Research Papers

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  • 1. Research papers Tea Tamm June 2009
  • 2. Writing Research Papers
    • Indicators of academic writing
    • References
    • In-text list of references
    • (always alphabetical)
    • Different styles of referencing MLA, APA, etc
    • Reliance on authority
  • 3. Characteristics of academic lg
    • Descriptive adjectives are used
    • Impersonal style (no contractions, abbreviations, phrasal verbs, idioms avoided)
    • Precision and accuracy v. important
    • Structured and specific (KISS)
  • 4. Genre conventions
    • Knowledge transforming not knowledge telling
    • Academic honesty (referencing)
    • Objectivity
    • Organisation = you know where to find which information
  • 5. Anglo-American convention
    • Linearity (others return to talk about the same point)
      • INTRO, BODY, SUMMARY
    • Clarity
    • Conciseness
    • Critical understanding of literature
    • The main idea/argument presented in intro
  • 6. Claims, evidence, language
    • Personal opinion of no interest unless supported by references
    • Claims supported by reference to previous research
    • Language: clear, precise, explicit, formal, as objective and impersonal as possible
    • Primary/ secondary resources (your own study vs data someone has collected)
  • 7. Topic
    • Topic= what your paper is about, general
    • Thesis statement, research question, hypothesis = research studies sth specific about a topic
    • Research question = specific and concrete
    • Can have subquestions, sometimes needs to be modified
  • 8. Evaluating books
    • Are the sources trustworthy?
      • Who is the author who wrote it?
      • What is the purpose of the book?
      • Is there a table of contents?
      • Is there a bibliography you can use?
      • Who published it? (university presses, research centres)
      • When was it published? (date)