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British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
British History: Beginnings
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British History: Beginnings

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The lecture is delivered in the course of English literature as some historic background. …

The lecture is delivered in the course of English literature as some historic background.
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  • Fay Weldon “I, Boadicea”
  • http://www.vulkaner.no/f/odin-england.htm
  • The Ruthwell Cross is an important Anglo-Saxon cross , also known as a preaching cross , dating back to the eighth century, when Ruthwell was part of the kingdom of Northumbria .
  • Transcript

    • 1. Britain The Beginnings From earliest times to 1066
    • 2. Britains first inhabitants
      • Ancient Britain inhabited by Iberians
      • - left behind barrows, Stonehenge (a mysterious circle of stones)
      • Barrow = large mound grave made of earth or stone
      • Iron-age Britain – a dynamic, expanding society
    • 3. Migration of Celts
      • 2000-1200 BC – Celts began to migrate to Britain
      • Spoke their own Celtic language
      • Were known as Britons
      • Round wooden huts, small villages, mainly farmers – no towns
      • Organised in tribes with a king/queen as leader
      • Intertribal wars very common
    • 4. The Ancient Britons
      • One of the Celtic tribes living in Britain 4 th C BC
      • Believed in different gods (in woods)
      • Governed by a class of priests – Druids who had great power
    • 5. The Romans
      • 55 B.C. Romans conquered Gaul (France) & came to conquer Britain
      • Brought their own civilization
      • Taught Britons to build bridges, houses, roads, baths, temples
      • Protected Britain for several hundred years
      • ~4 th C B.C. Romans left Britain
      • Fall of the Roman Empire followed
    • 6. Romans vs Britons
      • Queen Boadicea ( Boudica ) of Iceni tribe (now East Anglia)
      • Led an uprising of the tribes against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire
      • 43 AD – battle lost
      • Suicide by poisoning
      • In the 3 cities destroyed, 70,000-80,000 people killed
    • 7. Angles, Saxons, Jutes
      • The Angle, Saxon, and Jute tribes invaded Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries
      • Also known as the Anglo-Saxons
      • Leaving their homelands in northern Germany, Denmark and northern Holland they rowed across the North Sea in wooden boats
    • 8. The Anglo-Saxon Period
      • The Anglo-Saxons took control of most of Britain, although never conquered Scotland, Wales and Cornwall
      • Divided the country into kingdoms, each with its own royal family
      • Liked fighting, drinking, gambling
      • Life expectancy not very long
    • 9. The Anglo-Saxon Period 2
      • ~ AD 600 the 6 main Anglo-Saxon kingdoms constantly at war:
      • Northumbria
      • Mercia
      • Wessex
      • Sussex
      • Kent
      • East Anglia
      • Became one nation with king Egbert
    • 10. Anglo-Saxon Period 3
      • Letters of their own – runes
      • Runes – carved out of wood, stone
      • No written literature
      • Songs and tales – oral tradition
      • “ Thane” – most important man in village
      • No prisons
    • 11. Christianity
      • Britain was Christian under Romans
      • Anglo-Saxons were pagans
      • Pope Gregory I sent Augustine to bring Christianity back to England
      • Augustine became 1st Archbishop of Canterbury
      • With Christianity came Latin learning
      • Venerable Bede – wrote in Latin 1st history of England
    • 12. Vikings
      • Vikings from Norway and Denmark
      • 8-9th century – raids, temporary camps
      • Eventually blended in with Anglo-Saxons
      • Important contributions to English language – words like skirt, sky, they, them etc.
    • 13. Norman Conquest 1066
      • Power of Anglo-Saxons was broken by Normans
      • Normans came originally from Denmark
      • French customs, dialect of French lg
      • Norman king William I = William the Conqueror defeated last Anglo-Saxon king Harold II at Battle of Hastings 1066

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