Forms of Governments
To study governments, geographers look at the following: <ul><li>Types  – Who rules and who participates. </li></ul><ul><l...
Types  of Government are based on one key question:  Who governs and what is the citizen participation ? <ul><li>There are...
Autocracy <ul><li>Government in which the power to govern is held by one person. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally the power to ...
Oligarchy <ul><li>A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. </li></ul><ul><li>The g...
Democracy <ul><li>In a democracy, the government is “Rule by the people” </li></ul><ul><li>There are two forms of democrac...
In a democracy…. <ul><li>Individual freedom and equality is valued. </li></ul><ul><li>Free elections are held </li></ul><u...
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Types Of Government Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy

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Types Of Government Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy

  1. 1. Forms of Governments
  2. 2. To study governments, geographers look at the following: <ul><li>Types – Who rules and who participates. </li></ul><ul><li>Systems – How the power is distributed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Government are based on one key question: Who governs and what is the citizen participation ? <ul><li>There are three types of governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Autocracy <ul><li>Government in which the power to govern is held by one person. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally the power to rule is inherited or by military force. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three </li></ul><ul><li>types of Autocracy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oligarchy <ul><li>A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. </li></ul><ul><li>The group gets their power from either military, wealth or social status. </li></ul><ul><li>Elections may be held but offer </li></ul><ul><li>only one candidate. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Greek city states </li></ul>
  6. 6. Democracy <ul><li>In a democracy, the government is “Rule by the people” </li></ul><ul><li>There are two forms of democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Democracy – People vote on all the issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy – People elect representatives and give them the power to vote on issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: United States </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. In a democracy…. <ul><li>Individual freedom and equality is valued. </li></ul><ul><li>Free elections are held </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions are based on majority rule. </li></ul><ul><li>All candidates can express their views freely. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens vote by secret ballot. </li></ul>

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