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Painting and formwork
 

Painting and formwork

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    Painting and formwork Painting and formwork Document Transcript

    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC matika CMBUk 1- sMPar³GMBIeQI 1- lkçN³TUeTArbs;edIm,IeQI 1-2 TMrg;rbs;edImeQI 1-3 rsμIsMeyaKénrukçCati 1-4 TMrg;éneQI 2- karERbRbYleQI 2-1 dMeNIrkarpøas;bþÚr 2-2 karsMgYteQI 3- kareRCIserIseQI 3-1 karEbgEck 3-2 karxUcxatelIeQI 4- KuNPaBéneQI 4-1 lkçN³FmμCati 5- eQITn; 5-1 eQITn;tamtMbn;énBiPBelak 5-2 bnÞHkþareQIminrwg ¬eQITn;¦ 5-3 bMlas;bþÚrBN’ 5-4 RbePTéneQITn; 6- eQIrwg 6-1 eQIrwgtamtMbn;énBiPBelak 6-2 RbePTéneQIrwg 7- snøWkBas;lMGr 7-1 karplitsnøWkBaslMGr 7-2 karkat;eFVIsnøwkBas;lMGr CMBUk 2 ]bkrN_eRbIedayéd 1- ]bkrN_KMnUsRBag 1-1 ]bkrN_rgVas; Carpenting Works -5-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1-2 ]bkrN_KUs 2- karxYg nig ]bkrN_kat; 2-1 sVanéd 2-2 EpønsVan 2-3 bec©keTssVan 2-4 EdkecaH 2-5 EdkxYgéd ¬Edkéx¦ 2-6 sVanedayéd 2-7 BnøakRkck 2-8 BnøaksMEb:t 2-9 EdkQUs 2-10 kareRbIEdkQUs 2-11 karsMelogEpøBnøak nig EpøEdkQUs 2-12 karRcwb 2-13 BUefA 2-14 kaMbit 2-15 Rbdab;ekas 2-16 rNar: 2-17 rNar:eFμjl¥it 2-18 rNar:RbCaCnkUer: 2-19 rNar:Biess CMBUk 3 ma:sIunGarGKÁisnIcl½t)an 1- ma:sIunGarEpømUl sVan nig Garevol 1-1 ma:sIunGar 1-2 m:asIunsVan 1-3 m:asIunsMelog 1-4 m:asIunevog 2- ma:sIunQUs lk nig xat; Carpenting Works -6-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-1 ma:sIunQUs 2-2 m:asIunlk 2-3 ma:sIunxat; 3- ]bkrN_sMrab;cak;P¢ab; 3-1 ]bkrN_)aj;RKab;kib nig EdkeKal CMBUk 4 ma:sIunGKÁisnIGcl½t 1- ma:sIunGarEpøhñwg nig édEpøeyal 1-1 ma:sIunGarEpøhñwg 1-2 ma:sIunGarmanédEpøeyal 2- ma:sIunGarExS QUs eFVIdMNab; nig sVansgát; 2-1 ma:sIunGarExS 2-2 ma:sIunQUs 2-3 ]bkrN_eRbIR)as;CamYydMNab; 2-4 ma:sIunsVansgát; CMBUk 5 kargarGnuvtþn_ 1- karGar 1-1 karGaredayéd 1-2 karGarCamYyrNartMrwm 1-3 karGarCamYyrNarFñÚ 1-4 karGarCamYyrNarknÞúykNþúr 1-5 karGaredayma:sIuncl½tEpømUl 1-6 karGaredayma:sIunGarEpøhñwg 1-7 karGarCamYym:asIunGarExS 1-8 karGarCamYyma:sIunGarmanédEpøeyal 2- EdkQUs 2-1 karQUssMGat 2-2 karQUslb;RCug ¬b¤mMu¦ 2-3 karQUsmuxkat;sac;eQI Carpenting Works -7-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-4 karQUsbnÞareQIedayeRbIma:sIunQUsGcl½t 2-5 karQUseTaleQI ¬kMras;¦ eRbIma:sIunGcl½t 2-6 eRbIma:sIunQUsGcl½tedIm,IQUseGayRtUvxñatR)akddUc²Kña 2-7 kareRbIma:sIunQUscl½t 3- kargarlk 3-1 TMhMEdlQUslk 3-2 TMhMEpølk 3-3 kartMelIgEpølk 3-4 CMhandMbUgkñúgkarlk 3-5 eRbIBumÖCMnYylk 3-6 eRbIk,allkenAelIma:sIunsVanbBaÄr 3-7 eFVIBnøÜjedayeRbIEdkQUslk 4- eQIbYnRCugesμIr 4-1 kareFVIeGayeQIbYnRCugesμIedayéd 4-2 kareFVIeGayeQIbYnRCugesμIedaym:asIun 5- tMN 5-1 erobcMeQIsMrab;eFVItMN 5-2 plittMNedaybnÞHkþar 5-3 eKalbMNgrbs;tMNeQI 5-4 viFanéntMN x-y 5-5 tMNFmμta 5-6 eKalbMNgrbs;tMNeQI 5-7 RbePTéntMN 5-8 PaBbiunRbsb;kñúgkareFVItMNeGayENn 6- tMNBnøÚj nig dMNab; 6-1 cegáamBnøÚj nig dMNab; 6-2 kareFVIBnøÚj nig dMNab;edayéd Carpenting Works -8-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CMBUk 1 sMPar³GMBIeQI Carpenting Works -9-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1- lkçN³TUeTArbs;edImeQI 1-1 TMrg;rbs;edImeQI CaEbbEpnEpñkrbs;edImeQI EdlsMxan;bMputKWedImRtUvsÁal;taMgBIdI ¬rwseRkamdI¦ rhUtdl;Emk. EmkCaEpñkmYyenAcugeK ehIyenAelIEmkmanFagtUc²rYmTaMgsøwkpg . rwsCaRKwHmYymaM Edlcak;cUleTAkñúgdI sMrab;RTRTg;edImeQI nig vamantYnatId¾sMxan;sMrab;bWtyk Twknig CIvCati . rukçrsenH )anmkBIrwsehIybBa¢ÚnsarCatiTaMgenaHciBa©wmekasikaedImEmknwgsøwk . 1-2 kEnøgpÞúkCIvCati karrMhYtBIsøwknaMeGaymankarbWtykrukçrsBIekasikarbs;tYedImeQI kae)anDIGuksIutenAkñúgxül; RtUvRsUbykedayedImeQItamrn§rbs;søwk . karsMeyaKrbs;søwk )anEckcayeTAeGayEpñklUtlas;énedImeQI vapÞúkeGaydl;ekasikaxøH )anl¥RbesIr . 1-3 rsμIsMeyaKrbs;rukçCati rsμIsMeyaK ¬CaRbtikmμmYyénesrIragÁ rYmpSMBIkae)anDIGuksIut nig Twk¦ vaeFVIsMeyaKxøaMgenAeBl yb;edayRsUmykkør:UPIl EdlmanCatiBN’ébtgkñúgsøwk EdlCaeRKOgsMrab;eFVIeGayFMFat;dl;edImeQI . edaysar eFVIrsμIsMeyaKrebobenH søwkmantYnaTIya:gsMxan;sMrab;sMGatxül;kñúgbriyakas edaybeBa©j xül;GuksIuEsneTAxageRkA . 1-4 TMrg;éneQI eQICadMudul énsac;eQIEdlmanragCabMBg; ehIycgP¢ab;eTAedayekasikarYménesrIragÁ . ekasikaenH vamanTMrg; nig TMhMxus²Kña b:uEnþCaFmμtavaEvgehIyqμarrt;tambeNþayedIm b¤ EmkeQI . tamkarbgðajmkenH ekasikava)anlUtlas;tamTisénsésrsac;eQI . ekasikava)anpþl;nUvkarciBa©wmcMeBaHedImeQI va)ansayPayénrukçrs nig CakEnøgpÞúkCIvCatipg Edr . cMeBaHeQIrEdlmansPaBTn; vaeRcInEtmanTMrg;ekasikaFmμtaénsrés va)anpþl;nUvrukçrsdMbUg sMrab;naMeTAciBa©wmCIvit . TMrg;rbs;BYkva)ansayPayCaCYr ehIykekIteLIgeTARKb;sarBagÁkayrbs; edImeQI . cMeBaHeQIEdlmansPaBrwg b¤ edImeQIEdleKniymcUlcitþ vamanPaBCasréssac;eQIticCag eQIEdlTn; mansrésrn§CIvCatisMrab;naMrukçrs nig pþl;nUvkarciBa©wm . cMeBaHekasikaqμar²enH vaGacCYy Carpenting Works -10-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC eyIgkt;sMKal;fa CaeQIEdlTn; b¤ rwg)anedaysareFVIkarkat;sac;eQI . karEbgEckRbePTekasika vaxusKñaBIRbePTmYyeTARbePTmYy sMrab;bMerIeGaykarplit)anl¥RbesIréneRKOgeRbIR)as;GMBIeQI . cMeBaHeQIEdlmansPaBrwg b¤ edImeQIEdleKniymcUlcitþ vamanPaBCasréssac;eQIticCag eQIEdlTn; mansrésrn§CIvCatisMrab;naMrukçrs nig pþl;nUvkarciBa©wm . karEbgEckRbePTekasika vaxusKñaBIRbePTmYyeTARbePTmYy sMrab;bMerIeGaykarplit)anl¥RbesIréneRKOgeRbIR)as;GMBIeQI . PaBlUtlas;rbs;edImeQI GaRs½yBImYyqñaMeTAmYyqñaM EdlmanTMrg;CaRsTab;²elIsac;eQI . RsTab;esþIgCakg;²enHsßitenARbeLaHsMbkeQIeTAbNþÚleQI . ry³eBlénkarlUtlas;rbs;sac;eQIfμI EdlekItmanenAelIRsTab;xageRkAénrgVg;RsTab; ehIyeRsabsMbkBIelI ¬Calika)aneFVIsMeyaKCIvCati eTAeGayRKb;EpñkTaMgGs;énrukçCati¦ . cMeBaHkarrIkmaDrbs;edImeQI)aneFVIeGayrEhkdac;sMbkeQIcas; ehIyTMrg;sMbkeQIfμI)ankekIt eLIg . kasikaeQIfμIenH )anbegáItCaBiessnUvRTg;RTaysac;eQIx©I . edayGenøIsac;eQIx©IenH)anrIkFM Fat;enAkEnøgpÞúkCIvCatirbs;ekasika nig edayELkkEnøgxøHmansPaBRkin edaysarxVHekasika nig CIvCati . karlUtlas;rbs;sac;eQImanenARKb;kEnøgtaMgBIKl;rhUtdl;cug ehIysac;eQIvacab;rIkmaD ecjBIcMNuckNþalénedImeQI . cMeBaHsac;eQIEdlx©IvaRtUvkarCIvCatieRcInedIm,IFanakarlUtlas;rbs; sac;eQI . sréssac;eQI eyIggayRsYlemIleTAelIeQIEdlmansPaBTn;RCay nig mankarBi)ak cMeBaHeQIrwgxøH dUcCaedImEsn (Oak) enAeBlNaEdleyIgeFVIkarBuHCabYn cMENkeTAelIsac;eQI TaMgenaH. cMeBaHkarlUtlas;rbs;sac;eQI eyIgeXIjfa enAelIsac;eQImansPaBCaExSrgVg; EdlekItman eLIg KWCaEpñkmYyEdleKsnμt;faCakarlUtlas;rbs;eQIBImYyeTAmYyqñaM . sac;eQIRsay Edlcas;CageK va)anpøas;edaysnSwm²eTACasac;eQIxøwm sac;eQIxøwmenHva)an rIkmaD EdlmanRTg;RTayecjBItYedImmk enAeBlEdlTMhMrbs;sac;eQIRsay)anrIkFM EdlmanTMnak; TMngERbRbYleTAnwgCIvitrbs;edImeQI . eQIRsay nig eQIxøwm ³ eQIRsayvamanBN’Rsal EdlCaFmμtavaxusKñaeTAnwgxøwmeQIEdlmanBN’ragRkem:A . cMeBaHsac;eQI vamanBN’xus²KñaEdr EdlnaMeGaymankarBi)akcMNaMEdr . vaGn;CageQIxøwm EdlCaerOy² )anRtUvCagsgðarwm eRcokykecj vaminGacTb;Tn;nwgkarBukpuy ehIyvak¾qab;rh½sman stVl¥itmkyaryIEdr BIeRBaHenAkñúgekasikavaxøHmankae)anGIuRdat PñasekasikavaesþIgEdlnaMeGay Carpenting Works -11-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC RCabsMeNIm)anrh½s . tamlT§pl sac;eQIRsaymanPaBrYjCagsac;eQIxøwm . eTaHbIya:gNak¾ eday sac;eQIvagayRsUbykfñaMkarBar edIm,IbgáarkMueGayxUcBuks¥úy . edayehtufaeQIxøwmvaCaEpñkxagkñúgénedImeQIeBjv½y EdlRTg;RTayva)anmkBIsac;eQIRsay EdlmancMNas; . Epñkrbs;vaenHminskmμdl;karlUtlas;rbs;edImeQIeLIy dUecñHehIy)anCaekasika Gacgab; ehIyP¢itCamYysrIragÁ Pñasekasika)anbMElgBN’edaysarFatuKImI . sarCatiKImIenH CaedIm ehtusMrab;begáIteGayBN’eRcInenAelIeQIrwgCaeRcIn . BBYkeQITaMgenH vamankarTb;Tl;BIemeraKpSit nig karyaryIrbs;stVl¥itpgEdr . eQIenAtMbn;RtCak; nig tMbn;ekþA ³ CamYyrukçCatiCaeRcIn edImeQIlUtlas;edayBwwgBak;eTAelIlkçxNÐénGakasFatu . enAkñúg lkçxNÐsItuNðPaBmYy CaTUeTAvalUtlas;ya:grh½senArdUvrMehIy enArdUvekþAkarlUtlas;mantic nig KμankarlUtlas;esaHenAkñúgrdUvFøak;Twkkk . eQIenAtMbn;RtCak; enAelIExSrgVg;rbs;karlUtlas;RbcaMqñaM varYmrIk)anGaRs½yeTAedayPaB lUt las;rbs;rdUvnImYy²Edr . eQIEdlmansac;Tn;RCay vamansésrsac;eQIragdUcCabMBg;TIb EdlmanPñasekasikaesþIg . cMENkÉeQIrwgvij ekasikavaragdUcCa PaCn_eQI enAtMbn;RtCak; maDsac;eQIva)ansMrbsMrYly:agrh½s CamYy nwg GkasFatu . eQIenAtMbn;RtCak;CaFmμtaGacsÁal;)annUvbnÞaExSrgVg;énkarlUtlas;RbcaMqñaMnImYy² )anedayva manBN’søaMg . cMeBaHExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaMrbs;eQIenAtMbn;ekþAvij mankarGPivDÆn_yWt eTAtamkarlUtlas; énrdUv nig Pñasrbs;ekasikaRkas; . CaFmμtavamanBN’Rkem:A CMrabTwktic b:uEnþvaCYyciBa©wmdl;edImeQI Edr . ExSrgVg;énkarlUtlas;tamrdUvnImYy² vasßitenARtYtsIuKñaCakg;² bgðajeGaydwgBIGayuénedIm eQI nig eTAtamRbePTlkçxNÐGakasFatukñúgkarkMNt;PaBlUtlas;rbs;va . bnÞarrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaM qñaM)anbgðajtamry³GakasFatul¥ b¤ minl¥ ¬rdUvraMgePøógd¾yUr b¤ xøI¦ . kñúgeRKOgeRbIR)as;BIeQI vamanPaBxusKñarvageQItMbn;RtCak; nig eQItMbn;ekþA vamansar³sMxan; nig manRbeyaCn_Nas;eTAnwgkargarCageQI edayehtufa kic©karvaTak;TgeTAnwgsac;eQIEdlRtUvyk mkeFVIenaH . sac;eQItMbn;RtCak;CaRbePTeQIRsal ehIygayRsYlGarkat;Cagsac;eQIenAtMbn;ekþA . Carpenting Works -12-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC TaMgenHk¾minCabBaðaGVIFMdMu EdlsMrab;eyIgykeTAeFVIkarenAelIma:sIun b¤ edayédEdlmanmuxbnSúI]bkrN_ kat;)anmutRsYc . dUecñHehIyPaBrwg vamanlkçN³xusKñarvageQIenAtamtMbn; . bnÞb;BI)aneFVIkarxat;mk CaTUeTA eQIEdlmansac;ExSrgVg;lUtlas;rabesμI vagayRsYlNas;kñúgkarxat; lab . karEbgEckcMeBaHeQIrwgk¾mankarkt;sMKal;pgEdr enAelIeRKOgeRbIR)as;GMBIeQI . dUcenHman karlM)akxus²KñaenAeBleyIgeFVIkarxat; labeTAelIBBYkeQITaMgenaH . 2- karERbRbYlrbs;eQI enAkñúgkMLúgeBlrab;ryqñaMmkenH xagBaNiC¢kmμeK)anEbgEckCaRbePTeQI edaysMercyktam TMhM GaRs½yeTAtamkarlUtlas;rbs;edImeQI . viTüasa®sþTMenIbxagkardaMéRB )aneFVIeGaymankarlUt las;qab;rh½s dUcCaedImRsl; EdlmanragedImRtg;RsLÚn nig gayRsYlkñúgkarkat;eRcok . edayehtu fa slrkUlmanTMnak;TMngeTAnwgkarlUtlas;ya:gqab;rh½s rYmCamYynwgkarEfrkSaedayRbugRby½tñ nig kareFVIkarRtYtBinitü pÁt;pÁg;cMeBaHesckþIRtUvkarénRbePTeQITn;enH . vak¾manRBYy)armÖmYyEdr EdléRBeQIenAelIBiPBelaknwgRk CaBiesscMeBaHkarlUtlas;yWt rbs;BBYkeQIrwg . rUv 1-1 RkLaeQImanépÞrab 2-1 dMeNIrkarpøas;bþÚr PaKeRcInGñkCMnYjeQIRtUvkarkat;yktYedImTaMgmUlrbs;edImeQInigEmkFM²xøH Gaccat;cUlkñúg cMeNameQIh‘ubEdr . bu:EnþEpñksaxaEmkeQIeBlykeTAplit sac;vamanPaBgayRsYlBIRtg;eTACaekag rmYl b¤ eRbHEbk . cMeBaHRbtikmμxagelI edIm nig EmkFM² vaminmanGVIxøaMgkøaeT . cMeBaHsac;eQITn;eK eRcInEtplitCarebobsgát;eGayENnsac;eQIEdlenARsTab;xagkñúg ÉeQIrwgvijeKeRbIenARsTab;xag Carpenting Works -13-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC elI . karrlMedImeQIkat;Cah‘ub b¤ eFVIkardwkCBa¢ÚneTAeragGarEtmþg sMrab;EkécñeGayeTACaeQIGar eRKOg tubEtgCaFmμtaeKplitCabnÞHesþIgéneragcRkeFVIkþarbnÞH . cMeBaHeQIh‘ubEdl)anGarrYcGacTak;TgeTAnwgkarnaMecj b:uEnþbc©úb,nñRbePTeQIrwg)anplitecj BIRbeTsxøHdUcCa ma:eLsIu NÐÚensIu hVIlIBIn nig eRbsIul kñúgenaHk¾RtUvmanviFankaredIm,IkarBaréRB eQITaMgenaHBIsMNak;Gñkkab;éRBeQIEdr nig naMmknUvkarbegáInR)ak;cMNUlCYydl;RbCaCnTaMgenaH . eQIh‘ubNaEdlEvg ehIyFMvaCaeQIEdlmanKuNPaB nig EpñkeQIxøHeTot EdleKkMum:g; vamantMélx<s; nig CaFmμtaeKEkécñvaeGayeTACasnøwkBaslMGr . eragGareQI ³ sBVéf¶enH eQIh‘ubeK)anEkécñeGayeTACaRbePTeQIGar edayeFVIkarGarCamYyma:sIunGarExS b¤ edayma:sIunGarfas . BIedImeLIy EdlKμanma:sIun kic©karenHeKeFVIedayéd edayeRbIrNaykS KWkñúgkar GarmanmnusSBIrnak; mñak;QrenAeRkameQIh‘ub nig mañk;eTotQrBIelIeQIh‘ubruj nig TajrNacuHeLIg eKGarCaRbePTbnÞHkþar b¤ eQIRCug . viFIGarrebobfμI manBIrRbePTKWGarCasnøwkbnÞHkþar nig GarBuHCabYn . karGarCabnÞHkþarCaTUeTA enAeBlEdlExSrgVg;lUtlas; vaeTACYbépÞelIbnÞHkþarsßitenAmMutUcCag 45 dWeRk . karGarBuHCabYn CaTUeTAkMNt;eQIEdlmanExSrgVg;lUtlas;vamin)antUcCag 45 dWeRk eTAnwgépÞelIénbnÞHkþar . eRkABIviFIGarTaMgBIrrebobenH k¾GacmanviFId¾éTeTot EdlGacykmkGnuvtþpgEdr . eKGacdwg fa karGarsnøwkbnÞHkþar)anedaysÁal;sac;eQIrabesμI nig GarBuHCabYnedaysac;eQImansñameRbH sac; eQImanEPñk sac;eQIenAEpñkcMehog . dMueQIbnÞb;BIGarBuHCabYnRCug)anRtwmRtUvehIyeKGacGareRcokCabnÞHkþar edayGarBuHTTwgRtg;BI épÞmuxrbs;bnÞHkþar b:uEnþenAeBlGnuvtþbnÞHkþarEdlGar)anmk RtUvdak;cUleTAtamRbePTrbs;va . bnÞH kþarenHGanykeTAécñenAelIma:sIun Garevol edIm,IeFVIrbs;tubEtgénrUbragBgRkeBIr . karGarbMEbkCabnÞHkþar KWCakareRcokRtg;rYmCamYyTMhMKMrUxøH nig eBlxøHvaGaRs½yeTAnwgsac; eQI . karGarBuHCabYn )anbgðajeGayeXIjkat;ExVgKñaRtg;énbnÞHkþar EdlmanbeNþayEvg EdleKeRcIn ykRbePTeQIrwgmkGadUcCaedImEsn (Oak) CaedIm . karécñeQIh‘ub ³ ragerAeQIGar eGay)anRtwmRtUvvaGaRs½yeTAnwgEpørNa nig vamanTMnak;TMngeTAnwgExSlUtlas; RbcaMqñaMpgEdr . viFIsnSMsMéc)aneRcInenAelIkarEkécñeQIh‘ub Kwkarkat;eRcokCacenøaH² eFVIrebobenH KW Carpenting Works -14-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC karGareRcokRtg;tambeNþayeQIh‘ub edayEckCaGarépÞrabesμIr GarbMEbk bMEbklMGit CabnÞHtUc² eTot . kareRcokeQIh‘ubénrNarExS )anbMEbkCaEpñkcenøaH² edayGareRcoklayKña rvagGarépÞrabesμIr nig GarbMEbk edIm,eFVIbnÞHkþar . karEkécñeQIh‘ubeGayeTACabnÞHkþaréneQIBuH GaceFVIeTA)aneTAtam cMnYnpøÚvénEpørNar . pøÚvEdleRcokenH vaRsbKñaCanic©énbnÞHkþarnImYy² b:uEnþviFIenHvax¢Hx¢aybnþic EdleK minsUveRbIkñúgkareFVICMnYjeLIj . tamvIFIFmμta eKGarBuHeQIh‘ubCa 1 PaK 4 sin rYceKGareRcoktam RbePTnImYy²CabnÞHkþar . kñúgrbrCMnYjeQIh‘ubEdl)anGarBuHCa 1 PaK bYn ehIy eKRtUvGareRcokCa bnÞHRCugRkas;sin rYc)anécñCabnÞHkþar . edIm,IeRCIserIseQIykmkGar 1 PaK bYn RtUvemIlEpñkxagcugénmuxkat;sac;eQI eRCIserIsbnÞH kþarEdlmanExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbEhl 90 dWeRk eTAnwgépÞelIrbs;bnÞHkþar kñúgenaHGñkRtUvKitfa kareRCIs erIsbnÞHkþarNaEdlmantMéledIm,IeFVIkarplitecjmuneK . 2-2 karsMgYteQI eQIh‘ubEdl)ankab;mkfμI² vamanPaKrysMeNImx<s;Nas; PñasekasikaEdlRbehag)anepSIm ya:geCaKeTAedayTwk . karsMgYteQICaviFImYyEdleFVIeGays¶ÜténsMeNIm nig TwkecjBIPñasekasika . tamGñksMgYt eQI TwkEdl)at;bg;BIekasikaRbehag KWTal;EtPñasekasikamansMeNImEtmYyKt; TaMgenHsÁal;)aneday cMNucénsréssac;eQI EdlmansMeNImRbEhl 30 PaKry nig kMNt;eTAtamRbePTeQI . vaman sMeNIm nig )at;bg;eTAvijenAeBlNa EdlPñasekasikacab;epþImrYjsVit . Twk nwg)at;bg;enAeBl Edlva manTMnak;TMngeTAnwgsMeNImenACMuvijva . dUecñHRtUvsÁal;BItulüPaBsMeNIm (EMC) . karsMgYtenHmansar³sMxan;Nas;edIm,I eFVIeGay)anl¥RtwmRtUvkñúgenaHedIm,IFananUvPaBRbRktI EdlekItmaneLIgenAelIeQI nig edIm,IFanatamtulüPaBrbs;sMeNIm eGaymankMritRbhak;RbEhleTA nwgbBaðaEdleQImankarrIkehIm nig rYmsVit . karsMgYtedayxül; ³ sMgYtedayxül;KWCaviFIRbéBNImYy sMrab;eFVIkarsMgYteQI bnÞHkþardak;enAelIépÞrabesμI mancenøaH bnÞHeQInImYy²RbEvg 1 inch (25mm) nig dak;eGayXøatBIKña 8 inch (450mm) . CaFmμtakardak;eQIsMgYtenHRtUvdak;eGayputBIdI nig mandMbUledIm,IkarBarTwkePøóg nig BnøWéf¶ xül;FmμCati)anbk;cUltamcenøaHeQI eFVIeGayeQIs¶ÜtsnSwm² . cMeBaHeQIrwgeKdak;sMgYteQI Edlman kMras; 1 inch (25mm) kñúgry³eBl 1 qñaM nig cMeBaHeQITn;manry³eBlknøHqñaM viFIenH vaminéføb:uEnþva Carpenting Works -15-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC GacbBa©úHsMeNImmkRtwmEt 14 nig 16 PaKry ehIyvaGaRs½yTak;TgeTAnwgsMeNIm kñúgGakasFatu pgEdr . sMrab;eRbIR)as;Epñkxagkñúg RtUvkareQIEdlsMgYtedayLkMedA b¤ GacykeQIsMgYtedaybirya kasFmμCatiEdlvaGaceRbIR)as;)an . karsMgYtedayLkMedA ³ eQIEdlGaceRbIR)as;Epñkxagkñúg RtUvkarsMeNImRbEhl 6 eTA 8 PaKry b¤ k¾GaceFVIeTA)an TabCagenHGaRs½yeTAelIsMeNImkñúgGakasFaturbs;TItaMg . karsMgYteQIedayLkMedARtUv)aneRbIR)as; eFVICaCMnYjsMrab;bBa©úHsMeNImeQI eGayenAeRkamkMritsMgYtedayxül;eTAeTot nig manry³eBléf¶c,as; las; . bnÞHeQI)anpÞúkelITMrehIyrujcUleTAkñúgL . eFVIkarRtYtBinitüedayRbugRby½tñenAeBlNa Edl layxül;kMedA nig bUmcMhayeTAelIKMnreQIedayrMhYtsMeNImsnSwm² . sMeNImRtUveGay)anCak;lak;eTAtamlMdab;énRbePTeQI Edl)anykmkeFVIkarsMgYt . eQIEdl)ansMgYtedayxül; nwgRtUvrkSaTukdak;eGayenAeRkamsMeNImbiryakas nig mineGay RtUvkMedAéf¶ eBlNasMgYteQIedayLkMedAsMerc)anRtUvrkSavaenAkñúgbriyakasFmμCati EdlRtUvykmk eRbIR)as; . PaBminERbRbYl ³ eQIEdlsMgYtehIyvarYj TMrg;rbs;bnÞHeQI)anpøas;bþÚreTACakarrYmsVit . CaTUeTAkarrYmsVittam ry³beNþaysac;eQImancMnYnRbmaNeRcInCagBIrdgénkarrYmsVittamry³TTwgsac;eQI . enAelIbnÞHkþarsMEb:t PaBrYjxøaMgsßitenAelIbnÞHkþar ¬TTwgkþar¦ cMENkenAelIbnÞHeQIRCugvij PaBrYjva sßitenAelIEpñkbnÞar nig mantictYcNas;enAelIEpñkkMras; . clnaénkarrYjsVit vaGaceGaymankarrmYlxøHEdr bnÞHkþarsMEb:tEdlGarcMbNþÚleQI tamry³ beNþaysac; vamanPaBxusKña ExSrgVg;enAEpñkxageRkAbMput manPaBrYjeRcInCag ExSrgVg;enAEpñkxagkñúg ehIyvamansPaBekagtamry³TTwgsac;eQIEdr . muxkat;eQIbYnRCug EdlGacnwg)anmkCarag)a:elLÚRkam rIÉmuxkat;ragmUlnwgGacCaragBg; RkeBI . cMeBaHbnÞHeQIRCug sac;eQItamry³beNþayvadUcKña karxUcxatmantictYc b¤ KμanPaBrmYl . PaBminERbRbYl )anrYmpSMCamYykarkarBarépÞrabesμIrbs;sac;eQIrpgEdr . cMeBaHbnÞHkþarRCug eKcUlcitþykeTAeFVIépÞkMral nig eRKOgsgðarwm . Carpenting Works -16-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC karRtYtBinitüsMeNIm ³ sMeNImeQI)anmkCaPaKryelIkarsMgYtTMgn;kñúgLkMedA . karKNnaenH edayeRbobeFobeTA nwgTMgn;edIméndMueQICatMNag ¬eKeRcInyksac;eQIEpñkkNþalCaCagEpñkxagcug¦ CamYynwgTMgn;Edl )ansMgYtehIyenAkñúgL . TMgn;sMgYtenH)anmkedaydkecjrvagTMgn;edIm nig TMgn;Edl)at; nig eTAtam smIkarEdleRbIsMrab;KNnasMeNImCaPaKry ¬TMgn;TwkEdl)at;éndMueQI ¼ TMgn;sMgYtedayLéndMueQI¦x 100 . ]bkrN_rgVas;sMeNIm vamanm¢úleGLicRtUtBIr EdlgayRsYlkñúgkarRtYtBinitürksMeNIm. ]bkrN_rgVas;EdlmanersIusþg;eQIesIm nig eGaylT§plPaKryénsMeNImeQIya:grh½s . karbgçÚgm¢úleGLicRtUtbBa©ÚleTAkñúgeQI tamcMnucepSg² énbNþaykþaredIm,IrkkMritmFümPaK kþarTaMgGs;EdlsMgYtvaminmanGRtakMritdUcKñaeLIy . 3- kareRCIserIseQI cMeBaHRbePTeQITn;eKeRcIneRbIR)as;eTAelIkargarCageQI . CaTUeTAeQITaMgenaH vamanTMhMén Gar EdlRtUveFVIkarGareGayRtUvtamTMhMxñatsþg;dar . mYy b¤ eRcInsMrab;épÞmux b¤ épÞrabxagelI . rebob énkarQUsykecjya:gtic 1/8 inch (3mm) BIépÞnImYy² . TMhMTTwg nig kMras;BitRtUvtUcCagTMhMGar rYc EdlGñkRKb;RKgCaGñkkMNt;rYmTaMgRbEvgbeNþaypgEdr . EdlCanic©Cakal)anvaytMéleTAtam RbePTrbs;va . eTaHCaPaKryeRcIn énRbePTeQIrwg CaTUeTA)anlk;CaRbePTeQIRCugeTAtamTTwg nig beNþay rbs;eQIGar . enAkñúgenARbeTsmaneQI mahogany, teak, oak, and ramin ¬eQμaHeQI¦ GacTij)an eTAtamTMhMxñaténeQIGar . TMhMxñaténeQIGarenHKitCaÉkta foot RbEhl 3/16 inch (5mm) . Canic© kalRbEvgbeNþayeQIRtUvbEnßmEpñkelIsEdlsMrab;eFVIkarkat;tMrwm . 3-1 cMNat;fñak; cMeBaHRbePTeQITn; mansésreQI nig EpñkelcRtEdteLIg CaTUeTAvaeRcInmansar³RbeyaCn_ nig KuNPaBl¥CaeRcInelIkargarCageQI EdleRbIsMrab;lMGrEpñkxageRkA nig minmankMlaMgsgát; . RbePTeQITn;EdlGacekag)annUvkMlaMgsgát;)anRtUvykeRbIR)as;elIeRKagq¥wg Edlmansar³ sMxan;xøaMg . EpñkeQIEdlmansac;føaCaerOy² eRcIneRbIbEnßmeTAelIkEnøgeQImanEPñk nig Rtg;kEnøg EdlxVHcenøaH b:uEnþRbePTeQIenHCaFmμtamin)anykmkeRbIR)as;CapøÚvkareLIy . Carpenting Works -17-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC cMENkÉRbePTeQIrwg )ankMNt;eTAelIbrievNéneQIxVHcenøaH nig eTAelIeRKOgEdlmantMél . cMNat;fñak;l¥RbesIrmanTImYy nig TIBIr (FAS) . karerobcMeQItamlMdab; GaRs½yGñkÉkeTs b:uEnþGñkeRCIserIseQIedayxøÜnÉg RbsinebIGñkGac eFVI)an . eBlGñkeTATijeQI ykmkQYs GñkGacQUselIeQItMNagmYydMutYc enaHGñkGaceXIjsésr sac;eQI nig BN’EdlbiT)aMgeTAedayFUlIdI b¤ kMeTcGacm_rNar . 3-2 PaBminRbRktIrbs;eQI luHRtaEteQI)aneFVIkarsMgYtedayykcitþTukdak;karsgát;)anbgðajfa )aneFVIeGayvaxUc b¤ kic©kareFVIelIvamankarBi)ak karsMgYtEdlminRKb;RKan;GacnaMeGaymankarrYjsVitnUvEpñkénTMhMxñat muxcMNareQIeLIge)ar nig mansañmeRbH . munnwgTijeQIRtUvRtYtBinitüépÞeQI ERkgmansñameRbH EPñk nig sac;eQImin)anesμIl¥ emIlEpñk xagcugénmuxkat;eQIh‘ub edIm,IGareRcok tMrg;tamRbEvgbeNþayedIm,IRtYtBinitü ERkgmanrmYl b¤ ekag. rUb 2-3 PaBminRbRktIénsac;eQI karBinitüemIlsñamragsMbukXμúM ¬No1.énrUb 2¦ ekItmaneLIgenAxagkñúgénbnÞHkþar eBlNaEdlxageRkAminesßrPaBmunsac;xagkñúgvanwgs¶Üt EpñkxagkñúgvarYjxøICag EpñkxageRkA EdlFmμtavarEhksréseQIrenAépÞxagkñúg . Carpenting Works -18-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC sñameRbHpÞat; ¬No2. énrUb 2¦ sac;eQIEdleRbHpÞat; KWsñamrEhk EdlekIteLIgelIRTg;RTayrbs;sac;eQI eTAtamkarlUt las;minFmμta b¤ mkBIkMlaMgsVit sac;eQIeRbHpÞat;manragekag )aneRbHcMhenARbeLaH ExSrgVg;lUt las;RbcaMqñaM . sñamEdleKElgeRbI b¤ eRsabEPñk ¬No3. énrUb 2¦ cMeBaHsñamRbePTenH vaCavtßúesssl;BIEmkEdlgab;eTAehIy vaCadgát;eQIEdlmanExSrgVg;lUt las;fμIenACMuvijva . EPñkEdlgab;enH vanwgrebHecjenAeBlEdleQIs¶Üt . sréseQI)aneLamB½T§EPñk ragreqtrqUtEdlCaplBi)akdl;kic©kar . PaBekag nig e)ar ¬No 4. énrUb2¦ buBVehtuenH bNþalmkBIdak;KrbnÞHkþarCaCugmin)anl¥ Edlmankarsgát;elIKña nigmankarBi)ak kñúgkarGarkat; . {Rbtikmμ} eQIenHvaqab;pøas;bþÚrenAeBlEdleFVIkarsMgYt b¤ Garkat;pgEdr . sñameRbHenAEpñkxagcug ¬No5 énrUb 2¦ sñameRbHxagcugenH vaCaFmμtaEdlbNþalmkBIkars¶ÜtelOneBk EdlekIteLIgenAEpñkxag cug. karbiTP¢itmuxénEpñkxagcugedayBas b¤ labfñaM kMueGayRCabTwk edIm,IkarBareRbHbnþreTot . EpñkEdlduHkñúgsac;ragRTEvg ¬No 6 énrUb 2¦ cMeBaHEpñkenH vaGaceGayxUcnUvEpñkxageRkA EdlvaenAlayLMenAelIRTg;RTayrbs;eQI . karRtYtBinitüépÞelI ¬No 7 énrUb 2¦ CaFmμta vaekItmaneLIgtambeNþayExS nig mandMuC½rtUc²puseLIg edaykarsMgYtelOneBkén épÞelI . 4- KuNPaBrbs;eQI kMLúgeBleQI)ankekIteLIgedayFmμCati EdlEpñknImYy²EbøkBIKña . muxkat;rbs;edImeQI nImYy²nwgmankarxusKña vak¾GacmanPaBrwgmaM b¤ BN’dUcKña b:uEnþsac;eQImindUcKña vamanPaBepSg²Kña EdlmanlkçN³PaBrwgmaM BN’ PaBGaceFVI)an nig køin dUcenHeQIEdlykmkeFVIGaRs½yeTAtamkar eRCIserIsrbs;eQI . kargareQIRtUvmankarhVwkhat; dUcenHGñkCMnaj RtUvxitxMeGayGs;smtßPaB edIm,I sÁal;BIEpñkeQInImYy² . kareRbIeQI nig PaBsÞat;CMnajEtmYyKt;EdlCapøÚvGaceGayeyIgsÁal;BIKuN Carpenting Works -19-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC PaB rbs;sac;eQITaMgGs; . lkçN³FmμCatiBiessrbs;eQI)ansegçbenAEpñkxageRkam nig RbePTeQI xus²KñaTaMgGs;enAelIBiPBelak )anbgðajenAelITMB½rbnþbnÞab; . 4-1 lkçN³FmμCatiBiess sNæanxageRkArbs;sac;eQImanBN’ nig RkLaEdlRtUvBinitüBic½ymuneK enAeBlNaEdlRtUv eRCIserIseQIsMrab;KMeragnImYy² . lkçN³elIkargar b¤ PaBrwgmaM vaCalkçN³TIBIr EdlRtUvBinitüBic½y b:uEnþeBlxøH vamincaM)ac;mansar³sMxan;GVIEdr ehIynwgRtUveRCIserIseQIeGaysmrmü tameKalbMNgpg Edr . ebIsinCaGñkminFøab;sÁal;eQInUvEpñkNamYy cMeBaHGñkRtUvBiPaKSaBIKuNPaBvaCamYyGñkpÁt;pÁg; rbs;Gñk edIm,IeFVIeGay)ansMercnUveKalbMNgrbs;Gñk . kareRCIserIseQI KwCarebobmYy EdlRtUvBinitüemIlnUvPaBrwgmaM PaBEdlGaceFVI)an TMgn; tMél nig PaBEdlGacrk)an . karBinitülkçN³eQIkMNt; edayFmμCatiénTMrg;ekasikava . sac;eQI ekasikarbs;eQI)anpÁMúKñaCaRTg;RTay ehIybegáIt)anCasac;eQI EdlbegáIt)anCabnþbnÞab;taMg BIG½kSKl;rhUtdl;cugénedImeQI . FmμCatiénsac;eQI)ankMNt;edaylMdab;fñak;énkarbgðajtamry³ beNþaysac;énekasikaTaMgenH . edImeQIlUtlas;Rtg;RslUn )anbegáItCasac;eQIRtg; sac;eQIkat;Kña KWCaTMrg;enAeBlEdl ekasikagakecjBIG½kSrbs;edImeQI . edImeQIxøH EdlrmYlKWkarlUtlas;rbs;vabegáIt)ansac;eQIrmUr. enAkñúgxN³xøH karlUtlas;CarmUrenH)angakecjBImuMmYyeTArkmMumYyeTot CamYynwgkEnøgnImYy²énExS rgVg;lUtlas; lT§plCasac;eQIcak;eRsH . sac;eQImanpñt; nig sac;eQIGgáaj;²ekIteLIgelIedImeQI EdlmanekasikaRTg;RTaydUcTwkrlk TMrg;CarlkesμIxøIenAEpñkxagcugvamineTogTat; . cMeBaHsac;eQI EdlmineTotTat;enH vaBi)akkñúgkargar nig xat;lab ekasikavapøas;bþÚrTisedAtQb;QrbegáIt)anCa sac;eQIduHÉkÉg . bnÞHkþarEdlmansac;eQIGgáaj;² EdlmankarrYmpSMepSg²KñatammMu épÞelIrbs;sac; eQI nig RTg;RTayrbs;ekasika . cMeBaHsac;eQIRbePTenH eKykvaeTAeFVICasøwkBaslMG . kareRcok sac;eQIKWeFVIeTAtamRbEvgbeNþayrbs;eQI rYmCamYyry³beNþayekasikaEdr . karQUsépÞelIsac; eQI tamTisedArbs;sréseQI EdlRsb b¤ eTreLIg nig eTAtamTisedArbs;skmμPaBQUs . karQUs edaybnSúIsac;eQIeRcIn KWeFVIenAeBlNaEdlsrésreQIeTreLIg rYmCamYyTisedAénskmμPaBQUseq<aH eTAmux eFVIkarQUsenAeBleQIminTan;écñ . karGar b¤ karQUsTTwgsac; KWsMedAcMeBaHkñúgkarkat;eRcIn b¤ tic Edlkat;EkgeTAnwgsac;eQI . Carpenting Works -20-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC RkLasac;eQI ³ Epñkénsac;eQIenH )aneRbIR)as;CaFmμtasMrab;BN’nanUvGakar³xageRkArbs;eQI edayeyageTA tamkarrYmpSM énkarlUtlas;BIFmμCati EdlmanlkçN³BiessrYmKñarbs;rUbPaB . karlUtlas;xusKñakñúgcenøaHrdUvekþA nig rdUvRtCak;mandg;sIueténExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM kar EbøkBIKñargVg; karEbgEckBN’ karekItmanCMgW b¤ karxUcxat nig viFIeRbIR)as; edIm,Ipøas;bþÚreQIeGayeTA CabnÞHkþarTaMgGs;Edlpþl;eGaytamry³rUbPaB . manedImeQICaeRcIn EdlmanTMrg;CasaCImUltaMgBIKl;rhUtdl;cug eBlNaEdlGareRcokeFVICa bnÞHkþar)anbgðajeGayeXIjCaTMrg;CaGkSrG‘uy (U) rbs;bnÞHnImYy² enAeBleFVIkarQUs)anbeBa©j eGayeXIjRsTab;ExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . eQIh‘ubEdl)anGareRcokbMEbk ExSrgVg;RbcaMqñaMRtUvkat; EkgCamYynwgEpøEdkQUs nig rUbPaBEbøkKñaEdlminmantictYc)anbgðajCaesrIénbnÞat;Rsb . eQIxøH EdlmanxusEbøkKñaénsrésrekasika )anbgðajeGayeXIjenAelIkareRcokbMEbk nig plitCarUbPaB mansñamExScuc²KYreGayTak;Tajcitþ . TMrg;rbs;rUbPaB vaminmanEdnkMNt;cMeBaHeQIBIKl;rhUtdl;cugRtg;eLIy . manTMrg;EbkCaBIr rvagEmkeTAnwgedIm )anbegáItCacMBam b¤ Casøab rUbPaBeRcIneGaytMéleTAelIsnøwkBasenAeBlEdlkar lUtlas;xusEbøkBIFmμtabuBVehtubNþalmkBImaneRKaHfñak;xøH . Ggát;eQIk¾mansar³RbeyaCn_pgEdr sMrab;karEkécñrUbPaBtamsNæanPaB EdlmanragdUccanRkLÚmGaceFVI)anelIkargarRkLwg . srésreQI ³ EpñksrésrenH vaTak;TgeTAnwgTMhMrbs;ekasikaeQI sréseQIEdll¥ KWRbeLaHekasikatUc ehIybiTCit . cMeBaHsréseQIeRKIm² vamanTMnak;TMngeTAnwgekasikaFM² . sréseQI)aneRbIR)as;pg EdrsMrab;BN’naBIkarEckekasikakñúgTMnak;TMngeTAnwgExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . eBlEdlmankarxusKña tictYc rvageQIenArdUvekþA nig eQIenArdUvRtCak; enAEpñksréseQIEdlrabesμI . enAeBlEdleQIman ExSrgVg;lUtlas;rYm eyIgsMKal;eXIjfa sréseQImin)anrabesμI . srésrbs;eQIva)anEsþgecjmincMeBaHEtkarkat; b¤ QUsb:ueNÑaHeT b:uEnþvak¾manlkçN³xag eRkAenAeRkamkarERbBN’ b¤ cugbBa©b;énkarxat;lab . 5- eQIminrwg ¬eQITn;¦ karehAeQμaHCaeQITn;enH)aneLIgedayRkumrukçsa®sþénéRBeQI)anmkBIRsTab;énsrlkUl edayRkumrukçsa®sþ ¬daMkUneQI nig pSBVpSayRKab;BUC¦ . edImeQImanragCaekaN duHCaCYrRKbdNþb; Carpenting Works -21-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC edayBN’ébtgEdlmansøwkragdUcm¢úl . edImeQIEdl)anbriyayenHvax<s; b:uEnþvaminmanTaMgGs;nUv TMrg;EbbenHEdr . eBlNaEdlpøas;bþÚreTACabnÞHkþar cMeBaHeQITn;enH eK)ankMNt;eTAnwgBN’Rsal nig dg;sIuet enAcenøaHeQIrdUvekþA nig rdUvRtCak;kñúgExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . 5-1 eQITn;tamtMbn;kñúgBiPBelak RbPBeRKOgpÁt;pÁg;rbs;BiPBelak xagBaNiC¢kmμeQITn;vamkBIPaKxageCIgénGDÆeKall¥Cag eK . valatsn§wgkat;tMbn;d¾EsnRtCak; éntMbn;Gwrub nig GaemricxageCIgcuHeTAshrdæGaemricxagt,Úg . srlkUlvaTak;TgeTAnwgkarlUtlas;ya:grh½s )aneFVIeGayedImeQIduHRtg;taMgBIKl;dl;cug EdlGac efakkñúgkareFVIksikmμ nig RbmUlBIGñkdaMduHéRBeQI . BBYkTaMgenHefakCagRbePTeQIrwg nig CaTUeTA sMrab;GaKar nig kargarCageQIehIyenAkñúgeragcRkeK)anplitCakþarbnÞHkMeTceQI nig Rkdas . 5-2 bnÞHkþareQITn; RKb;bnÞHkþarTaMgGs;éneQIsMrab;sg;pÞHeK)anyksMbkecjTaMgGs; nig tMrUvEKmRCugEdlmanBaM sMbk ehIyGacTij)anBIkEnøgeragma:sIunGareQI . bnÞHkþareKRtUvtMrUveTAtamTMhMxñat . CaFmμta bnÞHkþarsMrab;eFVICMnYjRtUveFVIEKmRCugeGay)anEkg nig KμanCab;sMbk . sac;eQIRsayvamanBN’Rsal ehIymanersIusþg;tictYcTl;nwgPaBmaM nig RtUvTb;Tl;CamYystVl¥itCagsac;eQIEpñkbNþÚl . 5-3 karbþÚrBN’ BN’eQImaneRcInsn§wk vaminmanRbePTdUcKñaEtmYyb:ueNÑaHeT . edImeQImandUcKñapgEdr . eQIEdlmanBN’cas; eRcIneFVIeGayeTACaBN’Rsal kareFVIeGayBN’RsalxøH KWkarbþÚrBN’enAelIépÞrab karGnuvtþn_xat;labKμanGVIsMxan;kñúgkareGayBN’eQIeTarTn;eTArkBN’cas; . tMNagdMueQIkaer:tUc Edl )anbgðajmanTMhMBitBimun nig bnÞab;BI)aneFVIkarxat;labrYcral; . karRtYtBinitügaymYy )aneGay eXIjc,as;bnÞab;BI)anxat;labBN’enAelIeQImYyedayeFVIkardusxat;labedayRmamédrbs;GñkrYcmk TukeGays¶ÜtnUvépÞelIrbs;eQI . Carpenting Works -22-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 5-4 RbePTeQITn; rUbPaB eQμaH lkçN³ CaeQITak;TajcitþmYy sac;eQIEpñkbNþÚlmanBN’etñatRsal karplitman Cedar of PaBxusKñarvageQIrdUvekþA nig eQIrdUvRtCak;GacmanBkeRcIn . Rebanon eRbIR)as;³ EpñkxagkñúgeFVIeRKOgsgðarwmdak;kñúgsYnc,ar kargar CageQIEpñk sMNg; . Cedar CaeQITak;Tajcitþya:gRsTn; manBN’Rkhmlayetñat eKniymBN’R)ak; Westhern red RbepH bnÞab;BIdak;eGayRtUvFatuGakasry³eBlyUr . Cedar manBN’elOgsøaMg sréseQIrabesμIrYmCamYysac;eQIRtg;l¥ EdlmanBN’ Yellow RsalmaMenAeBls¶Üt . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm sMNg;TUk kargarCageQI snøwkBaslMGr . Fir sac;eQIRtg; eQIBN’Rkhm layetñatEdlmanTMhMEPñkFM . Douglas eRbIR)as; ³ kþarkMupøakek kargarCageQI CaTUeTAeRbIR)as;enAGaemricxag eCIgkñúgkic©karsMNg; . Fir BN’ERkmsøaMg KμanC½r nig PaKeRcInCaeQIKμanBN’ mansac;eQIRtg; nig Silver sréseQIl¥ karkt;sMKal;vaRbhak;RbEhleTAnwg Nowayspruce . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQI sMNg; RbGb;kþarkMupøaek begÁal . Hemlock BN’etñatsøaMg CaeQIBak;kNþalføa mankarlUtlas;epSg²KñaeTAtamTI Western kEnøg sréseQIrabesμI nig sac;eQIRtg;ehIyKμanC½r . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarsMNg; kargarCageQI kþarkMupøaek . Kauri sac;eQIRtg;rYmCamYysrésrabesμIl¥ BN’ERbBIetñatsøaMgeTApáaQUklay Queensland etñat . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQI eRKOgsgðarwm . vamansac;eQIRtg; nig manTMrg;sréseQIdUc²Kña sac;bNþÚleQIBN’Rkhm Larch søaMg manBN’RsalenAEpñksac;Rsal . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQI sMNg; bnÞHkþarRkal . Carpenting Works -23-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC mansac;eQIRtg; nig mansréseQIl¥ Gakar³xageRkAvaRbhak;RbEhleTA Pine nwg Parana pine sac;eQIRsayvamanBN’etñatRsalBaseBj nig enAsac; Hoop nig enAsac;bNþÚleQImanBN’ elOg-etñat . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQI sMNg; RkLwg eRKOgsgðarwm . sréseQIrabesμI sac;eQIRtg;CamYyExSrgVg;lUtlas;minesμIKña bNþÚleQI Pine manBN’etñatRsal rYUmCamYynwgxøwmEdlmanBN’etñatcas; CaerOy²vaman Parana sñamqUtBN’RkhmeqIt . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQi eRKOgsgðarwm RkLwg sac;eQIRsaymanBN’elOgsøaMgBaseBj vaTn;KμanC½r nig srésrabesμI Pine bNþÚleQIF¶n;vamanBN’elOgeq<aHeTARkhmlayetñat nig C½reQI . Ponderosa eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsMrab;eFVIKMnUr TVar eRKOgsgðarwm ¬eQITn;¦ kargarCageQI sMNg; ¬bBa©ÚleQI¦ . Pine RbePTeQIminTn; minrwg sréseRKImmFüm sac;eQIrabesμI sac;Rsay Sugar manBN’s nig BN’RkhmlayetñatsøaMgenARtg;sac;bNþÚl . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQI sMNg; eRKOgsgðarwm sMNg;TUk kþarkMupøaek . Pine sac;eQIRtg; nig sréseQIrabesμI elOgsøaMgeq<aHeTARkhmlayetñat Western White rYmnwgkarERbRbYltictYcrbs;BN’enAcenøaHrdUvekþA nig rdUvRtCak; . eRbIR)as; ³ kargarCageQI sMNg; eRKOgsgðarwm sMNg;TUk kþarkMupøakek . sac;eQIRtg;Tn;qμar sréseQIrabesμIl¥ nig ExSrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaMminesμI Pine Kña vamanBN’elOgsøaMgERbeTAetñatsøaMg . White eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsMrab;KUs kargarCageQI eRKOgePøg sgðarwm kargarsMNg; . sréseQIrabesμIl¥ nig sac;eQIRtg;sac;bNþÚlvaBN’Rkhmlayetñat kar Rimu RkLwg)anpøas;bþÚrbnþicmþg²BIBN’etñateq<aHeTAelOgénsac;Rsay . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm kargarCageQI kþarkMupøaeK snøwkBaslMGr . Redwood CaeQImanC½r nig BN’RsalCamYyelOg-etñateTARkhmlayetñatenAsac; European bNþÚlnig s-elOgRsalenAsac;RsayvamanragerAepSg²Kña . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm kargarCageQI kargarsMNg; . Carpenting Works -24-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC sac;eQIRtg;BN’Rkhmlayetñat vamanPaBpÞúyKñaenAcenøaHeQIrdUvekþA nig Sequoia eQIrdUvRtCak; sréseQIERbRbYlBIrabesμIQaneTArkeRKImKμanC½r ./ eRbIR)as; ³ bnÞHeQI eRbIEpñkxageRkA EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI kþam QUs cMrwg kþakMupøaek . Spruce sac;eQIRtg;føa sréseQIrabesμI PaKeRcInBN’sr eQIenArdUvekþA nig BN’ Norway elOgetñatsøaMgenArdUvRtCak; . eRbIR)as; ³ sMNg; kargarCageQI RbGb; kþarkMupøaek bnÞHkþarxÞb;sMelg . KμanC½r eQIBN’Rkhmsr sac;bBa©ÚlBN’páaQUkRsal CaFmμtasac;eQI Spruce Rtg; nig sréseQIrabesμI BwgEp¥kelIkMriténkarlUtlas; . Sitka eRbIR)as; ³ sMNg;TUk EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI sMNg;eRKOgePøg ekA GIeyal cgVarEcvTUkRbNaMgtUc kþarkuMpøaek . sVit rwgCaRbePTeQITn; sac;bNþÚlmanBN’TwkRkUc Rkhmsac;Rsayman Yew BN’PøWepSgKña eFVIkartubEtgRkLaeQI . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm RkLwg kargarCageQI . 6- eQIrwg karehAeQμaHeQIrwg vadUcCaeQITn;Edr KWeyageTAtamRkumrukçsa®sþénéRBeQI eTaHCaya:gNa eday PaKeRcIn)aneRbIR)as;eQIrwgCageQIEdlmkBIRkumeQITun . RbePTeQIrwgEdlmansøwkFM² )an kMNt;cUleTAkñúgRkum Angiosperms ¬kUneQImanpáa¦ . Angiosperms va)anbegáInRKab;BUCenAGUEv bnÞb;mkvavivDÆn_kan;EtRbesIreLIgeTACaEpø b¤ RKab; . edImeQImansøwkFMenHeRcInlUtlas;tamtMbn; ehIynig ruHeraysøwkrbs;va enArdUrRtCak; b:uEnþminEmnTaMgGs;enaHeT manxøHvavivDÆn_eTACaedImeQIEdl mansøwkexov . edImeQIEdlmansøwkFM² valUtlas;enAéRBRtUBic EdleRcInEtedImeQIEdlmansøwkexov . CaTUeTAeQIrwgeRcIneRbICab;)anyUrCageQITn; nig kareRCIserIseTAtamcMNg;BN’ sréseQI nig RkLa BBYkeQITaMgenaHmantMéleRcInpgEdr nig manPaKxøH enAEpñkNamYyCaeQIkMreXIj k¾mantMélya;géfø )anERbkøayeTACasnøwkBaslMGr . 6-1 eQIrwgenAtamtMbn;énBiPBelak mankarEbgEckeQIrwgrab;Ban;RbePTenAelIBiPBelakeyIgenH manrab;ryRbePTRtUv)anRbmUl nig eRbIR)as;kñúgkareFVICMnYj . ktþaGakasFatumansar³sMxan;ya:geRcIn cMeBaHkarlUtlas;eTAtam Carpenting Works -25-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC RbePT . TUeTAedImeQImansøwkFM²ruHerayenAGDÆeKalxageCIg nig vamansøwkexovenAtMbn;RtUBik nig GDÆeKalxagt,Úg . RbePTeQIrwgenHmankarlUtlas;ya:gyWt fVIebIya:genHk¾mankmμviFIdaMsarCafμIedIm,ICYyEfTaM éRBeQIEdr . eQIEdlenAx©IvamanKuNPaBl¥xøH mindUcedImeQIEdlmanGayucMNas;eT . 6-2 RbePTeQIrwg CaeQICab;)anyUr sac;eQIhab; nig Rtg; sac;bNþÚlmanBN’ elOg- etñatcas;eTAnwgBN’edImém:sak; sréssac;eQIl¥ b:uEnþvamindUceRbgeTA Afrormosia nwgedImém:sak;eT . eRbIR)as; ³ snøwkBaslMGr EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI Epñkxagkñúg éneRKOgsgðarwm sMNg; . Alder minsUvrwg sac;eQIRtg; sréseQIrabesμI elOgsøaMgeTABN’Rkhmlay Red etñat . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm RkLwg cMlak; kþarkuMpøaek snøwkBaslMGr . eRKIm b:uEnþCaTUeTAsac;eQIRtg; sac;eRsamBN’s nig etñatsøaMgenAsac; Ash bNþÚlvaRbhakRbEhleTAnwg European ash . White eRbIR)as; ³ RBng;vay)al; ]bkrN_kan; sMNg;TUk kargarCageQI eQIeRKagelI eRKOgsgðarwm . sVitsréseRKIm sac;eQIRtg; BN’sreTAetñatsøaMgsac;bNþÚleQIh‘ubBN’ Ash exμA . European eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgbrikçakILa nig ]bkrN_kan; eQIKMeragelIeRKOg Tn;ehIyRsalsMrab;CMnYyéneQIrwg sac;eQIRtg;CamYyBN’føaetñatx©WxøaMg Balsa eTACapáaQUk . eRbIR)as; ³ RTnab;eFVIsMPar³KMrUCMnYy LaMgva:n; . Bass sac;eQIRtg;l¥ sréseQIrabesμI BN’ERkms karRkLwgdak;eGayRtwmRtUv Wood eTABN’etñatsøaMg . eRbIR)as; ³ RkLwg snøwkBaslMGr kargarCageQI . Carpenting Works -26-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC sac;eQIRtg; nig sréseQIrabesμIl¥BN’etñatx©IeTARkhmlayetñatRsal . Beech RkalCag European Beach . eRbIR)as;³ eFVITUk eQIKMeragelIeRKOgsgðarwm épÞxagkñúgénkargarCageQI RkLwg . sac;eQIRtg; nig sréseQIrabesμIl¥ slayetñat karRkLwgBIBN’elOg Beech layetñateTABN’Rkhmlayetñat . European eRbIR)as; ³ eFVITUk eQIelIKMerageRKOgsgðarwm épÞxagkñúgénkargarCageQI snøwkBaslMG RkLwg kþarkuMpøaek . Birch sa;ceQIRtg;l¥ nig sréseQIrabesμI sac;RCaymanBN’ERkmsswgTaMg Gs; Paper nig sac;bNþÚlBN’etñatsøaMg . eRbIR)as; ³ RkLwg eRKOgRbdab;pÞH)ay kþarkuMpøaek snøwkBaslMGr . Birch sac;eQIRtg; nig sréseQIrabesμI sac;RsayvamanBN’elOgx©I nig sac; Yellow bNþÚlvamanBN’RkhmlayetñatCamYyExSrgVg;lUtlas;BN’cas;epSg²Kña. CaTUeTAsac;eQIRtg; b:uEnþeBlxøHsac;eQIcak;eRsHKñarwgehIyF¶n;vamanBN’ Blackbean etñateRcIn nig sñamqUt²BN’etñat . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm kargarCageQI snøwkBaslMGr . CaTUeTAsac;eQIRtg; k¾b:uEnþsac;eQIGaccak;eRsH nig rlksréseQIrabesμI Blackwood mFüm BN’masetñatføaeTABN’etñatcas; . Australian eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwmEpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI RkLwg sVaykaMePøIg snøwkBaslMGr . sréseQIrabesμIl¥ vaRkasehIyF¶n;Gacmansac;eQIRtg; nig minRtg;ehIy Boxwood manBN’elOgx©W . eRbIR)as; ³ cMlak ]bkrN_kan; Rklwg bnÞat; rwgehIyF¶n; sac;Rtg; nig srésrabesμIr sac;RsaysøaMg vapÞúyKñaeTAnwgsac; Brazilwood bNþÚlBN’Rkhm TwkRkUceqIt RkLwgeTABN’RkhmetñatragerACabnÞH . eRbIR)as; ³ eQIRClk;BN’ RkLwg k,alvIyULúg sVaykaMePøI épÞxagkñúgén kargarCageQIsnøwkBaslMGr . Carpenting Works -27-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC minefakminéfø sréseQIeRKImrabesμIr vaGacRtg; rW cak;eRsHKñaénsac;eQI Bubinga BN’RkhmetñatCamYysVayEdlmansñamdUcsrés . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm snøwkBaslMG eRKOgeRbIR)as;GMBIeQI . Butternut sac;eQIRtg; nig sésreQIeRKIm sac;bNþÚlBN’etñatmFüm . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm cMlak; EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI . Cherry rwg sac;eQIRtg; nig sésreQIl¥ sac;bNþÚlRkhmlayetñat eTARkhmdit Black sñamcuc²BN’etñat nig dk;C½rxøH² . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm eFVIrbs;KMnUr kargarCageQI eRKOgbrikçaePøg exSó . sésreRKIm nig ExSrgVg;lUtlas;FM Gakar³xageRkA Rbhak;RbEhleTAnwg Chestnut Oak eQIGac)anmkBIedImeQIEdlgaygab;QrRtg; . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm kþarmQUs begÁal sñwg >> . rwg F¶n; eQIsVit sac;eQIminRbTak; nig sésreQImFümmanBN’epSg²KñaKYr Cocobolo eGaycUlcitþ sVay eTAelOg exμARklwgeGayeTACaTwkRkUc-Rkhm . eRbIR)as;³ RkLwg dgkaMbit xñgCk; >>>> . rwgsac;eQIRkasehIyF¶n; séseQIrabesμIr nig sac;eQIRtg;rWrlkeQIRsay Ebony BN’elOg sac;bNþÚlBN’exμA rW etñatcas; . eRbIR)as; ³ RkLwg eRKOgbrikçaePøg dgkaMbit . séseRKIm maM sVit eQImandg;sIuetmFüm Fmμtamansac;eQIRtg; b:uEnþGac Elm mancak;eRsH sMrab;Bt;)anl¥RbesIr sac;bNþÚlmanBN’Rkhmlayetñat White søaMg . eRbIR)as; ³ sMNg;TUk eRKOgsgðarwm ]bkrN_ksikmμ ]bkrN_vtßúburaN . Elm Dutch and seésreRKIm ExSrgVg;lUtlas;manEbbepSg²Kña naMeGayecjCaragerATak; English Tajcitþ bNþÚleQImanBN’etñatx©I-etñat . Carpenting Works -28-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC Concalo rwg sésreQImFüm nig mineTotTat; sac;eQIcak;eRsH Rkhmlayetñat Alves CamYysñamqUt²exμARbhak;RbEhleTAnwgGakar³xageRkArbs; Rose wood. eRbIR)as; ³ RkLwg eRKOgsgðarwm snøwkBaslMGr . sésreQIeRKImCaTUeTAsac;eQIRtg; b:uEnþGacmineTotTat; b¤ rlksac;Rsay Hickory BN’s sac;bNþÚlRkhmlayetñat . eRbIR)as; ³ dg]bkrN_ eRKOgbrikçakILa ekAGI eQIk¾enAelIeRKOgsgðarwm. Jelutong Tn; føa l¥ sésreQIRtg;rabesμI ERkmRkhmlayBN’etñatsøaMg . eRbIR)as; ³ karkat;CaKMrU bnÞHkþarKMnUr tMN Epñkxagkñúg cMlak . Kauvula CaRbePTsac;eQIrabesμI BN’elOg b¤ etñatsøaMg . eRbIR)as; ³ tMNEpñkxagkñúg nig eRKOgsgðarwm . sésreQIl¥føarabesμI bNþÚleQIKYreGayTak;Tajcitþ éqñCarUbbnÞHénpáa Kingwood vIyUELtetñat exμA nig elOgmas . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm . vaTak;TgeTAnwgeQIEdlmanséseRKIIm² Edlmansac;eQIxagkñúghab;ENn Lauan bNþÚleQICamFümmanBN’exμARkhm . Red eRbIR)as; ³ EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI sMNg;TUk eRKOgsgðarwm snøwk BaslMGr kþarkMupøaek . Mahogany manséseQICamFüm ehIyRtg; nig sac;eQIhab;ENnrabesμIbNþÚleQI Brazilian manBN’Rkhm nig etñatlayRkhm . Lignum rwgNas; eQIF¶n; mansésreQIl¥ nig sac;hab;ENn bNþÚleQImanBN’exμA Vitae layébtg etñatlayexμAFmμtadUceRbg . eRbIR)as; ³ kñúgkarRT r:k jjÜr RkLwg . Carpenting Works -29-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rwg F¶n; sac;eQIRtg; nig sésreQIl¥ sac;eQIx©IBN’s bNþÚleQIman Maple BN’Rkhm nig etñatRsal eBlxøHsMrab;eFVICarUbEPñkrbs;bkSI rW rUbEdlman Hard pñt; . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm RkLwg eRKOgePøg eQIRCujrbs;QμÜjlk;sac; kMral snøwkBaslMGr . mansésreQIl¥ nig sac;eQIRtg;vamaM mindUc Hard Maple eT manBN’dUc Maple ERkmetñatRsalCaerOy² eFVICarUbGgáaj; . soft eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm eRbIR)as;EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI RkLwg snøwkBaslMG eRKOgePøg kMral kþarkMupøaek . sésreQIRKab;² rUbTak;TajcitþtictYcCag White Oak BN’páaQUklay Oak Rkhm . Red eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI kMralsnøwkBas lMG. mansésreQIBIRKab;mFümeTAFM² sac;eQIRtg; . vaRbhak;RbEhleTAnwg Oak European Oak b:uEnþvapøas;bþÚreRcInBN’EdlminRCabTwk . white eRbIR)as; ³ sMNg; kMral eRKOgsgðarwm EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI kþarkMupøaek snøwkBaslMGr . Oak mansésreQIRKab;² nig sac;eQIRtg; s¶ÜtCag European nig Whit Oak Japanese BN’elOglayetñatRsal . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm kþarBas kMral sMNg;TUk snøwkBaslMGr . mansésreQIRKab;² nig sac;eQIRtg; manExSrgVg;lUtlas;epSg²Kña nig Oak manExSeQIc,as;eBlNaEdlGareRcokBuHbMEbk manBN’etñatsøaMg . European eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm kargarCageQI épÞxagkñúgsMrab;kic©kareQI kMral cMlak; sMNg;TUk .. lkçN³Biess CaeQIEdlmanTMgn;RsalKYrsmEdr CamYysésreQIrabesμI Obeche l¥ . sac;eQIhab;ENn BN’dUcERkmBN’slayelOg . eRbIR)as; ³ EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI bnÞat;rbs;GñkKMnUr eRKOgsgðarwm kþarkMupøaek sMPar³KMnUrkñúgkarKUs . CaeQIrwg F¶n; mansac;eQIhab;ENn Rtg; nig manséseQIRKab;lμm BN’ Padauk Rkhm nig Rkhmbnþic etñat nig RkhmRbLak;qñÚt² . African eRbIR)as; ³ EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI eRKOgsgðarwm RkLwg dgkan; kMral sÁal;CafñaMRClkBN’eQI . Carpenting Works -30-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC sac;eQIRtg; nig séseQImFüml¥ bNþÚleQIBN’RkhmlayetñatRsal Plane ExSeQIcas;exμA eFVICarUbsñamcuc² dUcC½reQI vaRbhak;RbEhlb:uEnþexμAcas; European Cag American Sycarmore . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwménkargareQI RkLwg snøwkBaslMGr . sNæansésreQImFüml¥dUc²Kña CaFmμtasac;eQIRtg;Tak;Tajcitþ BN’ Purpleheart sVaybnþic . eRbIR)as; ³ sMNg; sMNg;TUk snøwkBaslMGr . manséseQIrabesμIlμml¥ CaFmμtasac;eQIRtg; BN’ERkmetñatsøaMg . Ramin eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI RkLwg Rbdab;ekμg elg cMlak; kMral snøwkBaslMG . rwg nig F¶n; séseQImFüm sac;eQIRtg; eFVIrUbmanKuNPaBx<s;manBN’etñat Rosewood etñatlayexμA . brazilian eRbIR)as; ³ snøwkBaslMGr eRKOgsgðarwm kargarCageQI RkLwg dgkaMbit eRKOgePøg cMlak; . Rosewood F¶n; RKab;lμm nig séseQIdUc²Kña sac;eQIhab;ENneFVICaekAGWCYr manBN’ Indian maseTAnwgetñatRsal exμAqUt²Rsal b¤ cas; . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm eRKOgcab;P¢ab;kñúghag eRKOgePøg RkLwg kMral . F¶n; eQIføa séseQIrabesμIs¥ nig sac;eQIhab;ENn sMrab;eFVIrUbCabnÞH Satinwood manBN’etñatmas rYmCamYysñamtUc² . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI RkLW snøwkBas lMGr. sésreQIRKab;rabesμI CaFmμtasac;eQIRtg;rYmCamYyExSeQITUlaymanBN’ Slky oak RkhmlayetñatvaRbhak;RbEhleTAnwg Red Oak Rtg;b:uEnþmin)anl¥dUc Oak eT . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm snøwkBaslMGr EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI . séseQIrabesμIl¥ CaFmμtasac;eQIRtg; b:uEnþvamin)aneFVIeGayRcLMCamYy European Sycanmore eT eKGacehA Sycamore maple b:uEnþRsalCag European plane etñatsøaMgCamYynwgExSeQIragcas;epSg²Kña eBlEdlGar Sycamore eRcokbMEbkehIyeFVICaRbePTeQIføa . eRbIR)as; ³ kargareQI eRKOgsgðarwm snøwkBaslMGr eQIRCujrbs;QμÜjlk; sac; . Carpenting Works -31-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC sésreQIrabesμIl¥ sac;eQIRtg; eBlNaeRCokbMEbk GacykeFVIxñgvIyULúg Sycame BN’s eTABN’elOglays . European eRbIR)as; ³ RkLwg eRKOgsgðarwm brikçac®gáan)ay kMraleQIsMrab;eFVIxñg vIyULúg . sésreQIeRKIm minrabesμI nig manrMGileRbg sac;eQIRtg;rWrlk Teak enA Teak RbeTsPUmanvamanBN’ etñatTwkmasEtmYy d¾éTeTotmanBN’cas; . eRbIR)as; ³ EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI sMNg;TUk eRKOgsgðarwm Epñkxag kñúgénsYnc,ar kþarkMupøaek RkLwg snøwkBaslMGr . hab; eQIrwg rYmCamYyséseQIl¥mFüm Fmμatvamansac;eQImineTotTat; Tulipwood manBN’páaQUklayelOgKYreGayniymcUlcitþ . eRbIR)as; ³ RkLwg eRKOgbrikçarc®gáan)ay RbGb; snøwkBaslMGr . sésreQImFüm Fmμtamansac;eQIcak;eRsH sMrab;eFVICarUbbnÞHenAeBlNa Utile Edl)aneRCokbMEbk . BN’páaQUklayetñatRklwgeTABN’Rkhmetñat . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm sVaykaMePøIg EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI kMral kþakMupøaek snøwkBaslMGr . CaeQIsVitrYmCamYysésreQIeRKIm Fmμtasac;eQIRtg; b:uEnþvaGacmanrlk Walnut, black manBN’etñatcas; eTAsVaylayexμA . eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm sVaykaMePøIg EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI eRKOg brikçaePøg RkLwg cMlak; kþarkMupøaek snøwkBaslMGr . mansésreRKIm rYmCamYy sac;eQIRtg;eTArlkmanBN’RbepH etñatrYm Walnut CamYysñamqUt²BN’cas;² . European eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI sVaykaMePøIg RkLwg cMlak; snøwkBaslMG . manenAkñúgTVIbGIr:ub b:uEnþvaminman Walnut BitR)akdeT Walnut CaFmμtasac;eQIcak;eRsH nig rlk BN’vapøas;bþÚrBIPøWeTAetñatcas; . Queensland eRbIR)as; ³ eRKOgsgðarwm EpñkxagkñúgénkargarCageQI eFñIrkñúghag kMral snøwkBaslMGr . minefakminéfø eQITn; nig TMgn;Rsal rYmCamYysac;eQIRtg; nig sésreQI Yellow-poplar l¥ sac;RsayBN’søaMg sac;bNþÚlBN’exoveTAetñat CamYyBN’sñamtUc² . eRbIR)as; ³ kargareQI sgðarwm cMlak; sMNg;EbbRsalEpñkxagkñúg TUk Rbdab;ekμgelg kþarkMupøaek . Carpenting Works -32-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 7- snøwkBaslMGr snøwkBaslMGrCasnøwkya:gesþIg b¤ { søwk } rbs;eQIEdl)anmkBIkarRtiHrbs;eQIh‘ubsMrab;kar plitTUeTA rW tubEtglMGreTAtameKalbMNg; . vaCasnøwkrabesμI EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;eFVIenAeRKOgsgðarwm xøH . manRbCaCnxøHyl;eXIjfa kalNasnøwklMGrvaGn;CageTAnwgeQIrwg eTaHbIy:agNak¾manKMnit ExVgKñaBIrbIEdrGMBIsnøwkBaslMGrenH . kareRCIserIssMrab;BN’FmμCati nig rUbrag rW kic©karedayrYmbBa©Úl TaMgk,ac;páa rW tamsNæanrbs;snøwk edIm,IeGayEbøk nig manKuNPaBeTAelIeRKOgsgðarwm nig kic©kar eQI >>> . sBVéf¶enH CaTUeTAeKeRbInUvkavTMenIb ehIyrwgsMrab;bitEpñkxageRkayénbnÞHkþar . karBas RsTab;Can;elIeTAeQIrwg ehIynigGnuvtþbitpÞaMgbnÞab;² . CamYyFnFanFmμCatirbs;eyIgsMrab;eQIEdl l¥ nwg)anElgeXIjbnþicmþg² . bnÞHeQIesþIgeqHeKGaceFVIeTA)anedayeRbIR)as;eQItMélefak dUecñH eyIgGacbnþkarsb,ayrIkrayCamYyFnFanFmμCatirbs;eyIg . 7-1 karplitsnøwkBaslMG eragcRkplitsnøwkBaslMG ¬snøwkesþIg¦ enHRtUvkardwgCak;lak;kñúgkarplitCamYynwgGñkTij eQIh‘ubEdlmanCMnajkñúgkarBinitüKuNPaBeQIh‘ub . edIm,IplitsnøwkesþIgenHeGayRtUvtamsþg;dar CMnYj eRbIR)as;eyabl; nig bTBiesaFn_rbs;Kat;eyIgeFVIkar)a:n;RbmaNelIsßanPaBeQI kñúgeQIh‘ubEdl CamUldæanénkarBinitüenAEpñkxagkñúgmYy . edaykaremIlenAmuxkat;rbs;eQIh‘ub GñkTijRtUvkMNt;KuNPaBrbs;eQI GVIEdlGaceRbIR)as; )anenAsnøwkesþIenH BN’ nig kMriténsac;RsayeTAsac;bNþÚl ktþad¾éTeTotnwgmanT§iBleTAelItMél éneQIh‘ubEdlRtUvkt;sMKal;pgEdr . rYmbBa©ÚleTAelITMhMénkarbþÚrBN’xøH nig PaBxUcxatxøHdUcCaduH sac;kñúgsMbkeQI EPñk Rbehagkñúg . Bt’mand¾eRcInenH nig bgðajeGayeXIjenAeBlEdlkat;tam beNþayeQIh‘ubelIkTI 1 b:uEnþGñkTijmanTisedATijeQIh‘ubmunnwgkat;va . kalNaeQIh‘ubTijehIyRtUvdwkCBa¢ÚnbBa©ÚleragGareQI vamanGñkCMnajkarénkarkat;snøwkesþIg enH nig eFVIkar)a:n;RbmaNnUvkarkat;snøwkesþIgenH EdltMrUvpøÚvkat;)anRtwmRtUv edIm,Ipøas;bþÚreQI eGay manTinñplcMnYnGtibrima nig KuNPaBx<s;énsnøwkesþIgenH . karEbgEckkMrit snøwkBaslMGrRtUv)ankat;edayRtiHCabnÞH² nig KrCapg;tamlMdab; snøwkesþIgenH)anqøgkat; sMgYtrYcehIy eTIb)anEbgEcktamkMritrbs;va PaKeRcInkat;elIma:sIunkat;RkdasedIm,ItMrwmeGayRtUvtam RTg;RTay nig TMhMeTogTat; snøwkesþIgmantMéledayRtwmRtUveTAtamTMhMrbs;eK nig manKuNPaB RtUv Carpenting Works -33-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC mankarRtYtBinitüCa]bkrN_dUcCaxUcxatenAeBlGar kMras; RbePTénBN’ nig RkLa nig karEbgEck kMriteGayRsbeTAtamhñwgEdr . EpñkéneQIh‘ubmYyGaceGayTinñplsnøwkesþIg nig tMélepSg²Kña snøwkesþIgEdlmancMNt;fñak;l¥RbesIrKW { épÞmuxmanKuNPaB} nig mantMélx<s;CagsnøwkesþIgminl¥ { cMNat;fñak;cugeRkay} . snøwkesþIgenH)anRtUvrkSaTuk nig cgCa)ac;bI 16, 24, 28, 32 snøwk dMu)ac;enHRtUv)andakTukerog Kña tamlMdab; nig RbmUldMueQIh‘ubTukkñúgeragrYcral;sMrab;lk; . 7-2 karkat;snøwkBaslMGr eQIh‘ubEdlsMrab;kat;eFVIsnøwkBaslMGrenH)anmkBIkarkat;edImeQIedayyktYedImKWsßitenA cenøaHBIb¤sTl;mkEmkdMbUg . EpñksMbkRtUvykecjBIeQIh‘ubehIyRtYtBinitüEpñkxageRkA dUcCaEdk eKalCaedIm . munnwgERbkøayeQIh‘ubeGayeTACasnøwkesþIgenH eKRtUveFVIeGayvaTn;enAkñúgTwkekþA b¤ cMhuy . vaGackat;elwIkdMbUgedayeRbIrNaExSFM bnÞab;mkeRbIR)as;viFIkat;snøwkesþIg . kñúgkMLúgeBlénsßanPaB enH RtUveFVIkarRtYtBinitüCalMdab;eTAtamRbePTénkarlM)akrbs;eQI nig kMras;edIm,Ikat;snøwkesþIg vaGac eRbIeBléf¶rW s)aþh_ . sac;eQIsøamg eKminsUveRbIkareT eKalbMNgcg;)ansnøwkeQIEdlmanBN’ . manvFIsa®sþCamUldæankñúgkarkat;snøwkesþIg katkat;edayGareRcok karkat;edayrgVil nig kar kat;CabnÞHsMEb:tesþIg . karkat;edayGareRcok rUbPaB 4-5 karkat;edayGareRcok rhUtdl;CitstvtSTI 19 eTIb)anGPivDÆn_ma:sIunkat;snøwkbnÞHesþIg BImunsnøwkbnÞHesþIgTaMgGs; RtUv)ankat;edayeRbIelIkdMbUgKwGaedayéd nig GaredaykMlaMgrbs;mnusS . snøwkesþIgTaMgenHeRcIn RkasxøHcab;TI 1/8 inch (3 mm) . Carpenting Works -34-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC snøwkesþIgEdl)anGarkat;edayma:sIun GarEpømUlFMvamankarx¢Hx¢aynUvsMPar³xøH b:uEnþkarBi)ak kñúgkargarEtmYyKt;KW sac;eQImineTotTat;dUcCamancEgvk . CaFmμatvamankMrasRbEhl 1/32 eTA 1/16 inch (1 eTA 1/16 mm) . GñkGaceRbIR)as;rNarExSenAeragCagrbs;Gñk b¤ ma:sIunGar edIm,IplitbnÞHénsnøwkesþIg eTAtam eKalbMNg CaBiesseTaHbIkarbgðajenHTTYl)anplefakeRcIn rW k¾pþl;CUnGñkCamYysMPar³d¾l¥RKb;RKan; eTAtMrUvkarrbs;elakGñk CagsnøwkesþIgénCMnYjGacrk)an . karkat;edaybgVil rUbPaB 1-6 karkat;edaybgVil kareFVIsnøwkesþIgéneQIRsal rW eQIrwg )ankat;edayviFIykrgVileQIh‘ubTaMgmUl RtUv)ancab;P¢ab; eTAkñúgma:sIunRkLwgFMEdlbkCabnþbnÞab;nUvbnÞHrbs;snøwkesþIgenH . eQIh‘ubviltambeNþayma:sIun ehIysgát;b:HeTAelIr)a nig kaMbit kaMbitcab;P¢ab;enAeRkamr)ar ehIytMrUveTAtamkMras;rbs;snøwkesþIg karcab;P¢ab;r)ar nig kaMbitvamanTMnak;TMngeTAeQIh‘ubCaktþasMxan; edIm,IkarBarépÞeQIkMueGaymankar xUcxat dUcenHRtUvdwgBIkarRtYtBinitüsMrab;karvilCMunImYy²éneQIh‘ub kaMbitQaneTAmuxedaysV½yRbvtþi eTAtamkMras;rbs;snøwkesþIg . snøwkesþIgEdl)anplitenH Gacdwg)anedayEbøkxus²KμanénExSRkLa eQI eBlNaEdlbnþkarkat;snøwkesþIgeq<aHeTArkExSrgVg;lUtlas; . karkat;edayrgVilCaEpñkmYyEdleGaypll¥ edIm,IplitsnøwkesþIgeGayRKb;RKan;sMrab;GñkeFVI bnÞHkþar eKGackat;)anTTwgeRcIn . eTaHCaPaKeRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab; karplitrbs;snøwkBaslMG k¾edayk¾viFIenH)aneRbIsMrab;eFVIkar tubEtglMGrsnøwkesþIgdUcCamanRkey:AmUldUcCaEPñkrbs;bkSIénedImeQImYyEbb (mapls) . Carpenting Works -35-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC karkat;edayRkLwg rUbPaB 1-7 karkat;RkLwg ma:sIunRkLwgGaceRbIR)as;pgEdr edIm,IplitsnøwkesþIgsMrab;tubEtglMGrEdlFMTUlayCamYyeQI Rsal eBlxøHsnøwkesþIgenHvadUcCaRbePTénbnÞHesþIgEdlmanExSeQIénkarlUtlas;rbs;va . TaMgenH)aneFVIelIeQIh‘ubedaycab;P¢ab;elIma:sIunRkLwgEdlmank,alcab;edIm,IplitehIyCa skmμPaBkat;EdlEbøkmYy . eQIh‘ubRtUvykeTAkEnøgpÞúkEdlmanTItaMgenAcenøaHedayTb;enAcMnuckNþalénm:asIunRkLwg b¤ Bak;kNþalénrgVg;eQIh‘ub . snøwkesþIgmYyRtUvkat;ecjBIeQIh‘ubnUvmMumYyTab . eBlRkLwgCitdl;Bak;sac;bNþÚl eKRtUvykeQIh‘ubecjBIeRBaHenAsac;bNþÚlenHvamansñam eRbH b¤ Rbehag vaCakarkat;EpñkcugeRkayEdleRbIR)as;sMrab;biTTl;BIsnøwklMGrxagelI . karkatbnÞHsMEb:tesþIg rUbPaB 1-8 karkat;bnÞHsMEb:tesþIg KWCakarplitenAbnÞHsnøwkesþIgeQIrwgsMrab;tubEtglMGr . snøwkbnÞHrbs;eQIh‘ub )anbgðajBI Gakar³xageRkAénFmμCatirbs;eQI karkat;eQIelIkdMbUgeTAtambeNþayeQI nig )a:n;RbmaNcMeBaHRkLa sac;eQI pøÚvEdlkat;eQIh‘ub)anCabnÞHesþIgenH elcecjCasñamRkLaeQITTWgrbs;bnÞHesþIgsMEb:t kMNt;eTAtamTMhMrbs;dMueQI . Carpenting Works -36-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC duMeQIh‘ubEdleRcokBak;kNþalb¤ ¼ dak;elIkEnøgEdlmaneRKagrMGil EdlGacpøas;bþÚreLIgelI cuHeRkam)an . kMlaMgsgát;e)a nig kaMbitsßitenAépÞedkenABImuxeQI nig bnÞHsnøwkesþIg)aneFVIclnacuH eRkaméneRKag . bnÞab;BIkarkat;nImYy²kaMbitvaeq<aHeTAmuxeTAtamtMrUvkarkMras;énsnøwkesþIg . eQIh‘ubBak;NþalrgVg;sMrab;plitbnÞHesþIgEdlmanrUbRkLaeQIEdlCaTUeTAeRbIeTAkargartuTU . snøwkesþIgTaMgenHmanrUbRkLaeQIKYreGayTak;Tajcitþ . rUbPaBsac;eQIKYreGaycab;GarmμN_ nig Tak;Tajcitþ eBlNaEdlkat;sac;eQIcUleRCAeTAkñúg eQIh‘ub)anbgðajExSRkLaeQIkan;Etc,as;TaMgGs;enH)andak;cab;P¢ab;eTAelIér:eQIEdlGacrMkil)an tamTisedAEdlGaceFVI)an edIm,IplitcMnYneTAtamGtibrmaénsnøwkesþIg nig eTAtamTMhMeQIh‘ub . eQI EdlGaceRCokbMEbk ¼ k¾Gacdak;elIkEnøgér: edIm,IbnÞHesþIgsMEb:t snøwkvatUcCagsnøwkesþIgEdlkat;BI Bak;kNþaleQIh‘ub b:uEnþGacbgðajeGayeXIjnUvExSRkLaKYreGayTak;TajcitþEdr . Carpenting Works -37-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CMBUk 2 ³ ]bkrN_eRbIedayéd Carpenting Works -38-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1- ]bkrN_KMnUsRBag man]bkrN_KMnUsRBagCaeRcIn EdlRtUv)aneRbIR)as;edayCageQI . kñúgcMeNam]bkrN_TaMg enaH)anykmkeRbIedIm,Ivas;cMgay KMnUsCabnÞat; b¤ mMu RtYtBinitüCMerAsMrab;kat;tMrUvépÞbBaÄr nig kMrit kMBs; . 1-1 ]bkrN_rgVas; edIm,ImansmtßPaBkñúgkarvas;eGay)anrh½s nig eTotBitenaH CageQIRtUvhVwkhat;eGay)an sÞat;CMnajGMBIrgVas; 1 Em:Rt edayGnuvtþGanEm:RtbnÞat; b¤ Em:Rtr:ULÚeGay)anrh½s nig c,as;Cak;lak; . RbeTsEdlmankarrIkcMerInxag]sSahkmμCaeRcIn )aneRbIRbB½n§rgVas;CaEm:Rt (metric system of measure) . rgVas;)anRtUvRkitCaCYrenAelIbnÞHEdk EdlmanPaKl¥itCag Yard ¬rgVas;rbs;Gg;eKøs¦ . EpñkEdltUcCagEm:RtKWedsIuEm:Rt (1/10) EpñkEdlRtUveRbICMnYseday feet . sg;TIEm:Rt (1/100) nig mIlIEm:Rt (1/1000) )anRtUveRbICMnYseday inche nig RbPaK . BakünaMmux kilo- KWbgðajkarFMCag 1000 dg Edl)aneRbICMnYseday mile . Metric system KWgayRsYleRbIR)as;Cag Engush System BIeRBaHRKb;rgVas;TaMgGs;KWmanTMrg; TsPaK ehIyKμanRbPaK . bnÞat;bt;CabYnkg; rUbPaB 2-1 bnÞat;bt;bYnkg; CaTUeTAEm:Rtbt;rbs;CageQIeFVIeLIgBIbnÞHeQIP¢ab;edayRtecokTg;Edg nig karBarxagcugeday KMrb . Em:Rtbt;enHeFVIeLIgCabnÞat;rwgEdlcab;P¢ab; nig Tb;edayRtecok . bnÞat;enHmanrgVas; 3ft (lm) bt;)anCabYnkg;esμI²Kña KWCam:UEdlEdleKniymeRbIR)as;CageK . minfaRbePTRbB½n§énrgVas;GVIk¾)anEdl Carpenting Works -39-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC GñkcUlcitþ eyIgKYrEtTijnUvbnÞat;mYyEdlmanrgVas; feet nig inch enAEpñkmçag nig rgVas;CaEm:Rtman enAEpñkmçageTot . bnÞat;Edk rUb 2-2 Em:RtEdk Em:RtEdkCa]bkrN_caM)ac;mYyrbs;GñkeFVIkar b:uEnþGñkRtUvmanya:gtick¾mYyEdrnUvbnÞat; 1ft (300mm) sMrab;eFVIkarKUseGay)anCak;lak; . bnÞat;EdkenHmanGtßRbeyaCn_pgEdr sMrab;vas;elIEKm RCugxøI² . vamanPaBgayRsYl RbsinebIEpñkcMehogénbnÞat;manKMnUsRkitya:gc,as;edayEbgEckCaKMnUs RkittamxñatnImYy²eq<aHeTAmuxrhUtdl;cugbnÞat; . bnÞat;EdlmanRCugEKmRtg; rUbPaB 2-3 bnÞat;EdlmanRCugEKmRtg; KWCabnÞHEdkEdlKμanKMnUsRkit edaymanEKmRCugmçageTr . ]bkrN_enHsMrab;eRbIR)as;sMrab; RtYtBinitüelIépÞrabesμI nig eRbICaCMnYysMrab;KUsbnÞat;Rtg;EdlqUtedaykUnkaMbit . cMeBaHsnøwkkþarEdlmankMras;Rkas; vak¾manTMnak;TMngCamYybnÞat;enHEdr edayeRcIneRbICa BiesssMrab;Tb;qUt b¤ kat; edIm,IeFVIkartMrwmeGaycUlRtUvtamTMhM . bnÞat;enHmanRbEvgBI 20 inch (500mm) eTA 78 inch (2m) . Carpenting Works -40-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC Em:Rtr:ULÚ rUb 2-4 Em:Rtr:ULÚ Em:Rtr:ULÚEdlmanRbEvg 16 ft (5m) KWmantMrUvkarCacaM)ac;kñúgkareRbIR)as;sMrab;RKb;eragCag . eKRtUveRCIserIsEm:Rtr:ULÚEdlmanRbePTrgVas;BIrenAsgxagénEm:Rtr:ULÚ dUecñHvaeFVIeGaymanPaBgay RsYlsMrab;karpøas;RbePTrgVas; . k,alTMBk;EdlenAEpñkxagcugénbnÞaEm:Rt P¢ab;edayEdkmiunehIyrlug edIm,IeGayvaGaccl½t Rtlb;edIm,IeFVIkarvas;Epñkxagkñúg nig xageRkA . TMBk;enHCa]bkrN_sMrab;Tb;bnÞaEm:Rt enAeBlEdlva pÞat;cUlenAkñúgRbGb; . RtUvTijEm:Rtr:ULÚEdlmanKnøWemkanicsMrab;Tb;ExSbnÞaEm:RtkñúgkrNIEdlrmUr Rtlb;eTAkñúgRbGb;yfaehtu . ]bkrN_Ekg rUbPaB 2-5 ]bkrN_Ekg (90º) ]bkrN_EkgmanbnÞHEdkEdlmanRCugRsbKñaehIyP¢ab;eTAnwg dgeQI Edksμit rW )øasÞic . vaRtUv)aneRbIsMrab;RtYtBinitüPaBRtwmRtUvénmMu 90º enARCugEkg b¤ karKUsbnÞat;enAEKmRCugedIm,IeGay Rtg;; . RbsinebIenARCugEpñkxagelIéndgkan; eKbiutvaCamMu 45º enaH vaGaceRbIR)as;pgEdrsMrab;eFVItMNmMu 45º . EkgEdldgvaeFVIBI )aøsÞic b¤ Edk nwgminmanPaBlMeGogBIeRBaHEteRKOgbgÁMúrbs;vaminGackMerIk . cMeBaHdgeQI GacmanRbtikmμRsUbCatisMeNIm ehIy EdkeKalmiunEdlP¢ab;bnÞHEdkrbs;EkgeTAnwgdg eQIGacrlugRbsineFVIeGayEkgenaHFøak; . eTaHbICaya:gNak¾eday CageQIeKniymeRbIEkgEdlmandg eQIRkhmehIyEKmeRsabedayTg;Edg BIeRBaHvaCa]bkrN_EdleFVIeLIgya:gRbNitmYy . EkgEdlmanRbEvgbnÞHEdk 1ft (300mm) RtUv)aneKeRbIR)as;CaTUeTA . Carpenting Works -41-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC EkgmMu 45º rUbPaB 2-6 EkgmMu 45º bnÞHEdkrbs;EkgmMu 45º RtUv)andak;eGaykat;cugdgenAmMu 45º . vaRtUv)aneRbIsMrab;KUselItMN mMu 45º nig sMrab;RtYtBinitüeGay)anRtwmRtUvnUvEpñkEdlkat;ecjrbs;tMN . mMuEkgrMkilEdlmanmuxeTr rUbPaB 2-7 EkgmMurMkilEdlmanmuxeTr EkgmMurMkilEdlmanmuxeT manmuxgardUcCaEkgxagkñúgEdr b:uEnþvaGactMrUvmMuEdleyIgcg;)an ehIyP¢ab;KnøWHedayknøas; rW ex©A . BumÖk,alGENþg rUb 2-8 BumÖk,alGENþg BumÖk,alGENþgeRbICaBiess sMrab;KUseFVItMN BnøÚjragk,alGENþg . bnÞHmçag²manragRCug eTr 1:6 sMrab;eQIRsay nig 1:8 sMrab;eQIrwg . Carpenting Works -42-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC kMbitqUt rUbPaB 2-9 kaMbitqUt enAelItMNnImYy² CadMbUgRtUvKUsedayexμAédsin b:uEnþCanic©CakalRtUveRbIkaMbitqUtsMrab;kat; sréseQI edIm,IFanaEKmRCugeGay)ans¥at . EpøkaMbitmanmuxeTEtmçagKt; . eKeRbIkaMbitenAelIEpñk cMehogmçagénbnÞat;Edlmin)ankar EpøkaMbitqUtkat;enAelIépÞrabeGayGibCab;eTAnwgEkg . EkgbnSM rUbPaB 2-10 EkgbnSM EkgbnSMenHmanbnÞarcl½tEdlmanRbEvg 1 inch (25mm) TTWg nig beNþay 12 inch (30cm) EdlrMkiltamcg¥Úr)antamdgtYrbs;Ekg . vaRtUv)aneKeRbIsMrab;KUs rW vas;mMu 90º nig 45º . dgtYrbs; Ekg)anGibP¢ab;eTAnwgEKmRCugénbnÞHEkg edaymanRkitxñatpgEdr . vamanmuxgarsMrab;tMrUvxñatCMerA b¤ RtYtBinitüCMerAéncg¥Úrlak; b¤ lk . vaRtUv)aneRbICamYyexμAédpgEdr edIm,IKUsbnÞat;RsbeTAnwgEKmRCug énbnÞHkþar . KMnUsbnÞat;kñúgEbbenHeKehAfabnÞat;xñat . ExSbnÞat;xñatenHRtUv)aneKvas;edaykarkan; exμAéd ehIyrujtambeNþayEKmRCugénbnÞHkþar . enAeBlGnuvtþRtUvKUsEtmþgKt; minRtUvKUseRcIndg eLIy . dMbUgRtUvRtYtBinitüEKmRCugénbnÞHkþareGay)anRtg;R)akd . EkgFM rUbPaB 2-11 EkgFM Carpenting Works -43-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CaerOy² EkgFMenHeKehAfaEkgEdk vamanragCaGkSr L . ]bkrN_enHeFVIeLIgBIbnÞHesþIgén Edk b¤ GaluymIj:Úm . eCIgEvgTaMgBIrRtUv)aneKehAfa bnÞar b¤ tY nigmanTMhMbnÞar 2 inch (50mm) nig beNþay 24 inch (60cm) . eCIgEdlxøIehAfa GNþat nig manTMhMbnÞar 1½ inch (38mm) nig beNþay 16 inch (40cm) enAEkgénRCugEpñkxagcugehAfaEkgeCIg ¬rbs;EkgEdk¦ . enAelIépÞcMehogmanRtaeQμaHGñkplit EdlehAfaépÞmuxcMehog . mancMnYnelxxus²KñaenAelI EpñkcMehogTaMgBIrrbs;Ekg eRcIneRbIsMrab;karKNnaepÞagrbs;eRKaHpÞH EdlmanenAelIépÞmuxcMehogrbs; bnÞar . vak¾eRbI)anl¥RbesIrcMeBaHRbEvgénbIbYnRbePTrbs;epÞag . cMnucBIrcl½t rUbPaB 2-12 cMNucBIrcl½t Ca]bkrN_mYyKUr EdlehAfacMnucBIrsMrab;eRbIKUsCargVg; b¤ EpñkénrgVg; kMeNag vaeRbIdUcCaEdk QanpgEdr . tY]bkrN_TaMgBIrRtUvtMrUvxñatcMgayrbs;kaMrgVg;Edlcg;)an rYceKobrwteTAbnÞHeQIedIm,I KUs . cMnucmYyRtUvdak;eGaycMcMNuckNþal nig cMnucmYyeTotP¢ab;edayexμAédedIm,IeyalKUsecjCa rgVg; b¤ kMeNag . enAelIxñaténcMnucTaMgBIrenH edIm,IeGayRbesIr eKRtUveFVIeLIgBIbnÞHeQIesþIg . xñatrgVas;man rhUtdl;cugkMNt;cMgayCakaMrbs;rgVg;rYmCamYyEdkRsYc b¤ kUnEdkeKalsMrab;eFVICacMnuckNþal . tMrUv EdkRsYceGay)anRtg;eTAnwgbnÞHxñat bnÞab;mkrwtP¢ab; ehIyTajrUtcMnucexμAédrMkilelIbnÞHedIm,ItMrUvxñat rgVg; b¤ kMeNag . EfrkSacugexμAédeGayragCaGkSr V edIm,IrkSaKMnUsrn§ nig sVan)anRtwmRtUveTAtamExSKMnUsenH. rkSaTukdak;]bkrN_rgVas;enH edaykMueGaymanb:HTgÁiceTAelIcMnucTaMgBIr . Carpenting Works -44-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC EkvsÞg; rUbPaB 2-13 EkvsÞg; eKplitEkvsÞg;enHeLIg edIm,IeRbIR)as;kñúgkarcg¥úlbgðajBIépÞedk nig bBaÄr . vamanExSbnÞat; mYyEdlmansar³sMxan;kñúgkarkMNt;cMNaMfavtßúenaHmanépÞedk b¤ QrRtg;RtwmRtUv . enAEpñkén]bkrN_ mancMnucsÞgépÞedk nig sÞg;épÞbBaÄrenAcugsgxagnImYy²én]bkrN_ . ebIsincMnucenARbeLaHkNþal enaHminRtwmRtUv eKminGaceFVIkarvas;sÞg;)aneLIy . EkvsÞg;rbs;CageQI eRbIsMrab;RtYtBinitüenAelIépÞedk nig bBaÄr . PaBRtwmRtUvrbs;EkvsÞg; )ankMNt;eGaykaremIl)anBitR)akdEdr . BBuHxül;EdlmanenAkñúgbMBg;eRsabkBa©k;énEkvsÞg;RtUvEt RtwmRtUvedaysßitenAcMkNþalKMnUsbnÞat;elIbMBg; . bMBg;énEkvsÞg;enHmanTisedABIrEdlgakersMrab;eFVI karRtYtBinitüelIépÞedk nig bBaÄr . cMnYnbMBg;kñgEkvsÞg;kMNt;eTAtamRbEvgEkvsÞg; nig eTAtamGñk ú plit . EkvsÞg;)aneFVIeLIgGMeBIeQI b¤ Edk CaFmμtaeKeFVIBIGaluymIj:Úm . CageQICaeRcIneKcUlcitþ RbePTEdk EdlmanbeNþayBI 24-28 inch (60-70) . cMNaM ³ minRtUveFVIeGayEkvsÞg;Føak;eLIy BIeRBaHvaGaceGayEbkkBa©k; b¤ manPaBlMeGogrbs; EkvsÞg; . edIm,IRtYtBinitüeGay)anRtwmRtUvénvtßúmyedayépÞedk b¤ bBaÄr eKRtUvykEkvsÞg;dak;Tb; Y eGayCab;eTAnwgépÞEdlsÞg;enaH emIledayykcitþTukdak;cMeBaHTItaMgBBuHxül;eTAnwgExSbnÞat;enAelI bMBg; . rMkilEkvsÞg;tambeNþayG½kSbBaÄr eKRtUvykEkvsÞg;dak;Tb;eGayCab;eTAnwgépÞEdlsÞg;enaH emIledayykcitþTukdak;cMeBaHTItaMgBBuHxül;eTAnwgExSbnÞat;enAelIbMBg; . rMkilEkvsÞg;tambeNþay G½kSbBaÄr enAkEnøgdEdlénvtßúenaH ebI]bkrN_rgVas;emIleTAdUcBImunenaH dUcenHépÞsÞg;enHRtwmRtUv . bnÞat;sÞg;enHrYmpSMedaybMBg;kBa©k;mYyeRKOgeRsabEdkCamYynwgTMBk;enAcugsgxagTMBk;enH RtUv)ancab;P¢ab;rYcvaGactMrUveLIgelI b¤ cMnuccuH)anrhUtdl;BBuHxül;sßitenAcMnuckNþal . b:uEnþenaHCa y:agNak¾eday k¾viFIenHminRtwmRtUvBitR)akdEdr kñúgkaremIlPaBesμIrénEkvsÞg;RtUvrkSakarcab;P¢ab;rbs; bMBg;sÞg;eGay)anCab; ebIvarbUtenaHeyIgminGacsÞg;)aneT edaysarTMgn;rbs;vaep¥ógmkmçag² EdlnaM eGayxuscMnuckNþal dUcenHlT§plvak¾xusEdr . Carpenting Works -45-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC kUnRbeyal kUnRbeyalvamanPaBRtwmRtUv EdlCajwkjab;RtUv)aneRbIsMrab;RtYBinitüépÞbBaÄr . eBlEdl BüÜrExSmYyEdlmankUnRbeyalvanwgFøak;cuH)anCaExSQrmYy bnÞab;BIvaQb;eyal . kUnRbeyalvaman TMhMxus²Kña nig kareRbIk¾xus²KñaEdreTAtamkardæan nig eTAtamkMlaMgxül;bk;pat;kUnRbeyal TMgn;F¶n;rbs;vaQb;eyal)anrh½sCagkUnRbeyalEdlmanTMgn;Rsal manRbehagkñúgdUcenHeKbMeBj vaedayEdkrwg edIm,IbegáInTMgn;edaytBRgIknUvTMhMrbs;vaeLIy . rUbPaB 2-14 kUnRbeyal kUnRbeyaleRcIneRbI)anrh½s nig manPaBRtwmRtUvénépÞbBaÄrénTueyaTwk srsr TVar eRKag nig eRKagq¥wgdéTeTotEdlmanépÞbBaÄr . vaGacbBaÄb; nig )ankMBs;mYyEdlbegáIteLIgedaycMnuckUn RbeyalehIykMNt;)anCabnÞat;EtmYyKt; . 1-2 ]bkrN_KUsdwkbnÞat; rUbPaB 2-15 ExSdwkbnÞat; CaExSRtg;Evg sMrab;pÞat;dwkecjCaKMnUsExS . ExSEdlCab;emSAdIsenH RtUvsn§wgeGaytwgrvag cMnucTaMgBIr rYcpÞat;eTAelIépÞrab emSAdIsenH)anrbUtecjBIExS ehIyCab;enaelIépÞrab . eKeRbIéd]bkrN_év: edIm,IrMuExSdIsenHeLIgvij eKehAfaRbGb;dIspgEdr RbGb;enH)anbMeBjeTA edayemSAEdlmanBN’ . BN’EdlniymcUlcitþeRbIman ³ exov elOg Rkhm nig s . ExS)anepSIm Carpenting Works -46-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC y:ageCaKeTAedayemSABN’ EdlenAkñúgcMehogénRbGb;manédrévmYy . ExSbnÞat;enHnwgQb;eRbIeBl NaEdlkMeTcemSAGs;BIkñúgRbGb;]bkrN_ bnÞat;BIpÞat;bIbYnsarmk nwgRtUvkarbEnßmkMeTcemSAfñaMeGay )aneRcIneLIgvij eFVIkarGRgYnRbGb;edIm,IeGaykMeTcemSACab;ExS . eBlEdlRkLúkeGaykMeTcemSA Cab;ExSRtUvbiTKMrbmuxrbs;RbGb; . cab;TajExSeGayRtg;ehIyeGaytwgmun nig cab;epþImpÞat; . tMrg;ExSbnÞat;edayEPñkemIlPaB Rtg;énExSkMueGaydk; . ebImanExSdk;enaH RtUvmanTMrmYyenAcMkNþalExS . cMeBaHExSmanRbEvg cugsgxagénExSRtUv cab;P¢ab;eGayCab; sgát;Rtg;cMnuckNþalénExSbnÞat;eTAelIépÞ ehIycab;pÞat;ExSsgxagTaMgBIréncMnuc kNþal EfrkSaExSkMueGayesIm ebIExSesImenAeBlGnuvtþeTAvamin)anlT§pll¥eT . EdkQan rUbPaB 2-16 EdkQan EdkQaneRbIsMrab;KUrCargVg; b¤ kMeNag RbeLaHEdkQanesμIrnwgcMgaymYy . ]bkrN_enHeRbI R)as;)anya:gmaMkñúgkarKUsvas sMrab;KUselIépÞmYyEdlmineTogTat; edaycuceCIgEdkQaneGayGib Cab;eTAnwgdMupÞaMgenaH vagayRsYl nig PaBeTogBiteRcIn kñúgkarKUsvas . eCIgEdkQaneFVIeLIgBIEdkrwg kEn§kecjeRkA nig Epñkxagcugragekag . CaFmμtaexμAédeRbIpøas;bþÚrKña)anRtg;kEnøgeCIgKMnUseRbIexμAéd EdlmanbNþÚlrwgehIyEvg . BBaydwk Carpenting Works -47-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rUbPaB 2-17 BBaydwk eKeRbIR)as;BBaydwkkñúgkarKUsbnÞat;RsbeTAnwgEKmRCug Edl)anQUstMrg;ehIy . m¢úlEdl RsYc RtUv)ancab;P¢ab;eTAcugmçagéneQIr)arwg CBa¢aMgTb; b¤ tYBBayrGilenAelIr)a ehIycab;P¢ab;eTAtam cMgayEdltMrUvkarBIm¢úl edaysarvIusemEdk bnÞHesþIgTg;Edg)anesotesμIeTAnwgépÞmuxéntY edIm,IkarBar PaBswk sþg;da ¬niyam¦ RbEvgrbs;r)a 8 inch (200mm) b:uEnþGñkGaceFVIr)a 1ft (300mm) sMrab;KUs dwkelIbnÞarbnÞHkþar . BBaykat; rUbPaB 2-18 BBaykat; BBaykat;manrUbragRsedognwgBBaydwkEdr b:uEnþmanTMhMtUcCag ehIykarGnuvtþn_eFVIdUcBBay dwkEdr . vaCMnYseTACabnÞartUc EdlP¢ab;edayesñót . eKeFVIvaeLIgrebobenH edIm,IKUskat;TTwgsréssac;eQI mindUcm¢úlrbs;BBaydwkEdlRKan;Et EjkEhkelIépÞsac;eQIEtb:ueNÑaH . sþg;darrbs;bnÞarragmUl b:uEnþvaGacCMnYsedaycugkaMbitsMrab;kat; snøwkBas;lMGr . BaBaydMNab; rUbPaB 2-19 BBaydMNab; BBaydMNab;enHmanm¢úlBIrsMrab;dwkbnÞat;éncMehogTaMgBIrrbs;dMNab; b¤ BnøÚj m¢úlmYy)an cab;P¢ab;enAnwgmYykEnøg nig m¢úlmYyeTot)anP¢ab;eTAsñÚkEdk EdlGacrMkil nig éltMrUv)anl¥RbesIr edayvIuseméd EdlmanenAxagcugr)a . Carpenting Works -48-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC ]bkrN_BBaydMNab;CaeRcIn RtUvEtm¢úlmYyP¢ab;hñwgmYykEnøgelIcMehogmçageTotrbs;r)a dUc eTAnwgBBaydwkEdr . BBayEKmRCugekag rUbPaB 2-20 BBayEKmRCugekag CamYynwgépÞrabesμIr kardwkbnÞat;RsbedayBBayFmμta vaxusKñaeTAnwgkardwkbnÞat;ekagénEKm RCug . CBa¢aMgTb;Biessrbs;tYBBay EdlmanEKmRCugekagmYy nwgmanm¢úlBIrGcl½t edIm,IkarBar ]bkrN_eBleyalGUseTAmk kñúgkardwkbnÞat;EKmRCug . ehIyvaGaceRbIpgEdr enAelIeQIEdlmanépÞ eTalRtg; . 2- karxYg nig ]bkrN_kat; CaerOy²CageQIRtUvkarkat;CaRbehagenAelIeQI nig Edk . cMeBaHeQIkarxYg bgðajBIkarkat; RbehageGay)anTUlay Cajwkjab;karsVanRbehag)aneFVIeLIgelIEdk b¤ k¾RbehagtUcenAelIeQI TaMgenaH]bkrN_xYgk¾)anrYmbBa©ÚlpgEdr . dUcenHedIm,Ikat;nUvsMPar³TaMgenaH eyIgRtUvbgVilnUv]bkrN_ kat; . 2-1 sVanrévéd rUbPaB 2-21 sVanrévéd Carpenting Works -49-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC dgsVanenH manédrévsMrab;sVanenAP¢ab;eRKagvamank,alcab;mYysMrab;tMrg;TisedA nig eFVIkar sgát;eTAelIdgkan;ragmUlenAeBleyIgGnuvtþ . kareFVIclnaCagrgVg;)anedaysareRKagbt;mansñab;éd ehIyxñatrbs;sVanédKittamviC¢maRtrbs;eRKagbt;enH . GñkeFVIkargarCageQICaeRcIn)aneRbIR)as;dg sVan 10 inch (250mm) b:uEnþvamanxøHeFVIeRKagbt;tUcdUcCa 5 7/8 inch (147mm) nig FM 1ft (300mm) . sVanédenHmanemkaniceFVIBIkgcRkmans<WCMuvijEdlenABIeRkayfÁamcab; . ]bkrN_minGaceRbI enAelIkEnøgNaEdlmanEkgbt;)aneLIy . clnarwtEpøsVan vapÞúynwgclnasVan karbn§ÚrfÁamcab;tam TisedARTnicnaLika GacéltMrUvs<WemkanicenHeGayvileqVg-sþaM)an b¤ køas;esar . 2-2 EpøsVan cMeBaHEpøsVanEdlmanKl;EpøCakaer: eK)anplitCaBiessnUvfÁamcab;sMrab;Tb;cab;EpøsVanRbePT enH . b:uEnþCaTUeTAeKeFVIfÁamcab;enHeTAtamKl;EpøsVanragmUlpgEdr . EpøsVankNþal rUbPaB 2-22 EpøsVankNþal tYEpøsVaneFVIBIEdkrwg eRbIR)as;sMrab;sVanrn§rak;² . manm¢úlBnøÚjmYyRsYc nig enAelIEKmEpøman épÞmutsMrab;qUtkat;EKmrgVg;énRbehagmunnwgsVancUleTAkñúgsac;eQITaMgRsug . enHeFVIeGayRbehag manPaBrlIgl¥ . cMeBaHs<WEdlmanenAelIm¢úlBnøÚj)anTajtYEpøeGaycUleTAkñúgsac;eQI . EpøsVanenH manTMhMBI ¼ eTA 2 inch (60 eTA 50mm) . EpøsVanxYg ¬EpøxYg¦ rUbPaB 2-23 EpøsVanxYg ¬EpøxYg¦ tYEpøsVanxYgenHrWgRbhak;RbEhleTAnwgtYEpøsVankNþalEdr . b:uEnþEpøbnSúIvaragrmYlGacsVan)an RbehageRCA ehIyGacm_Edk)anTajecjmképÞxagelI . vamanm¢úlBIreTotEdlenACab;EKmRCugEpøkat; pgEdr . épÞrbs;Epøkat;manPaBrmYlrmYlBIrCan; . Carpenting Works -50-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC EpøsVanxYgenHmanviC¢maRtTMhMBI ¼ eTA 1 ½ (6-38mm) TMhMRbeLaHrmYlnImYy²y:ageRcIn 1 inch (25mm) b:ueNÑaH . EpøsVanBRgIk rUbPaB 2-24 EpøsVanBRgIk EpøsVanBRgIkenHsMrab;éltMrUvkñúgkarsVanRbehagEdlTak;TgeTAnwgTMhMviC¢maRtmYycMnYn . Epø kat;manRkitxñatsMrab;eFVIkarelIITIkEnøgEdlmaneRKOgRbGb; b¤ Cam:UEdlxøH eFμjbnSúIragmUl . CaFmμtaEpøsVanvamanTMhMBIrEbbGacsVanRbehagkñúgviC¢maRt ½ eTA 3 inch (22-75mm) . EpøsVanxYgmat;rn§ rUbPaB 2-25 EpøsVanxYgmat;rn§ EpøsVanRbePTenH eRbIdUcEpøsVanédEdr Kl;Epøragkaer:tMrUveTAtamsþg;darfÁamcab; . EpøsVanTYnNWvIus rUbPaB 2-26 EpøsVanTYnNWvIus EpøsVanenHsMrab;kic©karNaEdleRcIn . EpøTYNWvIusGacbegáIt)ankMlaMgbgVilFMsMrab;mYlvIusEdl Evg . 2-3 bec©keTssVan edIm,IecosvagkarEbksac;eQItUc²EdlmanenAelIcMehogxageRkayénpÞaMgdul eBleyIgsVan CitFøayRtUvQb;sVan rYceFIVkarRtLb;BIEpñkeRkaymkvij CaBiessvamansar³RbeyaCn_Nas;sMrab;eFVI Carpenting Works -51-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC karelIeRKagTVar . RtUvykecjEdkeKal b¤ rbs;rwgxøHEdlmanenARtg;rgVg;sVanEdlGacnaMeGay)ak; b¤ Tal ¬ril¦ m¢úlBnøÚjénEpøsVan . 2-4 EdkecaH rUb 2-27 EdkecaH EdkecaHvaRbhakRbEhleTAnwgrn§sVanya:gsamBaØ sac;eQIminGacFak;ecjeRkAdUcCasVaneT b:uEnþRKan;EteRbIkMlaMgxøaMgeTAelIvaedIm,Ipþac;séseQI . eKeRbIR)as;vaedIm,IeFVIrn§mundMbUg munnwgbBa©ÚlvIus b¤ k¾sMrab;Tb;nUvcMnucKMnUskNþalsMrab;sVan . eBldak;vaeTAkEnøgTTwgsac;eQI cugvaEdlmanragdUc TYNWvIus )ankat;sésreQIdUcEdkqñúc edayrujbBa©ÚleTAkñúgeQI ecosvagPaBEdlGacekIteLIgnUvkar rEhksac;eQI . 2>5 EdkxYgéd ¬Edkéx¦ rUb 2-28 EdkxYgéd Edkéxvamanmuxgar Rbhak;RbEhleTAnwgEdkecaHEdr b:uEnþmansmtßPaBkñúgkareFVIrn§eGayeRCA edaykarkat; nig Gacm_eQIFak;ecjdUcCaEpøsVanEdr . 2-6 sVanéd dgénédrévrbs;sVanédvabgVilk,alcab;eTAtamRbB½n§rbs;kg;s<W . rUb 2>29 sVanéd Carpenting Works -52-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC k,alcab;enHenAxagkñúgmanfÁambIsMrab;eKobmYlrwtEpøsVanEdlmanviC¢matrhUtdl; 3/8 inch (9mm) mansVanédxøHrévedayemkanic . EpøsVanrmYl b¤ EpøsVanEdk EpøsVanrmYlCaTUeTAvamanragCabMBg;rYmCamYycg¥ÚrBIrrmYleLIgx<s; edIm,IgayRsYlkñúgkargar sVanrn§ . rUb 2-30 EpøsVanrmYl enAEpñkx<s;bMptuéntYEpøsVan vamanRCugEpøkat;BIrEdlmanTMrg;CacMnucRsYc cMnucRsYcTaMgBIrenH eRcInragmUlvamanmMu 59 dWeRk sMrab;karsVancUleTAkñgEdk nig manmMumYyeTot 45 dWeRk sMrab;sVancUl ú eTAkñúgeQI manCageQICaeRcIn)anerobcMeRbIR)as;EpøsVanEdkEdlmanel,Ónx<s; . CamFümEpøsVanrmYlmanTMhMBI 1/16 eTA ½ inch (1 eTA 13mm) eTaHbICak,alcab;vaminman TMhMFMCag 3/8 inch (9mm) k¾eday cMeBaHEpøsVanEdlmanTMhMFMCagk,alcab;eK)anRkLwgenAKl;Epø sVaneGaymanviC¢maRttUcEdlk,alcab;GaceKobrwt)an . EpøsVaneQI rUb 2-21 EpøsVaneQI EpøsVanmYlenHrYmmancMnucRsYcenAcMkNþal nig manxñayBIrsMrab;bnSúIdMbUgénEpøsVankMueGayman karrebHecjénsac;eQI vasVan)aneTAelImuxkat;sac;eQIedayRtwmRtUvsMrab;eFVItMNsøg; . EpøsVanxYgmat;rn§ rUb 2-32 EpøsVanxYgmat;rn§ Carpenting Works -53-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC EpøsVanxYgmat;rn§enH kat;sac;eQIykecjCaragmUltMrUveTAtamk,alvIsmYleQIRbehagrag eRTtrabesμI . dMbUgRtUvsVanrn§tMrUvtYvIussin bnÞab;mkeRbIsVanxYgmat;rn§dlvart;Rtg;cMnuckNþaleday sV½yRbvtþi . 2-7 Bnøak BnøakrYmCamYyrNar nig EdkQUs Ca]bkrN_EdlRtUvkarcaM)ac;sMrab;kargarCageQI vaPaKeRcIn sMrab;dab;yksac;eQIecjEdlmin)ankaréntMN eTaHbICamankarEkERbfμItictYc k¾)ankareRbIR)as;pg EdreTAelIRTg;RTaykñúgkartMrwmsMGatenelIdMukMNat;kic©kar . BnøakEdlknþal;maMmaneBlxøHeFVIkarCamYy jjÜreQI eBlEdlRtUvyksac;eQIecjeRcIn b:uEnþeRcIneBlEdl]bkrN_enHeRbICamYykMlaMgédsgát; Etb:ueNÑaH . Bnøakrwg BnøatrwgenHCamUldæanTUeTAsMrab;BnøakÉeTot . muxkat;EpøvamanragbYnRCugRTEvgmaMRKb;RKan; sMrab;elIeQIsVitCamYyjjÜreQI . rUb 2-33 Bnøakrwg EpøvaeFVIya:gNaeTogTat;mancMnYnbEnßmBI 1/8 eTA 1/ ½ inch (3-38mm) énTTwg b:uEnþmanTTwg Bnøat 2 inch (50mm) EdlGacrk)anpgEdr . BnøakRCugbBaäit rUb 2-34 BnøakRCugbBaäit EpñkxageRkamcMehogénRCugEpøBnøak varabesμIrdUcBnøakrwgEdr b:uEnþRCugbBaäitvarak;eTAxageRkam GbeTAedayRCugbBaäitEvgBIr . ]bkrN_eFVIeLIgedayTMgn;RsalEdlGaceFVIkarCamYyédEtb:ueNÑaH vaeRbIenAelItMNBnøÜjk,alGENþtpgEdr . BnøatRCugbBaäitmanTMhMxñatdUceTA nwg BnøatrwgEdr . Carpenting Works -54-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC BnøakerH rUb 2-35 BnøakerH BnøakerHenHKWragvaCaBnøakEdlbEnßmRCugbBaäitEvg sMrab;erHecjsac;eQIEdlelIstictYcén tMNbnÞHkar . BnøakerHsþÜc rUb 2-36 BnøakerHsnþÜc ksþÜcBnøakenHvaRKb;RKan;eTArkkargarCageQIedayrkSamuxEpøsMEb:trbs;vadak;enAelIépÞrabesμI edIm,IeFVIkarerHenAcenøaHbnÞHkþarEdlFM . Bnøakmuxeqog rUb 2-37 Bnøakmuxeqog muxkat;rbs;EpøeqogcUlKñasßitenAmuM 60 dWeRk edIm,IqUtkat;CabnÞat;esþIgenAEKmRCugdUcBnøakEdr KWqUteq<aHeTAmux . kareFVIenHKWedIm,IeGayépÞkat; s¥atrabesμIRtg; enAelIsac;eQIEdlBi)ak nig CaBiesscugRsYc vaeRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab;sMGatecjnUvRCugEkgEdlqÁaMqÁg . TMhMbnÞarEpømanBI ½ , 1/3 nig 1 inch (12, 18 nig 25mm) . Carpenting Works -55-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-8 BnøakeFVIRbehagdMNab; kardab;RbehagdMNab;eGayvaRtUvKñanwgBnøakEdlkargar)ankMNt; . CaFmμtaRtUvmantuCagedIm,I eFVIkarrYmKñakñúgkareFVIdMNab; . BnøakeFVIRbehagdMNab; rUb 2-38 BnøakeFVIRbehagdMNab; BnøakenHmanbEnßmnUvkMras;muxEpøsMrab;eFVIkic©karEdllM)ak vamaMehIymankMlaMgRKb;RKan;edIm,I eRbIR)as;kñúgkargardab;yksac;eQIecjCafñak;²énCMeraRbehag épÞcMehogvaragRCugEkgedIm,IeGayRtUv nwgdMNab; BIBnøkeTAcugrbs;varagCabnÞH edIm,IkarBarmuxBnøkeTAkñúgkargardab;RbehagdMNab; . Bnøak RbePTenHplitman 4 TMhMBI ¼ eTA ½ inch (6 eTA 12 mm) . BnøaksMrab;Rbehag rUb 2-39 BnøaksMrab;Rbehagesar kBnøakmUlenACitcugénmuxEpøBnøak vamanlT§PaBRKb;RKan;kñúgkargareQIsMrab;sMGatnUvEpñkEdl esssl;tictYcénépÞ)aténCMerArbs;RbehagdMNab; . kareFVIRbehagdMNab;eGayRtUveTAtamsþg;dar rbs;Bnøak . eRCIserIsBnøaksMrab;eFVIRbehagesar eGaydUcTMhM b¤ Rbhak;RbEhleGayxustictYcBI RbehagsMrab;muxgarenH . BnøakdMNab;FM rUb 2-40 BnøakdMNab; Carpenting Works -56-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC BnøakenH)aneFVIeLIgtaMgBIedImmksMrab;GñkeFVIk)a:l; . BnøakenHmanbnÞarcab;BI ½ inch (38 mm) eLIgeTA sMrab;kargarsg;eTAelIeRKagq¥wgEdlcaM cgáMEdlenAelIdgCYyTb;kMueGaydgkMueGayEbk EdlmankardMxøaMgBIjjÜr . BnøaksMrab;ecaHesarfttu rUb 2-41 BnøakecaHesarfttu BnøakRbePTenHsMrab;ecaHRbehagesar nig kEnøgmandak;RtecoksßitenATIEdlBI)akvaGaceFVI )andUcCaBnøaksamBaØmYyEdr . vamanRCugmuxEpøkat;BIr EdlmanmMuRtwmRtUvmYyeTAnwgdgrgVil ehIynig RCugmuxEpøkat;bnþeTotRsbCamYydgrgVilEdr . eFVIkarTb;eGayCab;BnøakenHenAelIkic©kar cucdgrgVil CamYyjjÜreRkayBI)antMrUvRCugmuxEpøkat;eGayRtUvtamRbehagesar . 2-9 EdkQUs tamRbéBNIEdkQUseQIvagayRsYlkñúgkareFVINas; . sñÚkEdkQUsCaeQIrwgmanragbYnRCug RTEvg EpømYy nig EdkRTnab; Edks‘kTTwgsñÚksMrab;vayesñótsgát;P¢ab;Epø nig RTnab; . CitesÞIrEtTaMgGs;énkic©karedIm,IeGaymanKuNPaB vaRtUvkarnUvEdkQUsTaMgenH . va)anCYy QUsecjnUvGVIEdlminRtUvkarCamYynigkargarGVIeTotdUcCaenAelITMrrnUtbgÁgGar . EdkQUsFmμta rUb 2-24 EdkQUsFmμta Carpenting Works -57-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC EdkQUsenHbeNþayRbEvgBI 6½ eTA 14 ½ inch (165 eTA 365mm) muxEpøvaeFVIBIEdkkae)an x<s;EdlmanRCugsMrab;kat;sac;eQIEpñkxageRkA vaCaEdkkae)antic edIm,IdCYyTb;Tl;eBlNaEdlQUs CamYysac;mineTotTat; b¤ manBkeRcIn . EpñkxñgénEpørabesμIEdleFVIeGaygayRsYlkñúgkarsMelog nig cab;P¢ab;CamYyRTnab;)anl¥ . edIm,ItMrUvEføgkñúgkarbnSúIsac;eQIeKRtUvykjjÜEdk b¤ eQImkdMBIelIépÞEpø EdkQUsEpñkRCugxagelItic² . enAEpñkxageRkayénk,almanbBa©úHk,alsIu edIm,IbeBa©jEpøenAeBl sMelogEpø . edIm,IbBa©úHnUvkarkkitelIkargarEdkQUssMGatRtUvmansñÚkEvg . EdkQUskat;bBaäit rUb 2-43 EdkQUskat;bBaäit CaEdkQUsBiessEdlmanvIusmYytMrUvbnÞat;Tb;edIm,IQUsbBaäitEdlmanRbEvgeLIgdl; ¾ inch (20mm) . sñÚkEdlQUstUcP¢ab;eTAedayEpømYyvIusenAEpñkcMehogénbnÞat;Tb; . EdkQUslk rUb 2-44 EdkQUslk EdkQUseQIenHeRbIR)as;dUcEdkQuslkenATVIbGWrubEdr . EpøvamanbnÞarBI ½ eTA 1 inch (12 – 24 mm) P¢ab;vaeTAkñúgsñÚkEdlmanRbEvg 11 inch (275mm) . EdkQUssñÚkxøI Carpenting Works -58-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rUb 2-45 EdkQUssñÚkxøI vaCaEdkQUstUcEdlCYyeGaygayRsYlkan;EdlmanédmYy Cajwkjab; BYkeKRtUv)aneRbIR)as; kñúgkarsMGatelIRCugéndMueRKOgEdlxøI nig sMrab;tMrwmmuxkat;eQIedIm,IeFVIeGaytMNl¥RbesIr . EdkQUssñÚkxøIenHvaBi)akCaEdkQUsFmμta EdkQUsFmμtaRCugkat;muxBnøakvaenAelIcMehogépÞ )at rIÉEdkQUssñÚkxøIvasßitenAEpñkxagelI . bEnßmBIenHk¾manEdkQUsFmμtasñÚkEdkEdlcab;P¢ab;Epø edayKMrbEdk nig EdkQUssñÚkxøIEdlminman . eFVIkarGnuvtþn_pÁMú nig tMrUvEpøEdkQUsTaMgBIrRbePTrhUt QUs)anGacm_EdkQUsl¥RbesIr . EpøEdkQUsTaMgBIrRbePTmindUcKñaeT edayEpørbs;vaTaMgenaHxøHman dMux<s; b¤ xøHmanmMuTab . CageQICaeRcIncg;)anEdkQUssñÚkxøImanmMuTabBIeRBaHskmμPaBkarQUssMGat)anrabesμIl¥ nig vakan;cUleTAkñúgéd)anya:gRsYleRcIn . 2-10 kareRbIR)as;EdkQUs eBlEdlQUsRtUvmaneCIgma: ¬CageQI¦ b¤ tueFVkar edIm,IsuvtßiPaBkargar . Canic©CakarQUs I tambeNþaysac;eQIeBlcab;epþImRtUvrujeTAmux edayeFVIkarsgát;elIcugsñÚkxagmux ehIyenAcugsñÚkxag eRkayRtUvsgát;cuHEdr dUcenHkMLúgeBlrujeq<aHeTAmuxRtUvsgát;rujeTAelIcugsñÚkTaMgBIr . eBlNaCit putsac;eQIRtUvbn§Úrkarsgát;nUvcugsñÚkxagmux rIÉenAcugsñÚkxageRkayRtUvbnþkarsgát;QUsrhUtdl;put sac;eQI . enHCaviFIedIm,IkarBarkMueGayEpñkEdlQUssIusac;eQIxøaMgenAEpñkcugeQI nig CYyeGayRtg;RCug elIs¥at. karsMelogBnøak nig EpøEdkQUs muxbBaäitrbs;EpøEdkQUs nig BnøakRtUvsMelogedayma:sIunsMelog . muxbBaäitenHvaGacman karricrilxUgpg . RbsinebI]bkrN_sMelogminGacrk)an Bnøak b¤ EpøEdkQUsRtUvTb;enAelIbgÁgeGay Carpenting Works -59-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC RtwmRtUvtammMubBaäit CaTUeTAc,ab;rbs;TTwgbBaäitvamanBIrdgeTAnwgkMras;rbs;Epø . clnasMelogEpøeLIg elIsMrab;mMubBaäitEdlEvg nig cuHeRkamsMrab;mMubBaäitEdlxøI . dak;Rmamcg¥úrédTb;Bnøak eGayGibCab;eTARCugcMehogxageRkAénbgÁgTb; ehIyeFVIclnamk eRkam b¤ eTAmuxénfμsMelogkMBugvil . RClk;EpøcUleTAkñúgTwk edIm,IbnßyPaBkMedAkarBarkMueGaymuxEpø Tn; . minRtUvbþÚrTItaMgénRmamcg¥úrrbs;GñkeLIy eFVIeGay)anRtwmRtUv . cMeBaH]bkrN_EdlbþÚrTItaMg kEnøgenAelIfμsMelogehIy nigmanmMuR)akd edIm,ITTYl)anmMbBaäitrabs¥atl¥ nig manTMrg;ExSlYsrlat u enAelIRCugmuxEpøEpñkcMehogsMEb:t . TaMgenHGacykecjedayeRbIRmamédrbs;GñkTb; dusya:gRsal tambeNþaycMehogsMEb:teq<aHeTARCugmuxEpø . karsMelogedayfμma:sIunvaminGaceGay]bkrN_mux)aneT dUcenHRtUvsMelogva nig fμédbEnßm edIm,IeGayRCugmuxEpørbs;vamutl¥ kñúgkarsMelogRtUveRbIR)as;fμédeRbg rW fμ Twk . Tb;]bkrN_eGay)an l¥enAelIfμeRbg KWépÞbBaäitRtUvdak;eGayGibenAelIfμsMelog . eFVIclnamkeRkayrWeTAmuxkat;TTwgfμ edayRtdusbeNþIrédBIrbIdg rYceFVIBIrbIdgEdrenAelIépÞsMEb:t ¬xagxñgEpø¦ rbs;EpøBnøak rW EdkQUs bnþ karsgÁÜtrebobenHrhUtdl;muxEpømutEdlTTYlyk)an . edIm,IeGaymuxEpømutl¥bEnßmeTot RtUveFVImþg eTotenAelIfμEdlm:t; rW elIbnÞHEs,k . bnÞab;BIkarsgÁÜtenAelIépÞbBaäitehIy RtUvsgÁÜténépÞsMEb:tbnþic edayeGaydac;sésrEdkEdlenACab;muxEpøenaHeTIb)anEpømutl¥ . kñúgeBlnImYy²Edl)ansMelogEpø Bnøak rW EdkQUsRtUv)anrkSaTukeGay)anRtwmRtUv . karsMelog nig fμma:sIunvacaM)ac;Nas;eBlNaEdlépÞbBaäitvamanRTg;RTayxUgxøaMg muxEpøEqb xøaMg b¤ EpøbBaäitvaxøI nig Tal . RCugmuxrbs;EpøGacsgÁÜtCaeRcIndgmunnwgRtUvkarvasMelogfμma:sIun . 2-12 ké®nþkat;snøwkEdk rUb 2-46 ké®nþkat;snøwkEdk ké®nþRbePTenHeRbIR)as;sMrab;kat;bnÞat;Rtg;elIEdkesþIgdUcCaeRKOgRbk;dMbUl nig EdkEKmRCug dMbUl . vamanbIRbePTsMrab;kat;EdkRtg; nig kat;ekageqVgsþaM . ké®nþmandgkan;BN’epSg²Kña édkan; Carpenting Works -60-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC BN’elOgsMrab;kat;Rtg; dgkan;BN’ébtgsMrab;kat;ekageTAxagsþaM nig BN’RkhmsMrab;kat;eTAxag eqVg . 2-13 BUefAédtUc rUb 2-47 BUefAédtUc sMrab;vayCBa¢aMg Rbk;dMbUl b¤ kñúgcMeNameKalbMNgd¾éTeTot BUefAédtUcRtUv)anykmk eRbIR)as;kñúgkarCageQIPaKeRcIn )anyktamxøÜnBIeRBaHvaRsalsMrab;eRbIR)as;dUcCa dMbegÁalsñwg rW sMrYl eQI . 2-14 kaMbittUc rUb 2-48 kaMbittUc CaFmμtaCageQIRtUvmankaMbit RbePTenHEdlmanKuNPaBl¥ kaMbitenHPaKeRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab; citsMrYcexμAéd nig sMrab;KUssñam sMrab;qUtkat;sac;eQIecjkñúgkarP¢ab;eRKOgEdk dUcCaRtecokTVar CaedIm. kaMbitenH)aneRbIR)as;pgEdrEdlsMrab;KUs rw dwkbbnÞat; BIeRBaHExSbnÞat;enHl¥RbesIrCagKMnUs elIexμAéd . eRkABIenaHkñúgkarKUs vaKUsCasñamqUténbnÞat;RbehagdMNab;enAeBlNaEdleFVIkarCamYy Bnøakdab; . kaMbitenHmanRbeyaCn_edayeRbICajwkjab; sMrab;kat;bnÞHmñagsila nig bnÞHkþarTn; . karbþÚrEpø edayykecjBIcMehogxagkñúgénédkan; . Carpenting Works -61-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-15 Rbdab;QUs rUb 2-49 Rbdab;QUs Rbdab;QUsedayédenH eRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab;QUsykecjfñaMcas; kavEdls¶Üt exμAéd nig sñam KMnUsdéTeTotEdlsßitenAelIépÞsac;eQI EpøQUsGacRtLb;BIkñúgeTAeRkA)an edaHecj nigykfμImYy eTotmkdak;CMnYs vaqab;rilNas; b:uEnþGacgayRsYlkñúgkarsMelogdvijedayeFVIkarqabenAelIépÞeGab GibeTAnwgRCugmuxbBaäit . 2-16 rNaréd rub 2-50 rNaréd rNaéd)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;kat;TTwgsac;eQIEdlehAfarNarkat;TTwg edIm,IGartambeNþay sac;eQIeKeRbIrNarGartambeNþay . skmμPaBkñúgkarGarvaxusKñaeTAtamTMrg;eFμjrNar rNarkat; TTwgeFμjrbs;vamanragdUcbgÁgsMbukXμúM eFμjTaMgenHkat;Rtg;sésreQI edIm,IeGay)ans¥atl¥ eBlNa EdlGarTTwgsac;eQI . rNarGareFμjbeNþayeFμjrbs;vamanragdUcCaCYréneFμj smEdlGareQI)an edaysarcugeFμjTaMenaH . enHCalT§pl)anmkBIkarGareQIya:gelOn . rNaEdlmaneFμjd¾éTeTot ehAfarNareFμjRtIqøam eFμjvaeKeFVIEvgEdlGackat;)antamTisedATaMgBIr . EfrkSaeFμjrNarkMueGay mankarb:HTgÁic b¤ s‘kcUlkñúgeRsamvarij bnÞab;BIeFVIkarehIy eFVIkarBt;edayqøas;eFμjKñaedIm,IeFVIeGay eFμjebIkmuxrWpøÚvGarFMRKb;RKan; edIm,IkMueGayeKobEpøEdlnaMeGayBi)akkñúgkarGar . Carpenting Works -62-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CageQIeRbIrNarkat;TTwgeQIBIrRbePT KWrNarEdlmaneFμj 7 b¤ 8 eFμj ¬cMnYneFμjenAkñúg 1 GIug¦ eRbIR)as;sMrab;kat;TTwgsac;eQIrbs;eRKagq¥wgFM² nig eQIGarEdlrwgsVit . 10 eFμj rW 11 eFμj eRbIR)as;sMrab;kat;TTwgsac;eGay)anl¥enAelIkic©karsgðarwm . CaTUeTAcMnYnrbs;eFμj)anbitEtmenAKl;EpørNar . kareRbIR)as;rNaéd karGarKweFVIeLIgCamYYyépÞmuxxagelIrbs;dMueQI tambeNþayeFμjrNar)ancUlRtg;eTAkñúgdMeQI. enHenAelIkic©karminTan;écñva minmanGVIsMxan;Edr . eTaHbIya:gNak¾edayenAelIkargarcugbBa©b;vaRtUvkar CacaM)ac;nUvKMrUdUcKñarvagépÞcMehogxagelI nig épÜÞcMehogxageRkamehIyGarkat;CamYyépÞcMehogxagelI. vaeFVIeTAtamKWGarelImuxkat;BIcMehogxagmux nigmuxkat;BIcMehogxageRkay . kartMelIgdMueQIEdl)andwkbnÞat;ehIy EpñμkxagcugéncMerokmYy nig RtUvdak;EbreGayeXIj . karGareFVIeLIgenAelIEpñkmin)ankarénKMnUsedayGareGayeFμjrNaCit nig ExSKMnUs kic©karenHvaman Bi)akxøHEdr kñúgkarGnuvtþn_ CaBiessenAeBlNaEdlmansar³sMxan;edIm,IeFVIeGayKMnUsqμar . dak;EpñkNap¥ib nig eméd eBlédcab;epþImGareFVIeGayR)akdnUvemédEdlmanenABIelIdMueQI eFVI eGaynwgrYmCamYycg¥úréd nig kat;elIkic©kar . eFVIclnaGarelIdMueQItUcedIm,IGarykmuxbnþicsin . eFVI clnaédGareBlEdlGar)anCMerARKb;RKan; eBlNaGarCamYyrNaédkat;TTwgTb;vamanTMertmMuRbEhl 45 dWeRk nig rNarGarbeNþay elIkédkan;Tb;GaymankMBs;RbEhl 60 dWeRk . CageQICaeRcIncaM)ac;RtUvmanrNarTaMgenH nig sMelogedaykan;qabenAkñúgenAkñúgeragCag karsMelogrNarédRtUvkar]bkrN_Biess CMnajeRcIn nig bTBiesaFn_edIm,ImuxrbrviC¢aCIv³ . 2-17 rNarxñg rNarRbePTenHEpøvaesþIg nig maneFμjl¥it eRbIR)as;kñúgkarGareTAtamRbePTkargar lkçN³ EbøkKñaRtg;NaenHF¶n; bnÞHTg;Edg rW EdkEdleRsabBIelIxñgEpøvaCYyrkSaeGayEpøRtg;ehIyF¶n;vagay RsYlkñúgkarGanedayminsUveRbIkMlaMgGarcUleTAkñúgsac;eQI . rNarsMrab;eFVIBnøÜj rUb 2-51 rNarsMrab;eFVIBnøÜj Carpenting Works -63-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rNareFVIBnøÜjenHvaCaFMCagrNarxñg EpøvamanBI 10 eTA 14 inch (250 eTA 350 mm) rYmCamYy 13 eTA 15 eFμjkñúgmYyGIug CaTUeTAkarGarval¥sMrab;épÞEdlRkas; nigTUlayéntMNvamanédkan;Rbhak; RbEhleTAnwgrNaéd . rNarsMrab;eFVIk,alGENþg rUb 2-52 rNarsMrab;eFVIk,alGENþg rNarsMrab;eFVIk,alGENþgenHvaRbhak;RbEhleTAnwgrNarsMrab;eFVIBnøÜjEdlmanEpø 8 inch (200mm) nig maneFμjBI 16 eTA 22 kñúgmYyGIug eFμjval¥it²Edlrt;bNþak;KñaGaceFVIkarsMelogCamYy Edkqabedaypþl;RKb;RKan;cMeBaHEpøedIm,IkMueGayeKobmux . édkan;rNarenHKWeFVIeLIgedaymanédcMh rW bitedaycab;P¢ab;eTAnwg nig tYEpørNar . eKeFVIkarpøas;bþÚredayeFVIrNarenHeGaymanEpøEvg nig édkan; Rtg; . TaMgBIrEpñkenHsMrab;Garkat;elItMN)anl¥RbesIréneQIrwg . rNartMrwmk,alGENþg rUb 2-53 rNartMrwmk,alGENþg rNarRbePTenHTuksMrab;kat;eGayesμIRtg;énBnøÜj nig eQIsøg; . édkan;Gacpøas;bþÚrbRBa©as)an sMrab;édsþaM b¤ édeqVg . rNareFμjl¥itFmμta rUb 2-54 rNareFμjl¥itFmμta Carpenting Works -64-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rNarenHCaRbePTénrNarxñgtUc² rYmCamYy 26 eFμjkñúgmYyGIugsMrab;Garkat;elIkargarEdl RbNit . rNareFμjl¥itbMput rUb 2-55 rNareFμjl¥itbMput vaman 33 eFμjkñúgmYyGiuj vamanEpød¾tUcbMputehIyeKminGaceFVIkarsMelogelIva)aneT dUcenH eBleRbIkarElgekItRtUvdUrfμI . kareRbIR)as;rNarxñg cab;epþImedayTajmkeRkaybnþic edayepþkrNareGaymanmMuTab eBlEdlepþkeFVIclnaGar edaysnSwm²eGayEvgeTAtampøÚvrNarehIybnþkarkat; . 2-18 rNarRbCaCnkUer: rNarRbePTenH eFVIkarGanedayTajdUcenHEpøvaGaceFVIeGayesþIg nig maneFμjl¥RbesIrNas; lT§plEdlGanehIy pøÚvrNavatUc EdlesÞIrEtKμanrEhkdac;sac;eQI EpøvaesþIgl¥edIm,IbBa©úHkarkkit édkan;cgP¢ab;edaycMerokb¤sSI . rNarEpøbt;Ebn rUb 2-56 rNarEpøGacbt;Ebn rNarenHeFVIeLIgedaymaneFμjGacGarbeNþay nig TTwgrYmKña nig GaceRbIR)as;sMrab;kat;mux kat;muxkat;eQIEdlRkas; . eK)anbEnßmnUvkarGarnUvPaBbt;Ebn)andUcCarNarGareQIsøg; )aneRbIR)as; sMrab;kat;elItMNedaysøg; b¤ kat;tMrwmeGayRtg;esμIénBnøÜj . eFμjmin)anqabBt;eT nig dak;vaeGay GibCab;enAelIépÞkic©kar . Carpenting Works -65-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC EpørNarmuxBIr rUb 2-57 épørNarmuxBIr EpørNarenHrYmpSMedayEpørNarmuxBIr muxmçagmaneFμjsMrab;GareRcok nig mçageTotmaneFμj sMrab;GarTTwg EpøCaFmμtaman 8 ½ eTA 9 ½ inch (210 eTA 240mm) rYmCamYy 6 eTA 15 eFμjkñúgmYy GIuj . rNarenHeRbIR)as;edaymMuTabCamYykic©kar edIm,IkarBarkMueGayeFμjvaecjBIpøÚvGar eRbIR)as; sMrab;kat;bnÞHkþar nig minGackat;eQIFñwm rW rnUtEdlRkas;)aneLIg . EpørNarrwg rUb 2-58 rNarEpørwg rNarRbePTenHmanEtxñat 9 ½ (240mm) CaRbePTrNarxñg sMrab;Garkat;eFVItMN dUcCarNar eFVIBnøÜj nigk,alGENþgEdr . eK)anEkERbvanUvrNareFVIk,alGENþgEdlman 23 eFμjkñúgmYyGIuj vamansmtßPaBkñúgkarGaredaymanpøÚvGarrt;CYrl¥RbesIreBlNarEdlGarkat;eFItMN . kMriteFμjrNar tUc² cab;epþImGaredayrujeTAmuxmYysin . rNarsMrab;Garrn§esar rUb 2-59 rNarsMrab;Garrn§esar enHCarNarrn§esar rW rNarknÞúykNþúrénRbCaCnkUer: EpørNaresμIesþIgRsYceTAmux . Carpenting Works -66-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-19 rNarBiess rNarknÞúykNþúr nig rNarGarrn§esar rUb 2-60 rNrknÞúykNþúr nig rNarGarrn§esa rNarknÞúykNþúr)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;Garkat;eQIeFVICargVg; rNarGarrn§esarvaRbhak;RbEhleTA nig rNarknÞúykNþúrEdlelIkElgEtEpøvart;ya:gRtg;CYrsMrab;GarekagénviC¢manEdltUc . muncab;epþIm GarcaM)ac;RtUvsVanrn§Camunsin ¬elIkElgEtsMPar³NarEdlTn;eFμjrbs;EpørNarGacrujTMluH)an¦ . rNarevol rUb 2-60 rNarevol rNarevolenHPaKeRcIneRbIR)as; edIm,IGarsitrUbedIm,IeFVItMNcab;pÁMúeGayGibl¥ tMNenHeFVIeLIg edaykarkat; nig P¢ab;nUvEpñkxagcugénkarsitrUbmYyeGayGibCab;nwgépÞedIm,IeGayRbhak;RbEhldMu eRKOgmYy rNarenHeRbIpgEdlsMrab;eFVIGVIEdltUcxøH karGareQIekagEdlmineTogTat; b¤ sMPar³Tn;d¾éT eTot . EpñkrNarenHmaneFμjl¥RbesIr kartMelIgKWeFμjvaRtg;eq<aHecjBIédkan; . eFVIkarkat;edaydak; tYrNarcuHeRkamCamYyédkan;enABIelIKMnUsrbs;kic©kar . rNarGarEdk rUb 2-62 rNarGarEdk Carpenting Works -67-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rNarenHsMrab;GarEdkEpørbs;vamaneFμjBIr 18, 24 nig 32 kñúgmYyGIug EpømaneFμjsMrab;kat; elOneTAelIEdkRkas; . EpøEdlmaneFμjl¥it eRbIsMrab;kat;)ans¥ateTAelIEdkEdlesþIg ya:gtick¾man bIeFμjénEpørNarEdr Edlb:HCamYyEdkesþIg b¤ naMeGaykarkat;vaBi)akeFIVIkartMeLIgEpøeGay)anR)akd edayeGayeFμjrNareq<aHeTAmuxBIrédkan; . Carpenting Works -68-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CMBUk 3 ³ ]bkrN_GKÁisnIeRbIedayéd Carpenting Works -69-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1- ma:sIunGarEpømUl sVan evol 1-1 ma:sIunGarEpømUl rUb 3-1 ma:sIunGarEpømUl enAelIkargarCageQI enACagRtUvmaneRKOgma:sIuneGayRKb;RKan;rYmTaMgma:sIunGar ¬Gcl½t¦ pg Edr CaFmμtaGñkRtUvmanma:sIunGarEpømUleRbIedayédedayxøÜnÉgpÞal;sMrab;gayRsYleFVIkarelIkargar b¤ gayRsYlkñúgkarkat;bnÞHkþarFM² . vamanBi)akeTAédkan;enAelIkarP¢ab;ma:sIunluHRtaEtmantuTUlay . elIkargarCageQIma:sIunGarEpømUlGaccl½t)anebIGñkcg;GareRcok rW kat;TTwgeQIrwg eQITn; nig eQIbnÞHkþaredaysuvtßiPaB nig gayRsYl . GñkkargarsMNg;GaceRbIR)as;va)anBIeRBaHvamanTMgn;Rsal nig gayelIkdak; m:asIunenHmanEpøeRcInRbePTsMrab;eRcokbeNþay kat;TTwg nig sMrab;kargarRbNit . EfmBIenaHk¾manEpøsMrab;kat;snøwk Edk fμ nig esramik dUcenHma:sIunenHGaceFVIkar)aneRcInEbbEdlGñk RtUvkarCacaM)ac; CaBiessRbsinebIGñkcg;bþÚrdak;elItuGaredaycab;P¢ab;vanwgeLasIueGay)ansmrmü CamYyeRKOgbEnßm . Carpenting Works -70-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC karRbmUlGacm_rNar ma:sIunGar)anplitecjCaGacm_rNar . vaeFVIeGayépÞkMraleragrGil . vak¾minRsYlEdr eBl NaEdlvaebuIgmkCab;exaGavrbs;Gñk nig xül;EdlmanFUlIeRcIn)anbNþaleGaymanCMgW . rNar)an cab;P¢ab;enAbMBg;xageqVg eRkamKMrbkarBarEdlGacm_rNarecalecjeTAcMehog . GñkGacRbmUlGacm_ rNacUlkñúgfg; b¤ bBa©ÚleTAkñúgTueyatP¢ab;eTAma:sIunsMGat . karep¥ógEpørNar edaykarbn§ÚrénRbdab;rwt tYrrbs;EpørNarGacep¥ógeTArkmMuxøHeLIgeTAdl; 45 dWeRk . mMuenHGac emIlelIkRdg;rbs;xñat b:uEnþtMélrgVas;muMenHRtUvkarsakl,gCamunsin munnwgsMercykBitR)akd . CMerA Gtibrmarbs;Epøkat;KWRtUvbBa©úHEpøeGay)anmMuEtg . esarsuvtßiPaB edIm,IkarBarrNarkMueGaymaneRKaHfñak;BIkugtak; RtUvP¢ab;edayesarsuvtßiPaBenA)at edaysgát; nwgemédmunnwgcuckugtak;eFVIkar . enAeBlEdlEpøkMBugvilkugtak; nig esarenA)atrbs;vaminTak;TgKña eLIy b:uEnþeragcRk)anplitma:sIunGar ¬Gcl½t¦ EdlRhVaMgrbs;vamanGnuPaBxøaMg nig mankugtak;bBa¢ar enAxageRkam . r)aMgkarBar enAEpñkelIénEpømancab;r)aMgkarBar eBlEdlEpørNarvilr)aMgkarBar)anrujeTAeRkayedayEKm RCugeQI eBlEdlEpørNarbBa©b;BIkargarehIyr)aMgva nig RtUvRtlb;mkbitCafμIvij munnwgeRbIR)as; ma:sIunRtUveFVIeGay)anl¥nUvsñÚlrgVilrbs;r)aMgkarBar . esarknøas; vaCaRbdab;Tb;mYyéncMehogénEpø sMrab;xÞas;Tb;EpømYyrMeBc va nig rGilrbUtedIm,IkarBarkarxUc xatrbs;clnaemkanic . GIusULg; tYrrbs;ma:sIunB½T§CMuvijeday)aøsÞicTaMgGs;edIm,IkarBarkarcMlgGKÁisnIenAeBleRbIR)as; . Carpenting Works -71-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC édkan;; édkan;EpñkxagelI)anRKbCab;Kña nig édkan;TIBIrenAcugxagmuxén]bkrN_ edIm,IeGayGñkman suvtßiPaBCak;lak;RtYtBinitükMLúgeBlGan . 1-2 m:asIunsVanGKÁisnI ³ ma:sIunsVanedayédenHmanlk;ya:geRcIn nig Ca]bkrN_GKÁisnIeKniymeRbI . vaCa]bkrN_Edl RtUvkarCacaM)ac;elIkargareQI CaTUeTAeKk¾)anbegáItpÞHeRcInsMrab;CYsCulpgEdr . Gñkplit)anBüayameFVIma:sIunsVaneGay)anRKb;RKan;eTAnwgTMhMEdleRbIR)as; . ]bkrN_enHva manGanuPaBeRcIneTAelImuxrbrviC¢aCIv³ . cMeBaHGñkeFVIkarelIeQIRtUvkarsVanenHNas; enAkEnøgNamYy eKcaM)ac;RtUvman]bkrN_sVanmFümEdlnaMmkPaBeTog . rYmTaMgtMrUvkarel,ÓnpgEdr . RbCaCneRcIn)anTijma:sIunsVanEdlmanTaMgExSePøIg . eKniymcUlcitþkarsVanrn§tUc nig sVan bBa©ÚlvIus . rUb 3-2 ma:sIunsVanGKiÁsnI Carpenting Works -72-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC karvilRtlb;eRkay ma:sIunsVanPaKeRcInmankugtak;GacbþÚrTisedAénrgVil)antamlMdab;énkarpøas;bþÚrvIus . esarkugtak; Cakugtak;tUcenAelIédénma:sIun eKrujP¢ab;vaedIm,IdMeNIrkarma:sIun ehIyeKRc)ac;kugtak; edIm,I eGayesarelatecjmkvij . cMNuHk,alcab; EpøsVanRtUv)anTb;enAkñúgk,alcab; . k,alcab;CaeRcIn vaeFVIkaredayesareFμjsMrab;ebIk nig biT edayfÁambI edIm,IrwttYEpøsVan . cMNuHk,alcab;EdlBN’naenH TMhMGtib,rmaéntYk,alcab;vasIuKñaeTAnwg TMhMviC¢maRtGtib,brmaénRbehagsVanEdlmansmtßPaBkñúgkarsVanEdk . kñúgkarsVanRbehageQIeyIg RtUvsVanBIr b¤ bIdgkMueGaysÞHGacm_eQI cMeBaHEpøsVaneQIeK)anbBa©úHnUvTMhMtYdgsVanmanma:sIunCaeRcIn EdlmancMnuHk,alcab;cenøaHBI ¼ nig 12 inch ¬6 nig 13mm ¦ kareRCIserIsel,Ón Gñk nig GnuvtþsVan)anl¥RbesIredaymuxgarrNarmYyRtUvnwgel,ÓnenaHEdr . vamanRbB½n§BIrbI kñúgkarRtYtBinitü nig CMerIsel,Ón . ma:sIunsVanxøHmanel,Ónefr 2 eTA 4 EdlGaceRCIserIs)aneday kugtak;rbs;va . ma:sIunsVanepSgeTotmankugtak;BIrel,Ón edIm,IeFVIeGaymanel,ÓnyWtKWRtUvsgát;kug tak;Bak;kNþal ehIyebIcg;eGaymanel,ÓnelOnRtUvsgát;eGayxøaMg . kugtak;Gacdak;KnøwHenARKb; TItaMgTaMgGs; . LÚvenHma:sIunsVanCaeRcInmankugtak;bBa¢arEdlGacpøas;bþÚrel,Ón)aneRcIn . CamYy nwgRbePTénkarbBa¢arenH el,ÓnGacpøas;bþÚr)anBIcMnucsUnüeTAkan;kMritGtibrmaGaRs½yeTAnwgkarsgát; xøaMgrWticeTAelIkugtak; . enAelIma:sIunsVanxøHclnaénkugtak;GackMNt;)anedayeRCIserIsnUvel,Ónd¾ RbesIrbMputCamYynwgkugtak;sWer:enAkñúgma:sIuEtmþg . enHCalkçN³d¾manRbeyaCn_mYysMrab;dak;vIus bBa¢ael,ÓnEdlGaceFVI)anl¥bMputsMrab;el,ÓnyWt . sBVéf¶enHma:sIunsVanxøHRtUv)anP¢ab;CamYynwgkg;s<W CameFüa)aymYyEdlbBa¢arel,Ón)anelOn bMput RtUv)anbBa¢aredaysV½yRbvtþi . manm:asIunsVanCaeRcInEdlmankugtak;GacbþÚrTisedAénrgVil)antamlMdab;énkarpøas;bþÚrrIus . esarkugtak; Cakugtak;tUcenAelIédm:asIun eKrujP¢ab;vaedIm,IdMenIrkarm:asIunehIyeK Rc)ac;kugtak;edIm,IeGayesar elat ecjmkvij . Carpenting Works -73-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC cMNuHk,alcab; épøsVanRtUv)anTb;enAkñúgk,alcab; . k,alcab;CaeRcIn vaeFIVkaredayesareFμjsMrab;ebIk nig biT edayfÁambI edIm,IrwttYEpøsVan . cMNuHk,alcab;Edl)anBN’naenH TMhMGtib,rimaéntYk,alcab;va sIuKña enAnig TMhMviC¢man Gtib,rmaénRbehagsVanEdlman smtßPaBkñúgkarsVanEdk . kñúgkarsVanRbehageQI eyIgRtUvsVanBI b¤bIdgkMueGaysÞHGacm’eQI cMeBaHEpøsVan eQIeK)an bBa©úHnUvTMhMdgsVanmanm:asIunsVanCaeRcInEdlmancMnuHk,alcab;cenøaHBI 1/4nig 12 in (6 nig 13 mm ) . kareRCIserIsel,On GñknigGnuvtþn¾sVan)anl¥RbesIredaymuxgarNamYyRtUvnigel,OnenaHEdr . vamanRbB½n§BIr bIkñúgkarRtYtBinitünigCMerIsel,On . mUldæanel,OnmanBI2 eTA4 el,OnedaydUcnigkugtak;Edr . d¾éTeTotvamankugtaklRtYtBinitüel,OnBIr . ebIcg;)anel,OnyWt edaysgát;kugtak;cuHmYy Epñknig el,On eBjedaysgÁt;eGabGib . kñúgTItaMgrYmenHkugtak;Gaccak;esar)an . kñúgeBlsVan ehIysVan eTot naMeGaykarBinitüel,On)antamtMrUvkar . CamYynwgRbePTel,OnTaMgenH el,OnepSg²Kña BIsUnüeTAGtib,rma eTAtamkMlaMgénkarsgáat;jugtak; . mansVanxøHGac pøas;bþÚrel,OntamkMrit kugtak; . TaMgenH eRcIneRbIR)as;CaBiesskñúgkarbBa¢ÚlvIseTAkñúgeQI EdlefIVeGayyWtCakarRbesIr edIm,IeFIVkarRtYtBinitüel,On. T,ÚvenHmansVanxøH)anP¢ab;Ca mYykg;s<WénRtYtkarBinitüel,OneRcIneFIVkar RtYtBinitüedayeGT,icRtUnic . RbB½n§RtYtBinitüel,On edayeGT,icRtUnicenHvaRbesIrTaMgEfTaMel,Onva eTogBiteTAtambnÞúkEpøsVan . Gñkplitm:asIunsVan)antMrUvel,OneTAnig]bkrN¾TaMgenaH kMe)arEdk nigel,OnelOn sMrab; eQI . k,alcab;rh½s ¬sMrab;m:asIunsVanebtug¦ mansVanxøHTMenIbedayeRbIk,alcab;rh½sedayminRtUvkaresarwt . eBlNaEdlk,al cab; Tajmk eRkay vaebIkkBa©b;edaysV½yRbvtþi ehIyEpøsVanBiessEdlmantYcg¥ÚrRtUv)anbBa¢Úl rYceBlNaEdlElgk,alcab;va nigrwtEpøsVan . EpøsVanRbePTenH eFIVTMhMTaMgGs;eTAtamTMhMk,alcab; k,alcab;enHyklMnaM tameBlEdl eRbIR)as;CamYysVansamBaØ . karsVanbuk fIVebIminRtUveRbIR)as;elIkargareQI eKeFIVsVanEdlPa¢b;CamYynig jjÜrbukedIm,IeGayGñkGac sVanRbehagcUlkñúgdæ fμb¤ebtug . Rbtiþbtþikaredaykugtak; NamYymun b¤kMT,úgeBlsVan Carpenting Works -74-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC GMBIrbs;jjÜr)anvay bI bYnrykñúgmYynaTI EpøsVan)anbMEbkeGayecjCakMe)ar edIm,IeGaykargareCOnelOn . vaRtUvkarCacaM)ac;edIm,IeRbIR)as;CamYyEpøsVanTgÁicBiess eKeFIVnUvfÁamnImYy²y:agrwg ehIydac;BIKña . GIusUT,g; tYrbs;m:asIunsVanCapøasÞicTaMgGs; edIm,IkarBarenAeBleRbIR)as; BIkarqk;edaycrnþGKÁIsnI xøHmanGIusUT,g;BIrCan; ehIy]brkN¾Edl)anBN¾naenHmanGIusUT,g;eBjTaMgGs; . b:uEnþmU:T½rGacxUcxat nigmaneRKaHfñak; enAeBlGñksVancUleTAb:HExSkab Edlmantg;süúgx<s; . TMhMkUET,r m:sIunsVantamsþg;darGnþrCatimanviC¢maRtkUET, 43 mm BIeRkayk,alcab;edayP¢ab; CamYyeRKOgbgÁMú b¤eRKOgsMrab;eRbICamYyEdleFIVedayRbB½n§dUcKña énGñkplit . enH)aneGay CMerIsdl;Gñk b¤ Tij)anefak b¤ eRKOgbrikçaEdlmanKuNPaBl¥RbesI CagEdl eFIVeGayGñk plitrbs;m:asIunsVan . édkan;bnÞab; m:asIunCaeRcIn)anP¢ab;CamYyédkan;bE;nßm edayeKobritNamYyk¾)ancUleTakUET,r b¤tYm:asIun edaymUlvIus . édkan;bnÞat; xøHmanbnÞat; Tb;eTAnigkic©kareBlNaEdlEpøsVan lUtdl; CMerAEdlcg;)an . m:asIunsMelog sMrab;stvtSenH EpøsVanEdlEqb b¤ swk )aneFIVeGaymUleT,IgvijeTAelI fμ sMelogEdl manRKab; eRKImBI 100 eTA 200 . enHCaviFImYyy:agR)akd nig RKb;RKan;EdlPaKeRcIn GñkeFIVkarelI eQI )anCYsCulmuxBnøak nigEpøEdkQUs enAelIm:asIunsMelogEdlmanel,OnelOn b¤ elIm:asIunfμm:t edayel,OnyWt . karsMelogel,OnelOn sþg;dam:asIunsMelogman 1/4 eTA 3/4 hp bgVildMuGaluymIjÚm GuksIudBIr RbEhl 3000 Rom . fμsMelogEdlykmkeRbImanviC¢maRt enAcenøaH BI 5 nig 8 Gin ¬ 125 nig 200 mIlIEm:Rt¦. fμsMelogFM vaRbesIrkñúgkarsMelogEpø fμsMelogmanviC¢maRt tUcsMrab; plit eGayecjCa mUlbBa¢it fμenH Gac;pøas; bþÚrKña )an b:uEnþm:asIunmanfμeRKImmYy nig fμm:t;mYy . cMeBaHkarsMelogelIfμEdlmanel,OnelOn edIm,IeCosvageRKaHfñak; RtUvmanr)aMgkarBar Rtg;s,aMr:g;pøasÞic edIm,IkarBarEPñkrbs;GñkBIkarpøatrbs;páaePøIg . éltMrUv]bkrN¾ bgÁg Tb;enA BImuxfμsMelognImYy ² . Carpenting Works -75-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC enAral;karsMelogRtUvmYlritbgÁgeFIVkareGay)anCab;muneRbIR)as;va . karsMelogelI el,OnelOn naMeGayFab;manmuxRsYc CamYykarsMelog nig fμenHeKmanCk;EdksMrab; dus sMGatfμ vaGacmutpgEdr dUecñaH RtUveFIVkarsMGatRKb;RbePTénkargarEdk . rUb 3-3 m:asIunsMelog fμEdlmansaFatus¥it edIm,IeGayEpømanmuxmUlbBa¢it CaFmμtaRtUvsMelogmuxEpøvaenAelIfμm:t; . eTaHCay:agNa k¾eday GñkGacsMelOgBnøkdab; Bnøak Rkck nig EpøEdkQUs enAelIm:asIunsMelog EdlmanfμpSMedaysarFatus¥it EdlmanviCÞmaRt BI 4 eTA 6 Gin ¬ 100 eTA 150 mIlIEmRt ¦. fμsMelogenHmankarTb;Tl;eRbg nigTwk EdlmanRbePT RKab; mFüm nig m:t;. GñksMelogEpørYmCamYyfμkMBg;vileq<aHeTAmux b:uEnþfμsMelogmansarFatu s¥itRtUvEtecj q¶ayBIxøÜn Gñkbnþic eBlEdlGñksMelogfμm:t; eTAnigsMPar³Tn; nig mankarxUcxat . GñkminGacbBa¢abRB©as TisedArbs;m:asIunsMelog)aneT,Iy GñkGacdak;EpøenAelIépÞcMehogrbs;fμsMelog . karsMelogedayfμm:t; vamanbBaðaCaFmμtaeTAelIk,alEpø EdlykmksMelog eyIgeCosvag)anedayeRbIR)as; el,OnyWt elIfμm:t;enH fasfμvilEt 500 rpm b:ueNÑaHehIy nig mankardak;eRbgenAelIdMurgiVl edaybnþbgðÚrTwk BIFugTwkEdldak;enAelIm:asIun . sþg;darfμEdleRbICaTUeTA man 1000 RKab;xSac; Carpenting Works -76-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC b:uEnþCaFmμtafμEdleRcInpøas;bþÚrman 180 b¤ 6000 RKab;xSac;fμcugeRkayEdleRbIR)as;KWkarsMelog elIfμ m:t;EdleFIVeGaymuxenA elIEpø ]bkrN¾mutl¥RbesIr . ma:sIunsMelogrYmpSM manm:asIunbI bYn Edlpþl;nUv GtþRbeyaCn¾xøH énel,OnTaMgBIrRbePT elOnnig yWt EdleRbIkñúgkar sMelog . enAEpñkcug mçagrbs;m:asIun vamandMurgVil Rbhak;RbEhlKña eTAdMurgVilGaluymIjÚm GuksIut enAkñúgeBlenH enAcugmçageTot RbtibtiþkarCamYyfμm:t; EdlvilkñúgGagTwk . muxrbs;Epø]bkrN¾EdlRtUvsMelogenHeTAtam RbePT rbs;fμm:t; . m:asIund¾éTeTot rYmpS:MedaydMurgVilCamYyExS Rkvat;sMrab;sMelogrYmCamYybrievNépÞelI rbs;vaFMTYlay ExSRkvat;enHvamineT,IgekþAxøaMg dUcCafμsMelogel,On elOneT,Iy . RbsinebIExSRkvat;enH eFIVeGaysÞHeKRtUvpøas;vaecj . 1-4 m:asIunevolGaredayéd GñkplitxøH RtUvkarvaeRcInEdr . m:asIunGarevol b¤m:asIunGarsab; Ca ]bkrn¾mYy Edlbt;eTAmuxeTAeRkay)an vaeFIVkarkat;bnÞHkþarxøH nig kat;TTwgeQIrwg )anKYr sm l¥Edr . vamansmtßPaBkñúgkarkat;ekag CaBiesseBlEdleFIVkarCamYykþarkMupøaek nig bnÞHkþarEdlman bMENktUc . m:asIunmaneCaKC½yticNas; enAeBlEdlGareRcok rW kat;ekag elIeQIGarEdlmanTMhMRkas; BIeRBaHkñúgTisedAbeNþay sac;GaceFIVeGaypøatEpøBIPaBEkg . CamYyEpød¾smrmü m:asIunenHGackat;snøwkEdk b¤pøasÞic . kñúgeBlknøgputeTA m:asIunGacevolvamaneQμaHminl¥ BIcMeNamGñkeFIVkarelIeQI BIeRBaH CYrEpøvaeTrlMeGogxusrt;minRtg;CYr nig QaneTAekagEdlCak;Esþg kñúgkareFIVm:asIun enHvaminGac mansuvtþPaB enAelikic©karkat;eGay)anRCugEkg . b:uEnþT,ÚvenHeK)anplit m:asIunGarevol Edl manm:UT½reRbIedaycrnþGKÁsnInigRbB½n§emkanicesIμrKñac,as;Cak;lak;EdlmanPaBj½r y:agticbMput cMENkEpøva manPaBmut)anyUr RbePTénrNaenH gayRsYlkñúgkareRbIR)as; niggayRsYlRtYtBinitüeRcIn . karGarCaExSekag mUldæanénkareFIVclnarbs;Epøm:asIun GarevoenH KWRtg;eT,IgelI nig cuHeRkam EpørNa Edlkat;CaExSekag )ancUleTAmux enAkñúgkic©karedayrujeT,IgelI eFμjrNatUc )aneFIVeGay pøÚv Gar manRbehagdUcKña kñúgeBlEtmYy . kareFIVclnaEpøfyeRkayedayrujcuHeRkam . eBlxøHmankarxVHxatkñúgkaréltMrUv edIm,IeRCIserIssMParHeGay)anl¥ nig RKb;RKan;mun nig cab;epþImGar EpøEdlrujcUleTAmux Gtibrma naM eGaykarGargayRsYlnig rh½s cMeBaHeQITn; karGarCaExSekag Carpenting Works -77-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC eFIVedaysnSwm² sMrab;épÞmuxkat;Rkas; rbs;eQITn; nig eQIrwg bMENkbnÞHkþar EdkTn; snøwksMPar³EdlesþIg . CMerAGar CamFümm:asIunGarevol nig GareQITn; nig eQIrwfg kMras;eT,Igdl; 2 Gin ¬ 50 mIlIEm:Rt¦. vanwgGarpg Edr cMeBaH EdkFmμta kMras;eT,Igdl; 1/2 In ( 12 mm) nigEdkEfbeT,Igdl; 1/8 in (3mm ) ]bkrN¾enHmanédkan;EtmYyKt;ehIyRsal b:uEnþvamansmtßPaB GarRtg;cMeBaH GaluymIjÚm 3/4 in (20mm ) nig EdkEfb 3/8 in (10mm ) karRbmUlFUlI enAelIm:asIunGarevoenHmankMsYlxül;)aj;ecjBIeRkayEpø EdlmanTaMgFUlIGacm’rNa kñúgeBlkMBg;Gar . enHCaRbB½næEdlRKb;RKan;enAeBlGnuvtþn¾elIkargareQI d¾eRcIn . ebIsInCaGñkeFIVkar manry³eBlyUr b¤CamYyeQIrEdlmanFUlIBul Tijm:asIuenHCamYyeRKOg Rbdab;sMrab;karBarFUlI . enHCaTuyeTa EdlGacbt;Ebn )anedayP¢ab;DúycUleTAEpñk xageRkayrNava nig bWtRsbykFUlIBIbrievN kMBg;GarcUleTAkñúgm:asIunsMGatpÞHsMEbg . GIusUT,g;GKÁIsnI karFk;edayGKÁIsnIekItmaneT,IgedayKuNvibtþirbs;m:UT½r . kareRCIserIsel,On Rbtiþbtþkar m:asIunGarevoledayel,OnelOn kMT,úgeBlEdlGareQIr eKminRtUvGarEdk Edlmanry³eBlEvg EdlnigekItmaneT,Ig eTAelIkMedAm:UT½reT,IgxøaMg . m:asIunxøH)anplitrYmCamYYyRbdab;mUl edIm,IeRCIserIskMritRsáÚk cenøaHBI300 nig 500RsUt kñúgmYynaTI erobcMsMParHeGay)anRKb;RKan;mun nig Gar . b:uEnþel,Onm:asIunEdlpøas;bþÚreTAtam kMritRsáÚt )aneFVIkarRtYtBinitüedayrab;cMnYnsgát;edayRbtiþbtþCamYykugtak; enHk¾GacCalImIt énRbdab;mYytMrUvtamel,OnEdr . CaTUeTAel,OnEdrxçs;bMputeKbMrugTuksMrab;GareQI el,OnBak;kNáalsMrab;pøsÞic b¤Edktn; dUcCaGaluymIj:Úm nigel,OnTabsMrab;EdkEfb b¤eRKOgesr:amic . b:EnþenAeBlGnuvtþn¾sUrsMelgénrNa nig bn§Úrdl;karGar EdlGñkGnuvtþn¾ tamkarEnnaM )anRbesIr edIm,IkMritRsáÚkeGay)ansmrmüeRcIn . rNaEdlRbesIr)aneFIVeT,IgedaymanRbtisikmμ edayeGT,icRtUnic eTAm:UnIT½rrbs;kMrit RsáÚk nig )aneFIVeGayel,OnminERblRbYl nig EfrkSalImIt )ansmehtupl eBlEdleFIVkarGar CamYyeQI . Carpenting Works -78-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC ebI;sinCaGñkbBa©úHeGaym:asIun rt;el,Ony:agyWt Edlmanry³eBlEvgeRcInKYrsmEdr va GaceT,IgekþAk,al dUcenH RtUvdak;rNaeGayrt;el,OnelOn edayKñanGarGIVcMnYnBIrdg kñúg 1 naTI dUcenH m:UT½rGacbnßykMedA . esarkugtak; enAEpñk)aténédkan;manesakugtak; edIm,Isgát;bBa¢Úlm:asIuneGaydMeNIrkarrhUt .enHCa lkçN³BiesssMrab;bBa¢úHkartantwgnigGs;kMlaMgenAeBlEdleFIVkarGaryUrrWGarmanPaBsμúksμaj . 2-m:asIunQUs lk nig xat; 2-1 m:asIunQUs m:asIunQUscl½tenHvaCa]bkrn¾eFIVelIkic©karminCaeTogTat;eT eTaHbIy:agNavak¾RbesIr kñúgkarQUsykecj)anrh½s nig Qb;Pøam eTAelI eQIrYmCamYytuQUs . vak¾manRbeyaCn¾pgEdr eTAelIkargarCageQI dUcCakarQUstMrUvEpñk)atTVar edIm,ItMrUvcUleRKag QUslkenAelIépÞbg¥Üc . eK)anrab;bBa¢ÚltueFIVkarCaBiesspgEdr va)anCYYyeGayeFIV)anl¥CamFümenAelIépÞEdlQUs nig tMN . CMerAlk CMerArbs;cg¥ÚrlkvaTak;Tg eTAnigtYrbs;]bkrN¾ EdlkMNt;eday CMerAGtibrma énsac;lkedaym:asIunQUs . m:asIunQUsEdltUcbMput nig yk)anmineRCA 5/16 in (8mm) b:uEnþCMerAlkGtibrma eRcInQUsBIcenøaH 3/4 nig (20 eTA 25 mm) bnÞb;Tb;enAEpñk cMehogRtUvmUl eGayRtUvtam TTwgsac;lk . CMerAQUs QUsmþgesþIgbMputBI 0 eTA 1/3 in ( 1mm) ehIynigQUsRkasbMputCMerA 1/16 in ( 2 mm) . m:asIunQUsEdlmanKuNPaBkñúg viC¢aCIv³ nig QUsCMerAeT,Igdl; 1/8 in ( 3 mm) b:uEnþtMélrbs;va 50 PaKry eRcInCagtMélQUsmFüm nig karQUsCMerAEtmYyvaminmantMéléfø . karQUsCMerA CakareRCIserIs edaytMél Tab b¤x<s;enABImuxkat;mçag . muxkat;TaMgBIrRtUvrabesIμ éltMrUvEdk QUsedayédrév rW k,alRtem:ag edayRbtiþbtþ kareGay)ans¥ateTAtamCMerAEdl)antMrUvehIy . karQUsTTwg TTwgrbs;)atm:asIunQUs vaRtUvnwgbeNþay Epøkat;y:agBit R)akd bnÞarbs; m:asIun QUs man 3 1/4 ( 82 mm) . édkan;bnÞab; Carpenting Works -79-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC kEnøgédkan;bnÞab;enAEpñkxagcugénm:asIunenH CYyeGaykarRtYtBinitü ]bkrN¾ nig rkSaeGay)an eBl bnSIúsac;eQI edayeGayépÞ)atrbs;m:asIun enAelIkic©karCanic© . karRbmUlFUlI m:asIunQUseRbIedayédenH)anecalecj Gacm’EdkQUsy:ageRcIn Edlvamansar³sMxan; dl;suxPaBrbs;Gñk dUcecñHRtUveFIVkarRbmUl edaycgP¢ab;CamYym:asIun sMGat enAnwgbMBg;beBa©j FUlIrbs;]brN¾ edayeKobrwt enAEpñkcMehogxagelI . KMrbdMucab;Epø eRCIserIsm:asIunQUs EdlmanKMrbRKb;RKan; EdlRKbBIelIdMuEpøcab; eBlEdlQUs eQI varujfyeRkay beBa©jeGayeXIj nig vilCMuvijCMucab;Epø )aneBlEdl m:asIun QUsdMenIrkarQUs va minEmnkarBar enAelIGñkeRbIR)as;EtmYyb:eNÑaHeT b:uEnþvak¾karBarBIkarxUtxatrbs;EpøEdk QUspg Edr . m:asIunQUs enHRtUvdak;elItueFIVkar munnig dMucab;EpøQb;vil . KMrbenHGacfyeRkayeday eRbIéd sMrab;eFIVkaredaHdUrEpø edayvaeFIVkarrGil enAelIKYrrbs;]brN¾ . karkat;bBa©it nig cg¥Úr cg¥Úr V tambeNþayénkNþal )atrbs;m:asIun CaTItaMgkEnøgkñúgkarQUs 90 dWeRk enARCugEkg rbs;dMueQI edIm,ICYynaM]brN¾kñúgkarQUsbBa©it . bnÞat;Tb;CamYy nig mux edayéltMrUvsMrab;mMu xøH BI 90 dWeRk eTA 45 dWeRk edIm,IrkSa]bkrN¾eTAtamtMrUvkarrbs;mMubBa©it . GIusUT,g;GKÁsnI eRCIserIsm:asIunQUsEdlmanGIusUT,g;Dúb CamYynig RbGb;tYeRsampøasÞic. esarkugtak; kugtak;ebI bitGacx©as;esa edIm,IdMenIr karrt;rhUtedaysgát;cuHb‘Utug enAelIédkan; . 2>2 m:asIunlk m:asIunlkGKÁIsnIeRbIedayéd)anykeTAeFIVkarlkcg¥Úr k,ac; nig QUslak; . vamindUceTa]bkrN¾ d¾éTeTot ehIyvak¾Ca]bkrN¾ EdlmanGnuPaB eRcInCag]bkrN¾d¾éTeTot Edr . vaGacP¢ab;CamYyEpølk ehIynig éltMrUv nig eRbIR)as; kñúgeBldUcKña KW dak;vaedayerobcMeday]bkrN¾ éd sMrab;eGaydUceTARbePTrbs;TMrg;k,ac; . CamYy nig m:UT½rEdlmanGnuPaBxøaMg )anbgVilEpklkeGaymanel,OnelOn eBlbBa©ab;kargarlTVpl)an bgðaj eGayeXIjeTogBit . sMxan;bMputRKb;m:asIunlkTaMgGs; )anplitRbhak;RbEhlKña Epøva)ancab;P©ab; eRkamtYrbs;m:UT½r enAcMehogmçag² P¢ab;edayédkan; ehIykarpÁMuúTaMgmUl)anpÁMúeTA elI)atm:asIunragmUledaymanEpølyecj . RbePTxusKñaFM KWenAcenøaHkñúgkarlk Carpenting Works -80-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC edaybnSúIEpøedIm,Ilkcg¥Úr nig lkKMNbn©Hkþar . EpøTaMgGs;RtUv P¢ab;edayBüÚr BIelIehIyy:agTab eTAkic©karrbs;GgÁRbFannImYy ² . Rkcab;épø)aneFIVCamYytYm:UT½r edaydak;Cab;BIxagelI )atenAelIsésbn¢úkrWs½r . eBlNaEdlcab;epþImlkelIkic©kar sgát;elIédTaMgBIrcuHeRkam bnSIEpøbBa©ÚneTAkñúgsac;eQI . TMhMm:UT½r nig el,On m:asIunlkPaKeRcInmanel,OnEdlKñanbnÞúk EdlGacmanel,OnkñúgRbelaH 22>000 rpm elIkElgEtkñúgkal³eTs³BiessxøH EdlGacmanel,Onx<s; RbEhl 26>000 rpm edIm,ItMrUvkarplitelIkargarbegðIyeGay)ans¥atl¥ BIeRBaHel,OnenHmankarcuHsnæwkenAeBlEdlEpø CYbRbTH nwgeQIrwg TMhMel,Onrbs;m:UT½r vaTak;TgBIlk eTA lk b:uEnþkic©karEdlRtUvykcitþ Tukdak; KW RtUvrkSael,OneGay)anx<s;enAeBlkMBg;lk m:UT½renHmanGnuPaBcUlticCag 450 w edIm,IplitKYrCaTIeBjcitþ . Carpenting Works -81-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rU 3-6 m:asIunlk édkan; m:asIunlkP¢ab;edayédkan;FMBIr sMrab;kac;cgáÚt ]bkrN¾tambeNþay Knøg . manm:asIunlktUcmYyEdléd kan; TaMgenH )anedIrtYCaKnøI³P©ab; kugT½rxIømYy)anviltamRTnic naT,ika Carpenting Works -82-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC tamclnaemkanic m:asIunlkeFIVkarlky:agyWt edIm,IbnSúICMerA nig édkan; rwt eGay)antwgCab;eTA nwg]bkrN¾ . enAeBlcugbBa¢ab;énRbtiþbtþikar KnøiHPa©b;enH)anedaHElgvij edIm,IGnuBaØti eGaym:asIunmkP¢ab;Fmμtavij. CaFmμtam:asIunlk EdlFM KnøwHP¢abn; CaemEdkmñas; . RbtiskmμGKÁIsnI ExSePøIgxøHenAEpñkxagelIrbs;m:asInlk u )aneFIVrYmCamYyRbB½næRbtisikmμGKÁisnI EdlkarBarBIkarFøak;cuH énel,OneBlEdl ]bkrN¾sßitenAeRkambn©úk edayEpñk)atsIu GnuPaBeRcIn . EfmBIenH el,OnEdrRbesIrbMp;ut GaceFIVkareRCIserIs eGaeyRtUvtamTMhMrbs;Epø b¤ RbePTénkarRbtiþbtþi karel,OnEdlbBa©úHCa]TahrN¾ karbegáItEpølkeGaymanviC¢maRt FM edIm,IeFIVelIkargarGIVmYy nig RbQmeTAelIkarexøacsac;eQI eBlNaEdleFIVkarlksaMBaJMúeday édTeT . kugtak;ebIkbit kugtak;ebIkbitenH gayRsYledaymancMgaylUtdl;edaymincaj;dkkBa©b;édrbs;GñkBIéd kan; . eCIgm:asIun ExSePøIgxøHenAEpñkxagelIrbs;m:asIunlk )aneFIVrYmCamYYyRbB½næ Rbtiþsikmμ GKÁsnIEdl karBarBIkaFøak;cuH énel,OneBlEdl]bkrN¾sßitenAeRkambnÞúk edayEpñk)atsIu GnuPaBeRcIn . EfmBIenH el,OnEdlRbesIrbMputGaceFIVkareRCIserIs eGayRtUvtamTMhMrbs;Epø b¤RbePTénkarRbtþibtþikarel,OnEdlbBa©úHCa]TahrN¾ karbegáItEpølkeGaymanviC¢maRt FM edIm,IeFIVelIkargarGIVmYy nig RbQmeTAelIkarxøacsac;eQI eBlNaEdleFIVkarlksaMjaMueday édTeT . kugtak;ebIkbiT kugtak;ebIkbitenHgayRsYledaymancMgaylUtdl;eday min)ac;dkkBa©b;édrbs;GñkBIéd kan; . eCIgm:asIun vamansar³RbeyaCn¾mYyEdrebIsinCaeCIgenHmin)ancab;P¢ab;eTAelIépÞenHEdlnaMeGay]bkrN¾ rvily:agRsYlelIkic©karlk . cMNuHTUeTA tYdgrbs;Epølk)anbBa¢ÚleTAkñúgkUel sMEb:t mYYy P¢ab;vasuvtþiPaBedayritk,aleT,asIumYy . kUelFmμtamanTMhM 1/4 b¤ 3/8 in (6 or 8 mm) b:uEnþm:asIunEdlFMmancMnuHkUelva 1/ 2 in ( 12 mm) . Carpenting Works -83-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC m:asIunlkxøHGacedaHdUrkUelénTMhMxus²Kña cMnuHrbs;kUelvamindUcKña eTA viC¢maRtEpøeT,Iy EdlvamanTMrg; nig muxgarepSg²Kñasnæwk . CMerAlk kñúgRTwsþI vaGaclkcg¥ÚrtambeNþayedayEpølk Edl)aneRCIserIs enaHbIy:agNak¾eday CMerAcg¥Úl)anlkkñúgmYyeBl CaBiesskñúgeQIrwg CamYyEpøFM EdlnaMeGaykarplit )ans¥atl¥ ehIyeCosvagkareT,IgkMedArbs;m:UT½r . Epø 1/4 in (6mm) Ca]bkrN¾ nig lkcg¥Úr CMerA 1/4 in (4mm) EtmYYydg . b:uEnþeBlNaeRbIR)as; Epø 3/8 in ( 19 mm) CMerAlkRtUvlkBIrdgesIμ²Kña . CMerATb;RtYvP¢ab;RKb;m:asIunlkTaMgGs; RBMEdnénclna cuHeRkam edaytYm:asIun ehtudUenH RtUveFIVkarRtYtBinitüCMerAlk . m:asIunxøH)aneFIVRbdab;Tb;CMerA BI BIr eTAbI dg sMrab; eFIVkarlkcg¥Úr b:uEnþCMerAénm:asIun lkxøH GacP¢ab; edayEpñkkñúgkar RbtiþbtþikarCamYy édkan; KnøwHPa¢b; b¤Km¢as; eméd EdlenAelI CMehog rbs;]bkrN¾ . eRCIserIsm:UEdleGay)anc,as; nig xñatCMerAeGay)anR)akd RtYtBinitüemkanic eT,IgcuH eGaytMenIrkar)anl¥RbesIr . CMerAEpølkEdl)ancab;P¢ab;CamYym:asIunlkcaM)ac;RtUv eFIVkarbitkugtak;rbs;]bkrN¾ nig eFIVkartMrUvCMerAEpøeT,Igvij sMrab;karlknImYy ² . 2>3 m:asIunxat; m:asIunxat;GKÁisnIeRbIedayédeRcInykeTAeFIVkarkat;ecj enAelIkargar xat;lab épÞrabesμIrbs;m:asIun EdleKehAmü:ageTot fa m:asIunxat;elIkargarbBa©b; . b:uEnþvaminEmnsMrab;plitépÞelIenaHeT vaCa]bkrN¾EdleFIVkarenAeBlb:UNa b¤ karrMlIjsMGat sMrab;karlabvak;nI . ry³eBlénkarxat;edayédenH KW vamansar³sMxan;sMrab;xat;ykecj rlatesþIg²edaym:asIun . Carpenting Works -84-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC rUb3>7 m:asIunxat; ExSRkNat;xat; vaCaExSbnþKñaEdlmansarFatus¥itRKbBIelIRkNat;CYyeGaytwgenAcenøaHrUT,ÚBIr. ERKsMEb:tmYy b¤ bnÞHsMEb:t mYy EdlenAcenøaH rUT,ÚTaMgBIrCYYyeGayRkNat;xat; GwmCab; nigkic©kar . m:UT½rTajrU:T,Ú xageRkamEtmYy b:ueNÑH b:uEnþ rU:T,Ú enAEpñkxagmux sMrab;éltMrUvRtYt Binitübnþwg nig pøÚvrbs;ExS . ExSRtNak;xat;)anxat;ykecj sac;eQIy:agrh½s nig )aneRbIR)as;sMrab;xat;épÞFM² rbs; eQI nig bnÞHkþareFIVedayéd . BYkeK k¾ )aneRbIR)as; sMrab;xatépÞFM² rbs;eQI nig bnÞHkþareFIVedayéd . BYkeKk¾)aneRbIR)as;pgEdr eTAelIkarxat;Edk nig xat;ecj BIreRKOgEdlcas; ² . TMhMExS ExSRkNat;xat;manTMhMCak;lak;tamlMdab;rbs;ExSsarFatus¥it . m:asIuntUcmanTMgn; Rsal manbnÞarExSBI 2 3/8 in ( 60 mm ) ExSRkNat;xat;EdlFMvaF¶n; nig Gacy:ab;yWn kñúgkareRbIR)as;pgEdr eTAelIkarxat;Edk nig xat;ecj BIreRKOgEdlcas;² . TMMhMExS Carpenting Works -85-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC ExSRkNat;xat;manTMhMCak;lak;tamlMdab;rbs;ExSsarFatus¥it . m:asIuntUcmanTMgn;Rsal manbnÞarExSBI 2 3/8 in ( 60 mm) nig beNþay 16 in (400 mm) . m:asIunFMmanExSTMhM 3 x 21 in ( 100 x 620 mm) ExSRkNat;xat;EdlFMvaF¶n; nig Gacyab;yWn kñúgkareRbIR)as; ry³eBlyUr . el,Onrbs;ExS m:asIunxat;CaeRcIn manel,Onxat; " KμanbnÞúk " enAcenøaH 585 nig 1234 feet ( 180 eTA 380 mm ¦ kñúg1 naTI . el,OnGacpøas;bþÚr)anedaytMrUveGayyWtnUv 487 SFPM ( 150 m per minute ) sMrab;sMPar³Naqab;eFIVeGayekþA dUcCa fñaM labCaedIMm nig GacéltMrUvel,OnelOn sMrab;eQI nig bnÞHkþar . karpøas;bþÚrExS karpøas;bþÚrExSvaCakarFmμtaenAelIm:asIun . karrwtbnþwg b¤bnæÚrykecjedayTajédxÞas; EdlsßitenAcMehogm:asIun rYcmankarpøas;bþÚrecjExSEdlcas; ehIyExSfIμRtUv )anrGilBIelIr:UT,Ú TaMgBIr sñamRBYjenAelIExSvaCacMnucsMrab;R)ab;Tiseda sMrab;dak;ExSeTAkñúgm:asIun kñúgeBlEdlmuxtMNenAelIExSRkvat; vacab;epþImebIkenaH vanwgrt;xuspøÚv . ExSfμIRtUvrt;bnþwg nig édrwtedayTajeTAeRkay enAeBlm:asIundMenIrkar éltMrUvpøÚvExS edayk,alRtem:ag edIm,IeGayclnaExSEdlnUvcMehogpøÚv rhUtdl;va)an RtUvcMkNþal;elIrUT,ÚTaMgBIr . karRbmUlFUlI RKb;ExSRkNat;xat;TaMgGs; va P¢ab;CamYynUvfg;sMrab;RbmUlFUlI enH CakarcaM)ac; mYyeBl Edlxat;eQI b:uEnþfg;enHRtUvykecjeBlEdlxat;CamYyEdk edIm,I eCosvageqHedaypáaePøIg . GIusUT,g;GKÁsnI eRCIserIsm:asIunxat; EdlmantYCapøasÞic edayGIusUT,g;enH )aneRbIedIm,IkarBarBIkarqk;eday crnþGKÁIsnI . bnþkarxat;CamYykugtak;biTebIk kugtak;bitebItGacxÞas;esarsMrab;bnþrxat;rhUt edaysgát;b‘UtugenAelIédkan; . édkan;bnÞab; kareRbIédbnÞab; EdlenAelIBImuxm:asIun vamankarBi)ak edIm,IbnÞab rW egIbm:asIun . eTaHCay:agNavaCa TMenomTMlab;rbs;édkan; bnÞab;Edldkykecj eT,IgBIrkarxat;enAeBl Edl mankarbg¥ak;kargar . eRKagxat; Carpenting Works -86-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC enAelIm:asIunxøH va P¢ab;eRKOgéltMrUv eRKagxat;mYyEdlmanExSB½TæCMuvij enHCacMnYnkMNt; rbs;CMerAxat; EdleFIVeGaymansuvtþiPaB kñúgkarxat;elI épÞEdlFMTUlay nig karBarsnæwkBaslMGrEdlesþIg . 3- ]bkrN¾P¢ab; ]bkrN¾P¢ab;Edlcl½t)anRtUv)an RtUv)anbBa¢ÚlenAkñúgCMBUkenH EdlehAfa eRbIedayxül; ¬GnuPaBsgát;edayxül;¦ nig ]bkrN¾P¢ab;EdlmansMelgdUcpÞúH BYkTaMgenH)aneRbIR)as;BaseBj sMNg; ]sSahkmμ sMrab; Gnuvtþn¾eRcInelIkargarP¢ab;BI RKwHeTAdl;dMbUl . 3-1 ]bkrN¾)aj;Rkab;kib EdkeKal eRbIedayxül; ]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib nig ]bkrN¾)aj;EdkeKal eRbIedayxül;enH CasamBaØ ehAfa kaMePøIg . BYkeKRtUv)aneRbIR)as;BaseBj sMrab;karP¢ab;)anrh½seTAelIeRKag EpñkénkMralCBa©aMg nig yabdMbUl dMbUl kargarbegðIyénEpñkxageRkAnig kartMrwmEpñkxagkñúg . rUb 3>8 ]bkrN¾)aj;RKab; kib eRbIedayxül; Carpenting Works -87-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC Gñkplit)aneFIVxñat BIr bI m:UEdl sMrab;kargarP¢ab; EdlmantYkaMePøIg)aneRbIR)as;eRcInsMrab;elI kargar Pab; vamin)aneRbIsMrab;kargar KMrwmEpñkxagkñúgeT,Iy . m:UEdlcas;RtYvkareRhVkg;eRbg rYmedayéd b¤ edaytMeT,IgeRbgenAkñúgExSxül; . CamYykarsikSa )ankan;Et eFIVeGayRbesIreT,Ig manm:UEdlfμIxøH KμantMrUvkareRbgCamYYy GIVTaMgGs; . KMNt;cMNaM RtUvBak;EvntakarBarEpñk vak¾eRbIpgEdlnUv ]bkrN¾karBarRkecok kareRbIeBlyUr nig lWsUrxøaMgGacbeNþaleGayeRKaHfñak;dl;Rtecok . ]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib ]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib)anpliteTAtamm:UEdl nig TMhMxñat eTaHCavaxusKña GIVxøHk¾eday BYkeK)ancMNat;fñak; kargarRsal mFüm nig F¶n; . ]bkrN¾EdlniymcUlcitþ Ca]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib dMbUl Edl)aneRbIR)as; sMrab; P¢ab;dMbUl RKab;kibvamanBIr bI m:UEdl EdlbnÞark,al kib man 1 Gin rYmCamYybeNþay Edlman BI 3/4 in eTA 1 1/2 . vaGaceRbIR)as;pgEdrsMrab; P¢ab;elI sMPar³d¾éTeTot dUcCa bnÞHExStYc ² GIusUT,g; eRKOgsgðarwm nig tu TUr . RKab;kibenH dUcCaEdkeKaleday)anbitkavrYmKñapg eFIVIeGaykargarrh½s . kaMePøIg)aj;RKab;kibCaeRcIn GacpÞúkkibeT,IgrhUtdl; 150 RKab;kib . Kμan]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib NamYy Edl minRtUvkarRKab; kibeT,Iy RKab;kibenHeFIVmank,alCaCYr nigk,alCaCYr nig k,almFüm kñúgenaHman bEnßmTTwgk,alRKab;kib . RKab;kibEdlniymcUlcitþ 3/8 in . RKab;kibk,almFümbeNþayBI 3/4 in eTA 2 in . kareRbIR)as;]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib tamkarsikSaCaeRcInrbs; TMhM]bkrN¾)aj;RKab;kib nig]bkrN¾)aj;EdkeKal GñkRtUvsikSaBIkarEnnaM rbs;Gñkplit nig eFIVtamTaMgenaHedayRbugRby½tñ eRbIR)as;RKab;EdkeKal nig eFIVkareGay)anl¥ RBmTaMgBak;Bak;]bkrN¾ karBarEPñk cMnuc sMxan; ]bkrN¾RtUvdak;eGayCab;elIkic©karedIm,IRbtibtþikar edaysgáat; cuHeGayGibCab;eTAelI épÞkic©kar ehIy nig Tajkugtak; . eBlRbtibtþikarRtUveKarBtamsuvtþiPaBrbs;]bkrN¾ . TMhMEdlR)afñacg;)anénRKab;kib b¤ RKab;EdkeKalmanenAhaglk;TMnij . Carpenting Works -88-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CMBUk TI 4 ]bkrN¾EdlmanGnuPaB Carpenting Works -89-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1 m:asIunGarmantu nigm:asIunGarmanédeyal 1-1 m:asIunGarmantu kñúgRTugRTayCamUldæanenH m:asIunGarmantu RbkbeTAeday EpørNamUlmYyEdllyecj BIkNþalrbs;tueFIVkar EdlP¢ab;CamYyr)aMgkarBar . CadMbUg)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;GareQI rwg nig bnÞHkþareFIVedayédeTAtamTMhM fÍμebIvabgðajeGayeXIj nUvkarkMNt;muxgarvak¾eday m:asIunenHCaFmμta vaCam:asIundMbUgEdlRtUvTij edayGñkeFIVkarelIeQI nig RtUvdak;nUvcMkNþal én eragCag edaysardMueQI nimYy²RtUvGarehIyGareTot edIm,IeGayeQITaMgenHmanRCugEkg eFIVCaTMrg lkbg¥Üc kat;dMu 45 dWeRk nig eFIVtMN . viC¢maRtEpørNa Carpenting Works -90-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC m:asIunGarmantu sMrab;eragCagtampÞH viC¢maRt EpøvaeFIVBI 5 1/2 ( 140 mm) eT,IgeTA12 Gin ( 300mm) . kkþaEdlsMxan; CageK KWCMerAGtibrma rbs;Epøkat;EdlkMnt; edayRbEvgEpøGaclyecjBIelItu nig RbEhl 1/3 énviC¢maRtva . sMrab;kargareQIEdlmaM GñkRtUvkarBicarNaedIm,ITijEpørNamYy man 10 Gin ¬250mm¦ b¤KYreGaycUlcitþCagenHman 12 Gin ¬300mm¦ . EpøenHCaFmμtaeT,Ig b¤cuHedayédrévragmUl sMrab;karGarry³eBlyUr nig edIm,IeGay)andac;eQIs¥atl¥ . éltMrUvkMBs;rbs;eFμj RbEhl 1/4 eTA 3/8 in ¬6 eTA9 mm¦ eGayputBIelIépÞkic©kar . mMuEpørNa edIm,IRbtþbtþi karCamYyédév EpøvaGacTMerteTA mMuNamYyBIépÞ bBaÆr 45 dWeRk eTAtu eFIVkar . maneRKOgéltMrUv Epø mancuckugtak;eGay rNa vil Canic¢CakarRtYtBinitüT;ItaMgbnÞat; Tb; edIm,I eFIVeGay)anR)akd Edlnig naMeGaykargarminyWty:av . RtUvGankarénnaMrbs;Gñkplit pgEdr fa etIGñkRtUvdkykecjtubEnþm b¤k¾bnÞabEpø munnwgeFIVkaréltMrUv . eRCIserIs m:asIunCamYykMritxñat Edlcg¥úrbgðajmMu énEpøeGay)anc,as;las; . tubEnßm KWCaEpñktUcmYyrbs;tueFIVkarvaenAB½T§CMuvijEpø EdledaHykecjeFIVeGaygayRsYlkñúgkar edaHdUrEpø . enHehAga }tubEnßm } manrgVHRtg;mYynaMeGayEpølyecj)an . yUr²mþg; minsUvl¥rvagrNa nig tubEnßm rgVHenHRtUvmanbnÞarFM ebItUcRtUvQb;Gar edayenARbeT,aHva nig EpøENn . vaGaceFIV)anedIm,Ipøas;bþÚr eBltubEnßm minsUvl¥ CamYyenHeKeFIVvaBIbnÞHkþar EdlmanrgVHsMrab;EpørNa . ]bkrN¾CMnYsebIkmuxGar eBlNaeQIsMgYtmin)anl¥ vamansMeNIMmEdlnaMeGaymankarERblRbYlenAeBlGar vacab;epþImmanclnasgát; EdlmanenAkñúgva eBlGa edaysarclnaenH PaKxøHénkarGareQIRtUvbBa¢ab; nig EpørNa minGacvil)an dMueRKOgrbs;kic¢kar nig RtUvdkfyeRkay . sMrab;ehtuplenH ]bkrN¾ CMnYssMrab;ebIkmuxGar)aneFIVBIEdk ekag ehIycab;b’UT,úgeGay)anRtwmRtUv BIeRkamEpørNa edIm,IrkSakarebIkmuxpøÚvGar . karcab;]bkrN¾enHeGay)anRtwm RtUvvaGacRbEhl 1/8 in 13 mm Carpenting Works -91-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC BIeFμjrNa EdlCitbMputmineGayeRcIn Cag 3/ 9 in ( 9mm) BIcugeFμj nig cugkMBUlva Gtibrma 1/ 8 in ( 3mm) BIeRkamcMnucxçs;bMput rbs;EpørNa . Bt;mþg² ]bkrN¾enHeFIVeGayeTr eTAEpørna . KMrbkarBar Epø KMrbenHeFIVBIEdkEdlmaM edayBüÜreGay)anRtwmRtUv BIelIEpø edIm,IkaBarenAeBlRbtibtþikarBIkarb:HbeNþayeGaymaneRKaHfñak; vaCYyTb;pgEdeTAelIdMueRKOg kargar RbsinebIvaegIbBIEpøedayclan kMerIkenAeBlGar . KMrbenHP¢ab;eTAedayb’UT,úg cUleTAkñúg]bkrN¾ ebIkmuxGar b¤ BüÚredayéd EdlGac gakeT,IgcuH)an . KMrbEdldak;eGayRtUvbitBIelIEpønUveBlcb;kargar . m:UT½rGKÁIsnI vaCam:asIunenAnwg mYykEnøg m:asIunGarmantuenH tMrUvkarm:UT½r GKÁsnI FM EdlmansmtþPaB eRcIn kñúgkarTaj Epøkñúgel,OnmYy EdlGac Gar)ans¥atenAelIkic©kar . eTaHbIy:agNak¾eday m:UT½r m:asIunGar EdlmantuFM vamindUcKñatictUc vamankartantwgenAeBl GarkMras;eQIi eQIrwgEdlRkas; eKeRbIm:UT½r A 15 KW ( 2 hp) EdlsmlμmsMrab;m:asIun P¢ab;CamYyEpø 10 eTA 12 Gin ( 250 eTA 300 mm ¦. ]bkrN¾kat;mMu ]bkrN¾enHGacelIkdak;)anEdl rGilelWKnøgRsb nwgEpøkñuúgrgVHturbs;m:asIun . va)aneRbIR)as; enAeBlNaEdleFIVkarkat;TTwg BI 90 eTA 45 dWeRk . ]bkrN¾enHRtUveGayrt;kñúgrgVH cg¥Úr)anRsYledayKñankkit GIVeT,Iy nigvaRtUv)aneFIVeTAtam xñatCak;lak; edIm,Icg¥ÚrbgðajmMuva . turgVil)an tamsþg;dar ]bkrN¾kat;mMusMrab;eFIV ]bkrN¾NaEdlmanxñattUc b:uEnþvaBi)akkñúgkarkat;TTwg bnÞHkþar EdlFMTUlay EdlmanépÞtu rGilRsbCamYy Epø nig man]bkrN¾elIkdak;mYy)ancab;P¢ab;eTAnigva . tuEdleFIVkarrGilkat;TTwgenH maneBlxøHpÁMúedayeRKOgbgÁMúedIm,I eFIVkarGarsMrab;eragCagtampÞH . kugtak;;biTebIk eRCIserIs m:asIunCamYykugtak; bitebIk y:aggayRsYl . Carpenting Works -92-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC tueFIVkar sMxan;bMputEdlRtUveGayman vaCatuGar mYy EdlmanépÞsMEb:t ehIyrwgmaM . sar³sMxan;tum:asIunEdl l¥ eFIVBIEdkEfb . vaefakcMeBaHtuEdlbt;)anedaypþl;nUvKuNPaB eGay)anrwgmaM . eRCIserIs m:asIunEdlmaneRKOgbrikçarYmCamYy dMueRKOgEpñkbnþ edIm,Ipþl;eGayeBjbnÞH kþar 4 x 9 ft ( 1,22 x 2,44 m) . bnÞat;Tb;eRcok dMueRKOgkic©karmYy)anrt;GibbnÞat;eRcok edIm,InaMvaeGayRtg;tamKnøgEdl)anGarBIcugmçag . vaRtUvkarCacaM)aj; EdlmaM nig minGacbt;Ebn)an . bnÞat;Tb;xøH vaCYyTaMgBIr KW BImux nig BIeRkay EpørNa bEnþenHmincaM)ac;pþl;nUvbn¢at;Tb;eT,Iy edaysarkargarxøHminRtUvelImuxgarva . bnÞat;Tb; enHmansmtßPab élsMrYl )anl¥RbesIreRcIn BIEpñkcMehog CamYykMritxñatc,as;las; . karéltMrUvk,al nig kénS eRbIR)as;CalkçNHBiess edaysagsg;enAelIm:asIun tictYcsMrab;eragCagtampÞH . cMnuHrbs;GareRcok sßitenAelIcMgay RbelaHbnÞat;Tb;eTAnig Epø EdlsuRkitS eRCIserIsm:asIunEdlmansmtßPaB énBak;kNþalTMhM bnÞHkþareFIVedayéd b:uEnþGñknigmanm:asIun GaceRcInRbePT EdlmancMNuHy:agtUc . 1>2 m:asIunGarmanédeyal m:asIunenHmankMlaMgxøaMg kñúgkarkat; TTwg elIkdMbUg . m:asIunenHGacbt;eTAmuxeTAeRkay )anEdlTak;Tajcitþdl;GñkCMnajkarxageQI . m:asIunenH nigeRcokkat;TTwg bBa©it b¤kat;mMu nig )anEkERb tictYcCaRTg;RTaym:asIundUcKña Gacpøas;bþÚrCaePøArgVillk k,alcab;Epølk m:asIunxat b¤sVan . Epø nig tYm:UT½r eTAtam sþg;darm:asIun EdlBüÜrenABIeRkay édeyal Edk ehIyenAelIEpñkx<s;rbs;sresr . édenHeyal BImçag eTAmçagedIm,I karBarEpø nUvmMumYy elIkic©kartak;mMu enAeBlEtmYyenH tYm:UT½r ehIy nig Epø)aneRTt nig vulCMuvij edaysmasFatu BIredIm,I kat;mmMu enAeBlEtmYyenH m:UT½r ehIynig Epø)aneRTtnig vilC;Muvij edaysmasFatu BIredIm,Ikat;mMu ehIyédva)anP¢ab;kMT,úgeBlEdltuvilCMuvij BIeRkamva BIeRBaHbegÁalsrsr )andak;nenAEpñkxageRkay én tu EFIVkar m:asIunGar Carpenting Works -93-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC manédeyalenHGactMelIgGibCab;eBlQr ebIkrbs;BYkeK nig xøHGacTb; nwgRtecok BIEkgTMrCBa¢aMg . bgÁMúCamYyExS lYlm:asIunrbs;GñkRtUveFIVtam lMdab;énkarEnnaMrbs;Gñkplit . bnÞarQUsGtibrma m:asuInBRgabeRcIneRbICajwkjab;c,as;las;eTAelIduMeQI duMeRKOgkic©karNaEdlmanbnÞarFM² GñkGacQUsenAelIm:asuInEdl)ankMNt;edayEpøkat; eKehA "kabit" nwg)anrwtP¢ab;edayb‘ULúgcUl eTAkñúgduMk,alcab;EpøEdlGacvilCuMvij)an. m:asuInBRgabFuntUcGacmanEpøkaMbitxøI 6 In (150mm) b¤ Carpenting Works -94-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC ticCagenH/ b:uEnþenAeragCagmFüm m:asuInQUsb¤ m:asuInBRgab nig)anQUsTTWgGtibrmaRbEhl 10 x ¼ in (260mm). el,ÓnduMk,alcab;Epø duMCaragbMBg;CamYyvamanBIr b¤bIEpøkaMbitEdlmanRbelaHesμI²Kña vavilCuMvijedaymanel,Ón x<s;eRcInedIm,IQUssMGat nigeGay)ans¥atl¥enAelIépÞsac;eQI. el,ÓnduMk,alcab;EpøenH maneBl xøHCak;lak;kñúgrgVilKitkñúg1 naTIb:uEnþeK)anKiteTAtamcMnYnkat;EdleRcIn EdleFVIkñúg1naTIeday clnaEpøkat;. duMk,alEdlmanEpøbI nigkat;)aneRcInCagduMk,alEdlmanEpøBIrEdlvilkñúgel,ÓndUc Kña/ sMrab;duMk,almanEpøBI 12/000 kat;kñúgmYynaTIvaCael,Ónd¾RtwmRtUvmYy. karrYmpSMbeNþayéntu kñúglMdab;enHcaM)ac;RtUvteGay)anEKmRCugRtg;enAelIduMeRKOgkic©kar/ srubbeNþayéntucUl bUknig tuecjRtUveGay)anEvgEdlGaceFVI)an/ srubbeNþayénm:asuInBRgabmFümanRbEhl 3ft 3 in (1m) . bnÞat;Tb; CabnÞat;Edkrwgq¥wgEdlRtUvkarCacaM)ac;sMrab;teGay)anEkgRtwmRtUv b¤RCugbBaäitenAelIduM eRKOgkic©kar. RKb;bnÞat;Tb;enHGacep¥ógeTAmuMxøHBI 90 eTA 45dIeRk eFobeTAnwgtu b:uEnþeRkayBI)an rwtP¢ab;ehIy RtUvRtYtBinitüedayEkgEdk b¤rgVas;muMcl½t. CMerAkat;Gtibrma karbnSIEpøkat;vasßitenARbeLaHBIr KWminBwgBak;elIGVIeToteLIyedayéltMrUvtuEdk. tuEdl x<s;enABIeRkayk,lcab;Epø tubeBa©jenHRtUvéltMrUv kMBs;vaCamYyKMrUrgVg;EpñkxagelIedaybgVilEpø kat;. tuenABImuxk,alcab;Epø CatubBa©ÚlvaTabedIm,ItMrUvkarCMerAkat;/ karQUsGacbnSúIGtibrma RbEhl ⅛ in (3mm) QUsy:agrak; 1¼32 in (1 mm) sMrab;begðIyelIkargar. b:uEnþsMrab;el,ÓnenH RtUveFVIeLIgedayQUssuICMerA BIr rW bIdgbnþbnÞab;Kña² edaymYy b¤eRcIn sMrab;kargarQUsbegðIyenH. CMerAénkarQUskMNt;cg¥úredayxñatEdlenAbnÞab;BItubBa©Úl. Carpenting Works -95-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC KMrbk,alcab;Epø Epøkat;EdlvilCuMvijrbs;m:asuIn BRgabmansmtßPaBeFVIeGaybMbutcugRmamédkñúgEpñkmYy/ TIBIrminRtUveFVIkarelIm:asuInedayTukKMrbedayELkeLIy. s<anKMrbenH)anéltMrUvkñúgbMBg;Edl Gac rMGilkat;bnÞarEpøTaMgmUl rbs;duMk,alcab;EpøCaRTg;RTayedIm,IkarBar. m:asuInBRgabxøHeFVIs<anKMrb CabnÞHEdlmanrWs½r edayelIkrW TajeTAcMehog)an eBleFIVkaredayvaqøgkat;BIelIk,alcab;Epø. RbePTKMrbxagelIenHva gaykñúgkareFVIfμI edayRKan;EteyaleTAcMehoedIm,IbeBa©jeGayeXIjEpø kaMbit. EfmBIelIenaHvamanKMrbenABIeRkay bnÞat;Tb;Edlqøgkat;k,alcab;EpøedayRbvtþiBIbnÞat;Tb; edayéltMrUvBIcMehogpøÚv. GñkminRtUvb:unb:gedIm,Ilak;elIduMeRKOgkic©karénépÞbBaÄr b¤epþkedayTMlak;KMrbcuHeRkam eLIy dUecñHédrbs;Gñkk¾minRtUvkarcUleTACitEpøkaMbitEdr. 2>3 ]bkrN_dab;RbehagdMNab; rUb 4>5 ]bkrN_dab;RbehagdMNab; enAeragCag]sSahkmμkareFVIBnøÜjnig dMNab;énEpñkTaMgmUleK)aneFVICakmμviFIplitman eRKOgbrikçaCamYym:asuIneFVIdMNab;Fn;F¶n;. m:asuInBiessTaMgenaHmantMélhYsehtueBk/ b:uEnþman KuNPaBl¥mYyKW]bkrN_Cab;RbehagdMNab;EdlmanGnuPaBdUcm:asuIndéTeTotEdr dUcCam:asuIn sVansgát; b¤QUsCatMélefakmYyEdlGacCMnYs)anEdlGñkRbkbkic©karelIeQIPaKeRcIn niymcUl citþRbePTenH. ]bkrN_Bnøatdab;Rbehag m:asuInsVansgát;GacyklMnaMtamrebobdab;dMnab; rbs;]bkrN_dab;RbehagdMNab;. Carpenting Works -96-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC ]bkrN_)anbBa©ÚlCaBiessnUvEpñkEdkxYgsßitenAcMkNþalénEtg/ RbehagBnøatvamanmux Epøkat; bYn. va)ane)aHBYyTUleTAkñúgeQI/ karkat;CaRbehagdMNab;enHCak;c,as;Nas;edayRbehagva)an Ekg/ EpøEdkxYg)anxYgecjnUvEpñkmin)ankaredaycMRtg;k,alénBnøakehIy RCugTaMgbYnénRbehag EkgTaMgGs;. edIm,Idab;)anyUr rbs;RbehagdMNab;ragbYnRCugRTEvg/ rujbBa©ÚlduMeRKOgkic©karEdl enAcMehogxøÜnenAcenøaHBIkare)aHBYycuHrbs;BnøaknimYy². cMeBaHBnøakEdlmanmuxFM)anRtUveRbIR)as;kñúgplitpl]sSahkmμ eRKOgbrikçaeragCag)an ykBnøakEkgedaymanbnÞarTMhM ¼ eTA ¾ in (6 eTA 18mm) . rgVHrbs;RbehagdMNab; rgVHrbs;RbehagdMNab;mYyRtUv)anbBa©ÚleTAkñúgépÞedk ehIy)andak;eGayxøIkinbnSúIeday m:asuIn. eRKOgbrikçarRbePTenHrt;edayeRKOgemkanicénm:asuInehIyvaP¢ab;k,alcab;enAEpñkxagcug énk,alcab;Epørbs;m:asuIn. k,alcab;enHvaRbhak;RbEhleTAk,alcab;rbs;m:asuInsVaneRbIeday édEdredaytMrUvcitþ nUvviC¢maRt ¼ eTA 5/8 in (6 eTA16 mm) Epøkat;vamanmuxsMrab;kat;BIr/ mYy²)an eFVICarageFμj. tueFVIkarmYy/ kic©karRtUveKobnwgGgÁúM vaRtUvcab;BIeRkamk,alcab;Epøkat; ehIyvaeFVIdMeNIrmk eRkayy:agxøaMg edIm,IbnSúICMerAkat;. tuenHsMrab;éltMrUvkMBs; nigéltMrUvcMnYnkMNt;eFVIdMeNIrEdlRtUv Qb;pgEdr. ehtudUecñH RtUvdak;kMritRbehag nUvxagténSRtUv)anRtYtBinitüedaydgx¢as;. 2>4 m:asuInsVansgát; m:asuInsVansgát;enHsMrab;eFVIkargarNaEdlF¶n; vaCam:asuInsVanenAhñwgmYykEnøg. k,al m:asuInRbkbeTAedayk,alcab;sMrab;Tb;EpøsVan/ ExSBanrt;edayemkanic nigm:UTr½GKÁisnIva)andak; enAelIssrésEdkrwgqáwg. sesrenH)aneCIgEdkd¾F¶n;F¶rTb;Edl)ancab;b‘ULúgeTAnwgtueFVIkar b¤Qr BIelIépÞkMraleragCag. kñúgeRKagrbs;m:asuInenH/ ssrvaEvgRKb;RKan;kñúgRbeLaHsVanBIk,alcab;Epø eTAtusVanedIm,IgayRsYleTAkic©karEdlx<s;. k,alcab; Carpenting Works -97-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC k,alcab;rbs;m:asuInmanfÁambIedayedaH b¤rwtedaysarmYl EdldUcsuT§saFeTAnwgk,al cab;rbs;m:asuInsVanedayéd. k,alcab;rbs;m:asuInsVan sgát;CaeRcIn edaytMrUvéføCamYyk,alcab; EdlmanviC¢maRteLIgdl; ½ in (2mm) . m:UT½rGKÁIsnI m:asuInsVanenAhñwgmYykEnøgenH)aneFVICamYym:UT½rGaMgDucsüúgEdlmankMritcenøaHBI 187 nig 759 w ( ¼ nig 1hp) enHCaRbePTm:UT½rmansmtßPaBeRcIn/ val¥RbesIrkñúgkarTijm:asuInsVanEdlman m:UT½ry:agtic 250w (1/3hp). GnuPaBrbs;m:UT½r)anbBa©ÚleTAeGayExSBannig RbBn§½duMvil r:keTAePøAnigk,alcab;clna rbs; ExSBaneLIgrW cuH eTAtamCMhanrbs;ekaNr:kEdl)anpøas;bþÚrel,Ónkñúg 4 b¤ 5cg¥Úrr:ksßitenA cenøaH 450 nig 3000 rpm. el,ÓnEdlTabbMput)aneRCIserIssMrab;sVanEdk b¤sVanrn§EdlFMkñúgeQIrwg/ begáInel,ÓneBl NaEdleFVIkarCamYyeQITn;. tusMrab;eFVIkarsVan CatuEdkmYyEdl)anXñabCab;eTAssr. turbs;ma:suInsVanxøHGacelIkelIgrW bnÞabcuHeday édeday)anedaHrW rwtGgÁúMEdl enAelIssrkñúgTItaMgEdltMrUvkaredaysarbnþwgnwg rnukmYy/ m:asuIn sVandéTeTot)aneFVICaRbBn§½tu hñwgkMBs;BIéltMrUvedayédrév. eRCIserIsm:asuInCamYytuEdlGacep¥óg)aneTAmuM 45dWeRknig GacTajecjnUvcMehogeday bgVileTAelIssredIm,IeGay)ankEnøgTUlayeBlmanduMeRKOgkic©karmFümdak;enAelIeCIgm:asuIn. RbehagtusMrab;sVanEdlmanragCabYnRCugRTEvg b¤mUlsßitenARtg;kNþalenaHsMrab;eGayEpøsVan qøgkat;Rtg;nUvduMeRKOgkic©kar edayKμankarxUcxat. bnÞa;Tb; GgÁúMédeRKOgsMPar³GacP¢ab;edayb:ULúg nigtueRbIR)as;rn§enHeBlsVanedaym:asuInqøgkat;va. eCIgm:asIun sMrab;PaBminrBa¢Y/eCIgEdkenHRtUveGay)anFMehIyF¶n;.épÞxagelIRtUveGay)anrabesμInig)aneFVI rn§edIm,IbMerI eGaytusMrab;sVanTIBIrsMrab;dMueRKOgkic©karEdlFM. km:asIn³ Carpenting Works -98-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC km:asIunenHmancMgayBI RbeLaHkNþalrbs;Fatu sMrab;sVaneTAsresrGaceGayTUlayebI Gac eFVI)an. cMnuHkm:asIunsVansgát;enAelIeragCag GacmanBI 4 eTA 8in ¬100 eTA 200mn) . dgXñas;³ EpøsVan)ane)aHBYycUleTAkñugdMueRKOgkic©karedayTajcuHeRkamenAelIdgXñas;bnuSIEdlenAcMeho gm:asIun.kñugenaHvamanbnÞukrWsr½ )aneFVIeGaydgXñas;viledaysVy½Rbvtþi/ b:uEnþemkanitGacCab;esa edaydgXñas;GgÁuMmYyenAeBlrt;sVan kñugkMritTItaMgy:agTabbMput.sMrab;kMBgeFVIkarGaRsy½eday édTaMgBIr . CMerARbehagGtibrma CMerARbehagGtibrmaGaceFVIkarsVanenAEpñkNamYyedaym:asIun sVansgþt;EdlkMNt; edayclnabBaÄrénk,alcab;.clnabBaÄr GtibrmaepSg²man 2eTA 3 13 ¬50 eTA 90mn) enAelIkMlal;eQIEdldak;enAelIm:asIun/b:uEnþGñkmuxCamansmtßPaB sVanrn¢EdleRCAenAelIépÞkMralEdr Qrrbs;m:asInsVansgát;. ]brkN¾tMrUvCMerA karsVanC¿erA)anRtYtBinitü eday]bkrN¾tMrUvCMerAmYy. KUsCMerAEdlRtUvkarenAelIcMehogéndMu eRKOgkic©kar/bnÞab;k,alcab;rhUtdl;cugEpøsVan/føwgeGayRtg;CamYyKnUsrYctMrUv]krN¾CMerAeGayQb; enARtg;RBMEdnépÞbBaÄrEdlRtUvsVancuHéndMurgVil nigk,alcab;. ]bkrN¾suvtßiPaB ebIsinGaceFVI)an/ Tijm:asIunEdlman]bkrN¾suvtißPaB¬CaFmμtaeFVIGMBIRtg;s,:ar:g;pasÞic¦ EdlTMlak;cuHeRkam b£ eyakat;edIm,I)aMgkarBar k,alcab;rbs;m:asIun. ]bkrN¾enH)ankarBarsk; nigsMelokbMBak;BIkarTak;cUleTAkñugk,alcab;.eFVkarbit]bkrN¾enH edayGñkRtuvmankarrRbugRby½tñ I pgEdlenAk,alcab;enH EdlCamUlehtuéneRKaHfñak;mYyEdlsißitenABIxageFVgrbs;m:asIun. Carpenting Works -99-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC CMBUkTI 5 Gnuvtþn¾ Carpenting Works -100-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1¦ karGan GñkmuxCaeFVIkarGarelIkdMbUgeTAtamRbePTénkic©karenAkñugkargarCageQI/munnwgdMueQImYy)an eQImYy)an ERbRTg;RTayb£sNæanvaEdl)anRtUvkat;BIbnÞHkþar. karGarCabec©keTsmYymansar³RbeyaCn¾pgEdr reboeFVITaMgGs;eTaHCavasßitenAkñugkarP¢ab; KñarvagkareRbIBnøakdab;edIm,IeFVItMNb¤bnÞHsMEb:tminTan;éqñecj/ ekagnigsNæand¾éTeTotEdl)aneFVI eGays¥atl¥enAelIkargarbegðIy. rNavaCa]bkrN¾mYyEdlcas;CageK niggayRsYleRcInkñugkareRbIR)as;.eFμjvaCaCYr)anBt; nigebIkmux tambeNþayEpøEdksMEb:t rYmTaMgkarqabtammMueFμjrNa. mMuenH)ankMNt;tamRbePTrbs; muxgarrNa Edl)aneFVI/ nigGñkplit)anBt;tMrUvtamlMdab;rbs;eFμj.rNa)anGarpþac;eTAkñugsac;eQI dUceTAnwgkardab;rbs;BnøakEdr. cg¥ÚrrNaEdl)anGartUcNas;va FMCagkMras;rbs;NaEdlnaMeGayeBlGarvamineKobmux.enH ehAfapøÚv Gar BIeRBaHsac;eQIvaxusKñatamry³beNþaysac;/ TTwgsac;vaRtUvkarGarsMrab;eRcoknwgkat; TTwg. TaMgenHvamankarxusKñarvagcMnYneFμjrbs;vanwgrNaEdleFμjdYleTAmux.rNaEdlmanEpø y:agesþIg eK)aneFVIEpñkxñgrNa eGaymanPaBmaMEdlehAfa “ rNaxñg “ EdlmanrNaeFVIBnøÚjFmμta RtUv)aneRbIeRcIn. bec©keTsGaredayéd edIm,IeGay)aneCaKCy½ PaKeRcIn RtUvBwgEp¥kelIKuNPaB nig kartMrUv]bkrN¾eGay)anRtwmRtUv. rNasMrab;GarekagrYmTaMgrNasMrab;GarevolnigrNaFñÚ eTaHbICaLÚvenHPaKeRcIn)anbMePøceca ledayeRbIR)as; m:asIunGarEdlmanGnuPaBdUcCam:asIunGarevol/m:asIunGarmanEptUcm:üag/nig m:asIunGaExS/. 2>2 m:asIunQUs mantuTTYlmYy/GñkeFVIkarelIeQICaeRcIn)anKitedIm,ITij m:asIunmYy EdlnwgGacQUsépÞelI s¥atl¥ enARKb;TaMgbYnRCug rbs;dMueRKOgkic©karedaysuvtßiPaB.plitpleragCagmYyCaerOy² )anmk BIkarplitpledayeRKOgbrikçaCamYym:asIunBIrTIéTBIKña.dMbUgRtUvQUsépÞelImYy rwBRgabsMrab;tMrUv EpñkRCugcMehognigRCugcMehogéndMueRKOgkic©karmYy.dMueRKOgkic©karEdl)andUcKñaRtUv)anQUseday eGayépÞelIEdlenAsl;BIrRCugeTotenaHeGayRsbeTARCugEdl)anBRgabehIy²ebIsinCaKμanbnÞb;b¤minR tUvkardl; eTAm:asIunQUsBIr GñkeFVIkarelIeQItampÞHCaerOy²ykxagNamYysMrab;BRgab nig QUs EdlrYmpSM muxgarTaMgBIrkñugm:asIunEtmYy. Carpenting Works -101-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC m:asIunGavEdlmanGnuPaB RKb;KñaFøab;)ansÁal;nUvm:asIun GaEpømUl EdlCam:asIundMbUgmYyenAeragCagrbs;GñkeFVIkarelI eQI nigrYmTaMgm:asIunGKÁIsnIeRbIedayéd rYmTaMgEpøGarEdleFVIedaybec©kviTüaTMenIb edayTTYl)an lT§pl l¥ nigsuvtßiPaB/ sMrab;enAcugEpøbMBak;edayEdkEfby:agrwg. cugEpøTaMgenHmantMéleRcIn CagEdlEfbFmμtab:uEnþvagayRsYledaymansmtßPaBkñugkarGarkñugry³eBlyUr)an. m:asIunGarmanédeyal )anbegþiteGaymankMBs;enABIxagelIm:asIunGarEpømUl CaTUeTAmanTM ertGamMu vaeRbIR)as;EpørNam:asIunGaEpømUl sMrab;kat;FMb£sMrab;kart vaeRbIEpøkat;FunBak;kNþalEdl ehAfak,al “dMulk “. TaMgenHGaclkcg¥ÚrFM²b£lak;EdleRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab;eFVItMN. RbEhlmansmtßPaBeRcInnigelOn/ karGarelIma: sIunGarExS Epøva)anrt;Rtg;CYrbnþCMuvijBIr b£ bIkg;vilmYy)anRtUvTajeday GKÁIsnI/ Epøva Gacbt;Ebn)ansMrab;GanekagEdlGaceFVieTA)an nig GarbnÞat;Rtg;. vaminRtUveRbIpgEdrsMrab;kat;bnÞHkþarEdlRkas;. m:asIunGarGKÁIsnITaMgenH eK)anEkERbfμI eGayeTAy:agtUcEdlgayRsYleRbIR)as;manm:asIun GarEpømUl eRbIedayéd nigm:asIunevoleRbIedayéd rYmTaMgExSePøIgkñugeBlRbtibtþikar. !>! karGaredayéd sßanPaBrbs;kic©karedayGñkGaceGay)ansmrmünUvmMu45ºdWeRkeTAépÞelIvaeFobeTAtueFVIkar CamYykMPYnédrbs;Gñk. rUbTI 1 1¦ Tb;rNaCamYyRmamédrbs;Gñksn§wgeq<aHeTAmuxcugrbs;EpørNa. enHnwgeGayGñkeFVIkarRtYt Binitü BIelIkarGaredIm,IkarBarkNþab;édBIkarrmYledayédrrbs;Gñk. Carpenting Works -102-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2¦ muncab;epþImGar RtUvdak;eFμjrNaeGayenAEpñkcMehogrbs;KMnUsEdlmin)ankar/naMmuxEpøTb; eday eméd ehIyeRbiédrbs;GñkTaj GarmkeRkayedayxøI kat;pþac;sac;eQIedayfñmCamYynrN. 2¦muncab;epþImGarRtUvdak;eFμjrNaeGayenAEpñkcMehog rbs;KMnsEdlmin)ankar/naMmuxEpøTb;eday U eméd ehIyeRbIédrbs;GñkTajGarmkeRkayedayxøI kat;pþac;sac;eQIedayfñmCamYyrNa. 3) mþgpøÚvGar)anebIk/ eRbIeBjbeNþayEpøkñugkarGareGayhñwg ehIyyWt. karGarelOnedayéd Carpenting Works -103-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC TaMgBIrmineTogTat;naMeGayGs;kMlaMg ebIsinGareTAxusbnÞat;RtUvrmYlEpøy:agRsaledIm,IeGaygak mkrkExSbnÞat;vijRbsinebIpøÚvGarCitcb;ehIyb:uEnþCab;EpøRtUvebIkmuxvaedayesñóttUcmYyrujEpøedayGare Gay)ans¥atbnþeTot. 4¦ eBlEdlGñkGarkat;beNþaykþarmYyCitdafc;RtUvRTEpñkkþarEdlCitdac;enaHedayédrbs;Gñk mçageTot kic©karenHRtUvywt nigy:agRsaledIm,IrkSakMueGaysréseQIEdlenAeRkayBIrbI Gacry³ BIsac;eQI)an. 5¦ enAeBlEdlGñkGareTACitcugkþarb£bnÞHkþareFVIedayédRtUv Rtlb;eFVIkarGarBIeRkayCafμImkpøÚvGar vijb£GñkbþÚrmux]bkrN¾ecjBIxøYnGñkEdlGñkGacbnþGarkñugTisedA dUcBIrmunEdr. GñkRtUvmanTItaMg GarenAelItueQI EdlmankMBs; enHsMrab;eCosvagkMueGaycugEpøb:HeTAépÞkMral. karEfrkSasMrab;Nar: nitiviFI Carpenting Works -104-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1¦rNaxñgdUcCarNaeFVIBnøj b£ rNaeFVIk,alGENþg/ vamaneFμjy:agl¥itehIyRbesIrCageFμjrNar: BIeRBaH rNaxñgenH kñugkarGan)anRtwmRtUv.eedIm,IeGaymansuvtßiPaB ykeQITb;kñugkþarTb;/ tMrUvTItaMgrbs;kþarTb;.rNa)anGarkat; ykmuxmkeRkayy:agRsalmkelIsac;eQI.EdlTb;GibenA Epñkxagcug TMBt;Tb; enHCakarGarelIkdMbUg. eRkayBIeFVIkarGarelIkdMbUg b£Garykmuxbnþic Edl)aneFVIenAelIcMehogrbs;bnÞat;KMnUsEpñkxag 2/ . )ankar bnÞab;mkGarbnþicmþg² mkeRkaytambeNáayépÞeQI bnþbnÞab;énbnÞat; ehIyGareBj bnÞar NaTaMgGs; rYcRbugsμartIenAelIkarGar “ Ekg” eTAEpÞbBaÄrrbs;bnÞat;edayeFVIkarRtYtBinitüerogral; 2- 3mmmþgénCMerAGar.EPñkrbs;GñkRtUvemIlBIelIeGay)anRtwmRtUv eTAbnÞat;rYmCamYyEpørNapgEdr Carpenting Works -105-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3¦karBi)akd¾sMxan;kñugkareRbIR)as;rNaeFVIBnøYj)anRtUvEfrkSaeBlGar”Ekg”nigmineRbIeBlEvg.dUecñHkñu gkarGardMbUgBIrbIdgcMa)ac;tMrUvkarcgcaMQb;/emIlnigpøÚvedIrrbs;NaeGayRtwmRtUvRbsinebIcaM)aM.bnÞab;BI e)anGarCMerARbEhl6mm ehIyPaKeRcInEpørNa)anGarCaCMhan²cuHnaMmuxedayxøYnÉg. ehtudUcenHRbsinCaGñkmin)aneFVIRtwmRtUvBIdMbUgeTenaHGñknwge)aHecalénkarGarenH. 4¦ rNaxñgGaceRbIR)as; sMrab;tambeNþaynigkat;tamTTwgsac;eQI/ nwgtuGgÁuMCaFmμta)anRtUveRbI R)as;sMrab;eKobrwteQI/édrbs;GñkEdlenATMenrmçageTotEdlGaceRbIR)as;eGaykarRtYtBinitübEnøm edayeRbIédTaMgBIrbs;Gñk EkgéddUcCa sñÚlvilEdl pþl;eGay kMlaMgGñkeRcIn ehtudUecñHRtUvBinitü eRcIn ehtudUecñHRtUvBinitüeRcInEdr nigEPñkEPñrbs;Gñk/ FmμtaRtUvemIlcuHeTAbnÞat;rYmCamYyEpñk eFVIkary:aggayRsYl eTAbnþbnÞab; eTAKMnUsbnÞat;bBaÄr. Carpenting Works -106-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC !>3 karGarCamYyrNaevol 1> cMEnkÉrNaeFVIBnøYj GacGarRtg;cUleTAkñugsac;eQI EtmYykt;/rNaevol)aneRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab; Garekagb£pøas;bþÚrclna)anrh½s. Tb;rNaCamYyédTaMgBIr.CaTUeTAeFμjrNaGardMueQI edayfyeRkay b:uEnþGñkeRbIvaelIkic© kar)anTaMgBIrRbePTpøÚv. EføvabgViledayeFVIkar rmYledayédkan; dUecñHGñktMrUvEpørNa)anxøHEdl Gñkcg;)an. 2¦rNaevolGaceRbIR)as;kñugkarGarTMrg;épÞxagkñugdUcCaRbehagTUlayCaedIm.dMbUgRtUvsVanrn§eGayenA CitKMnUsbnÞat;edIm,Idak;EpørNa.bBa©ÚlEføedayrujeRKageGayGibCab;eTAnwgRteKoKrbs;Gñk/ TItaMgeQIRtUveKobrwteGayCab;eTAkñugGgÁuM/kar)at;bg;édkan;edaymin)anmYlvIsvanwgEføeBlbBa©Úl RtUvPøas;nwgEdlknøas;tUc.bnþwgeLIgedayédkan;CamYyEpøEdls‘kknøas;ehIy/eFVIkarbnþwgEpøeGay RtwmRtUveCosvagrmYl. Carpenting Works -107-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1>4 karGarCamYym:asIunGarevoleRbIedayéd³ nitiriFI 1>m:asIunGaGKÁIsnIeRbIedayéd/EpøvaxøIeFVIclnaeTAvijeTAmk rYmCamYyeFμjmanmuxeRTteq<aHeLIgelI vaCa]bkrN¾EdlecHTaMgsBVTaMgRKb;mYysMrab;GarelIkic©karRtg; nigekag/CaFmμtaenAKMnUsbnÞat; va gayRsYleTARbtþibtþikar GñkRtUvrkSakarsgþt;eGayGwbCab;Canic© eTAépÞelIrbs;eQI edIm,IraraMgEpøEdl kBaäk;eLIgelI. m;asIunGarevolenHmansmtßPaB eFVIclna Garkñugbrievn Edlceg¥ót twg dUcCaekag nwgpøÚvGarvadUcsñamvH¬manKuNPaBRbhak;RbEhldUcm:asIunGarExS¦. 1>5 karGarCamYYym:asIunGaEpømUleRbIedayéd 1> m:asIunGarEpømUl)aneRbIR)as; sMrab;kat;TTwgRtg; nigeRcottambeNþay sac;eQI nigGactMrUvEpø eLIgcuH)ankñugkarbnSICMerA.EpøGacEltMrUvkat;mMupgEdr/ GñkGaceRbIrNaedIm,IGar “edayéd “ tambeNþayKMnUs bnÞat;Edl)anKUsehIy edayTItaMg rbs;]bkrN¾ eGayeTACitKMnUsenaH. Carpenting Works -108-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC eRbIR)as;édTaMgBIrcab;eGayENn eTAnigédkan;edIm,IRtYtBinitürNamunnwgcab;epþImbBaärm:UT½r eGayEføbnSuIeQI. 2> bnÞat;Tb;Rtg; GacEltMrUv eGayRsbeTAEpøkat; EdlRbhak;RbEhleTAm:asIunlkEdr. 3/ kareKobritbnÞHeQICakarkSaeGaykarkat;)anRtg; enAeBlEdl GñkeFVIkargarelIeQIeTAtam TItaMgmMuxøHEdlcg;)an. 1>6 karGarCamYym:asIunGarmantu ³ nitiviFI Carpenting Works -109-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1¦ m:asIunGarmantu)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;Garkat;TTwknigeRcokbeNþalsac;eQI. GñkGacelIkeLIgcuH nigcuH nigTMertEpø)an. bnÞat;Tb;GacrMGil)an edaytMrUvmuM 90ºdWeRk sMrab;kat;TTwgsac;eQI.GñkGaceRbIédTaMgBIr sMrab;cab;Tb;eQIeGayGib nigeFVIkarrMGilbnÞat;Tb;/ eKobritbnÞHeQItUcenAelIbnÞat;Tb;Rtecok eRbI R)as;sMrab;kat;TTwgeRcIn. KMrbsuvtßiPaB)anelIkecjedIm,IeGayeXIjc,as;EdlnaMeGayelμIsnigniPy½kargar. 2) m:asIunenH)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;eRcokmþgb£eRcIntambeNþaysac;eQI nwgbnÞat;Tb;eRcok EdldMbUgRtUvEltMrUv nigrwtbnþwgtamTItaMgmunnwg bBa¢arkugtak;. kaMbitEjkEdlenATIenaH)ankarBareQIkMueGayet,ótmuxnwgtwgmuxEpørNaEdleQI)anqøg kat;. enAeBlCitsac;eQIRtUveRbIbnÞHeQICMnYyedIm,IrujeQIeGayGibCab;eTAbnÞat;Tb;. Carpenting Works -110-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3) EpøvaGacTMertedIm,Ikat;mMueLIgdl; 45 dweRk/tMrUvmuM45dweRk edayrMTilbnÞat;Tb;rYmpSMCamYy]bkrN¾ 4¦ m:asIunGarEpømUl GacbnÞab;EpøedIm,Iltcg¥rÚ edayeRbIR)as;bnÞat;eRcotsMrab;Tb;naMmux.cg¥ÚrGac eFVInM)anedayEltMrUvbnÞat;Tb;bnÞab;BI)anlkrYcmþg² niglHCaEpñkmYyEdleRcIneRbIR)as;sMrab;eFVI BnøYj. eBlxøHRtUveRbIR)as; eQITb;CMnYyedIm,IsuvtßiPaBeBlEdleQI)anqøgkat;BIelIEpø karGarlk nig lak;GaceFVI )anedayeRbIbnÞat;Tb;kat;mMuedaydak;eQIeGayRtUvtamKMnUsbnÞat;EtRtUvkat;ecj. 1>7 karGarCamYyrNaExS³ nitiviFI³ 1>¦m:asIunGarExSCam:asIunedayeGaypll¥ sMrab;karkat;elIkic©karTaMgBIrRtg;nigekag.EpøvaCargVg; ExSbnþqøgkat;BIelIkg;vilEdlmanviC¢maRtFM.karrbs;m:asIunmancMgayBIEpøeTAy:agCittYrbs;m:a siun eBlNaEdleFVIkarvas;kat;TTwgtu.enHkMNt;eTAtambeNþayéndMueRKOgvaEdlGackat;TTwg Carpenting Works -111-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC sac;eQI)an/ eQI)andak;elITMrturbs;m:asIun. 2)Cam:asIunEdlmansmtßPaBR)akdGacGarCargVg; rwekagd¾éTeToteTAnwgKMnUsbnÞat;. eFVIeGayRtwmRtUvykRmamédrbs;GñkecjeGayq¶ayBIEpøeBlEdlbunSId¿ueRKOg.eBlenaHEpø)anegIb eLIgCamYykarbgÁuM]bkrN¾naMmuxy:agx<s;/edIm,IbgðajBIKMnUsbnÞat;enAeQIEdlCaFmμtamanTItaMgRbEhl 25mn ( 1in ) BIelIeQI. 3¦rNaExSvamansmtßPaB GareQIEdlmankMras;Rkas;enHvaeFVIedayywtBIeRBaHEpørNaExSvaRsYy nig FUlIrNapgEdr/kñugeBlGarRtUvkareBlsMrat edIm,IeCosvageLIgkMedA. bnÞab;Tb;Rtg;EdlenA kñugm:asIunenHGaceRbIR)as;sMrab;GareRcokRsb²Kñab¤GardMueRKOgecjCaRCugEkg. Carpenting Works -112-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1>8 karGarCamYym:asIunGarmanEdleyal nitiviFI 1¦ m:asIunGarmanédeyalenHmanEpørNamUlmYyenABIelIk,aleQIRtUvdak;hwñgmYykEnøgenAelItu nigk,alEpørNa)anTmøak;cuHKat;va. CaGaTivaeRbIR)as;sMrab;eFVIkarkat;TTwg/b:uEnþsMrab;eRcokpgEdr/ ¬bmMumMunigCasmasFatuGar.vamanPaBgayRsYlkñugkarelIkeLIgb£TMlak;cuHk,alEpørNasMrab;lknigla k;.eQIRtUvCYyTb;eGayGib nig bnÞat;Tb;nigeGayeXIjKMnUsbnÞat;edIm,IeGayEpørNakat;eGay RtUvtamTItaMg. 2¦kñugkarkat;TTwgk,alEpøGacmanTItaMgkñugmMuxøHb£RtUvPJab;k,alvaedayviFIgayRsYledaytMrUvRbdab;sMra b;kac;mUl. Carpenting Works -113-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2)kñugkarkat;TTwkk,alEpøGacmanTItaMgkñugmMuxøHb£RtUvPJab;k,alvaedayviFIgayRsYledaytMrUvRbdab sMrab;kac;mUl. m:asIunenHvaQr rwdYlgayRsYl ebIebIkeLIgenAEpñkxageRkayEdlnwgGacekItmaneLIgeRkayBIr karGarlkniglat;.vamansuvtßiPaBenAelIsrsrdMumUledaytMrUvk,alEpødak;cuHBIelIépÞrabeGay)an RtwmRtUv. 4¦ m:asIunenHGaceRbIR)as;kñugkareRCoktambeNþaybnÞHkþar.edayeyalk,almUlnigrwtPJab;eTAnig éd rYcbnÞab;y:agRsal CamYYybgÁuMédEdlmanEpøeFVIeGayvil edIm,Isgþt;EpøeGaykñugkMritmYyEdlTab CagEpøelItu. Carpenting Works -114-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 5¦eBlEdlGareRcokenHvamansar³sMxan;edIm,IbnuSIsac;eQIedayTb;eGayCab;eTAnwgkarrgVilrbs;Epø EdldMbUgvaFat;EpøeLIg. dUcenHRtUvkarBarBIkarkBäak;rbs;EpømkelIeQIGar. 2> EdkQUs³ vamankarBi)akxøHEdl/kargarelIeQIminRtUvkarQUs/eBlxøHRtUvkarQUsEpøelIsMEb:t/tMrwmtMlae Gay)anRtwmRtUvb£kareFViTMrg;dMueQIedIm,ieGayeTACaTMhMmYy. GñkerobkargarCageQIxøH)anbg; EføeronQUskñugeBlEtmYyEdlBYkeKkMBg; eroneRbIR)as;rNa. enHCa]bkrN¾cMbgmanGayucas; nigmansuvtßiPaBx<s;/eQIKμanFMxiøn/sñÚkEdkQUssNþÚkRtg;. karQUs)anRtwmRtUvmankMritx<s; GacsMerc)anenAkñuglMdab;éneBlmYy edayeRbIm:asIun QUs ¬Gcl½t¦ b:uEnþmUldæancMbgdMbUgKwQUs edayédedIm,iGñkecHsBVRKb; nigyl;kan;EtRbesIrén lkçN³rbs;eQI. enHCac,ab;d¾l¥mYykñugkarQUs¬rYmTaMgkarsMelOgEpø]bkrN¾¦.Epødak;bnuSIman kMrittUc EdlkñugkarRtYtBinitü)anl¥RbesIr. skmμPaBQUsedayédvagayRsYl/vaRtUvkan;Tb;kñugéd TaMgBIr édmYybBa¢ÚnkMlaMgédmYyeTotmYyelIk²edayeFVIeGaycugEpøb:HRKb;eBl)anR)akd. 2>1 eRbIR)as;EdkQUssMGatb£EdkQUssñÚkEdk nitivIFI 1¦ bnÞab;BIkarsMelogEpønigrUbdak;tMrUvva)anRtwmRtUvehIy/ eRbIR)as;dMueQItUcmYyedIm,IGnuvtþn¾ edayykdMueQIeTAeKobnwgGgÁuM eGayCab;edIm,IQUselIva. 2¦QrenAEk,reQI/sikSatictYcenAkñugskmμPaBenH¬TisedAQUs¦edayRbugeRbobdUcRbdal;/CamYyeCIg mçagQaneTAmuxnigeCigmçageTotTb;lMnwg. Carpenting Works -115-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3¦ KUsbnÞat;kat;sac;eQICamYyexμAédCa “bnÞat;eCOnelOn “nigcMnYnQUstamry³karmnuSIsac;eQI KMnitmYyKwcg; QUsEtmþg b¤ QUsbIdg nigkargarEdleeTAmuxkñugkar QUsdMueRKOgsißitenATItaMg 7. bnÞat;EdlbgðajenHeBlGñkGnuvtþn¾QUsRsYl emIlBIcugmçageTAcugmçageTotEpÞEdkQUs TaMgmUlRtUvepÞógpÞat;CamYyExSKMnUsvij. 4¦edIm,Icab;epþÍmvamankareBjcitþ/edaysgþt;xøaMgenAEpñk xagcugsñÚtedIm,irkSaEpøeGayb:HR)akd eTA sac;eQI/sñÚkEdkQUs)anb:HTaMgGs;eTAelI eQInigsgþg;edayédTaMgBIr edayminpøas;bþÚr/dUecñHehIy)anrkSaEpøeGayb:HRKb;eBlQUs. enAEpñkxagcugRtUvsgþt;eGayxøaMg BIeRBaHcugsñÚkvaminEvgkñugkarb:HCamYyeQI. Carpenting Works -116-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 5¦ EltMrUvCanic© nigEltMrUvmþgeToténEpøkEdkQUs edIm,IRtYtBinitümuxEpøEdkQUs.ebIsinCaQUs eTAsIuRkas; Tat;sac;eQIenaHkarRtYtBinitüenH nwgeFVImþgeTot. kñugRbePTenHGñkGacbgVileQImkEpñkmçageTotedIm,IQUseGayrelagnUvsac;eQI)anrt;RsbtamépÞ elIvavij.eRbIR)as;bnÞat;kMnr½RCugRtg;edIm,IBinitüépÞeQIsMEb:tEdl)anmkBIkarQUsenHnigRtYtBinitüPaB RtwmRtUvEdl)anmkBIelICMrajmYyenH. 6) eBlNaEdlQUscg;)anedIm,IrGilEdkQUssißtenAmMuNamYyenaHvaBitCaRtwmRtUvedaykarQUs enaHvagayRsYleRcInb:uEnþvaxUtxatenAeBlEdlGñkQUsbnÞHkþar/BIeRBaHkarb:HtambeNþayEdkQUs va)anbnuSIbBa©uH nigeBlNaEdl )anbBa¢uHkarb:HBIelIépÞEdlFMPaBeTogBitva)atbg;. 7¦ bnÞarbnÞHkþar GacQUsbeBaäógb¤kat;TTwgrabesμIénsac;eQI edaymansmtßPaBeFVIclnaQUs y:agrh½s²BIeRBaHsréssac;eQIvaexSay/ehtudUecñHvabMerIeGaykargaQUsRsYl². enAeBlbBa©b; RtUvQUseGay)anrlIgs¥attambNþaysac;eQI. Carpenting Works -117-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 8¦ karQUsenAEKmRCugmankarBi)aktictYc.karQUsEpñtkMras;mYyKWeFVIeLIgedayQUsRtg;eq<aH eTAmuxb:uEnþRtUv)anbkva “Ekg” ¬90dwRk¦ Edldak;eGayGnuvtþn¾eGay)aneRcIn. ebIsinCaGñkQUseTAlMeGogEpñkcMehogmçag/ eRbIemédrbs;GñkedIm,ITb;eFVICabnÞat;enABak;kNþalEpø CamYynwgEpÞeQI. 2>2 karQUsbitRCugmYy¬b£muM¦ 1) KUsKMnUssMrab;bitRCugmunnwgQUsva . vaCapøÚvgayRsYlmYyedIm,IKUsKMnUsbitRCugeRbIedayéd nig Rmaméd dUcenAexμAédEdr. 2¦ eFVICaesrIedayQUsRsal²CamYyEdkQUsedayCYyeGay)annUvmMusmrmümYy²PaKeRcInkar Carpenting Works -118-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC QUsenH eFVIeLIgelIépÞedk kñugføÚvenHmankMlaMgRsUbenAelIEdkQUsedayCYyrYmTaMgsgát;cuHeRkay pg.eBlEdlTb;EdkQUsdUceTAkarbgðajenHvamankarRbfuyeTAkarrGilb:uEnCamYykarGnuvtþni rebobenH bBaðamanedaykMr. 2>3 karQUsmuxkat;sac;eQICamYyEdkQUssMGat nitiviFI 1¦muxkat;sac;eQInwgEbkebIminmandMueQIRTTb;Epñtxagcug enAeBlEdlQUs. viFIgaybMputedayeRbI Benøatb£EdkQUs edIm,IbitmMud¾tUc eBlenHGñkGacemIlBImux eRkamEdkQUs/ enHpøÚvEdlQUsvaGac eTrcuHedayEpøEdkQUs b:uEnþeKenAEteGaymaneQICMnYy Tb;edIm,IQUseQIeGay)anl¥. 2-enAelImuxkat;bnÞHkþarEdlFM GaceFIVkarQUsdMbUgkñúgTisedAEtmYy rYcRtlb;Tis edApÞúyvij . rkSakarelIkEdkQUsenAeBlQUsCitdl;EpñkxagcugeQI ecosvagkarEbksac; eQIeTAcugmçageTot . Carpenting Works -119-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC edayeRbIR)as;viFIenHEpñkxagcugRtUv)anrujTb;eTAGwbnwgeQICMnYyTb; edIm,IkarBarkarEbksac;eQI . enHRtUvemIlsgát;Tb;eGayENnEdlminGaceFIVeGayEbksac;eQI TaMgenH)an . 3-sMrab;kic©karEdlmanmuxkat;y:agxøI RtUvEteFIVdMeQICMnYysMrab;Tb;TMrg;Caesñóty:agtUc edIm,IP¢ab;eTAkñúgbgÁúM . rkSakMritEdlRtUvQUseGay)anR)akd eQICMnYyTb;Tl;enH ebIsinCa x<s;GacraraMgEpøEdkQUs ehIyebIsinvaTabvij vaKμanGIVTb;sac;eQIenaHnwgnaMeGaysac;eQIGac Ebk)an . 2-4 karQUseQIedayeRbIR)as;ma:sIunQUsBRgab³ ma:sIunQUsBRgabGacQUs)anbnÞar nigeTaléneQI ¬enAEpñkxagelIrbs;ma:sIun¦ TaMgenHRtUveFIVedayéd ehIyvaGaceFIVnUvbnÞar nigeTalmçageTotEdr edIm,IeGay)anRsb KñakñúgkarQUskMras ¬enAEpñkxageRkam¦ . sMrab;RbtibtþikarenH vamaneRKOgRbdab;bnSIúeday sV½yRbvtþi . bnÞab;BI)anBRgabehIy eQIEdl)anykmkQUsenHrt;Rtg;l¥enAelIbnÞarTaMgBIr EdlGacbnSIútMrUvxñatEtmYy ehIyCYybM)at;nUvkareRcokCacMEnktUcxøH . enHcat;TukCa]bkrN_Edl manGnuPaBmYy . nitiviFI³ Carpenting Works -120-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1-dMbUgQUseq<aHeTAmux b¤CMETgEk,rma:sIun edaymancMgayRsYlebIkbiTkugtak; nigbnSIúkMBs;tuedIm,IeFIVkarBRgabeQIRbesIr . éltMrUvs<anKMrbGñkeTAnwgEpøkaMbitEdlvily:agelOn . 2-cuckugtak;bBa¢arma:sIun ehIyrujeQIeGayqøgkat;BIelIEpøkaMbit /Tb;cugeQIsgxag edayédnImYy² Canic©kalRmamédrbs;GñksßitenAxagelIéneQICYyTb;Tl; nigrujeQIeGay cUl)anRtg; . 3-eBlEdleQI)anbnSIúkñúgEpøkaMbitehIy rkSakarsgát;cuHeGayxøaMgRKb;eBl ¬dMenIr¦ RmamédEdlqøgkat;s<anKMrbRtUvrkSaclnaRtlb;mkvij . GñkeFIVkarelIeQIxøH )aneRbI)atédénéd rbs;eKsMrab;karsgát;xøaMg niggayRsYleBlEdlédqøgkat;BIelIs<anKMrb . ktþasMxan;sMrab;suvtßiPaB KWrkSaRmamédrbs;GñkeGayecjq¶ayBIEpøkaMbit . Carpenting Works -121-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 4-bnÞHkþar)anrujqøgkat;Rtg;eq<aHeTAEpñkxagcugénEpøelItuma:sIun . GñkQrCMETgEk,r ma:sIun eBlbnSIúecj nigcUl CaBiessenAma:sIunEdlFM . enAelIma:sIunEdltUcdUcEdl)anbgðajmYy enHEdleRbItampÞH /GñkEdleFIVkarelIeQI)ancUlcitþeRcInnwgma:sIunenH . nigmincaM)ac;b:unμanEdr /cMeBaHbnÞHkþary:agtUctMrUveGayeRbIR)as;eQICMnYysMrab;rujTb; . 2-5 karBRgabeTal³ nitiviFI³ 1-tMrUvbnÞat;Tb;kñúgTItaMg nigRtYtBinitüva ¬Ekg¦ eTAnwgEpøelIrbs;tu . TItaMgrbs;KMrb sßitenARKbBIelIEpøkaMbit Edl)antMelIugkñúgkarbnSIúbnÞHkþar . bnSIúeQIeGayGwbeTAnwgbnÞat;Tb;Ef rkSaedIm,IecosvagKμanKMrbenATItaMgduMEpøkaMbit /eFIVkarBRgabcaesrI /RtYtBinitüCamYy]bkrN_Ekg sMrab;PaBRtwmRtUv nigéltMrUvbnÞat;Tb;eGayRtUvtammuMebIsincaM)ac; . Carpenting Works -122-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-edIm,IBRgabeTaltammuMmYy /élTMrUvbnÞat;Tb;tammuMEdlcg;)an /eRbIR)as;rgVas;muMcl½t nigRbtibtþikartamCMhan² eFIVeGay)antwgrwgR)akdkñúgkarb:HnUvcenøaHeQI nigépÞelIrbs;ma:sIun . 2-6 eRbIm:asIunQUsedIm,IQUseGay)anRCugRsbeTogTat;³ nitiviFI³ 1-RtYtBinitükMras;rbs;eQI nigtMrUvkMras;rbs;kMBs;tu edIm,IQUs ¬mineGayeRcInCag 1/5 mm , 1/16 inch ) . bnSIúeQIcUleTAkñúgtu /duMr:ULÚ)anTajeQIcUledaysV½yRbvtþi rYmCamYykar QUseQIénduMeRKOg . enAelItuma:sIuneFIVBIGalujmIjÚ:m vabnßyPaBs¥iteBlQUs /enAcenøaHEdk nigeQIRtUveRbIeRbgrMGiltictYc edIm,IrkSclnaeQI . Carpenting Works -123-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-QUsCaesrIeTAtamTMhMxñatEdlcg;)an /bgVilédsMrab;bnSIútamkMritxñatBIrbIsMrab;kar QUsnImYy² kñúgkMLúgeBlbnÞab;BI)aneronmk GñkGacQUseQI)aneRcInkñúgeBlEtmYy edaytMrUvxñatdUcKña² . 2-7 eRbIR)as;ma:sIunQUseRbIedayéd³ vaCa]bkrN_eRbI)aneRcIny:ag sMrab;clnaQUsTUeTA)anrh½sénkargarbegðIyelIeQI nigvamansar³RbeyaCn_edIm,IedaHRsayCamYyEpñkNamYyEdlEvg b¤bnÞHkþarrwg EdlvaeTIsETg kñúgkarbnSIúeTAmuxrbs;ma:sIunBRgab QUsedaydak;bnÞHkþareGayenAnwgmYykEnøg ehIyeRbI]bkrN_ enH eFIVCMnYsvij . Tb;ma:sIunQUseGayENn BIeRBaHeBlEdlcuckugtak;duMEpøkaMbitvil EdlmanEpøeTal edIm,ITajvaeq<aHmux nigcab;epþImeFIVCamYyeQI skmμPaBenHGacs¶at;ehIysVahab; . Carpenting Works -124-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1-Gñknwg)anl¥RbesIredayeRbIédTaMgBIr rMGilma:sIuntambeNþayépÞelIrbs;eQI eday rkSaeGay)anrabesμIrbs;épÞsMEb:tenH . CMerAQUs)antMrUvedayeRKOgéltMrUvk,alRtem:ag edayTMlak;cuH b¤elIkeLIgBImuxbnÞHrbs;)atma:sIun . 2-masIunenHeRcIneRbIR)as;Biess sMrab;eFIVclnaQUsrh½skñúgkarkat;TTwgsac;eQI . sréseQIGacEbkkñúgTisedAenHy:aggayRsYl eBlbegðIbkargarRtUvQUsduMeRKOgenHtambeNþay sac;eQIvij . 3-ma:sIunenHGacRtlb;EpøeLIgelIedayP¢ab;eTAnwgTMrtu nigelOneBleFIVkarehIy tMél efak kñúgkareRbIR)as;ma:sIunQUsxñattUc . CamYyenHEdlvamanbnÞat;Tb;sMrab;EdlGñkgacQUs épÞeQIEkg)any:aggayRsYl . Carpenting Works -125-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-ma:sIunlk³ ma:sIunlkeRbIedayédenHEdlminmanBImunmk vaCa]bkrN_eFIVkarelIeQITMenIbmYy BIeRBaH vaGacykmkeRbIR)as;)anelIkic©karlk)any:agTUlay . vaCa]bkrN_RbkbedayRbDitBaØaNenA kñúgeragCag . kMritRBMEdnEtmYyKt;edaykarnwkeXIjrbs;Gñk mUldæanrbs;vaCam:UT½rGKÁisnI mYyrYmCamYyTMrg;Epølk EdlenAcugvamnaePøAsMrab;e)aHBYycuHlkcUlkñúgsac;eQI nigCa]bkrN_ sMrab;eFIVkarKUreTAtameRKOgéltMrUvbnÞat;Tb;kat;TTwgeQI dUceTA]bkrN_KUsvasmYycMnYnEdr . eBlEdlGñkeFIVTMhMEpølkeGayEvgedIm,IbBa©ÚleGayeTACaragTMrg;énTMhMxusKña nigepSg² Kña eBlenaHkEnøgbnÞat;Tb;RtUvyar rkSakarnaMmuxlkedayeRbIR)as;eTAtamRbePTén]bkrN_Tb;rit kñúglk ma:sIunlkminGacQb;enAeBlEdleFIVkarlkcg¥Úr b¤lak; . vaGaceFIVTMrg;elIépÞeTal lkkat;eQIeTAtamRTg;Rtay eRcIneFIVtMNtMrimeQIépÞsMEb:t eFIVeRcInelIEpødUck,alvIs . ma:sIunlkvaCa]kbrN_kñúgkarEFIVRTg;RTayeCOnelOnEmnETn lMdab;kargarFM² bIkñúgkar lkman³ TMhMma:sIunlk /RbePTepSg² énEpølk nigRbePTGgÁúMTb;ritkñúgkarlk . 3-1 TMhMma:sIunlk³ manCaBiessbITMhMFM² rbs;ma:sIunlk vaCak;lak;eTAtamkUelrbs;va viC¢maRt ¬k,alcab; /dgEpølk¦ nigkMritGnuPaBkUellktUc 1/4 inch mankMritRbEhlBI 40-750W ¬GnuPaB 1 ess¦ kUellk 3/8 inch TMhMRbEhlBI 750-1300W nigkUel 1/2 inch TMhMeLIgeTARbEhl 2000W . 3-2 TMhMEpølk³ EpølkEdlrk)anmanviC¢maRt dg 1/4 inch , 3/8 inch , 1/2 inch . édkUelrbs;viC¢maRtEpølktUv)aneRbIR)as;kñúgkUelEdlmanviC¢maRtFMEdr . TMhMEpølkEdlFMRtUv nwgTMhMdgeGaymaMEdr . b:uEnþvamankarbnøMdUcenH kñúgkarlkykmkBinitüedayRbDitBaØaN nigmankarTukcitþelIEpølk mUlénkareFIVTMrg;KWBwgEp¥keTAelIédTaMgGs;sMrab;eRbIR)as;eTAtameKal bMNgepSg² . EpølkeFIVsMrab;el,ÓnTb;BIEdk (Hss) b¤EdkEdlcugEpømankabuIttg;Esþn (TCT) Epøxag eRkayenHmantMéléfø b:uEnþvaeRbI)anryHeBlyUrpgEdr . Carpenting Works -126-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-3 kartMeLIugEpølk³ nitiviFI³ 1-Epølkvagay)ak;ehIyéfø . EpølkfμIeRcInkarBaredaykarlabeRbg BaspøasÞic eBlRtUvkarGacbkecj)an . CaFmμtama:sIunlkRtUvkaresarmat;cMnYnBIr edIm,IrwtbnþwgkUelk,alcab; . EpølkRtUv)an bBa©ÚledayrwtEtEpølk manpøÚvrgVilmYyRtUvkøas;Cab;edayeRbIesarmat; . 2-RtUvmankarbuinRbsb; edIm,IeFIVkarbnþwg nigbn§ÚrkUelk,alcab;eBlEdlGñk)aneRbI R)as;esarmat;TaMgBIr . ekþabédrbs;GñkCuMvijesarmat;TaMgBIr nigRc)ac; . eBlNabn§Úrvagay RsYledayTajecjRbpit² nUvknøasRmamédrbs;Gñk . Carpenting Works -127-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-4 CMhandMbUgkñúgkarlkedayéd³ nitiviFI³ 1-lMhat;dMbUgEdll¥mYyKWBüayamlkedayédeTAtamcg¥Úrrak; dMbUgtMrUvCMerAEpølkeday eRbIR)as;Rbdab;Tb;CMerA . c,ab;enHRbesIredIm,IlkCMerA edaymineGayeRcInCagBak; kNþalénviC¢maRt Epølkkñúgkarrujlkmþg² . 2-CamYykugtak;ma:sIunminTan;bBa¢a TItaMgEpølkRtUvdak;enARtg;kEnøgEdlnwge)aHBYycuH kñúgkarlkdMbUg . LÚvkugtak;)anebIk nigTb;eGay)anCab;ENn bu:EnþRtUve)aHBYycuHyWt² cUleTAkñúgsac;eQIrhUtdl;CMerATb; eBlEdlGñkeFIVenH cab;epþImeFIVclnaelIépÞedk nigEpølkqøg kat;edayédenABIelIbnÞat;KMnUs EfrkSaclnaEpølkCanic© . Carpenting Works -128-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-enAeBlbBa©b;karlkRtUvedaHecjesarTb;e)aHBYycuH ¬edayeRbIédmYlrit b¤eRbIRbdab; rite)aHBYycuH enaHEpñklknwgmYlfyeRkayeLIgvij . GñkGaceXIjedaygayRsYleBlGnuvtþ edayéd . BüayamBIkarrlakedaymuxEpø]bkrN_ . 3-5 Bum<sMrab;lkedayeRbIR)as;]bkrN_naMmux³ nitiviFI³ 1-karlkd¾FMsMebImenHGacsMerc)anedayeRbIR)as;]bkrN_naMmux EdlmancMgayBIcenøaH EpølkeTAnwgBum<mYysMrab;karlk nigtMrimeTal . ]bkrN_naMmuxenHdak;eLIgRtg;kUelP¢ab;edayvIs cUleTA)atrbs;m:asIun . vaman viC¢maRtrgVas;mat;epSg² Kña EdlTak;Tgxus² KñaeTAnwgviC¢maRtEpølk . CaTUeTAvamanc,ab;edIm,I sMrbsMrYlEdlmanrgVas; 2-3 mm (1/8 inch) cenøaHBIEpølkeTArgVHRCug . Carpenting Works -129-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-eRbIbnÞHsMEb:tTaMgBIrcMehog edIm,IP¢ab;Bum< MDF elIduMeRKOgkic©kar EdlmanTMhMFMGgÁúMéd (G) )aneRbIR)as; b:uEnþvamankarpþÚrCuMvijeTAtamma:IunEdlqøgkat; . EpølkRtg;tambeNþay)an eRbIR)as;enATIenH eTAnwgeTalrbs;bnÞHkþar EdlKRKatedayEpørNa )aneFIVeGays¥at nigEkgeTotTat; . ]bkrN_naMmuxeFIVeGayb:HCamYyBum< MDF niglkCaesrIkan;EteTA muxtamkic©karedIm,IeGayeBjCMerA . CaerOy² tMrUvkarEpølkEdlmancMnuHlkFM . 3-6 kareRbIR)as;k,alcab;EpølkkñúgsßanPaBbBaÄr³ nitiviFI³ Carpenting Works -130-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1-CakargaykñúgkarsVan b¤bnSIú ¬cg¥Úredk¦ EdlGacsMerc)anCamYyEpølkxøHmansþg;dar kUel 43 mm (1 5/8 inch) ma:sIunenH)anedaHecjBIeRKOgbgÁúM)atEdle)aHBYycuH . va)an bBa©ÚlpÁúMCamYykUel 43 mm (1 5/8 inch) énsVanbBaÄr nigRtUv)anrwtbnþwg . 2-ma:sIunlkGaceRbIR)as;sMrab;sVan edayrn§rbs;vamanPaBs¥ateRcInCagEpøsVanrmYl b¤EpøsVansMEb:t b:uEnþGñkRtUvmankarRbugRbytñ½edIm,IecosvageKcBIeRKaHfñak;edayrlakBIkMeTckMTI eQI . 3-7 karkat;eFIVBnøÜjedayeRbIR)as;Epølk³ nitiviFI³ 1-bnÞat;Tb;Rtg;mYy nigEpølkRtg;RtUv)aneRbIR)as; . KMnUsBIr)aneFIVeLIgenA elIeQIedIm,Icg¥úlbgðajtMrUvbnÞat;Tb;Rtg; nigCMerAEpølk . tMrUvbnÞat;Tb;Rtg;eGay)an Carpenting Works -131-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC RtwmRtUvenAkEnøgTTwgma:sIunrbs;ma:sIun CamYykarbnÞabEpølkeGayenABIelIépÞeQI tMrUvRbdab; Tb;CMerAeTAnwgKMnUsbBaÄr . 2-ma:sIuneFIVkartambeNþayRCugeTal edaydMbUgtMrUvBak;kNþalCMerA niglkmksμa rbs;BnøÜj ¬eLIgeTAbnÞat;Tb;¦ . tMrUvRbdab;Tb;tMrUvedayeGayeBjCMerAlkecj nigeFIVkar lkkat;TTwg dak;edayRbugRbytñ½ edIm,IrkSama:sIuneGayrGilrabesμI GibCab;nwgeQI nigminRtUvep¥ógva EdlnaMeGayEpølklMeGogBIpøÚvlk . LÚvbBa©aseQI niglkBinitüEpñk sμabnøÜjmaçgeTot . 4-karQUseQIeGaymanRCugEkg³ kargarCageQIBwgBak;enAelIkarc,as;las;mYy EdlFmμtamann½yfakargarCabnÞat;mYy vamansar³sMxan;edIm,IeFIVeGay)anRtwmRtUveTAnwgsac;eQI . mundMbUgRtUv)anerobcMTMhMxñatedayéd . bec©keTsenH)anehAfa ¬karerobcMelIeQIGar¦ b¤ ¬kareFIVeGayRCujEkg¦ . eBlEdl eQIGar)anTijehIy enAelIépÞvamansñamKRKatrbs;EpørNa b¤RbugeRboberobcMQUsva edIm,I tMrUveGaymanRCujEkg . minkMnt;faTaMgGs;enaHeT BIeRBaHvamanxøHrmYl b¤ekagCaBiess cMeBaHeQITn;EdlmansMeNImeRcIn . duMeRKOgrbs;eQIGarmYyRtUveFIVeGaymanRCugEkg eBlNaEdlépÞelIrbs;varabesμITaMgGs; . épÞelIrbs;vamanmuM 90 enAnwgépÞCab;mYyeTot nigRCujépÞEdlpÞúyKñaRtUvRsberogKñaEdr . o GñkmankarcaM)ac;RtUv)antumYysMrab;eFIVkar edIm,ItMelIug /edIm,IerobcMbYnduMeRKOgsMrab;eFIVeCIg nigeFIVtMNx<s;esμIKña . dUecñHehIy)anCaRtUvkarnUvnitiviFIsþg;darmYysMrab;eFIVeGaymanRCugEkg . nitiviFITaMg Gs;enH)ansMercedayéd b¤eRbIR)as;GnuPaB EdleRkaymkTTYl)anrh½s nigviessCag . Gñknwgmansar³RbeyaCn_ GnuvtþedayéddMbgvamankarRTaMRTnUvkarlM)ak edIm,Ikarvay U tMélTaMgGs;éntMrUvkarCMnajmYyEdlBitR)akd . Carpenting Works -132-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 4-1 kareFIVeGaymanRCugEkgelIeQIGaredayéd³ nitiviFI³ 1-eRCIserIsépÞbnÞarmYy EdlRbesIr nigQUsvaeGay)ans¥atrabesμI cb;kic©karenH enAelItuGgÁúMedayeRbIR)as;CnÞal;Tb; eFIVkarRtYtBinitüedaybnÞat;b¤ bnÞat;kMEnmanRCugRtg; . LÚveFIVkarKUsdMbUgenAelIbnÞarmçageTot edayBwgEp¥kelIbnÞarEdl)anQUss¥atehIy . sñamKMnUsenH vamansar³sMxan;Nas;eBlNacab;epþImQUs . duMeQIenAkEnøgFmμtaEdlGwb nwgépÞbnÞar b¤eTal . 2-dak;eQIeGayTabenAkñúgGgÁúM nigQUseTaleGay)anEkg (90 ) eTAnwgépÞbnÞar . o RtYtBinitüeGay)anRtwmRtUvCamYy]bkrN_Ekg nigbnÞat;Edk . KUsKMnUsenAEpñkeTalmçageTot EdlenACab;nwgKMnUsbnÞar . Carpenting Works -133-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-tMrUveGaysMrab;mYlépÞbnÞar eRbIvaCak;EsþgCamYym¢úlsMrab;GUseGay)ansmrmü b¤GacKUs)anenAelIbnÞat;Edk . LÚvdak;eQIsßitenAmuMmYyeTAkñúgGgÁúM nigGUseGayenAEpñkbnÞaredayykcitþTukdak; tamsñamdanrbs;m¢úlenH rkSaEdkQUseGayditeTAtammuMCab; nigépÞeTal KMnUsRCUgbnÞat; RtUvKUsCuMvijeQITaMgGs; . 4-EpñkEdlmin)ankarenHRtUvykecjbnþicmþg² dak;eQIGarenAkñúgGgÁúM nigQAUsenAbnÞar . CamYyExSbnÞat;enH éltMrUvEdkQUsedayeGayEpøsIusac;eQI)anRbesIr . esÞIrEtKMnUs bnÞat;EdlGUseGayRtUv eGay)antUcqμarenAelIsac;eQIEdlgayRsYlkñúgkarQUsecj EtBIr bIdgb:ueNÑaH EdltMrUvkarelIbnÞat;nImYy² . enAkñúgRTwsþIRCugvaTaMgGs;caM)ac;RtUveGaymanEkg Cak;lak; . Carpenting Works -134-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 5-RtYtBinitükMras;eQIrYctMrUveGay eBlenHGUseGayEpñkkMras;bnÞat;EpñkkMras;RtUv eGay)anCMuvijsac;eQI CamYykarGnuvtþn_tictYc GñkGacTb;eQIRBmTaMgGUseGayeday éd)anrh½s . QUsEpñkkMras; /rkSakarRtYtBinitüeTAbnÞat;bnÞab;BI)anQUsBIrbIdg . 6-eFIVeGaymanmuMRtg; enAEpñkbeNþayedayeRbIR)as;Ekg bnÞat; nigkaMbitKUs . dMbUgtMrUvcMelxsUnüénbnÞat;EdkenAelIépÞxagcugeQI nigvas;RbEhl 6 mm (1/4 inch) enHCacMnYnmFüménsc;eQIEdlGackat;ecjgayRsYlCamYyrNaeFIVBnøÜj . LÚvdak;bnÞat;Edk ehIyvas;BIsUnüeLIgmk 6 mm rYcKUs nigvas;bBa©b;tamtMrUvkarbeNþay ¬ykecjy:agtic 6 mm (1/4 inch)) . Carpenting Works -135-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 7-GñkGaceRbIEkgedayeGaydgvaGwbCab;eTAEpñkeTal KUsKMnUsdMbUgedaykaMbitKUs rMGilEkgeLIgedIm,IKUsbnÞat;kat;TTwgedayykcitþTukdak; RKb;bnÞat;TaMgGs;RtUvrt;CuMvijeQIGar . EfrkSadgEkgeGayGwbCab;Canic©TaMgEpñkbnÞareTal enHmansar³RbeyaCn_Nas;edIm,IeGaybnÞat; nwgCYbKña . 8-KUsecjEpñkmin)ankaredayexμAédsMrab;kat;Epñkxagcugecj . eRbIbnÞHkþarTb;Gar ecjnUvEpñkxagcugCamYyrNaeFIVBnøÜj elIEpñkbnÞarmin)ankarénbnÞat; . Carpenting Works -136-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 9-cugbBa©b; tMrwmmuxkat;sac;eQICamYyEdkQUsykcitþTukdak;edIm,IecosvagkarEbksac; eQIenAmuxkat;edayeRbIduMeQITb;kñúgGgÁúM . 4-2 kareFIVeQIeGaymanRCugEkgedayma:sIun³ nitiviFI³ 1-dMbUgkat;eQIelITMhMtictYc ehIyRtg;EdlGacman ¬beNþay 25 mm bnÞar 6 mm kMras; 2-3 mm) eRbIR)as;ma:sIunBRgabQUs . BRgabépÞelIEpñkbnÞareFIVBIrbIdgrhUtrabesμI . edIm,IeGay)anRtwmRtUvRtg;s<anKMrb edayrMlgédrbs;GñkBIelIvaeBlrujeQIeTAdl; KUscMnaMeday exμAédelIbnÞarEdl)anBRgabrYc . 2-LÚvtMrUvbnÞat;Tb;nUvmuM 90 nigBRgabEpñkeTaleGay)anEkgRtwmRtUv . 0 exμAédRtUvKUscMNaMenARtg;RCugeTalenH . Carpenting Works -137-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-tMrUvkMras;tueTAnwgTTwgrbs;duMeQI nigeFIVkarbnSIú . QUsBIrbIdgnwg)antamtMrUvkarél tMrUvkarQUsenHedaykg;mYléd . 4-cugbBa©b;tMrUvkMras;tueTAnwgkMras;eQI nigbnSIúeQI tamlMdab;rhUtdl;TMhMxñatEdl RtUvkar . RbsinebIbnÞHkþarvaFM eRbIbnÞat;Edk nigkaMbitKUsexμAédedIm,IKUsbnÞat;Rsb elIEpñkmin)ankarRtUvBRgabcuHeGaydl;bnÞat; vas;beNþayEdlcg;)aneGayc,as; nigKUsexμA édrYcGarecjelIma:sIunGarEpømUl ma:sIunGarmanédeyal .l. 5-tMN³ tMNvaCaEpñksMxan;énkargarelIeQIvamansar³RbeyaCn_eRcInkñúgkarerobbec©keTsenH ehIynwgTTYl)annUvbTBiesaFn_ nigsuvtßiPaBeRcIneBlEdl)aneFIVl¥RbesIr . kargarelIeQIeRcInmannUvtMNeQIrYmKñasMrab;eKalbMNgepSg² Kña kñúgkarbþÚrCaRTg;RTay eRKagq¥wgEdlbegáInkMlaMgrwgmaM b¤Tak;TgCamYyclnarbs;eQI . Carpenting Works -138-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC mankartubEtgCarUbragpgEdr vamanmYyryéntMNkñúgkargareQI enAelIstvtSenH mankarGPivDÆn_eRcIn edayCYbRbTHelItMrUvkarCak;lak;dUcCatMNEdltMNageGayvb,FM’mYyeCOn elOnyUrGEgVg RNmTaMgeQIRbNit)anRtUveRbIR)as;nwgEpñkNamYyéntMNeQI CaBiesseRcIn tMNk,alGENþg . 5-1 tMN nigclnarbs;eQI³ vkSsB½ÞenHminCasMxan;kñúgtMNeQI vamancriyaedayxøÜnÉgpÞal;EdlmaneQμaHCaclna rbs;eQI . enHCaktþaxøHEdlRKb;GñkeFIVkarelIeQITaMgGs;RtUvKitKUrBIFmμCatirbs;vaEdl nwgTTYl)an . eQIvadUCaeGb:ugmYy bM)at;sMeNImvaedayxül; dUecñHRKb;tMNTaMgGs;pøas;bþÚreTAtamkMrit nigTMhMxñat b¤ktþaEdleFIVeGayraMgsÞHénclnarbs;eQI . tMNEdlsikSa)anRbesIrKWmaM Tak;TajcitþedayEpñk b¤eQøósévkñúgkarbiT)aMgBIelIplitplEdl)anplit eBlNaEdlmankarrYj nigehIménsréseQInaMeGaymankarb:HBal;dl;TMrg;eQITaMgmUl . RbkarmYyEdlcgcaMKW eQIeTarTn;eTArkkarpøas;bþÚrEpñkkat;TTwgsac;eQI KYrsmCagtam beNþaysac;eQI nigExSrgVg;kUtlas;RbcaMqñaM ¬sréseQIEdlemIleXIj¦ nigBüayamedIm,I eFIVeGayRtg; . dUecñHKb,IeRCIserIsykeQIGarEdl)anGareRcokbMEbk ¬muxkat;eQIEdlmanExSrgVg;lUt las;RbcaMqñaMxøI¦ enHnwgeFIVeGaykan;EtticnUvclnarbs;eQI . eRKOgs¥itd¾TMenIb ¬lubminRCH¦ maneGayCalMdab;kñúgviFIeFIVtMN snøwkesþIg)anbiTeday eRbIR)as;kavTMenIb vaCYyraraMgkñgkarrYj nigsñamEbk b:uEnþCamYybnÞHkþarRkas;)anbiTbBa©ÚlKñatam ú muxkat;beNþaysac; nigmanclna . vamineRbIkavEdlnwg)at;sréseQI . 5-2 kareFIVtMNelIbnÞHkþar³ kareFIVbnÞHkþarecjBIeragcRk nig MDF clnarbs;eyIgmantictYcNas; dUecñHehIy viFIsaRsþkñúgkareRbItMNxusepSg² Kña . eTaHbICay:agNak_eday sMPar³EdleFIVBIbnÞH kþarmantictYceFIVBIma:sIunmanPaBrwgmaM nig)akecjenAEKmRCug CaRbéBNItMN)aneRbIR)as; edayeQIrwg . sMPar³TaMgenH)aneFIVeLIgedayma:sIunTMenIb viFIsaRsþkñúgkareFIVtMNdUcCa ³ tMNeday lkcg¥Úr b¤tMNBnøÜjRmaméd . tMNbnÞHkþareFIVedayédvamanépÞFMTUlay nigRtUvpÁúMbBa©ÚlKñaeday RtwmRtUv ebIsinmanEpñkNamYyEdlmansar³RbeyaCn_EdlRtUvbBa©ÚlkñúgkargareQIrbs;Gñk kñúgsNæanenH GñknwgsikSaebIcaM)ac; . Carpenting Works -139-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 5-3 eKalkarN_rbs;tMNeQI³ KμansuvtßiPaBGIVeRcInCageFIVtMNeGaytwgENn esckþIRtUvkarminRKan;Etyl;nUvsMPar³ FmμCatiEtmYyb:ueNÑaHeT b:uEnþRbkarl¥mYyKWCakarRbmUlpþúMrvagbec©keTsrYmCamYyEpñkév . karyl;xøHéneKalkarN_elItMNeQI)anCYy munnwgTTYledaysmtßPaBpÞal;xøÜn ¬biunRbsb;¦ edIm,IeFIVeGaytMNtwgENnmYy . c,ab;enHedIm,Iecosvagsac;eQIbeNþayxøI . RbsinebItMNmYy)ankan;EpñkxagcugénduMeQI kMlaMgsgát;EpñkTTwgsac;eRcInCagbeNþay nigmankMlaMgKas;eRcInelI ¬k¦ va vanwgmanlT§plkñúg ¬sac;eQIbeNþayxøI¦ EdlnaMeGay)at;tambeNþaysac;eQIénCMerAGarKW ¬ X ) EpñkbeNþay EdlenAsl;xagcugmineGayelIsCa (Y) . ebIsineFIVenHsac;eQIbeNþayxøIR)akdCa)ak; . enHbNþalmkBIkarsgát; b¤kMlaMgKas; rbs;tMN EdlmankarbBa©úHBIelIépÞvaFMeTAnwgs;eQIbeNþayxøI . 5-5 tMNFmμta³ -tMNTl;CaeRKagRbGb;gay manRbeyaCn_vaminmanPaBrwgmaMBit . -tMNlak;bgáb;muM³ sMrab;tMNeQIEdlmanmuxkat;dUcKña ehIysßitenAmuMmYy . -BnøÜj nigcg¥Úr³ sMrab;tMNbnÞHkþar eRbIRCugeTalEvgmanRbeyaCn_kñúgtMNbnÞHkþar . -tMNs‘k³ Rbhak;RbEhleTAtMNBnøÜj nigcg¥ÚrEdr b:uEnþP¢ab;CamYybnÞHs‘k . -BnøÜj nigRbehagdMNab;mYykñúgcMeNamtMNeRKag rYmpSMedayrn§ctuekaNEkgesIμmYy CamYysñwgragctuekaNesμIbBa©Úlkñúgva . -k,alGENþg³ manRTg;RTayeRcIn xøH)aMgmuxkñúgeRKagRbGb;smBaØ nigkareFIVft CaerOy² )aneRbIsMrab;beBa©jeGayeXIjedIm,IbgðajKuNPaB. Carpenting Works -140-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC -lak;bBaäit³ eRbIR)as;elItMNduMeQIBIr tambeNþayEvgCajwkjab;eRbIR)as;kñúg sMNg;k)a:l; . -tMNsøg;³ vagayRsYlCagtMNdéteToteTARbehag nigBnøÜj GacmankarlM)akkúñg kardak;tMerobCaCYr Cajwkjab;eRbIR)as;kñúgkareFIVTUr . -tMNeGab³ Cabec©keTsEdleRbIelItMNRCugEkgEdlFM manRbeyaCn_kñúgTIkEnøg déTBIKña . -RbmuM³ niymcUlcitþCamYyeRKagrUbPaBeFIVTUr .l. b:uEnþCamYyenH vaminmanPaB rwgmaMCab;CamYyeT Edlminpøas;bþÚrtMrUvkareFOIVeGaymaMeLIgfkñúgRbePTxøH . 5-6 eKalkarN_éntMNeQI³ 1-tMNedaykavBIcugsac;eQImYyeTAcugsac;eQImYy vaexSayEdlminmansréseQIRKb BIelIKñaeTAnwgkav dak;eQIeGays‘b;tambeNþaysac;eQIeTAeRkam ykkavecjtictYcenAelI épÞEdl)anpþúMKña . 2-tMNedaykavBIcugmYyeTAcMehogsac;eQI esÞIrEtexSaydUceTAnwgTImYyxagelIEdl manehtupldUcKaEdr BIeRBaHvanwgrYjTTwgsac; ehIyrbUtBIkav . Carpenting Works -141-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-tMNedaykavy:agrwgmaM ekIteLIgelItisedAbeNþaysac;BIrRbhak;RbEhlKña RbsBVKña EpñkcMehogTaMgBIr plvaeTAtamragerAéneQIEdl)anbiTbnþKña . eBlNaPaBrYjekIteLIg vaminpøas;bþÚreTAelIduMeQITaMgBIr vamansmtßPaBpúþMCab;KñadUcCapÞaMgmYy . 4-bgðajedaysμamYyéntMNmYy vamaM)anmkedayma:sIun nigCaeKalkarN_eFIVtMNeGaymaM EdlvamansréseQI nigkavRKbelIKñaGtibrmaelITIkEnøgenH . enHGacemIleXIjBnøÜjk,alGENþg nigtMNRmamédmanPaBmaM EdleFIVeLIgedayma:sIun . BYkvaTaMgenHk_mankarcab;GarmμN_BIEPñkEdr . 5-7 RbePTéntMN³ nitiviFI³ Carpenting Works -142-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 1-manmUldæanbYnkñúgkareFIVtMN Edl)anerobcMbegáItCarUbragkñúgsMNg;eQI ¬L), (T), (X), (I) . vamanbBaäitCamuMEdr edaypøas;bþÚreTAtamRbePTTaMgenH . karerobcMCarUbragnImYy² GacsMers)anedaytamRbePTepSg² éntMN . sMrab;kartMelIugRbePT (L) GacCatMN lak;Bak;kNþal tMNRbmuM /tMNsøg; /tMNk,alGENþg b¤tMNBnøÜj nidMNab; . dUecñHenHCaRkumRKYsaréntMNEdlTUlay . 2-enHCatMN (L) y:aggaykñúgenHEdlduMeQImYyRKbBIelIduMeQImYyeTotCamYysac;eQI enAEk,rKña nigsmehtuplmaMP¢ab;edaykav . tMNxøHGacmanlT§PaBP¢ab;edayeRbIEdkeKal b¤vIsrYmKña . vaGaceFIVeGaymaMedaytMrUvduMeQImYybBa©ÚleTAduMeQImYyeTot edaymansμamYy edayCYyBRgwgduMeQITaMgBIrrYmKña . eBlNaEdlsμaenH kat;lak;Bak;kNþalénkMras; ecjénduMeQInImYy² CalT§pléntMNlak;Bak;kNþaly:agmaMCatMN (L) P¢ab;edaykav . Carpenting Works -143-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 3-mYyenAxageqVgEdl)anbgðajCatMNRbmuM (L) EdlGñkGacemIleXIjnUvduMeQIBIr GacnwgerobcMeTARTg;RTayénRbePTtMNdéTeTot mantMNlak;bBaäitmYy nigbBaäitFmμta ¬TaMgBIrenH pøas;bþÚrerobcMCarag (I) mYy . 5-8 kareFIVBnøÜjeGaytwgENnedaykUnkaMbit³ nitiviFI³ 1-tMNTwgBwgBak;elIkarKUsdMbUg)anRtwmRtUv dMbUgGñkeRCIserIs]bkrN_RTRTg;sMrab;eFIVkar KUsedayBwgBak;eTAelIxñaténkic©kar . sMrab;PaBRtwmRtUvelIkargareFIVTUr kaMbitKUssMrab; KUsCabnÞat;manPaBRtwmRtUveRcIn . Tb;vadUcCabuicCamYykMlaMgédsgát;cuHeRkam TMlak;EpøkaMbitkat;TTwgeTAtammuMrak;Tb;Ca mYy]bkrN_rgVas;dUcCaEkgCaedIm . EkgRtUvdak;eGayGwbCab;eTAnwgsac;eQI . Carpenting Works -144-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-TIkEnøgmin)ankarRtUvmanKMnUseGay)anc,as;las; ¬TIenaHedIm,Ikat;ecj¦ . tMrUvkar Cak;EsþgeRcIn)aneFIVkarKUsCabnÞat;BIeRBaHvaGacemIleXIj nigkareFIVvaenHCamYybNþÚlexμAédTn; lμm . 3-manGñkeFIVkarelIeQICaeRcIn)aneRbIexμAsMrab;eFIVkarKUsvas bBa©ÚlexμAédrwg)aneGay xSbnÞat;Cak;c,as; nigRtwmRtUveRcIn b:uEnþvaBi)akkñúgkaremIlmindUcCabBa©ÚlexμAédTn; vaditFM: b:uEnþeBlKUsvaqab;Tal nig)aneFIVeGayERbRbYlPaBRtwmRtUv . ]TahrN_d¾l¥mYyeBlNaEdlExS bnÞat;vamin)anEkgl¥CuMvijsac;eQI KWCaExSbnÞat;BIrCYnCan;Kña BIkMras;exμAédEdlGacemIl eXIj . ]bkrN_KUsTMenIbEdlc,as;las;mYyCaexμAédsMrab;KUseQIEdlvaminditFM nigExSbnÞat; sßitesßr . Carpenting Works -145-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 4-]bkrN_rgVas;Em:RtrUtmansar³RbeyaCn_kñúgkargareQI CaTUeTArgVas;rbs;vaRtUvEtcgcaM EdlnaMeGaykarvas;manPaBRtwmRtUveRcIn TMBk;RtUv)aneRbI nigmanKMnUsRkitRtwmRtUvEdl 3 mm (1/8 inch) eLIgeTA 1 m (3 1/4 inch) énRbEvgbeNþay GñkGaceRbIEm:RtrUtedIm,Ivas;KUs EdlPaKl¥ittUcTaMgenH naMeGaytMNmanPaBCak;lak; ¬k,alGENþgERbRbYltamkarsikSarbs;GñkbegáIt¦ . 5-Em:RtEdlvaeGayRtwmRtUvl¥RbesIrkñúgkargareQI GñkRtUvkarvaedaymansmtßPaBedIm,I vas;knøHmIlIEm:Rt (1/64 inch) KUsnwgkaMbitKUsl¥CagexμAéd EdlPaBCak;lak;minRKb;RKan; . Carpenting Works -146-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 6-tMNtwgENnmYysßitenAelIkareQøósév dUecñHtMrUvkarCak;Esþgrbs;GñkedIm,IeFIVtMN mYyeGaytwg tictYcedayeGayvamanPaBrwgeRcInedIm,ImanKuNPaB CaBiesseTAtamktþarbs; TMhMéntMNEdlGacpøas;bþÚr)an niglkçN³RBmTaMgPaBrwgrbs;eQI . kñúgdg;sIuetCamFümrbs; eQIrwgkMlaMgGnuPaBtMNmanRbEhlknøHmIlIEm:Rt (1/64 inch) elITMhM . PaBbBaäittUc b¤ ¬RCugnaMmux¦ CYyeGaygarRsYlkñúgkartrYmKña . 7-ktþacaM)ac;vasßitenAelIbnÞat;edIm,IeFIVkarGar . enHCac,ab;knøHmIlIEm:Rt (1/64 inch) EdlRtUveFIV Gñkminvas;BitelIvaeTb:uEnþGñkRtUvCMnYsvaenARtg;kEnøgGarelIbnÞat; dUecñHExSbnÞat;enA xageqVgbnÞab;BIGarehIy enHCakarbuinRbsb;kñúgkarkat;edIm,IeFIVeGaytMNtwgENn ehtudUecñHbnÞat; enHRtUvEtrkSaeGayénkarkat;cMnucRBag . Carpenting Works -147-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 8-enHCac,ab;sMrab;GnuvtþedIm,IKUsbnÞat; nigkat;cuHeRkamtambeNþaysac;eQI KWCakar eQøósévmYykñúgkargareQI sMrab;Ca]TahrN_bnÞat; CaTUeTAbnÞat;qμarRtUvKUsCamYykaMbitKUs . 9-enAcugbBa©b;eRbIBnøakdab; edaydak;cgBnøakeGay)anRtwmRtUvenAelIbnÞat; nigyk u citþTukdak;dab;ykecjnUvEpñkxageRkayénEpñkmin)ankar . edIm,IeGaymaneCaKC½ykñúgkarkat; eFIVCatMN ¬RKb;kargareQITaMgGs;¦ kñúgkarQrRtUveGaymanlMnwg nigTb;]bkrN_pgEdr . Carpenting Works -148-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 10-eBlNaeRbIR)as;rNaeFIVBnøÚj karRtYtBinitüGacsMerc)anedayeRbIR)as;édTaMgBIr mankMlaMgBIrdgénGMeBIEkgédTaMgBIr dgxøÜntMrg;eGay)anRtwmRtUv nigEpñkNamYyénEPñktMrg; bnÞat;edIm,Ikat; . 6-tMNBnøÜj nigRbehagdMNab;³ BnøÜj nigRbehagdMNab;gayRsYl vakMnt;eday ¬GNþat nigmat;¦ rYmpSMKña . vamuxCasmBaØeRcInkñúgtMNeQI vamanbnÞarTUlaysMrab;eRbIR)as;elIeRKagTVarRtg;kEnøgenH vaCab; ENnCaeRcInqñaM . tMNEdl)ans¶ÜtehIy Cajwkjab;)anpþúMrYmKñaCamYyeRKOgbgÁúMrbs;vamunnwgeRbIkav nigtMN EdleFIVeGayma:sIunmaneRcInelIslb; . épÞrbs;tMNk_mankarxUcedaykavEdr Edlman eRcInenAelIduMeRKOgEdlcas; tMNCakic©kares¶óms¶at; . 6-1 eRKOgbgÁúMrbs;BnøÚj nigRbehagdMNab;³ BnøÜj nigRbehagdMNab;sMedAcMeBaHbgÁúMéntMN EdlmanmUldæaneRcIn . BnøÚj nigRbehagdMNab;FøaymYyEdlpþl;nUvPaBrwgmaMGtibrmaeday ¬GNþat¦ sn§wgeTAeBjCMerArbs; ¬mat;¦ . BwgBak;elIBnøÜjtMN)anqøúHcUleTAkñúgRbEhlBIr bI eTAtambnÞareQI . TaMgenH manBIrEpñkéntMN EdlemIllMGitkñúgTIenH Edlvamankarpøas;bþÚreRcIn . BnøÜjdMNab;Edl mansμaEvg b¤xøI vatMrUveTAtamkarlak;enAelIépÞmçag² . BnøÚj nigRbehagdMNab; Føay )aneRbIR)as;enAelIRCugEkgrbs;eRKagEdlmanmuxkat;FM edIm,Iecosvag b¤e)ar . Carpenting Works -149-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC kEnøgmuxBnøÚjxøHtUcesþIg EdlKμansμaTaMgBIrkñúgkareFIVvaenH)any;agrh½s b:uEnþCaTUeTARtUv mansμaenHCakarRbesIr nigbiT)aMgEpñkbnøMxøH Edl)aneFIVenHkñúgkarP¢ab;BnøÚjeTAkñúgRbehagdMNab; . BnøÚj nigdMNab;enH GaceFIVedayéd b¤ma:sIunGKÁisnIEpñkmYyéntMN eKGaceFIVelIsBIBIr niglak;eTAtamcMnYntMNenARCugEkgrbs;eRKagq¥wgmanragCa ( L) BnøÚj nigRbehagdMNab;Føay eRcIneRbIkñúgkartedIm,IeFIVeTAtambec©keTslMGitepSg² énkareFIVBnøÚj nigdMNab;Føayman ragCaGkSr (T) . 6-2 karkat;eFIVBnøÚj nigRbehagdMMNab;Føayedayéd³ nitiviFI³ 1-erobcMeQIeTAtamTMhM rYcKUsecjbnÞat;sμaenAelIBnøÚjeTAtambnÞarrbs;eQI edayeGay elIs 1 mm ¬RbEhl 1/32 inch ¦ sMrab;eFIVkarsMGatcugeRkay . rYcKUsbnÞat;BIrkat; edIm,IeFIVRbehagdMNab;elIduMeQImYyeTot eTAtambnÞarrbs;BnøÚjedaybUk 1mm ¬RbEhl 1/32 inch ¦ sMrab;eFIVkarsMGatcugeRkay KUscMNaM (A) enAelIsac;eQIeGay)anc,as; . Carpenting Works -150-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 2-BnøÚjRtUv)anbBa©ÚlRtg;TaMgGs;eTARbehagdMNab;énduMénduMeQImYyeTot EdlRtUvKUsenA elIRCugTaMgBIr dUcenHedIm,IKUsenAelIRCugTaMgBIrenH RtUveRbIR)as;EkgedayeGaydgvaGibeTA nwgépÞbnÞar rYcKUsbnÞat;cuHeRkamrbs;épÞBnøÚj . 3-eRbIBBaysMrab;GUseFIVRbehagdMNab; Edlmanm¢úlBIr )aneRbIedIm,IKUseGayRsb eTABnøÚj nigbnÞarRbehagdMNab; CaFmμtaeKEbgEckCa mYyPaKbIénkMras;eQI duMeQIenH vamankMras; 18 mm (3/4 inch) nigRbehagdMNab; 6 mm (1/4 inch) BnøakRtUveRbIkñúgTMhM 6 mm, 9 mm , 12 mm, (1/4, 3/8, 1/2 inch) tMrUvm¢úlBBayeGayelIsbnÞarBnøaktictYc . 4-LÚvenHtMrUvtYBBay edIm,IeGaym¢úlTaMgBIrRtUvtamxñat KUskat;kMras;eQIedayGUs BBay eRbIR)as;tYBBayeGayGibCab;eTAépÞbnÞar GUsBBayelIépÞkMras; ¬eTal¦ TaMgBIr . Carpenting Works -151-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 5-dak;duMeQIénBnøÚjeTAkñúgGgÁúM ehIyeRbIBBayEdl)antMrUvxñatehIyenH eTAGUseFIVCa RbehagdMNab; . LÚv)anKUsecj)ansBVRKb;ehIy . 6-dak;eQIeKobeGayENnenAelItueFIVkar edaymanGgÁúMCab;nwgeCIgtu . RbkarEdl l¥edIm,IeFIVkarenH eKeRbIduMeQIRTab;CaCMnYy edIm,ITb;enAkñúgGgÁúM QrenAEpñkxagcugéntueFIVkar CamYyRbehagdMNab;eRbIR)as;Bnøak nigjjÜreQI edIm,IeFIVkardab;ecjCaesrI 3mm (1/8 inch) cenøaHBImYyeTAmYyBIkNþaleq<aHeTAmuxéncugnImYy² eRbIEkgedIm,ICYyMrg;eGayRtg;énBnøak . Carpenting Works -152-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 7-Epñkmin)ankartMrUvkardab;eTAtamkMritrbs;cMNaMgeQIecj dUecñHBnøakminRtUveFIVeGay hYsbnÞat;eLIy . CMerAdab;edayjjÜreQImþg² manCMerARbEhl 6 mm (1/6 inch) edauBwgBak;eTAtamRbePTeQI . kñúgeQIrwgGñkGaceFIVtictYcCagenH . lÚvykcitþTukdak;elIcMNaMgeQIEdldab;ecj eFIVbnþbnÞab;edIm,IeGay)anCMerA . 8-GñkGacemIleXIjBIEpøBnøakelIépÞEpñkmin)ankarxageqVg eBlEdldab;ykcMNaMg eQIecj . bnÞab;mkGñkRtUvdab;eq<aHeTACMerARbEhlBak;kNþal Rtlb;duMeQImkmçageTot ehIyeFIVskmμPaBbnþeTot . Carpenting Works -153-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 9-eBlNaEdledaHeQIecjBIGgÁúMRtUve)askMeTckMTI EdlenAelItuGgÁúMecj EdlvaeFIV eGaymansñameBoceQIenAelIduMeQIxat;lab . 10-LÚvQrenABImuxtueFIVkar nigbBaÄrBnøakedayykcitþTukdak;nUvEpñkCBa¢aMgRbehag dMNab;xagcug Ekg)anCYytMrg;kñúgkardab;enH . vamansar³sMxan;Nas;enAEpñkagcug)anrabesμI nigEkg KMnUsBBay)anelIskMras;BnøaktictYc dUcenHRtUveRbIBnøakEdlmanbnÞarFM edIm,IriH ecjEpñkEdlelIstictYc enHedIm,IeGay)anR)akdcMeBaHCBa¢aMgcMehogRbehagdMNab;)anrabesμI nigépÞQrCak;lak; . Carpenting Works -154-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 11-edIm,Ikat;eQIeFIVCaBnøÚj Epñkmin)ankarrbs;BnøÚjRtUvkat;ecj dak;bBaÄrduMeQIEdl RtUveFIVBnøÚjeTAkñúgGgÁúM nigeRbIrNaeFIVBnøÚjkat;f<al;ecj . rkSakarkat;enAelIbnÞat;énbnÞarEpñkmin)ankar edaymanbnÞat;Rsab;edIm,IGarecjKμan karxUcxat . TMerTeQIqøas;Kña nigGarbeBaäóg)anBIbnÞat;EdleFIVbnþbnÞab;KñakñúgeBlEtmYy niggayRsYlkñúgkarBinitüenAeBlGar . 12-LÚveRbIR)as;GgÁúMEtÉg b¤bnÞHkþarTb;edIm,IGarsμaBnøÚj BinitübnÞat;sμarbs; BnøÚjEdlKUskat;TTwgsac;eQIeGay)anRtwmRtUv tMrUvkarPaBCak;lak;enH nwgbgðajeGay eXIjenAtMNEdlRtUv)anbBa©b; . Carpenting Works -155-
    • Civil Engineering Department NPIC 13-edIm,IeFIVeGayRCHnUvKMnUs tMrUvEdkQUseFIVkarsMGateLIgvij CamYyduMeQITaMgBIr eGay)anRbesIr . kñúgenHbnÞarkñúgRbehagdMNab;)anKUs 1 mm ¬RbEhl 1/32 inch ¦ eRkambnÞarBnøÚj . QUstictYcenAelImuxkat;rbs;BnøÚj enHCapøÚvRtayy:aggayRsYleBlNa EdltMNRtUv)anpþúMehIy . 14-ykcitþTukdak;kñúgkareFIVtMNpÞH edayeRbIR)as;jjÜrEdk nigBnøakEdlmanEpøesþIg bnÞarFM enAeBlt ehIymuxtMNvatwgenAEpñkNamYyRtUveFIkarBinitüEdlvamanbBaða nigcitbnþicmþg² V CamYybnøak . dUecñHGñkGaredayédRtUvGareGay)anRtg;KYrsm CaCagGñkeRbIBnøaktam eRkaymþgeTot . ebIBnøakRtUvKUsecj 1 mm ¬RbEhl 1/32 inch ¦ BIelITMhMva eBlpÁúMcugbBa©b;RtUvykecjedaydak;tMN enAkñúgGgÁúMeFIVkarQUstMNeGay)anrabesμI . Carpenting Works -156-