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Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Presentation Transcript

  • The
Imperfect
Tense

  • First
let’s
review
the
Present
Tense
.
.
 Remember
that
verbs
use
 personal
endings.

For
the
 present
tense
they
are:
 O
–
I
 ‐mus
‐
we
 s‐
you
 ‐tis
‐
you
 t‐
he,
she
it
 nt
‐
they

  • Present
Tense
 1st
 2nd
 3rd
Conjugation
 4th
 Conjugation
 Conjugation
 Conjugation
 1st
person
 voco
 debeo
 contendo
 venio
 2nd
person
 vocās
 debēs
 contendis
 venis
 3rd
person
 vocāt
 debēt
 contendit
 venit
 plural
 1st
person
 vocāmus
 debēmus
 contendimus
 venimus
 2nd
person
 vocātis
 debētis
 contenditis
 venitis
 3rd
person
 vocānt
 debēnt
 contendunt
 veniunt

  • The
Imperfect
Tense
 The
Imperfect
Tense
 describe
actions
in
the
 PAST
that:
 are
continuous
 are
repeated


or
 are
incomplete
 Mercury
–
the
messenger
of
the
gods.

  • The

Imperfect
Tense
is
easy

 The
Imperfect
tense
 to
recognize;

look
for
BA.

 is
translated
 WAS,
WERE,

 BA
means
was,
were,
used
to.
 USED
TO
 vocabam

 vocabamus

 I
was
calling
 We
were
calling
 H
 I
used
to
call
 We
used
to
call
 vocabas
 vocabatis
 you
were
calling
 you
were
calling
 you
used
to
call
 you
used
to
call
 vocabat
 vocabant
 he
was
calling
 they
were
calling
 he
used
to
call
 they
used
to
call
 Hercules
as
a
baby.

  • The
Imperfect
Tense
‐
BA
 1st
 2nd
 3rd
 4th
 
Conjugation
 Conjugation
 
Conjugation
 Conjugation
 1st
per.
 vocabam
 debebam
 contendebam
 veniebam
 2nd
per.
 vocābas
 debēbas
 contendebas
 veniebas
 3rd
per.
 vocābat
 debēbat
 contendebat
 veniebat
 plural
 1st
per.
 vocābamus
 debēbamus
 contendebamus
 veniebamus
 2nd
per.
 vocābatis
 debētis
 contendebatis
 veniebatis
 3rd
per.
 vocābant
 debēnt
 contendebant
 veniebant

  • So
when
translating,
remember
your
personal
endings
and
 that
BA
means
was,
were
or
used
to.
 you
were
owing
 debebatis
 You
used
to
owe
 they
were
demanding
 postulabant
 They
used
to
demand

  • Finally,
you
need
to
memorize
the
verb
 ‘to
be’
in
the
Imperfect.
 eram
 eramus
 eras
 eratis
 erant
 erant
 I
was
 We
were
 You
were
 You
were
 He,
she
was
 They
were