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[HEWEBAR 2012] Adaptive Images in Responsive Web Design
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[HEWEBAR 2012] Adaptive Images in Responsive Web Design

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  • 1. CHRISTOPHER SCHMITT @telejectADAPTIVE IMAGESIN RESPONSIVE WEB DESIGN #HEWEBAR 2012
  • 2. RESPONSIVE CODEit’s all about the divisor123
  • 3. RESPONSIVE CODEit’s all about the divisor1 Fluid grid, layout23
  • 4. .container { width: 988px;}.column { width: 144px;} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluidgrids/
  • 5. .container { width: 988px; /* 988px / 16px = 61.75em */}.column { width: 144px;} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluidgrids/
  • 6. .container { width: 61.75em; /* 988px / 16px = 61.75em */}.column { width: 144px;} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluidgrids/
  • 7. .container { width: 61.75em; /* 988px / 16px = 61.75em */}.column { width: 144px; /* 144px / 988px = 14.57% */} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluidgrids/
  • 8. .container { width: 61.75em; /* 988px / 16px = 61.75em */}.column { width: 14.57%; /* 144px / 988px = 14.57% */} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluidgrids/
  • 9. http://ratiostrong.com/
  • 10. RESPONSIVE CODEit’s all about the divisor1 Fluid grid, layout2 Media queries3
  • 11. <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="core.css" media="screen" /><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="print.css" media="print" />http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/
  • 12. <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="core.css" media="screen" /><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"media="screen and (max-device-width:480px)" href="sm-bowl-porridge.css" /><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="print.css" media="print" />http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/
  • 13. <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="sm-bowl-porridge.css"media="screen and (max-device-width: 480px)"/><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="med-bowl-porridge.css"media="screen and (max-device-width: 600px)"/><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="large-bowl-porridge.css"media="screen and (max-device-width: 768px)"/><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"href="xl-bowl-porridge.css"media="screen and (max-device-width: 910px)"/>http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/
  • 14. // default, mobile-1st CSS rules devices go here @media screen and (min-width: 480px) { ... } @media screen and (min-width: 600px) { ... } @media screen and (min-width: 768px) { ... } @media screen and (min-width: 910px) { ... }http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/
  • 15. FIND YOUR OWNBREAKPOINTS FORYOUR SITE!
  • 16. RESPONSIVE CODEit’s all about the divisor1 Fluid grid, layout2 Media queries3 Adaptive images
  • 17. img { max-width: 100%; height: auto;} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluid-images/
  • 18. video, object, video, img { max-width: 100%; height: auto;} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluid-images/
  • 19. video, object, video, img { max-width: 100%; height: auto;}* Unless you’re IE6, use conditional comments:video, object, video, img { width: 100%; height: auto;} http://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluid-images/
  • 20. video, object, video, img, iframe { max-width: 100%; height: auto;}* Unless you are wanting embeddedvideos like your YouTubes or yourVimeos to scale.
  • 21. http://fitvidsjs.com
  • 22. <script src="path/to/jquery.min.js"></script><script src="path/to/jquery.fitvids.js"></script><script> $(document).ready(function(){ // Target your .container, .wrapper, .post, etc. $("#thing-with-videos").fitVids(); });</script> http://fitvidsjs.com
  • 23. THE RETINA DISPLAYPROBLEM-O #rwdimg
  • 24. WHY DON’T WE ASKTHE BROWSER? (cc) flic.kr/p/vUBHv
  • 25. Mozilla/1.0 (Win3.1)http://www.useragentstring.com/ (cc) flic.kr/p/vUBHv
  • 26. Mozilla/1.0 (Win3.1)Mozilla/1.22 (compatible;MSIE 2.0; Windows 95)http://www.useragentstring.com/ (cc) flic.kr/p/vUBHv
  • 27. Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel MacOS X 10_7_3) AppleWebKit/534.55.3 (KHTML, like Gecko)Version/5.1.5 Safari/534.55.3http://www.useragentstring.com/ (cc) flic.kr/p/vUBHv
  • 28. Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel MacOS X 10_7_3) AppleWebKit/534.55.3 (KHTML, like Gecko)Version/5.1.5 Safari/534.55.3http://webaim.org/blog/user-agent-string-history/ (cc) flic.kr/p/vUBHv
  • 29. “ Based on feedback from users, testers and engineers you will contact large as well as smaller Web sites and advise them on how to improve their code for maximum compatibility and device independence.” http://my.opera.com/chooseopera/blog/2010/06/09/ work-for-opera-as-a-web-opener (cc) flic.kr/p/vUBHv
  • 30. FEATURE TESTINGvs. BROWSER SNIFFING123
  • 31. FEATURE TESTINGvs. BROWSER SNIFFING1 Browser width23
  • 32. A scripting approach var myWidth = 0, myHeight = 0; if( typeof( window.innerWidth ) == number ) { //Non-IE myWidth = window.innerWidth; myHeight = window.innerHeight; } else if( document.documentElement && ( document.documentElement.clientWidth || document.documentElement.clientHeight ) ) { //IE 6+ in standards compliant mode myWidth = document.documentElement.clientWidth; myHeight = document.documentElement.clientHeight; }http://www.howtocreate.co.uk/tutorials/javascript/browserwindow
  • 33. The jQuery approach // returns width of browser viewport $(window).width(); // returns height of browser viewport $(window).height(); // returns width of HTML document $(document).width(); // returns height of HTML document $(document).height();http://api.jquery.com/width/ & http://api.jquery.com/height/
  • 34. CSS media queries// default, mobile-1st CSS rules devices go here@media screen and (min-width: 480px) { ... }@media screen and (min-width: 600px) { ... }@media screen and (min-width: 768px) { ... }@media screen and (min-width: 910px) { ... }
  • 35. (cc) flic.kr/p/8Lo5Gk
  • 36. BROWSER WIDTHGIVES US FRAME,NOT THE CANVAS
  • 37. FEATURE TESTINGvs. BROWSER SNIFFING1 Browser width2 Screen resolution3
  • 38. 72 PPIHAS SERVED US WELL (cc) flic.kr/p/6tjjRP
  • 39. 72 points-per-inch =72 pixels-per-inch
  • 40. 96 PPIIF A WINDOWS USER
  • 41. 72 points-per-inchx [1+(1/3)]= 96 PPI
  • 42. “RETINA” DISPLAYS 300ppi at 12 inches from the eyes 78μm 78μmgoo.gl/zpkFy
  • 43. 240 14472 PPI
  • 44. “ [In 2013, Intel sees their product line] offer a higher resolution experience than a top-of-the-line 1080p HDTV.” http://liliputing.com/2012/04/intel-retina-laptop- desktop-displays-coming-in-2013.html
  • 45. 72 PPI
  • 46. 240
  • 47. RETINA DISPLAYS =LARGER IMAGES,LARGER FILE SIZES
  • 48. FEATURE TESTINGvs. BROWSER SNIFFING1 Browser width2 Screen resolution3 Bandwidth
  • 49. SPEED TESTSHINDER SPEED,USER EXPERIENCE (cc) flic.kr/p/4DziUN
  • 50. “ Testing for speed of an internet connection is like stepping in front of a car to see how fast it is.” (cc) flic.kr/p/4DziUN
  • 51. “ Testing for speed of an internet connection is like stepping in front of a car to see how fast it is.”“ But, Christopher, you only have to test it once.” (cc) flic.kr/p/4DziUN
  • 52. Speed test imagehttps://github.com/adamdbradley/foresight.js
  • 53. Speed test image +50khttps://github.com/adamdbradley/foresight.js
  • 54. Native speed test // @Modernizrs network-connection.js connection = navigator.connection || { type: 0 }, // polyfill isSlowConnection = connection.type == 3 || connection.type == 4 | /^[23]g$/.test(connection.type);http://davidbcalhoun.com/2010/using-navigator-connection-android
  • 55. IMGGIMME THAT OLD SCHOOL123
  • 56. IMGGIMME THAT OLD SCHOOL1 .htaccess23
  • 57. Filament .htaccess# Responsive Images# Mobile-First images that scale responsively and responsibly# Copyright 2010, Scott Jehl, Filament Group, Inc# Dual licensed under the MIT or GPL Version 2 licenses.# //Start Responsive ImagesRewriteEngine On# direct image requests to tempRewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} full=(.*)&?RewriteRule (.*)rwd-router/.*.(jpe?g|png|gif|webp) $1%1 [L]# ignore trap for non-image requests, rewrite URL without trap segmentRewriteRule (.*)rwd-router/(.*)$ $1$2# //End Responsive Images https://github.com/filamentgroup/Responsive-Images
  • 58. Filament .htaccess<script src="responsiveimgs.js"></script><img src="sample-content/running-sml.jpg?full=sample-content/running-lrg.jpg" /> 4+ 8+
  • 59. “ ...the server has no way to know what resolution the client’s device is, so it can’t send the appropriately sized embeded images.” http://mattwilcox.net/archive/entry/id/1053/
  • 60. http://adaptive-images.com/
  • 61. ADD .HTACCESS, JS,PHP 5, GD lib*, &THEN <IMG>
  • 62. IMGGIMME THAT OLD SCHOOL1 .htaccess2 <picture> and/or srcset3
  • 63. media queries in HTML<video controls> <source type="video/mp4" src="video/windowsill_small.mp4"media="all and (max-width: 480px), all and (max-device-width:480px)"> <source type="video/webm" src="video/windowsill_small.webm"media="all and (max-width: 480px), all and (max-device-width:480px)"> <source type="video/mp4" src="video/windowsill.mp4"> <source type="video/webm" src="video/windowsill.webm"> <!-- proper fallback content goes here --></video>http://www.w3.org/community/respimg/2012/03/15/polyfilling- picture-without-the-overhead/
  • 64. <picture> patch <picture alt="A giant stone face at The Bayon temple in Angkor Thom, Cambodia"> <!-- <source src="small.jpg"> --> <source src="small.jpg"> <!-- <source src="medium.jpg" media="(min-width: 400px)"> --> <source src="medium.jpg" media="(min-width: 400px)"> <!-- <source src="large.jpg" media="(min-width: 800px)"> --> <source src="large.jpg" media="(min-width: 800px)"> <!-- Fallback content for non-JS browsers. Same src as the initial source element. --> <noscript><img src="small.jpg" alt="A giant stone face at The Bayon temple in Angkor Thom, Cambodia"></noscript> </picture>http://www.w3.org/community/respimg/2012/03/15/polyfilling- picture-without-the-overhead/
  • 65. ADD IF-ELSE HTML, JS,BORROW <VIDEO>, &THEN <IMG>
  • 66. @srcset standard? <h1><img alt="The Breakfast Combo" src="banner.jpeg" srcset="banner-HD.jpeg 2x, banner-phone.jpeg 100w, banner-phone-HD.jpeg 100w 2x"> </h1>http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/ embedded-content-1.html#attr-img-srcset
  • 67. @srcset standard?http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-style/2012Feb/1103.htmlhttp://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-style/2012Feb/1103.html
  • 68. IMGGIMME THAT OLD SCHOOL1 .htaccess2 <picture>3 HiSRC
  • 69. Set, forget it HiSRC<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.min.js"></script><script src="hisrc.js"></script><script> $(document).ready(function(){ $(".hisrc img").hisrc(); });</script>
  • 70. Set, forget it HiSRC<div class="hisrc"> <img src="halloween-mobile-1st.png" data-1x="halloween-x1.png" data-2x="halloween-x2.jpg" alt="Celebrating Halloween in style" /></div>
  • 71. Set, forget it HiSRC<div class="hisrc"> <img src="halloween-mobile-1st.png" data-1x="halloween-x1.png" data-2x="halloween-x2.jpg" alt="Celebrating Halloween in style" /></div>
  • 72. SERIES OF CHECKS TOFIND OUT RESPONSIVEPATH FOR IMAGES...
  • 73. DO NATIVE SPEED TEST FOR MOBILE DEVICES FIRST...http://davidbcalhoun.com/2010/using-navigator-connection-android
  • 74. Check pixel density...$.hisrc.devicePixelRatio = 1; if(window.devicePixelRatio !== undefined) { $.hisrc.devicePixelRatio = window.devicePixelRatio }; https://gist.github.com/2428356
  • 75. Force speed test +50khttps://github.com/adamdbradley/foresight.js
  • 76. LESS THAN 4G MEANSMOBILE IMAGES LEFTIN PLACE
  • 77. BETWEEN 4G &300 Kbps MEANSREGULAR DESKTOPIMAGES SWAPPED IN
  • 78. FAST SPEED & HIGHDENSITY, RETINAIMAGES SWAPPED INhttps://github.com/crdeutsch/hisrc/tree/v2
  • 79. 2 TRICK PONY
  • 80. CSS IS CORE.WE USE CSS MEDIAQUERIES FOR DESIGN
  • 81. http://mediaqueri.es/
  • 82. CSS media queries// default, mobile-1st CSS rules devices go here@media screen and (min-width: 480px) { ... }@media screen and (min-width: 600px) { ... }@media screen and (min-width: 768px) { ... }@media screen and (min-width: 910px) { ... }
  • 83. Single pixel GIF
  • 84. Single pixel GIF
  • 85. Single pixel GIF
  • 86. Single pixel GIF
  • 87. Single pixel GIF $.hisrc.defaults = { useTransparentGif: true,http://www.w3.org/community/respimg/2012/04/06/responsive- content-images-using-a-spacer-png-and-background-image/
  • 88. Single pixel GIF$.hisrc.defaults = { useTransparentGif: true, transparentGifSrc: data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAMz/AAAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==, 17+ 9+ 11.6+ 5+ 8+
  • 89. Single pixel GIF$.hisrc.defaults = { useTransparentGif: true, transparentGifSrc: http://example.com/spg.gif, 17+ 9+ 11.6+ 5+ 6+
  • 90. 2 APPROACHES,1 SIMPLE SOLUTION. https://github.com/teleject/hisrc
  • 91. 2 APPROACHES,1 SIMPLE SOLUTION.HEART WEB DESIGN https://github.com/teleject/hisrc
  • 92. http://css-tricks.com/which-responsive-images-solution-should- you-use/
  • 93. WORKAROUNDS &TRICKS123 (cc) flic.kr/p/64fGf6
  • 94. WORKAROUNDS &TRICKS1 background-size: auto23 (cc) flic.kr/p/64fGf6
  • 95. http://fittextjs.com/
  • 96. background-size: 100%<a href="example.com/link">Download on Github</a>.download a { padding: .095em .8em; background: url(../img/arrow.png) no-repeat; background-size: 100%; margin-left: .4em; -webkit-transition: margin 0.15s ease-out; -moz-transition: margin 0.15s ease-out; text-decoration: none;} 17+ 9+ 11.6+ 5+ 9+
  • 97. WORKAROUNDS &TRICKS1 background-size: auto2 SVG3 (cc) flic.kr/p/64fGf6
  • 98. Native SVGhttp://caniuse.com/#search=SVG%20in%20HTML%20img%20element
  • 99. PNG 16kb SVG 7kb17+ 9+ 11.6+ 5+ 9+
  • 100. HTML5 Boilerplate<!doctype html><!--[if lt IE 7]> <html class="no-js lt-ie9 lt-ie8 lt-ie7"lang="en"><![endif]--><!--[if IE 7]> <html class="no-js lt-ie9 lt-ie8" lang="en"><![endif]--><!--[if IE 8]> <html class="no-js lt-ie9" lang="en"> <![endif]--><!--[if gt IE 8]><!--> <html class="no-js" lang="en"> <!--<![endif]--><head>
  • 101. jQuery checkvar checkBrowser = $(html).hasClass(lt-ie9);<div class="svgswap"> <img src="example.svg" data-svgswap="example.png"></div> https://github.com/teleject/svg-swap
  • 102. http://raphaeljs.com/
  • 103. WORKAROUNDS &TRICKS1 background-size: auto2 SVG3 font-based solutions (cc) flic.kr/p/64fGf6
  • 104. “ ...if you use <meta charset="utf-8"> (you should be for HTML5), you’re adding common Unicode characters like and ✆, and you don’t need a specific font’s version... just copy and paste them into your HTML.”
  • 105. Font-based RWDhttp://ilovetypography.com/2012/04/11/designing-type-systems/
  • 106. http://css-tricks.com/examples/IconFont/
  • 107. Font-based icons<style> [data-icon]:before { font-family: icon-font; content: attr(data-icon); }</style><a href="http://example.com/cloud/save/"> <span data-icon="C" aria-hidden="true"></span> Save to Cloud</a>
  • 108. https://github.com/blog/1106-say-hello-to-octicons
  • 109. https://github.com/blog/1106-say-hello-to-octicons https://github.com/styleguide/css/7.0
  • 110. http://symbolset.com/
  • 111. IMGGIMME THAT NEW SCHOOL123
  • 112. IMGGIMME THAT NEW SCHOOL1 simple design for users23 #rwdimg
  • 113. IMGGIMME THAT NEW SCHOOL1 simple design for users2 browser, server handshake3 #rwdimg
  • 114. IMGGIMME THAT NEW SCHOOL1 simple design for users2 browser, server handshake3 same, several formats #rwdimg
  • 115. #rwdimg
  • 116. THANK YOU!CHRISTOPHER SCHMITT @teleject http://goo.gl/gSYmSThe Non Breaking Space Podcast - http://nonbreakingspace.tv/Online, live RWD Summit on Aug. 28th - http://RWDSummit.com/Online, live UX Web Summit on Sept. 26th - http://UXWebSummit.com/& use “HEWEBAR” code 20% off for both events.

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