Africa physical features

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Africa physical features

  1. 1. Essential Question <ul><li>What are the major geographical features of Africa? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Africa’s geographical features!
  3. 3. Sahara <ul><li>desert in northern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>largest desert in the world at 3,500,000 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>from Arabic word Al-Sahra </li></ul>
  4. 4. Atlas Mountains <ul><li>mountain range in north Africa between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara desert </li></ul><ul><li>extends from Morocco to Tunisia </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sahel <ul><li>“ Transitional Land” </li></ul><ul><li>the transitional land between desert land and savanna </li></ul><ul><li>semi arid land, which is still dry but gets more rain than the desert </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lake Tanganyika <ul><li>deepest lake in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>located in central Africa </li></ul><ul><li>divided between Burundi, Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia </li></ul>
  7. 7. Savanna <ul><li>tropical or subtropical grassland containing scattered trees </li></ul><ul><li>receives enough rain to support drought resistant undergrowth but not enough to support “forest type” vegetation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Niger River <ul><li>principal river in western Africa </li></ul><ul><li>runs through Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin and Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>significant water source for the city of Timbuktu </li></ul>
  9. 9. Congo River <ul><li>largest river in western central Africa </li></ul><ul><li>flows through the third largest rain forest in the world </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tropical Rainforest <ul><li>a forest that receives more water through precipitation than is loses through evaporation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are these processes? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>more than 80 inches of rain per year </li></ul><ul><li>1/5 of Africa is rainforest </li></ul><ul><li>Africa contains 1 of the 3 major rainforests in the world. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Drakensberg Mountains <ul><li>highest mountains in southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>located in the eastern portion of South Africa and Lesotho </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nile River <ul><li>It’s the world’s longest river at 4,150 miles!!! </li></ul><ul><li>located in eastern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>depended upon for water </li></ul><ul><li>Flows north into the Mediterranean sea! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Kalahari Desert <ul><li>located in south Africa and covers Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>not a “true” desert because it receives 3-10 inches of rain per year </li></ul><ul><li>because of the precipitation can sustain some animal life </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lake Victoria <ul><li>largest lake in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd largest fresh water lake in the world </li></ul><ul><li>vital in supporting the millions of people that live nearby </li></ul>
  15. 15. Zambezi River <ul><li>southeast African river flowing through Zambia and Angola, also along many of the borders of many countries </li></ul><ul><li>empties into the Indian Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>contains Victoria Falls </li></ul>
  16. 16. Victoria Falls <ul><li>It’s the largest and most unique waterfall in the world! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Mount Kilimanjaro <ul><li>It’s the tallest free standing volcanic mountain in the world! </li></ul><ul><li>It is the highest peak in Africa at 19,340 feet! </li></ul>

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