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World war i ppt World war i ppt Presentation Transcript

  • World War I “The Great War” 1914-1918Ms. CarpenterDuluth MiddleSocial Studies
  • Rivalry Between Nations Industrialization created rivalries among European countries. Great Britain, France, Germany, and other European countries needed natural resources for their factories. They also needed markets were they could sell their products. Imperialism: European countries claimed land in Africa and Asia to set up colonies. European countries also built up large armies and navies to protect their empires. Countries formed alliances with one another and agreed to support one another in times of war.
  • World War IWhy did it start? nationalism, colonialism, and alliances June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip assassinates Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie of Austria-Hungary in Sarajevo. Princip had ties to a Serbian terrorist group.
  • World War I Who fought whom? July 23rd: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia because of assassination and Germany agrees to support Austria-Hungary. August 3-4: Germany declares war on Russia, France, and Belgium. August 4: Great Britain declares war on Germany. August 6: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia. August 10:France declares war on Austria-Hungary. August 12: Great Britain declares war on Austria- Hungary. January 31,1917: Germans resume unrestricted U-boat attacks April 6,1917: USA declares war on Germany in retaliation for the sinking of the Lusitania cruise ship on May 7, 1915 and the resumption of unrestricted warfare.
  • World War IThe Allied Powers  Serbia  Liberia  Great Britain  Greece  France  Siam  Russia  San Marino  Italy  Panama  Japan  Cuba  United States  Brazil  Belgium  Guatemala  Montenegro  Haiti  Romania  Honduras  Portugal  Costa Rica  China  Nicaragua
  • World War IThe Central Powers  Austria-Hungary  Germany  Bulgaria  Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • World War I Weaponry The methods of the Industrial Revolution were used to mass-produce deadly weapons. airplane submarine tank machine gun mustard Gas
  • When did the U.S. enter the war? United States President Woodrow Wilson declared a U.S. policy of absolute neutrality, an official stance that would last until 1917 when Germanys policy of unrestricted submarine warfare - which seriously threatened Americas commercial shipping forced the U.S. to finally enter the war on 6 April 1917.
  • The Sinking of the Lusitania
  • The War on the Home ront George M. Cohens “Over There” African-Americans fought in the war but were still discriminated against. Women took over many factory jobs for the first time. Soldiers from the 369th Infantry Regiment proudly wearing their Croix de Guerre medals.
  • World War IWhere did they fight? In Europe, trench warfare developed, especially along the western front between France and Germany. in northern Africa in the skies above Europe - “dog fights” between planes in the Atlantic, with Germany’s unrestricted warfare and dangerous U-boats
  • World War IHow did it end? American troops arrived in Europe and Africa. Paris Peace Conference Treaty of Versailles The Big Four  Woodrow Wilson, American President  David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister  Georges Clemenceau, French Premier  Vittorio Orlando, Italian Premier
  • Before the Treaty of Versailles
  • World War IThe Effects Russian Revolution – 1917 revolution begun by Vladimir Lenin and led to a communist government in Russia Germany was blamed for starting the war and was asked to pay for the damage leaving the country in financial ruins. The Austrian-Hungarian empire was dismantled. The Ottoman Empire was destroyed. World War II