “be” in the negative: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am not going to do it” </li></ul><ul><li>For questions, we change the order: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are you going to come tomorrow?” </li></ul><ul><li>* “Which team is going to win the Cup?” </li></ul><ul><li>We need the verb “be” in the present simple in the correct form according to the subject: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am travelling to London tomorrow”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is followed by the main verb in –ing: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Susan is coming this evening. </li></ul><ul><li>For the negative, we use the correct form of the verb “be” in the negative: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am not going there” </li></ul><ul><li>For questions, we change the order: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Is Tom getting the first train in the morning?” </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A prediction: </li></ul><ul><li>“ When you grow up, you will get married .” </li></ul><ul><li>Promises: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I will never lie to you.” </li></ul><ul><li>Offers: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I will help you with your homework.” </li></ul><ul><li>A spontaneous decision: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This exercise is very difficult. I will do it tomorrow. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Far future: </li></ul><ul><li>“ In 2150 there won’t be any schools on Earth.” </li></ul>W I L L We can sometimes use “shall” or “shan’t” instead of “will” and “won’t” for the first person singular and plural: “ Shall I open the window?”
  5. 5. <ul><li>Intentions and plans for the future: </li></ul><ul><li>“ We are going to move to Bristol in the summer.” </li></ul><ul><li>An action that is about to happen: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Be careful! The dog is going to bite you.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ There are lots of black clouds in the sky. It is going to rain.” </li></ul>BE GOING TO
  6. 6. <ul><li>A planned arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am meeting Mary tomorrow at 8 o´clock.” </li></ul>PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR THE FUTURE Commonly used for the near future with verbs expressing movement: “ I am flying to London next week.”
  7. 7. SUMMARY WILL BE GOING TO PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>A prediction </li></ul><ul><li>An offer </li></ul><ul><li>A promise </li></ul><ul><li>A spontaneous decision </li></ul><ul><li>Far future </li></ul><ul><li>An intention or a plan for the future </li></ul><ul><li>An action that is about to happen </li></ul><ul><li>A planned arrangement </li></ul>
  8. 8. TIME EXPRESSIONS USED WITH FUTURE TENSES <ul><li>Tomorrow / the day after tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow morning / tomorrow afternoon … </li></ul><ul><li>In 5 years time / in an hour / in a week </li></ul><ul><li>Later </li></ul><ul><li>Soon </li></ul><ul><li>In short </li></ul><ul><li>Next year / next week / next Tuesday </li></ul><ul><li>In the future </li></ul><ul><li>On Monday / on Tuesday … </li></ul><ul><li>On Monday morning / on Monday afternoon … </li></ul>

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