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Lte 3gpp

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  • 1. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 Evolution to LTE place, LTE is the natural migration choice for 3GPP Long Term Evolution GSM/HSPA network operators. As a result of (LTE), targets capacity and collaboration between 3GPP, 3GPP2 and IEEE, there data rate speed, data is a roadmap for CDMA operators to evolve to LTE. It throughput enhancements is clear that LTE is the next generation mobile and low latency, to support broadband system of choice also for many CDMA new services, and features operators, particularly leading players. Successful requiring higher levels of handovers between CDMA and LTE networks were capability and performance. demonstrated and announced in August 2009, Business users and showing how activities such as video downloading consumers today browse the Internet or send and and web surfing were maintained as the user moved receive e-mails using HSPA-enabled notebooks, or between LTE & CDMA coverage areas. with HSPA modems and dongles, and send/receive video or music on 3G/HSPA phones. LTE is the next The LTE-TDD mode, (TD-LTE) provides a future- step in the user experience, which will enhance more proof evolutionary path for TD-SCDMA, another demanding applications such as interactive TV, 3GPP standard. As a result we have with LTE one mobile video blogging, advanced games and single global standard, which in turn will secure and professional services. Downlink and uplink data rates drive even higher economies of scale and, are significantly higher, supported by the necessary importantly, also simplify roaming. network architecture and technology enhancements. LTE reduces the cost per Gigabyte delivered, 42 LTE network commitments worldwide essential for addressing the mass market. The new system supports a full IP-based network, and GSA confirms in this report (28.10.09) harmonization with other radio access technologies. 42 LTE network commitments in 21 countries 15 LTE networks in service by end 2010 33 LTE networks in service by end 2012 GSA believes that over time LTE will be the choice for many more operators and be introduced according to business needs. This is especially the case where we count a large operator group as a single commitment, when it is feasible that there will be a number of deployments in different countries where that group operates, according to individual network deployment decisions. When firm plans are known, they will convert to new “commitments”. Several more operators are testing/trialling LTE and further announcements are expected. Infrastructure solutions now shipping typically offer an easy upgrade path to LTE standardization is complete and approved by LTE. Availability of new spectrum, particularly in the 3GPP within Release 8, and is the basis for initial 2.6 GHz and Digital Dividend bands, is a crucial LTE deployments worldwide. The LTE standard factor for LTE deployments in many countries, as are supports both FDD and TDD modes with the same regulatory conditions, and will determine deployment specification and hardware components. and launch dates in those markets. The purpose of this GSA report is to show which LTE is on track, attracting global industry support. operators have now committed to LTE, which With the HSPA mobile broadband eco-system in includes most leading mobile players today. 1
  • 2. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 Spectrum for LTE deployments Targets for LTE include: Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least LTE can be deployed in existing 2G and 3G system 100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5 bps/Hz) spectrum, as well as utilize new spectrum such as 2.6 Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s GHz currently being allocated in many parts of the (2.5 bps/Hz within a 20MHz uplink allocation) world, and the 700 MHz band which was auctioned Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to as part of the Digital Dividend, starting in the USA. 4 times Release 6 HSDPA Initial deployments in Japan are using 800 MHz, 1.5 Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 GHz and 1.7 GHz depending on the operator, and times Release 6 Enhanced Uplink according to the local situation. E-UTRAN optimized for low mobile speed: 0-15 km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/h There is also high interest in opportunities for LTE should be supported with high performance. deployments using frequencies released by spectrum Mobility across the cellular network shall be re-farming, e.g. in the GSM 900 MHz band which is maintained at speeds 120 km/h-350 km/h (or even now being relaxed by regulators (e.g. in Europe) to up to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band) enable mobile broadband services using technologies Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, such as LTE. There are high expectations in Europe 2.5, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz allocations: Uplink and and elsewhere to access additional UHF bands from downlink…paired and unpaired the Digital Dividend (800 MHz), to enable LTE to be Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacent globally deployed efficiently over large geographical channels; with other operators on adjacent areas, and improve in-building coverage. channels; overlapping or adjacent spectrum at country borders; handover with UTRAN & GERAN LTE ensures a smooth evolution from current 3GPP and 3GPP2 systems, and is a major step towards LTE radio network products will incorporate several IMT-Advanced (i.e. 4G). LTE includes many features features that simplify building and management of originally considered for a future 4G system and next-generation networks. Plug-and-play, self- utilizes a new radio air interface technology - configuration and self-optimization simplify and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access reduce network rollout and management cost. LTE (OFDMA) to provide several key benefits, including will be deployed alongside simplified, IP-based core significantly increased peak data rates, increased cell and transport networks that are easier to build, edge performance, reduced latency, scalable maintain and introduce services on. bandwidth, co-existence with GSM/EDGE/UMTS Evolution of the 3GPP Core Network - SAE systems, and lower CAPEX/OPEX costs. The 3GPP core network has also undergone System Architecture Evolution (SAE) in the same timeframe as LTE, optimizing it for packet mode and, in particular, for the IP-Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), which supports all access technologies, including fixed wire-line access. This allows: Improvements in latency, capacity, throughput Simplification of the core network, and optimization for IP traffic and services, and expected growth Simplified support & handover to non-3GPP access technologies The result is the evolved packet system (EPS) that consists of the core network part, the evolved packet core (EPC) and the radio network evolution part, the evolved UTRAN (E-UTRAN), i.e. LTE. The EPS is also standardized within 3GPP Release 8 (March 2009) and is the baseline for implementations. 2
  • 3. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 LTE Network Commitments – Global Status Telstra will deploy LTE in hotspots in Australia, mainly in urban areas in 2.6GHz spectrum, and to fill Verizon Wireless is deploying LTE in the 700 MHz in rural broadband gaps using 700MHz. However, band. Trial networks are set up in Boston and Seattle, neither of these bands has been auctioned yet. each with 10 LTE cell sites. Verizon Wireless has reported completion of its first successful LTE data Telecom New Zealand is committed to LTE call in Boston based on 3GPP Release 8, following similar successful completion of data calls in Seattle. Telecom Italia plans to deploy LTE. New spectrum is Data calls involved streaming video, file uploads and not yet allocated/auctioned downloads, and Web browsing. Verizon Wireless also reported successful data calls using VoIP enabling TeliaSonera Mobile Networks AB Sweden is voice transmissions over the LTE network. Tests also deploying LTE using nationwide 2 x 20 MHz 2.6 GHz confirmed latency reduced to 20 ms. Verizon spectrum. On May 25, 2009 TeliaSonera unveiled the Wireless plans LTE launches in up to 30 commercial world’s first commercial LTE site, part of the LTE markets by end 2010 (100 million pops), and network scheduled to launch in Stockholm in 2010. nationwide by 2013. Tele2 Sweden and Telenor Sweden are jointly AT&T Mobility plans to deploy LTE in 700 MHz building an LTE network. The joint venture includes spectrum and has a contiguous band of 20 MHz for spectrum sharing in the 900 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands. LTE across 82% of the population in the top 100 Launch of LTE services is targeted for end 2010, or markets. AT&T Mobility plans to launch LTE in key when modems are available. By 2013 the operators markets during 2011. expect 99% of the Swedish population to have access to mobile broadband at speeds up to 80 Mbps China Mobile is building its TD-SCDMA network so in rural areas and up to 150 Mbps in urban areas. that cell sites and other elements may be re-used for the LTE network. The TD-LTE industrialization TeliaSonera Norway (owner of NetCom) plans LTE progress is reported to be on target. TD-LTE is commercial launch in Oslo in 2010 anticipated to be commercially available around 2012. France Telecom/Orange is engaged in LTE studies Vodafone Germany is deploying an LTE system in and trials, with deployment anticipated from 2011, Germany using digital dividend (790-862 MHz) subject to availability of (2.6 GHz) spectrum spectrum. The government plans to auction 6 blocks of 2x5 MHz Digital Dividend spectrum in Q2 2010. T-Mobile Germany anticipates LTE deployment from 2011, with trials underway this year. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in Japan has approved the LTE deployment plans of CenturyTel will deploy LTE in 700 MHz spectrum NTT DoCoMo, eMobile, Softbank Mobile and KDDI. from 2010. MetroPCS, another US regional carrier, Operators will use 1.5 GHz (DoCoMo and Softbank plans LTE launch in 2H 2010. US cable operator Cox Mobile), 1.5 GHz + 800 MHz (KDDI), and 1.7 GHz has indicated plans to deploy LTE in 700 MHz (eMobile). NTT DoCoMo stated that its commercial spectrum from 2011. Aircell will launch LTE in 2011 launch of LTE would be December 2010. The initial to boost capacity of its in-flight network focus is targeted at PC usage and will be extended to dual-mode 3G/LTE handsets in 2011. By 2014 NTT Bell Canada and Telus are jointly deploying a DoCoMo plans to provide LTE service to 50% of the national HSPA network, which will later be upgraded population from around 20,000 base stations at a cost to LTE. Rogers Wireless is conducting LTE trials of between ¥300bn and ¥400bn ($3.2bn to $4.2bn) In Hong Kong, 2 x 15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHz FDD SK Telecom, KTF and LG Telecom are deploying spectrum have been auctioned, and won each by: LTE systems. China Mobile (Peoples Phone) Genius Brand (Hutchison Telecom/PCCW jv) China Telecom plans to migrate to LTE CSL Limited 3
  • 4. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 PCCW has confirmed plans to deploy LTE in this Orange Austria launched a trial in Vienna Neustadt spectrum, so too has CSL Limited. on August 26, 2009. Operators are calling for the earliest release of new spectrum (2.6 GHz, 800 In an event on September 2nd 2009, themed “Long MHz/digital dividend) for LTE. Term Evolution – Imagine Life Now” CSL Limited presented a live demo of LTE. In Denmark a public consultation on 2.6 GHz www.hkcsl.com/en/pdf/2009/LTE_event_press_release_Eng.pdf spectrum has been launched, and an auction is expected to take place during Q1 2010. SmarTone-Vodafone plans to deploy LTE re-using its GSM (900/1800) spectrum in Hong Kong. Country Operator Anticipated LTE Piltel is reported to have applied for the remaining 3G service launch USA Verizon Wireless 2009-10 licence in The Philippines to deploy LTE services Canada Telus 2010 Canada Bell Canada 2010 Chunghwa Telecom, is firmly committed to LTE, Japan NTT DoCoMo 2010 however the spectrum situation in Taiwan is unclear. Japan eMobile 2010 Deployment is expected to start from around 2012. Norway TeliaSonera 2010 South Korea SK Telecom 2010 South Korea KTF 2010 Hutchison 3 Ireland is rolling out broadband under Sweden TeliaSonera 2010 the National Broadband Scheme, which will supply Sweden Telenor Sweden 2010 broadband to the remaining 10% of Ireland’s Sweden Tele2 Sweden 2010 population and 33% of its land surface not currently USA MetroPCS 2010 having access to any broadband service. 3 Ireland is USA CenturyTel 2010 deploying HSPA, then HSPA+, and LTE from 2011. Canada Rogers Wireless 2010-11 Germany Vodafone 2010-11 China China Mobile 2011 Speaking at the LTE Forum 2009 Germany T-Mobile 2011 in Lisbon on October 8, 2009 (an Ireland Hutchison 3 2011 event endorsed by, and with the Japan Softbank Mobile 2011 participation of GSA) Portugal South Korea LG Telecom 2011 Telecom CEO Zeinal Bava Spain Telefonica O2 2011 USA Cox 2011 announced that trials of LTE USA AT&T Mobility 2011 would be launched in Portugal USA Aircell 2011 (TMN) and Brazil (Vivo). Austria T Mobile 2011-12 Regarding investment in LTE he Austria Mobilkom Austria 2011-12 said “It’s not if, it’s when”. Austria Hutchison 3 2011-12 http://telecom.pt/InternetResource/PTSite/PT/Canais/Media/Dest Austria Orange 2011-12 China China Telecom 2011-12 aquesHP/LTEForum2009.htm France Orange 2011-12 New Zealand Telecom NZ 2011-12 Zain Bahrain announced in August 2009 plans to Japan KDDI 2012 deploy LTE, the first announcement in the region, and Taiwan Chunghwa Telecom 2012 confirmed the award an LTE infrastructure contract. Australia Telstra To be confirmed Bahrain Zain To be confirmed Brazil Vivo To be confirmed T-Mobile Austria launched a 60-cell site pilot LTE Hong Kong SmarTone-Vodafone To be confirmed network in Innsbruck in July 2009. Mobilkom Austria Hong Kong PCCW To be confirmed is also committed to LTE and has successfully Hong Kong CSL Limited To be confirmed showcased LTE technology. 3 Austria provided a live Italy Telecom Italia To be confirmed LTE demonstration at the European Forum in Philippines Piltel To be confirmed Alpbach, and on August 25, 2009 announced that Portugal TMN To be confirmed upgrading of their entire network for LTE had begun, 42 LTE operator commitments – October 28, 2009 and that the company will have the technical © Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) www.gsacom.com capability to offer LTE to customers from 2011. 4
  • 5. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 LTE Network and Technology trials Qualcomm MDM 9200 and MDM 9600 LTE device chipsets, scheduled to sample in Q2 2009 Dozens of LTE trials are understood to be on-going in Infineon has sampled its LTE RF transceiver, the most regions. More information will be included in SMARTi™ LU future updates of this report as details are released. Altair has announced it’s LTE portfolio including a Some examples are publicly announced: baseband processor and complementing MIMO RF transceiver chips to support world-wide LTE bands In Chile, Movistar demonstrated LTE at Connect and duplex-modes 2009. Entel PCS is planning to test LTE shortly. The LG has developed a handset LTE modem chip, Chilean regulator Subtel is expected to launch an and forecasts the first LTE mobile phones will likely LTE spectrum auction soon, which may include both reach the market in 2010 the 2.6 GHz and 700 MHz bands. Samsung is collaborating with semiconductor manufacturer Sandbridge Technologies Telefonica Spain has conducted LTE field tests at its ST-NXP Wireless launched the Nexperia Madrid Demonstrations Center, achieving download PNX6910 cellular system solution for LTE speeds over 140 Mbps, and recently announced Nokia Internet Modem RD-3 supports multiple plans to trial LTE on its mobile networks in LTE frequency bands and legacy 3GPP systems Argentina, Brazil, Czech Republic, Germany, Spain, and UK. On August 21, 2009 Verizon Wireless released updated specifications for wireless devices that will run on its LTE network. The network access Will HSPA+ deployments delay LTE rollout? requirements contain key updates, clarifications and additions to guide developers into the next phase of GSA sees no evidence of HSPA+ uptake delaying bringing their products to the Verizon LTE network. A commitments to deploy LTE. The success of further update was released on October 2, 2009 HSPA and HSPA+ in delivering mobile broadband will fuel demand for more customers to be Several test equipment manufacturers have supported, and for even higher data throughputs announced and launched LTE test systems. for new applications, which LTE delivers. Many operators are expected to invest in both HSPA+ Strategy Analytics forecasts the global LTE handset and LTE, with deployments usually being in market will increase from 70 million sales units in different frequency bands (LTE will typically be in 2012 to 150 million by 2013. ABI Research forecasts 700 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum initially). by 2013 operators will spend over $8.6 billion on LTE base stations infrastructure. “For operators that have already deployed 3G networks, LTE will be a key LTE devices CAPEX driver over the next five years." Mobile phones, computer and consumer electronic Ericsson, in co-operation with Samsung, announced devices including notebooks, netbooks, ultra-mobile on October 23, 2009 a world first, demonstrating PCs, gaming devices, cameras, and PMPs will interoperability between a commercial LTE device incorporate embedded LTE connectivity. LTE and and network in its live network in Sweden. multi-mode ICs and devices are scheduled to become www.ericsson.com/ericsson/press/releases/20091023-1349710.shtml available in 2009. Since the LTE standard supports hand-over and roaming to existing mobile networks, Nokia Siemens Networks announced on October most if not all devices are expected to ensure 26, 2009 the company had conducted the world’s first ubiquitous mobile broadband coverage from day one. LTE handover test using a commercially available Some examples of LTE platforms announced include: base station and fully standards compliant software. Ericsson M700 LTE-capable platform for www.nokiasiemensnetworks.com/press/press-releases/first-lte- commercial release in 2009. Products based on the handover-test-completed-software-compliant-commercial- M700 platform are expected in 2010 standard-baseli 5
  • 6. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 IPR Framework for LTE/SAE TD-LTE Systems – Update Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, NEC, NextWave Wireless, - Where we are today Nokia, Nokia Siemens Networks and Sony Ericsson - Next steps announced in April 2008 a mutual commitment to a - The role of TD-LTE framework for establishing predictable and more - Looking forward transparent maximum aggregate costs for licensing www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4 intellectual property rights (IPR) that relate to LTE/SAE standards. The framework is based on the Evolution of LTE: IMT-Advanced principle of fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) licensing terms for essential patents. It 3GPP made a formal submission to the ITU, meeting means that the companies agree, subject to the deadline of October 7, 2009, proposing that LTE reciprocity, to reasonable, maximum aggregate Release 10 & beyond (LTE-Advanced) be evaluated royalty rates based on the value added by the as a candidate for IMT-Advanced. The submission technology in the end product, and to flexible was made jointly in the name of the 3GPP licensing arrangements according to the licensors' Organizational Partners: ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, proportional share of all standard essential IPR for TTA and TTC. (Note: GSA is a Market the relevant product category. The companies agree Representation Partner in 3GPP). a reasonable maximum aggregate royalty level for LTE essential IPR in handsets is a single-digit 3GPP plans to complete LTE-Advanced percentage of the sales price, while for notebooks specifications by 2010/2011. with embedded LTE, a single-digit dollar amount is considered the maximum level. The NGMN Alliance approved LTE/SAE as its first NGMN compliant technology. On September 2, 2009 the NGMN Alliance issued a public Request for Information (RFI) on LTE Patent Pool Administration. www.ngmn.org/nc/de/news/ngmnnews.html LTE/SAE Trial Initiative Vendors and operators have joined forces under the LTE/SAE Trial Initiative to demonstrate the potential of LTE/SAE through joint tests, including radio performance, interoperability, field tests and full customer trials. Results feed into technology developments and standardization, help define/validate network launch plans, and also help to validate the emerging LTE ecosystem, including NEW: Beyond Mobile Broadband: What Is LTE- devices and applications. A Proof of Concept activity Advanced & What Will It Offer to Your Network has consolidated measurements from leading - summary of the key drivers and steps towards 4G equipment vendors to show that the industry's targets with 3GPP LTE-Advanced, timelines for for performance are achievable. In addition to peak standardization activities, key features and benefits rates and minimum latency, results reveal the 'real www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4 world' performance that operators will be able to offer to end-users. Latest results are on the GSA website: The European Commission (EC) will invest 18 million NEW: Update from the LTE/SAE Trial Initiative Euros in 4G/LTE research. New projects are (Oct 8, 2009) expected to start in January 2010. www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4 6
  • 7. INFORMATION PAPER October 28, 2009 GSA represents leading GSM/3G/WCDMA-HSPA/LTE RSS newsfeed: www.gsacom.com/rss/gsanews.php4 suppliers worldwide, covering close to 100% of mobile NEW: GSA Group on LinkedIN market share. Industry professionals and organizations www.linkedin.com/groups?gid=2313721 globally use www.gsacom.com as a single information GSA on Twitter: www.twitter.com/gsacom resource, targeted to the industry, for authoritative facts, dotMobi site: http://gsacom.mobi market intelligence, objective analysis and information. LTE/mobile broadband- related charts, maps Interaction and enhanced information-sharing with network www.gsacom.com/news/statistics.php4 operators is facilitated by the Operators Zone for immediate global reach, and seminars and relationship events, including the GSA Mobile Broadband Forum. GSA ETSI has registered “LTE” as a trademark for advises governments, regulators and policy-makers on the benefit of the 3GPP Partners. GSA is a optimum conditions for market development. Briefings are 3GPP Market Representation Partner. given to media and analysts. GSA is a 3GPP Market Representation Partner and co-operates with other key GSA makes considerable effort to ensure that the content is organizations worldwide accurate; however, such content is provided without warranty in currentness, completeness or correctness. Reproduction of this Register on the GSA website to download reports, material for non-commercial use is allowed if the source is stated. surveys, papers, charts etc. at For other use please contact the GSA Secretariat via email to www.gsacom.com/php/register_form.php4 info@gsacom.com GSA website: www.gsacom.com 7