S uggest that social stratification is determined by the Relations of Production.
B ourgeoisie- capitalists who own the means of production.
P roletariat- wage laborers who sell their labor to bourgeoisie.
I nterests of these two classes are intrinsically opposed.
P ower of the capitalists allows them to impose their will and realize their interests.
A ccording to Marx, the proletariat will eventually develop a class consciousness, and ultimately overthrow the capitalists.
Comparing Functional and Conflict Theories What is Caste?
Definition of Caste
“ When a class is somewhat strictly hereditary, we may call it a Caste.” (Cooly, C.H)
“ When status is wholly predetermined, so that men are born to their lot in life without any hope of changing it, then Class takes the form of Class.” (Maclver)
“ A Caste is an aggregate of persons whose share of obligations and privileges is fixed by birth, sanctioned and supported by magic and religion. “( Martindale and Monachesi) .
( Continue ) Comparing Functional and Conflict Theories What is Class?
Definition of Class
“ A Social Class is any portion of community marked off from the rest by Social Status.” ( Maclver )
It is the sense of status, sustained by the Economic, Political or ecclesiastical Power and by the distinctive modes of life and cultural Expressions Corresponding to them, that draws Class apart. From class, gives Cohesion to Each class and Stratifies a whole society.” ( Ibid ).
A Social Class is the aggregate of persons having essentially the same social status in a given Society.” ( Ogburn and Nimkoff ).