BASIC SKILLS Lesson 1 and 2
LESSON INDEXT <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Turning On and Off </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Desktop </li></ul><ul><l...
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Basic skills is a lesson that gives computer users an idea (s) of how to make use of a computer progr...
TURNING ON AND OFF <ul><li>Turning On </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An on button or power button is used- pressing the button gent...
<ul><li>Turning Off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This action involves the use of the  start menu . Often this menu is found at th...
<ul><ul><li>Choosing turn off or shut down will give you another menu that will give you a chance to confirm and specify y...
<ul><li>Difference between turn off, standby or restart computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn of or shut down means that you...
<ul><ul><li>Restart is when a computer is made to reload its settings. This will cause a computer to turn off and turn on ...
When a start menu is clicked a menu appears  Return to index
Clicking on turn off or shut down will result in a menu like the one below.  Return to index
WINDOWS DESKTOP <ul><li>This is a first page that comes the when a computer finishes loading or booting. </li></ul><ul><li...
COMMON DESKTOP FEATURES <ul><li>Below are some of the common desktop features. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Icons (Folders, files...
Icons Background represented by a picture Taskbar System tray Quick launch area Start Menu Current running application are...
<ul><li>Start menu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is were all installed programs are found and can be accessed from. </li></ul><...
Pinned programs Recently used shortcuts All programs representing Installed programs  Log off & Turn off buttons Common fo...
Start menu including submenus
USES OF A START MENU <ul><li>Starting or opening a programs and files. </li></ul><ul><li>Find help on how to use certain f...
A WINDOW <ul><li>This is a frame were files including programs are viewed.  </li></ul><ul><li>All frames have a common fea...
<ul><li>The following can be done to a window; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dragged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resized i.e. minim...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Maximise causes a window to fit that whole screen. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed and opened. </li...
Return to index Title area Standard Buttons Address bar Viewing area System Buttons
<ul><li>System button; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of the minimise, restore and maximise and close buttons. </li></...
<ul><li>Address bar; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It enables a user to search for a folder or file. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><...
Programs minimised to the taskbar Return to index
My Computer Window is restored Return to index
My Computer Window is now maximised   Return to index
USING THE MOUSE <ul><li>A mouse is an input device that can either be part of a computer or be plugged on to a computer us...
<ul><li>On the other hand, a mice can be a peripheral device that requires plugging. These usually are made to fit a palm ...
Mouse wheel Left mouse button Right mouse button Touchpad Left mouse button Right mouse button Image 1. Mouse Image 2. Tou...
Uses of a mouse <ul><li>It is used for communication between  a user and a computer. Communication is done when you point ...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Clicking can be left clicking or right clicking. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left clicking is ...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closing programs or applications. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right clicking...
<ul><li>It allows an arrow on the screen called a cursor to move. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using this arrow you can drag an o...
Practice <ul><li>Selecting; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor and point on an object called My Computer. </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Dragging or moving; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor on and point on My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Opening a program or application #1A; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor to My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><li>Closing a program or application #1B; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor and point on the  X  sign found at rig...
<ul><li>Opening a program or application #2A; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor to My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
1 2 3 Right-click a target + left-click a target on  the menu = Open Return to index = 1 + 3 2
<ul><li>Closing a program or application #2B; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor and point on the  X  sign found at rig...
FOLDERS AND FILES <ul><li>Folder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a container like object that is used as a storage media for...
Files Folders Return to index
<ul><li>File </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a collection of numbers, letters, symbols that are connected or related. </li></u...
<ul><li>Creating a folder; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the desktop where there is no icon or anything, right-click. </li></ul...
<ul><ul><li>Once you finish click enter or click away from the folder in the empty space. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renaming ...
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Basic Skills for Bigginners

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This is best for beginners. Those who want to know something about how to make use of there computers.

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Basic Skills for Bigginners

  1. 1. BASIC SKILLS Lesson 1 and 2
  2. 2. LESSON INDEXT <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Turning On and Off </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Folders and Files </li></ul><ul><li>Return to index </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Basic skills is a lesson that gives computer users an idea (s) of how to make use of a computer program or application. It gives learners a view of how the software for a particular computer can be used effectively. An example of software can be Microsoft Windows XP or Vista. </li></ul><ul><li>Return to index </li></ul>
  4. 4. TURNING ON AND OFF <ul><li>Turning On </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An on button or power button is used- pressing the button gently. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After the button is pressed, a computer boots before it one can see an object (s). </li></ul></ul>Sample On Button Return to index Power Button
  5. 5. <ul><li>Turning Off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This action involves the use of the start menu . Often this menu is found at the bottom left of the screen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving the cursor using either the mouth or touchpad and clicking will bring up a menu that will allow you to turn off or shut down the computer. </li></ul></ul>Return to index Start Menu
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Choosing turn off or shut down will give you another menu that will give you a chance to confirm and specify your action. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Note : Using the turn off or shut down button can even allow you to restart, put a computer standby or turning it off or shutting it down. </li></ul>Return to index
  7. 7. <ul><li>Difference between turn off, standby or restart computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn of or shut down means that you want to completely stop all the applications a computer has from working. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standby is making a go off without stopping the applications a computer. This is also known as sleeping or hibernating . </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Restart is when a computer is made to reload its settings. This will cause a computer to turn off and turn on without you using the power button. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  9. 9. When a start menu is clicked a menu appears Return to index
  10. 10. Clicking on turn off or shut down will result in a menu like the one below. Return to index
  11. 11. WINDOWS DESKTOP <ul><li>This is a first page that comes the when a computer finishes loading or booting. </li></ul><ul><li>It is were most of the programs and applications of a computer are found for easy access. In short, is acts as a desk of a normal and real life office. </li></ul><ul><li>A desktop is a starting point were most of the activities performed start from usually using the start menu. </li></ul>Return to index
  12. 12. COMMON DESKTOP FEATURES <ul><li>Below are some of the common desktop features. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Icons (Folders, files, programs etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taskbar </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  13. 13. Icons Background represented by a picture Taskbar System tray Quick launch area Start Menu Current running application area Return to index
  14. 14. <ul><li>Start menu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is were all installed programs are found and can be accessed from. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under this menu, there are options that have other sub-menus and others don’t. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options having sub-menus are have an arrow that shows that other menus exists. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Pinned programs Recently used shortcuts All programs representing Installed programs Log off & Turn off buttons Common folders, files And Networks User Name
  16. 16. Start menu including submenus
  17. 17. USES OF A START MENU <ul><li>Starting or opening a programs and files. </li></ul><ul><li>Find help on how to use certain features using help and support . </li></ul><ul><li>Creating program, file, or application shortcut for easy future access. </li></ul>
  18. 18. A WINDOW <ul><li>This is a frame were files including programs are viewed. </li></ul><ul><li>All frames have a common feature i.e. they have a title bar at the top. This is the name of window viewed at that particular moment. </li></ul><ul><li>It has also has a menu bar and a viewing area. </li></ul>Return to index
  19. 19. <ul><li>The following can be done to a window; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dragged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resized i.e. minimise, restored and maximise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimise reduces a window to the taskbar. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restore makes smaller but does not take the page to the taskbar. </li></ul></ul></ul>Return to index
  20. 20. <ul><ul><ul><li>Maximise causes a window to fit that whole screen. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed and opened. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The next slide shows a windows. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  21. 21. Return to index Title area Standard Buttons Address bar Viewing area System Buttons
  22. 22. <ul><li>System button; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of the minimise, restore and maximise and close buttons. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Title area; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shows the name of a program, file or folder that is being viewed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Standard buttons; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has menus such as the back and forward, a button for search, favorites button and these buttons are shortcuts that can be added or removed or activated or deactivated. </li></ul></ul></ul>Return to index
  23. 23. <ul><li>Address bar; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It enables a user to search for a folder or file. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Viewing area; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is the are were the content is displayed. </li></ul></ul></ul>Return to index
  24. 24. Programs minimised to the taskbar Return to index
  25. 25. My Computer Window is restored Return to index
  26. 26. My Computer Window is now maximised Return to index
  27. 27. USING THE MOUSE <ul><li>A mouse is an input device that can either be part of a computer or be plugged on to a computer using a cable. </li></ul><ul><li>A mouse is the one responsible for the movement of an object on screen called cursor. </li></ul><ul><li>When a mouse is part of a computer it is called a touch pad. Here no cables are required. </li></ul>Return to index
  28. 28. <ul><li>On the other hand, a mice can be a peripheral device that requires plugging. These usually are made to fit a palm of a user with buttons called mouse buttons already fitted and a wheel to allow the movement. </li></ul>Return to index
  29. 29. Mouse wheel Left mouse button Right mouse button Touchpad Left mouse button Right mouse button Image 1. Mouse Image 2. Touchpad Return to index
  30. 30. Uses of a mouse <ul><li>It is used for communication between a user and a computer. Communication is done when you point and click on something on the screen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pointing means taking the cursor and placing it on the text or object. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clicking on the other hand involves pressing the mouse buttons or on of the two buttons next to a touch pad. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  31. 31. <ul><ul><ul><li>Clicking can be left clicking or right clicking. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left clicking is in two ways. Clicking which is pressing the left button once, double clicking which is pressing the button twice quickly and triple clicking which is pressing the button three times quickly. This button is used for; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting text or objects. Opposite for selecting is deselecting. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dragging or moving text or objects. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opening programs or applications. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Return to index
  32. 32. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closing programs or applications. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right clicking involves pressing the right mouse button once. This button does the following; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brings up a Popup menu. This can be when you click on a program or in the blank space any where on the computer. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Return to index
  33. 33. <ul><li>It allows an arrow on the screen called a cursor to move. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using this arrow you can drag an object or text </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  34. 34. Practice <ul><li>Selecting; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor and point on an object called My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press the left mouse button once or click once. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The object is selected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor away and deselect by pressing the left mouse button. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  35. 35. <ul><li>Dragging or moving; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor on and point on My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press down the left mouse and without releasing it move the mouse. If you are using a touchpad move your finger on it to allow the cursor drag to My Computer to a different position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release the mouse button. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  36. 36. <ul><li>Opening a program or application #1A; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor to My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double-click. My Computer opens. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  37. 37. <ul><li>Closing a program or application #1B; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor and point on the X sign found at right top corner of My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click or press the left mouse button once. My Computer closes. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  38. 38. <ul><li>Opening a program or application #2A; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor to My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-click. A menu appears. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the menu move to open and click. My Computer opens. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  39. 39. 1 2 3 Right-click a target + left-click a target on the menu = Open Return to index = 1 + 3 2
  40. 40. <ul><li>Closing a program or application #2B; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move the cursor and point on the X sign found at right top corner of My Computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click or press the left mouse button once. My Computer closes. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  41. 41. FOLDERS AND FILES <ul><li>Folder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a container like object that is used as a storage media for files and other folders called subfolders. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example My Documents folder. It contains subfolders and files. </li></ul></ul>Return to index An example of a folder.
  42. 42. Files Folders Return to index
  43. 43. <ul><li>File </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a collection of numbers, letters, symbols that are connected or related. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A file as shown in the My Documents image above can either be musical, word document, PowerPoint presentation etc. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  44. 44. <ul><li>Creating a folder; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the desktop where there is no icon or anything, right-click. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the popup menu choose New. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From New click on folder. A selected folder with a default name new folder appears. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not click anywhere. On the keyboard type the name. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
  45. 45. <ul><ul><li>Once you finish click enter or click away from the folder in the empty space. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renaming a folder; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-click the you want to rename. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the menu click move down to rename and click. The current is selected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type the new name and press enter on the keyboard. </li></ul></ul>Return to index
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