EdinburghEdinburgh is the capital and second largest city in Scotland, after Glasgow ..It is located on the east coast of Scotland on the banks of the fjord, the river Forth, and the local unitary authority of the City of Edinburgh.It has a population of about 477,660 inhabitants. (2009).
E d u c a t io n .Edinburgh hosts four universities totalling more than 100,000 students. Edinburgh posesses two of the most prestigiousEuropean universities in the world, the University of Edinburgh and Heriot-Watt University,. The other universities located in Edinburgh are Napier University of Edinburgh and Queen Margaret University.
FAMOUS PEOPLE F R O M E D IN B U R G H . * William John Macquorn Rankine, a physicist and engineer. * David Hume, empiricist philosopher. * Alexander Graham Bell, scientist, inventor and speech therapist. He patented the telephone. * Tony Blair, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Old town. The Old Town has preserved its medieval structure and much of the buildings of the Protestant Reformation. One end is closed by the castle and the main artery, small streets called closes or wynds routed downhill on both sides of Main Streetas a crossroads. You can find places of great importance, such as the Cathedral of Saint Giles and the courts. Other notableplaces of interest are the Royal Museum of Scotland, Surgeons Hall, Edinburgh University.
New town.The New Town was the solution to the overpopulation of the Old Town in the eighteenth century. The cityhad become too compact, limited to the tail of the rock that served as a natural defense. In 1766 acompetition was held to design the New Town, which was won by James Craig, an architect of 22 years. The plan was created a rigid orthogonal plane, whichwas consistent with the ideas of rationalism of the Age of Enlightenment. The main street was to be GeorgeStreet, which follows the natural line from north of Old Town.