Study game 3.1


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Study game 3.1

  1. 1. The Africa Unit 3 STUDY GAME
  2. 2. A UNICAMERAL legislature means what? <ul><ul><li>It is a ONE house body that makes and passes the laws for the country. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What do Kenya, South Africa and Nigeria all have in common? </li></ul><ul><li>They are all Parliamentary Democracies </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A decision by one country to eliminate all exports to and imports with another country. </li></ul><ul><li>What is an Embargo? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What political trade barrier limits the amount of goods or services coming into or leaving a country? Quotas
  6. 6. A country ruled by a person that has complete and unlimited power <ul><ul><li>Autocracy </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. A person who takes a risk by starting their own business is known as this. An Entrepreneur
  8. 8. President Obama wants to create more jobs in the Auto Industry. What type of law can he pass that will raise the price of foreign cars and make US more attractive to local buyers? Tariffs... These taxes raise the price of foreign goods and protect local producers
  9. 9. What type of country can Israel be described as economically? Developed
  10. 10. What are two major forms of democratic governments: <ul><li>Parliamentary </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential </li></ul>
  11. 11. a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler <ul><ul><li>Theocracy </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What are Capital Goods ? Any material things that are needed to conduct business… Machines, computers, Raw Materials…
  13. 13. Who makes the important decisions in Sudan <ul><li>The President and the National Congress Party </li></ul>
  14. 14. What are Raw Materials? Natural Resources Like… Timber, Oil, Minerals…
  15. 15. What are the three ways governments distribute power: <ul><li>Unitary </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Name one of the most important factors in the economic growth of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy Rate, or ability to make investments </li></ul>
  17. 17. What are the two Houses in South Africa’s Bicameral legislature? <ul><li>National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>National Council of Provinces </li></ul>
  18. 18. What political trade barrier stops all trade with the country? Embargo
  19. 19. A country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives (India, United States, Germany, South Africa…) <ul><ul><li>Federal Republic </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. What is anything that improves a countries work force such as education, health care…? Human Capital
  21. 21. What is voluntary trade <ul><li>Trade where both sides are willing participants </li></ul><ul><li>Market based decisions </li></ul>
  22. 22. What are quotas, tariffs, and embargos? Trade Barriers
  23. 23. What are a business’ employees or workers known as ? Human Resources
  24. 24. Currency of Nigeria <ul><li>The Naira </li></ul>
  25. 25. A government based upon religious beliefs is BEST described as an <ul><ul><li>Theocracy </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. What are South Africa’s major exports <ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds </li></ul>
  27. 27. The central government holds most of the power in _________ government. <ul><ul><li>UNITARY </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. While helping protect local producers, Tariffs, the political trade barrier that places a tax on the goods or services coming into a country hurt whom? Local Consumers And Foreign Producers
  29. 29. Currency of South Africa <ul><li>The Rand </li></ul>
  30. 30. In general, countries with strong economies have __________ literacy rates <ul><ul><li>High </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. What natural trade barrier separates Libya and Zaire?   Sahara Desert
  32. 32. Which form of government gives people more power and rights, A Representative Democracy or an Oligarchy? Representative Democracy
  33. 33. What type of government citizens choose representatives to make and enforce the laws <ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. A small group of powerful leaders are in charge in this type of government… <ul><ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. What is the legislative branch of government is responsible for ??? <ul><ul><li>making and carrying out the laws </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. The person with the most power in a parliamentary system is the??? Prime Minister
  37. 37. How is the leader of a Presidential Democracy chosen? <ul><ul><li>The president is chosen in a vote by the people. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Entrepreneurs do what in a market economy? Take on the financial risk in starting a new business
  39. 39. How is the leader of a Parliamentary Democracy chosen? <ul><ul><li>The Prime Minister is chosen by representatives in the legislator </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Why is Sudan not a true Republic? <ul><li>Votes don’t count </li></ul>
  41. 41. What is a TWO house body that makes and passes the laws for the country? <ul><ul><li>A BICAMERAL legislature. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. What tells how governmental power is distributed? A government SYSTEM
  43. 43. What are Human Resources? A business’ employees or workers
  44. 44. What type of trade barrier is a Quota? <ul><ul><li>Political Trade Barrier </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. In what system of government is power shared by a powerful central government and states or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. . Federal System
  46. 46. What are three types of governments? <ul><li>Autocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul>
  47. 47. Who benefits from trade restrictions placed on imported goods? <ul><ul><li>Local companies that produce the same products as the imports-LIMITS competition </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. What is a common problem with command economies? <ul><ul><li>Poor decision making by government leaders on answering the three main </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Questions </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. In what type of government is the government “Ruled by the people” and individual freedom and equality is valued. Where free elections are held and decisions are based on majority rule? Democracy
  50. 50. What type of government gives the king or queen very little control, they are more of a figure head? <ul><ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. ANSWER -In a federal republic, power is divided between the national and state or regional governments. <ul><li>South Africa’s government operates as a Federal Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Question-How is power distributed in a Federal Republic? </li></ul>
  52. 52. What are the three main Economic Questions? <ul><ul><li>What to produce? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to produce? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For whom to produce? </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. In what type of government is the power to govern held by one person and where the power to rule is generally inherited or imposed by military force? Autocracy
  54. 54. Which type of government gives its citizens the most power? <ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Which type of government gives its citizens the least power? <ul><ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Dictators and Monarchs) </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56.   A manufacturer of goods and services is a…? Producer
  57. 57. What type of government gives the king or queen complete control? <ul><ul><li>Absolute Monarchy </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. What system of government has a central government that controls everything and power is not shared between states, counties or provinces. Unitary System
  59. 59. A government that sees God as the supreme ruler is known as what? <ul><ul><li>Theocracy </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60.   A buyer and user of goods and services is a…? Consumer
  61. 61. a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States) <ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. To study governments, geographers look at government systems. What is this? How the power is distributed.
  63. 63. What type of trade barrier is an Embargo? <ul><ul><li>Political Trade Barrier </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. What is a common feature of countries with strong economies? <ul><ul><li>High Literacy Rates </li></ul></ul>
  65. 65. The US and other countries tried to persuade the S. African Government to quit its policy of Apartheid by limiting trade with the country. What type of political trade barrier is this?? <ul><ul><li>Sanctions </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66.   What is it called when countries trade without any trade restrictions or barriers? Free Trade
  67. 67. African country have we studied that could be considered an Oligarchy prior to 1994??? <ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul>
  68. 68.   How is a presidential democracy differ from a parliamentary democracy? In a presidential democracy the executive branch is separate from the legislative branch.
  69. 69. Give 4 examples of political trade barriers… <ul><li>Tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Embargos </li></ul><ul><li>Quotas </li></ul>
  70. 70. In terms of international business, if two countries offer the same product, what influences which one I purchase it from? <ul><ul><li>The price, ie… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Exchange Rate </li></ul></ul>
  71. 71. What system of government is a voluntary association of independent states that agrees to follow a weak central government. . Confederation System
  72. 72. Which African country that we have studied have an Autocratic Government system? <ul><ul><li>Sudan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Military Dictatorship) </li></ul></ul>
  73. 73. What political trade barrier limits trade with a particular country or specific business BUT DOES NOT stop all trade with the country? Sanctions
  74. 74. What are the two houses in South Africa’s legislature? <ul><ul><li>National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces </li></ul></ul>
  75. 75. What is nationalism?   Loyalty based on political /geographic boundaries
  76. 76. South Africa’s economy, like the United States, depends heavily on what? <ul><ul><li>Service Industry </li></ul></ul>
  77. 77. What type of government exists in the Republic of Sudan? <ul><ul><li>Dictatorship </li></ul></ul>
  78. 78. What are any material things that are needed to conduct business… Machines, computers, buildings… ? Capital Goods
  79. 79. In some countries a single authority decides what is produced. What type of economy is this? Command Economy
  80. 80. What is the percentage of people in a country who can read or write? <ul><ul><li>Literacy rate </li></ul></ul>
  81. 81. How is a prime minister in a parliamentary system chosen??? The leader of the political party that holds the most seats in the legislature.
  82. 82. What is South Africa’s currency called? <ul><ul><li>The Rand </li></ul></ul>
  83. 83. What are Human Resources? A business’ employees or workers