0
Rock Test Review
What is a mineral and how do we
identify them?
• A mineral is a naturally formed,
inorganic solid that has a definite
crys...
What is reclamation? List 3 ways
to reduce the impact of mining.
• Reclamation is reclaiming or restoring
the land to the ...
What is a rock and how are they
classified?
• Naturally occurring solid formed from
one or more minerals
• They are classi...
Describe three ways humans can
use rock and minerals.
• Many different answers
– Examples – roads, construction, make-
up,...
What are the two most abundant
rocks in the earth’s crust?
• Granite and Basalt
Describe how igneous, sedimentary,
and metamorphic rocks form and give
examples of each.
• Igneous rock – form from molten...
Explain the Rock Cycle.
• It is a continues process in which rocks
are changing from one type of rock to
another
What is the difference between
intrusive and extrusive igneous
rocks?
• Intrusive – cools slowly deep inside the
earth (ma...
What is the most abundant
intrusive igneous rock and
common uses?
• Granite
• Uses – roads, construction, and buildings
How are sediments formed?
• Weathering and breaking down of rock
into small fragments or pieces
List the three types of
sedimentary rocks and give
examples of each.
• Clastic – sandstone and conglomerate
• Organic – co...
Where are metamorphic rocks
formed?
• They are formed deep within the
earth’s crust.
What process do rocks undergo
to become metamorphic rocks?
• They undergo heat and pressure
How do geologists classify
metamorphic rocks?
• They are classified as foliated (banded
or layered) or nonfoliated (not ba...
What is the difference between
foliated and nonfoliated?
• Foliated – banded or layered
• Nonfoliated – not banded or laye...
What is the difference between
weathering and erosion?
• Weathering – breaking down of rock
into sediments
• Erosion – mov...
What is deposition?
• The laying down of sediments
What type of rock formation is
Stone Mountain?
• Intrusive igneous rock
What is an ore?
• Large deposit of an economically
valuable mineral can be mined for profit.
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Science study guide review

2,213

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,213
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Science study guide review"

  1. 1. Rock Test Review
  2. 2. What is a mineral and how do we identify them? • A mineral is a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystal structure and chemical composition. • Minerals are identified using their properties – hardness, luster, color, specific gravity, streak, crystal structure, and cleavage/fracture
  3. 3. What is reclamation? List 3 ways to reduce the impact of mining. • Reclamation is reclaiming or restoring the land to the way is was or better than it was before it was mined. • Reclaim, reuse/reduce, and recycle
  4. 4. What is a rock and how are they classified? • Naturally occurring solid formed from one or more minerals • They are classified on how and where they formed
  5. 5. Describe three ways humans can use rock and minerals. • Many different answers – Examples – roads, construction, make- up, buildings, toothpaste, furniture, etc.
  6. 6. What are the two most abundant rocks in the earth’s crust? • Granite and Basalt
  7. 7. Describe how igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks form and give examples of each. • Igneous rock – form from molten rock that has cooled and hardened. Examples – granite, basalt, and obsiadan • Sedimentary rock – forms from weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, and cementation of sediments. Examples – sandstone, conglomerate, and coal • Metamorphic rock – forms from heat, pressure and chemical reactions. Examples – marble, slate, and Quartzite
  8. 8. Explain the Rock Cycle. • It is a continues process in which rocks are changing from one type of rock to another
  9. 9. What is the difference between intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks? • Intrusive – cools slowly deep inside the earth (magma) – large crystals • Extrusive – cools quickly at or near the surface of the earth (lava) – small crystals
  10. 10. What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock and common uses? • Granite • Uses – roads, construction, and buildings
  11. 11. How are sediments formed? • Weathering and breaking down of rock into small fragments or pieces
  12. 12. List the three types of sedimentary rocks and give examples of each. • Clastic – sandstone and conglomerate • Organic – coal, and chalk • Chemical - Halite
  13. 13. Where are metamorphic rocks formed? • They are formed deep within the earth’s crust.
  14. 14. What process do rocks undergo to become metamorphic rocks? • They undergo heat and pressure
  15. 15. How do geologists classify metamorphic rocks? • They are classified as foliated (banded or layered) or nonfoliated (not banded or layered)
  16. 16. What is the difference between foliated and nonfoliated? • Foliated – banded or layered • Nonfoliated – not banded or layered
  17. 17. What is the difference between weathering and erosion? • Weathering – breaking down of rock into sediments • Erosion – movement of sediments from one location to another
  18. 18. What is deposition? • The laying down of sediments
  19. 19. What type of rock formation is Stone Mountain? • Intrusive igneous rock
  20. 20. What is an ore? • Large deposit of an economically valuable mineral can be mined for profit.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×