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Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types Of Government   Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
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Types Of Government Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy

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  • 1. Forms of Governments
  • 2. To study governments, geographers look at the following: <ul><li>Types – Who rules and who participates. </li></ul><ul><li>Systems – How the power is distributed. </li></ul>
  • 3. Types of Government are based on one key question: Who governs and what is the citizen participation ? <ul><li>There are three types of governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Autocracy <ul><li>Government in which the power to govern is held by one person. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally the power to rule is inherited or by military force. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three </li></ul><ul><li>types of Autocracy. </li></ul>
  • 5. Oligarchy <ul><li>A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. </li></ul><ul><li>The group gets their power from either military, wealth or social status. </li></ul><ul><li>Elections may be held but offer </li></ul><ul><li>only one candidate. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Greek city states </li></ul>
  • 6. Democracy <ul><li>In a democracy, the government is “Rule by the people” </li></ul><ul><li>There are two forms of democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Democracy – People vote on all the issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy – People elect representatives and give them the power to vote on issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: United States </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 7. In a democracy…. <ul><li>Individual freedom and equality is valued. </li></ul><ul><li>Free elections are held </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions are based on majority rule. </li></ul><ul><li>All candidates can express their views freely. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens vote by secret ballot. </li></ul>

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