Language and religion of australia 08 09
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Language and religion of australia 08 09






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



1 Embed 840 840


Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Language and religion of australia 08 09 Language and religion of australia 08 09 Presentation Transcript

  • Impact of English Colonization on Australia: Language & Religion Unit 10 Notes
  • Language of Australia
    • Direct result of British colonization & expansion
    • Australia was the final continent discovered by Europeans
    • Aborigines had inhabited the country for centuries
  • Language
    • 1768: Captain James Cook left England and explored & mapped parts of eastern Australia
      • Claimed the land for England & named it New South Wales
    • England did not immediately colonize it…
  • Language
    • 1788: England sent a crew to Australia to begin building prisons
    • Earlier, England had been shipping prisoners to American colonies--no longer a choice after the American Revolution
    • 1788-1823: New South Wales was a penal (prison) colony housing convicts and marines
  • Language
    • 1823: British government established Australia’s first Parliament that created criminal and civil courts
    • By 1868: more than 170,000 convicts had arrived in Australia from England
      • The language of the prisoners was English…
  • Language
    • French government became interested in Australia’s west coast
    • To keep French out, English settlers built new villages and cities as far out as possible
      • This spread English language to western Australia
  • Language
    • More British immigrants entered Australia during the gold rush of the mid-1800s
    • Thousands of Chinese immigrants arrived as well
      • Chinese didn’t become an important language because the English-speakers were too plentiful
  • Language
    • When Australia gained its independence from Great Britain, the government wanted to make sure it wouldn’t get too many immigrants
    • It allowed people from England & US to enter the country, but made rules to stop immigrants from Africa & Asia
      • Encouraged more English speakers to move to Australia
  • Language
    • Today, more than 20% of Australians were born in another country
      • Half of Australia came from non-English speaking countries
    • Because of Australia’s history, English is still the official language & it’s the most common language spoken
  • Religion
    • 1788: Europeans introduced Christianity to Australia
      • Irish convicts were Catholic, while most others were Methodist or Anglican
    • 1800s: European settlers brought their traditional churches to Australia--Church of England (now Anglican Church), Methodist, Catholic, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, & Baptist
  • Religion
    • Today, most Australians are Christians
      • Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church claim the most members
    • Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, & Hindus combined make up less than 5% of the population