Organisation Structure


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  • Organisation Structure

    1. 1. Organisation - Reporting structure Lecture 3
    2. 2. Organisation = formal group of people with 1 or more shared goals <ul><li>“ Organon” Greek => tool </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity, effectiveness of employees/entire system </li></ul><ul><li>Any flaw – detrimental to the health of the organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Information, accountability, authority = blood in the network of veins of an organisation </li></ul>
    3. 3. Types of reporting structure <ul><li>Hierarchical structure </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid system </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical structures within main structure </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix structure </li></ul><ul><li>Spider-web reporting structure </li></ul>
    4. 4. Hierarchical structure Small number of people have power
    5. 5. Fluid system <ul><li>Small systems operating </li></ul><ul><li>freely within the whole </li></ul><ul><li>company (subsidiaries) </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘people/person’ culture exists for the ppl in it – it’s in their own overriding interests to band together (family firm, university dep., music groups etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Little formal organisation or structure, total flexibility, total interest in the work and in the mutual welfare (short period) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Hierarchical str-s within main str <ul><li>Small hierarchies with the same </li></ul><ul><li>structure within the main hierarchical structure </li></ul><ul><li>(small number of people have power – </li></ul><ul><li>directors, managers of departments etc.) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Matrix structure <ul><li>The Matrix represents the most fluid system – dots are individuals or groups </li></ul><ul><li>Can function on different levels according to the requirements of the task – project </li></ul>
    8. 8. Matrix structure <ul><li>Pluses (loaning employees) </li></ul><ul><li>Allows to share information more readily across task boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for specialization that can increase depth of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Minuses: </li></ul><ul><li>Employees can get confused – conflicting loyalties </li></ul><ul><li>To overcome: managers/parties must work closely together </li></ul>
    9. 9. Spider-web structure <ul><li>The most intricate/complicated structure </li></ul><ul><li>The power comes from the centre, links on all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Minuses: </li></ul><ul><li>Bosses bypassed; </li></ul><ul><li>Power centres determine every detail </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos (nobody knows which authority they have and over whom) </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability (  praise goes up, blame goes down) </li></ul><ul><li>Sycophancy is rampant </li></ul>
    10. 10. Did you know? 1 <ul><li>The Swiss food company Nestlé is the most foreign-orientated company in the world 87% of its assets, 97% of its workers and 98% of its sales are outside its borders </li></ul><ul><li>Open-plan offices first came into use in the early 20th century in banks. In the 1950s Hewlett Packard then introduced open planning into its new buildings – a reflectionof its egalitarian culture </li></ul>
    11. 11. Did you know? 2 <ul><li>The countries with the longest annual holidays are Austria and Belgium (30 days) </li></ul><ul><li>Companies such as 3M, Canon, Intel and ABB = non-hierarchical structures They believe that ideas come from all levels of the company – ABB has been broken into 1,300 more or less independent entities; 3M consists of hundreds of project teams </li></ul>
    12. 12. Your ideal company 1 <ul><li>No. of employees </li></ul><ul><li>a)1-10 b)10-50 c) 50-100 d)100-500 e)500+ </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of men to women </li></ul><ul><li>a)10:1 b)5:1 c) 2:1 d)1:1 e)1:2 f) 1:5 g) 1:10 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of majority of employees </li></ul><ul><li>20-30 b) 30-39 c) 40-49 d) 50-59 </li></ul><ul><li>Travel: a)None; b) once a month; c) 2-3 times a year; d) once a week or more </li></ul><ul><li>Job security </li></ul><ul><li>Good with average salary; b) poor but potentially very high salary </li></ul>
    13. 13. Your ideal company 2 <ul><li>6. Work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Small private offices; b) large open-plan </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation by: </li></ul><ul><li>money; b) job satisfaction; c)other (decide) </li></ul><ul><li>Decision taking </li></ul><ul><li>Top down; b) bottom up; c) from all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>lots; b) some; c) none </li></ul><ul><li>Salaries </li></ul><ul><li>a) Kept a secret; b) public knowledge </li></ul>