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Canadas government2010 2011
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Canadas government2010 2011






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    Canadas government2010 2011 Canadas government2010 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Canada’s Government Unit 5 Notes
    • Government Systems & Types A Brief Review…
    • Government Systems -- Whose Got the Power?
      • Unitary --power is held by one central authority
      • Confederation --association of independent states that agree to certain limitations on their freedoms by joining together
      • Federal --power is divided between central authority & several regional authorities
      • Which system does Canada have?
    • Government Types -- How Do Citizens Participate?
      • Autocratic -- 1 person possesses unlimited power & citizens have limited role in government
      • Oligarchic -- small group exercises control & citizens have limited role in government
      • Democratic --supreme power is vested in the people & exercised by them directly or indirectly though a system of representation involving free elections
      • Which type does Canada have?
    • Two Types of Democratic Governments
      • Parliamentary -- a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who elect the leader
        • Leader works with or through the legislature
      • Presidential --system of government in which the leader is constitutionally independent of the legislature
        • Leader works separate from legislature
        • *Which type of democracy does Canada have?
    • Canada’s Government
      • Federation (federal system)
      • Parliamentary Democracy
      • Constitutional Monarchy
    • Leadership
      • 1. Head of State: Monarch of the United Kingdom (presently, Queen Elizabeth II); little political power
      • 2. Governor General : stands in for the monarch
      • 3. Prime Minister : holds the most political power; works closely with the legislature
    • Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
    • Her Excellency The Right Honorable Michaelle Jean (Governor General)
    • The Right Honorable Stephen Harper (Prime Minister)
    • How the Leader is Chosen…
      • Governor General: appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister; serves a 5 year term
      • Prime Minister : is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons; indirectly elected by the people
    • Legislature: Parliament
      • Senate (105 seats): members are appointed by the governor general with advice from the Prime Minister
        • --not elected by the people; can serve until they are 75 years old
      • House of Commons (308 seats): members are directly elected by the people
        • --serve 5 year terms
        • --largest political party in the House elects the Prime Minister
    • Role of Citizen in Government
      • Citizens must be 18 to vote, but voting is not required by law
      • Citizens vote for members of the House of Commons, which indirectly elects the Prime Minister