Final housing

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Final housing

  1. 1. College of ArchitectureCentral Colleges of the PhilippinesEviction and Resettlementin NCRGroup MembersStephanie Joy B. Delos Reyes– Team LeaderGabriel Angelo P. EncarnacionDari Faye M. GonzagaRachel C. MumarRosalina M. PauliteMargarett P. VictoriaSubmitted to:Arch. Edgar M. ChavezInstructor1st Semester SY: 2012-2013AR 530 Housing
  2. 2. National Capital Region (NCR) is the metropolitan regionencompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areasin the Philippines.It is composed of 16 cities, namely Manila, Caloocan, LasPiñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Pasay, Pasig, Parañaque, Quezon City, SanJuan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, and the Municipality ofPateros.
  3. 3. What is Informal Settlers?
  4. 4. The National Census Office has defined Informal Settlersas “households occupying a lotrent-free without the consent of the owner”
  5. 5. UDHA does not use the term “informal settlers” nor“squatters” but adopts the term“homeless and underprivileged citizens
  6. 6. Based on NSODEMOGRAPHICSTotal population of the Philippines in2010Average annual rate of growth from1990 to 2010Total population of Metro Manila in 2010Filipino Families in Metro Manila or NationalCapital Region who considered themselves asMahirapor Poor92.34M2.12%11.86%53%
  7. 7. 2.85M
  8. 8. 219,380
  9. 9. Eviction and Resettlement
  10. 10. WHAT IS EVICTION?*to force out*to eject“the expulsion of someone from the possession of land byprocess of law”http://www.thefreedictionary.com/eviction
  11. 11. FACTORS OF EVICTIONSkyrocketing Prices of Real EstateIncrease Demand for ShoppingMalls, Condominiums, Recreation, etc.Need to Develop Urban InfrastructureDrive towards Environmentally Balanced or“Green” CitiesMMDA’s METRO GWAPO Program
  12. 12. For every case of demolition, two goesunreported. This is equivalent to more than240,000 families.Source: Urban Poor Association
  13. 13. Sitio San Roque II in NorthTriangle, Quezon CityCASE STUDY 1:
  14. 14. Since year 2008 Informal Settlers from Sitio SanRoque is subject for relocation.Almost 9,000 families are subject for relocation.September 23, 2010 the first attempt of demolition thatresulted brutal violence to the resident of San Roque andMMDA demolition team.
  15. 15. Ayala Land Inc. signed a joint venture with NHA in visionSan Roque to be the Q.C Central Business District’ orQCBD, the city’s version of the Makati Business District.The QCBD is a 256-hectare project that aims to attractglobal investment and business interests.This Urban Hub is called the Vertis North.FACTORS OF EVICTION
  16. 16. •Property of Ayala Land Inc.•P65 billion project investment•Rise within the next 10 to 15 years on a 29-hectare property rightbeside TriNoMa mall contributed by the state-owned National HousingAuthority in exchange for a share of development proceeds.•72 percent controlled by ALI and 28 percent owned by the NHA.•Unfortunately, this project has not yet started till the present. The landis still occupied by a hundreds of residential houses owned by informalsettlers.VERTIS NORTHvertisnorth.com
  17. 17. VERTIS NORTHvertisnorth.com
  18. 18. This 9,000 families is planned to relocate atMOLTABAN RIZAL.
  19. 19. WHY PEOPLE DON’T LEAVE?According to September 23 Movement of San Roque“first provide us with decent houses where there’s working electricityand water, and where we can find employment and income.”The relocation site has been criticized as being- without electricity- prone to flooding- located on a fault line- lacking opportunities to secure a productive- the costs of public transport from Montalban to QC are comparableto the daily earnings of most of the residentsSource: Quezon City Slum
  20. 20. EVICTION LEADS TO A SIGNIFICANTDECREASE IN THE QUALITY OF LIFE
  21. 21. WHAT IS RESETTLEMENT?“the act or instance of settling or being settled in anotherplace”http://www.thefreedictionary.com/eviction
  22. 22. KASIGLAHAN VILLAGE in MontalbanRizal“ERAP CITY”CASE STUDY 2:
  23. 23. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/evictionKASIGLAHAN VILLAGE
  24. 24. Mass housing development project during President Estrada.55,600 units of housing for the disadvantaged affected more than 1.2million demolition in Pasig River.Relocation started 1999Origins of Resettled Peoples: Pasig River, Payatas Garbage LandslideVictims, Quiapo, Valenzuela, Tatalon, andSan Roque Q.C. and etc.http://cosca-dlsu-cwts.wikispaces.com/Kasiglahan+Village%2C+Rodriguez%2C+RizalKASIGLAHAN VILLAGE
  25. 25.  It covers 25.5 acres of land in San Jose Barnagay Rodriguez, orformerly Montalban Rizal. 7.5 hectares at Kasiglahan and 18 hectares at Erap City More than 200 farmers have lost their land and farm assetsAgricultural and forest to build housing The location is a strategically agricultural area.WHERE IS IT LOCATED?http://cosca-dlsu-cwts.wikispaces.com/Kasiglahan+Village%2C+Rodriguez%2C+Rizal
  26. 26.  SSS is the largest investor, has put 1.8 billion pesos Landbank of the Philippines has put 700 million pesos NSJBI laid 600 millions pesos In 2000, closing the 10,000 units sold amount 160 Thousand. 5,000 units sold by developers in NHA relocation to serve the poor.FUNDING OF THE PROJECThttp://cosca-dlsu-cwts.wikispaces.com/Kasiglahan+Village%2C+Rodriguez%2C+Rizal
  27. 27. More than 8,000 families living here from various places in Metro Manilademolition and disaster victims.More than 1,000 families also live in commercial units or individuals to buyunits.Far from the livelihood if theirs any.Lacking classrooms and teachersIn summary, low-quality knowledge of the youth brought to cram them in thesame classroom.In total, 80% of residents of the community does not have enough livelihood.CURRENT CONDITIONhttp://cosca-dlsu-cwts.wikispaces.com/Kasiglahan+Village%2C+Rodriguez%2C+Rizal
  28. 28.  Normally the major flooding during the rainy seasoncometh, because flowing water stored in the nearby dam. Expected for collapsing because it stands on the Marikina ValleyFault Line. Danger of cracking the land where the house stands. In August 1998, a total of 15 feet of water and floods November 2004, also flooded some areas near the river(approximately 6 feet deepest) Latest flooding is the Habagat this Auguts 2012.IT IS SAFE TO LIVE IN KV?http://cosca-dlsu-cwts.wikispaces.com/Kasiglahan+Village%2C+Rodriguez%2C+Rizal
  29. 29. Kasiglahan Village is also one of therelocation site of Sitio San Roque NorthTriangle in Quezon City.
  30. 30. An Interview with the KasiglahanVillage Residents
  31. 31. Relocation place: 1k2 Block 30 – 36Origins: Sitio San Roque North Triangle in Quezon CitySize of House: 4 x 5 =20 sq.m each houseDuration of Stay: 4 months as of July 2012Reasons of Resettlement:Ayala Land Inc. and NHA owned property to be converted intoQCCBD.Renting System:• 1st Year is free courtesy of Ayala Land Inc.• After one (1)year they are obligate to pay Php. 200.00 per month fortheir houses within 25 years in order to own the house.*Each houses have electricity but without street light.
  32. 32. Relocation place: 1k2 Block 30 – 36Origins: Sitio San Roque North Triangle in Quezon CitySize of House: 4 x 5 =20 sq.m each houseDuration of Stay: 4 months as of July 2012Reasons of Resettlement:Ayala Land Inc. and NHA owned property to be converted intoQCCBD.Renting System:• 1st Year is free courtesy of Ayala Land Inc.• After one (1)year they are obligate to pay Php. 200.00 per month fortheir houses within 25 years in order to own the house.*Each houses have electricity but without street light.
  33. 33. First person: Llanelyn VerticalAdvantages:• Their new community is better that San Roque• More peaceful unlike before that with always fire.Disadvantage:• Cost of Transportation is almost 200 pesos which is not budgetpractical to her family that’s why her husband Is nowunemployed.*If she is going to ask she don’t want to back again at Sitio San Roque.
  34. 34. Second person: Jesusa Orosco• She is voluntary resettled.• As of know she have a small store unlike before that she don’t havenothing .• Security is 24/7.• Ambience is much better than Sitio San Roque, she described Sitio SanRoque as “mabaho”, “magulo” and rivalry of land is everywhere.Disadvantage:Cost of Transportation that’s why her husband still stay in San Roquedue to walking distance to his work.*She also said that she don’t want to go back at San Roque.because shehave her own house and an extra income.”
  35. 35. Third person: Remely OroscoShe said that her new community is not OK with them becauseit is prone to flood just like what happen last August 7, 2012 unlike atSitio San Roque.She also said that “ doon na ko tumanda at nagka-asawa” so sherather chose to go back at San Roque.
  36. 36. Forced EvictionDistant Relocation SiteLivelihoodFrustrationLow Quality of EducationHealth CareSafety and SecurityCommunity in ActionA Challenge to Respondhttp://www.filipinowriter.com/kasiglahan-village-urban-poor-exposureISSUES AND CONCERNS
  37. 37. •Address Transportation Cost from the onset. Integrate into Resettlement Action Plan.•Source of Livelihood is the main consideration in resettlement plan.•Sentimental Values and Neighborhoods attachment contribute why people of SanRoque disagree to relocation.•KV Relocation for us somehow failed to give descent house and livelihood to supportresettled community and its somehow dangerous for people to live because itsunderneath West Valley Faultline, Dams and River that cause extreme flood incident inthe community.http://www.filipinowriter.com/kasiglahan-village-urban-poor-exposureLESSON LEARNED:
  38. 38. END…. Thank you.

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