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Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
Physical features of canada
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Physical features of canada

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  • 1. Physical Features of Canada Unit 5 Notes
  • 2. Great Lakes • 5 large freshwater lakes in central North America – HOMES (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior) • Serve as the “industrial heartland” of the continent • One of the world’s busiest shipping areas – Most of Canada’s population lives in this region
  • 3. St. Lawrence River • Major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade – Outlet for the Great Lakes to connect to St. Lawrence Seaway in order to reach the Atlantic Ocean • Huge producer of hydroelectricity
  • 4. St. Lawrence Seaway • A canal system completed in 1959 at the eastern end of the Great Lakes – Connects the Great Lakes with the St. Lawrence River (which flows to the Atlantic Ocean) • Major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade – Closed from November to April (frozen) – Seaway has made cities in Eastern Canada home to many successful manufacturing companies
  • 5. Hudson Bay • Large inland sea in east central Canada • “an arm” of the Atlantic Ocean – Grain from Alberta & Saskatchewan is shipped from Hudson Bay out to the Atlantic and on to other countries – Only navigable from July to October
  • 6. Atlantic Ocean • 2nd largest of the earth’s 5 oceans • Most heavily traveled ocean • Forms the eastern border of Canada – Major shipping route to Europe & Africa
  • 7. Pacific Ocean • Largest & deepest of the world’s 5 oceans • Covers 1/3 of the earth’s surface! • Western border of Canada – Major shipping route to Asia
  • 8. Canadian Shield • Stretches from Great Lakes to Arctic Ocean; covers half of Canada! • Region of mostly thin soil lying on top of bedrock, with many bare outcrops of rock & thousands of lakes • Major natural resources: timber, minerals, & water • Region is sparsely populated
  • 9. Rocky Mountains • Located in Western Canada – Includes western Alberta and eastern British Columbia • Stretch a distance of 2,000 miles! • Mining is the biggest industry in the region, followed closely by logging – Major minerals include: iron ore, copper, coal, gold • Sparsely populated & contain few cities

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