The aircraft carrier.• Only a few people realized that old battleships were finally made obsolete by the aeroplane.• Pacific naval wars were to be decided by planes from ships, not by big guns.
Massive American industrial resources arebrought against Japan.Modern business techniques produce hugeamounts of warships, guns, planes andeverything else.Modern design technology means thatJapanese know-how was rapidly outstripped.Both Britain and the US send war material tohelp Chiang Kai-shek fight the Japanese inChina.
8/1942-4/1945: Island Hopping: US moves from island to island, establishes airbases as they go.
Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
All of 1945: Japanese Firebombing: US bombs Jap. cities, 80,000 to 100,000 each run.
7/1945: Atomic Bomb: US Pres. Truman notified $2 bil (08: $25 bil) bomb project successful
The Atomic Bomb • The first Atomic bomb to be used in war… ‘little boy’. • This bomb was shipped from the US a mere 4 hours after the ‘Trinity’ A-bomb test in the US. • The actual radioactive material inside was the size of an orange.
After the Destruction Japan surrenders one week after the Hiroshima bombing MacArthur is named Supreme Allied Commander of the Pacific and begins the occupation of Japan
US Occupation-MacArthur Does not try Hirohito for war crimes because he is a popular figure for the people of Japan. Begins food relief efforts for the people of Japan at the cost of over a million dollars a day. Helps set up a democracy by helping draft a US style constitution-Hirohito is a figure head but has no real power. Insist that Japan be allowed into trade alliances.
•The Allies, under the command ofUS General Douglas MacArthur,oversaw Japan and the drafting of anew constitution after WWII.•The new constitution established ademocratic government, reduced the size of Japan’s military to adefensive force, and allowed for a modified version of theemperor. It also guaranteed certain human rights and extendedwomen the right to vote.•In 1951, Japan became independent again. However, it kept aclose relationship with the US.•The US poured lots of money into rebuilding Japan and helped itgrow economically. Today, Japan is one of the wealthiest andeconomically strongest nations in the world.
Outcomes for Japan Japan has a modern economy Best educated work force in the world. Women granted rights Old power structure, and class system broken down and replaced. Peasants could and did own property. Democracy still reigns to this day.