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Physical features of canada

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    Physical features of canada Physical features of canada Presentation Transcript

    • Physical Features of Canada Unit 5 Notes
    •  
    • Great Lakes
      • 5 large freshwater lakes in central North America
        • HOMES (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior)
      • Serve as the “industrial heartland” of the continent
      • One of the world’s busiest shipping areas
        • Most of Canada’s population lives in this region
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    • St. Lawrence River
      • Major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade
        • Outlet for the Great Lakes to connect to St. Lawrence Seaway in order to reach the Atlantic Ocean
      • Huge producer of hydroelectricity
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    • St. Lawrence Seaway
      • A canal system completed in 1959 at the eastern end of the Great Lakes
        • Connects the Great Lakes with the St. Lawrence River (which flows to the Atlantic Ocean)
      • Major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade
        • Closed from November to April (frozen)
        • Seaway has made cities in Eastern Canada home to many successful manufacturing companies
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    • Hudson Bay
      • Large inland sea in east central Canada
      • “ an arm” of the Atlantic Ocean
        • Grain from Alberta & Saskatchewan is shipped from Hudson Bay out to the Atlantic and on to other countries
        • Only navigable from July to October
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    • Atlantic Ocean
      • 2 nd largest of the earth’s 5 oceans
      • Most heavily traveled ocean
      • Forms the eastern border of Canada
        • Major shipping route to Europe & Africa
    • Pacific Ocean
      • Largest & deepest of the world’s 5 oceans
      • Covers 1/3 of the earth’s surface!
      • Western border of Canada
        • Major shipping route to Asia
    • Canadian Shield
      • Stretches from Great Lakes to Arctic Ocean; covers half of Canada!
      • Region of mostly thin soil lying on top of bedrock, with many bare outcrops of rock & thousands of lakes
      • Major natural resources: timber, minerals, & water
      • Region is sparsely populated
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    • Rocky Mountains
      • Located in Western Canada
        • Includes western Alberta and eastern British Columbia
      • Stretch a distance of 2,000 miles!
      • Mining is the biggest industry in the region, followed closely by logging
        • Major minerals include: iron ore, copper, coal, gold
      • Sparsely populated & contain few cities
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