Language and religion of australia 08 09
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Language and religion of australia 08 09

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Language and religion of australia 08 09 Language and religion of australia 08 09 Presentation Transcript

  • Impact of English Colonization on Australia: Language & Religion Unit 10 Notes
  • Language of Australia
    • Direct result of British colonization & expansion
    • Australia was the final continent discovered by Europeans
    • Aborigines had inhabited the country for centuries
  •  
  • Language
    • 1768: Captain James Cook left England and explored & mapped parts of eastern Australia
      • Claimed the land for England & named it New South Wales
    • England did not immediately colonize it…
  •  
  • Language
    • 1788: England sent a crew to Australia to begin building prisons
    • Earlier, England had been shipping prisoners to American colonies--no longer a choice after the American Revolution
    • 1788-1823: New South Wales was a penal (prison) colony housing convicts and marines
  •  
  • Language
    • 1823: British government established Australia’s first Parliament that created criminal and civil courts
    • By 1868: more than 170,000 convicts had arrived in Australia from England
      • The language of the prisoners was English…
  • Language
    • French government became interested in Australia’s west coast
    • To keep French out, English settlers built new villages and cities as far out as possible
      • This spread English language to western Australia
  • Language
    • More British immigrants entered Australia during the gold rush of the mid-1800s
    • Thousands of Chinese immigrants arrived as well
      • Chinese didn’t become an important language because the English-speakers were too plentiful
  •  
  • Language
    • When Australia gained its independence from Great Britain, the government wanted to make sure it wouldn’t get too many immigrants
    • It allowed people from England & US to enter the country, but made rules to stop immigrants from Africa & Asia
      • Encouraged more English speakers to move to Australia
  • Language
    • Today, more than 20% of Australians were born in another country
      • Half of Australia came from non-English speaking countries
    • Because of Australia’s history, English is still the official language & it’s the most common language spoken
  • Religion
    • 1788: Europeans introduced Christianity to Australia
      • Irish convicts were Catholic, while most others were Methodist or Anglican
    • 1800s: European settlers brought their traditional churches to Australia--Church of England (now Anglican Church), Methodist, Catholic, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, & Baptist
  • Religion
    • Today, most Australians are Christians
      • Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church claim the most members
    • Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, & Hindus combined make up less than 5% of the population