Q. What is the forced control of one nation by another nation called? A. Colonialism Q. What is empire building by taking over other countries’ government’s trade, and culture. A. Imperialism Q. Can you give an example of European/African Imperialism? Q. Why did the European Powers want to establish colonies in Africa? A. Belgium and The Congo A. To expand their empires and control Africa’s wealth of natural resources
Q. What was the series of meetings held by European nations, that discussed how to divide Africa’s land even though Africa’s rulers not in attendance. A. The Berlin Conference of 1884
Q. What were the effects on Africa and its people due to the Berlin Conference? A. (+) End of slave trade, new roads, schools, modern technology and health care A. (-) Split up cultures and forced others together. Stole wealth of natural resources. Killed Millions of Africans. Made artificial or political boundaries that are still a source of contention to this day.
France Britain Belgium Who were the European colonial powers that took control of the African tribes land and their way of life? Spain Germany Portugal Italy
_______________ is the idea that there is a global African community made up of native Africans and the descendants of African slaves and migrants across the world. Pan-Africanism
Pan- African Movement
Began in the late 1800’s to early 1900’s as way to secure equal rights, self-government, independence, and unity for African peoples.
Inspired by Marcus Garvey, it encouraged self-awareness on the part of Africans by encouraging the study of their history and culture.
The Pan-African Movement marked the beginning of the Nationalist Movements that started to sweep across the continent.
Pan- African Movement
Pan-African movement led to the founding of the African Union in 2001.
African Union: sought to unite Africans to improve conditions across the continent.
GOALS OF AU
End poverty and starvation
Advancement of women’s rights, improve education
End African wars
African’s want to control their own countries and natural resources, thus giving berth to ____________________.
______________is a strong pride in one’s country; desire for self-government.
____________________are movements that seek independence for the people living in the country.
By the 20 th Century, European countries had colonized almost all of Africa. Only independent countries were ___________and__________.