6th physical geography of europe
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6th physical geography of europe

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6th physical geography of europe 6th physical geography of europe Presentation Transcript

  • Physical Geography
    of Europe
    Adapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer
    Horace Greeley High School
    Chappaqua, NY
  • Europe’s Latitude v. U.S.
  • Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States
  • Satellite View of Europe
  • 3,800 square miles
  • REGIONS
  • Continents by Size (sq. km.)
  • Topography
  • Europe: A Peninsula of Peninsulas?
    OR
    A Peninsula of Asia?
  • Europe:An Asian Peninsula?
  • Northern Peninsulas
    Scandinavian Peninsula
    Jutland Peninsula
  • Southern Peninsulas
    CrimeanPeninsula
    Iberian Peninsula
    Italian Peninsula
    Balkan Peninsula
  • Peninsulas
    Scandinavian Pen.
    JutlandPen.
    Crimean Pen.
    Italian Pen.
    Balkan Pen.
    Iberian Pen.
  • Bodies
    of
    Water
    ArcticOcean
    AtlanticOcean
    North Sea
    Baltic Sea
    English Channel
    CaspianSea
    Bay ofBiscay
    BlackSea
    DardanellesStrait
    Adriatic Sea
    AegeanSea
    TyrrhenianSea
    Strait ofGibraltar
    Mediterranean Sea
  • The Mediterranean Sea
    Strait of Gibraltar & the“Pillars of Hercules”
    2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide
    “Crossroads of 3 Continents”
  • Rivers
    Volga R.
    Don R.
    Thames R.
    Elbe R.
    Vistula R.
    Oder R.
    Rhine R.
    Dnieper R.
    Seine R.
    Loire R.
    Danube R.
    Po R.
    Tagus R.
    Tiber R.
    Ebro R.
  • The Danube River
    1770 miles
  • The Danube River
    Where Buda & Pest Meet
    Biking along the Danube
    Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.
  • The Volga River
    It’s the longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.
  • The Volga River
    The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.
  • Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers?
  • Capitals on the Rivers
    Paris, right bank of the Seine
    London on the Thames
    Prague on the Vltava
    Budapest on the Danube
  • Capitals on the Rivers
    Moscow on the Moscow River
    Berlin on the Spree
    Rome on the Tiber
    Vienna on the Danube
  • What’stheanswer??
  • Answer:
    They are Europe’s lifeline!
  • Moutains&Peaks
    Ural Mts.
    Carpathian Mts.
    Caucasus Mts.
    Alps Mts.
    Pyrennes Mts.
    Dinaric Alps
    Apennines Mts.
    Mt. Vesuvius ^
    Mt. Olympus ^
    Mt. Etna ^
  • Elevation
    Urals
    Caucasus
    Pyrennes
    Carpathians
    Alps
    Apennines
  • The Alps
    The Alps cover most of Switzerland, Austria, andparts of Italy and France.
  • Mt. Blanc in the Alps
    It’s the highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet.
  • The Caucasus Mountains
    The origin of the word Caucasian.
  • Transylvaniain the Carpathian Mountains
    Home of VladTepeš, theDrakul(“Count Dracula”)
  • Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide”
    1500 miles
    It divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.
  • The Ural Mountains
  • Siberian Lowlands
    Plains
    Northern European Plain
    Steppes
  • The BENELUX Countries
    • Belgium
    • Netherlands
    • Luxembourg
  • Holland’s Dikes
  • Amsterdam’s Canals
  • Plateaus
    Meseta
  • ArcticOcean
    Completed
    Map
    Siberian Lowlands
    Ural Mts.
    Scandinavian Pen.
    AtlanticOcean
    Jutland Pen.
    Volga R.
    North Sea
    Baltic Sea
    Don R.
    Northern European Plain
    Thames R.
    Elbe R.
    Vistula R.
    English Channel
    Oder R.
    Rhine R.
    Steppes
    Dnieper R.
    Seine R.
    Carpathian Mts.
    CaspianSea
    Loire R.
    Caucasus Mts.
    Bay ofBiscay
    Alps Mts.
    Crimean Pen.
    Danube R.
    Po R.
    BlackSea
    Pyrennes Mts.
    Dinaric Alps
    Balkan Pen.
    Italian Pen.
    Tagus R.
    DardanellesStrait
    Tiber R.
    Apennines Mts.
    Adriatic Sea
    Iberian Pen.
    Mt. Vesuvius ^
    Ebro R.
    Anatolean Pen.
    AegeanSea
    Mt. Olympus ^
    TyrrhenianSea
    Strait ofGibraltar
    Mt. Etna ^
    Peloponnesian Pen.
  • 10,000 BCE – Ice Age
  • Norwegian Fjords
    Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age.
  • Earthquake Zones
  • Reykjavik, Iceland:“The Youngest Oldest Country”
    • Volcanoes
    • Hot Springs
    • Geysers
  • Mediterranean Islands
    The are generally rugged & mountainous.
    The Mediterranean Sea is so pollutedthat it will take 1000 years to clean up.
    Sardinia
    Cyprus
    Malta
  • Mt. Etna, Sicily
    an active volcano
  • Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
    Pompeii, 79 CE
    Herculaneum, 79 CE
    1944 eruption