Chapter 18


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Chapter 18

  1. 1. World Geography Chapter 18 Regional Atlas: Central Europe and Northern Eurasia Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. World Geography Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Section 1: Historic Overview Section 2: Physical Characteristics Section 3: Climates Section 4: Ecosystems Chapter 18: Regional Atlas: Central Europe and Northern Eurasia Section 5: People and Cultures Section 6: Economics, Technology, and Environment Section 7: Database
  3. 3. Historical Overview <ul><li>Many peoples invaded and settled in the region, and missionaries won converts to Christianity and Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>The region came to be dominated by Poland and Lithuania, the Ottoman Empire, the Austrian Empire, and Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Russian Empire was overthrown in 1918 and replaced with the Soviet Union, which adopted communism and dominated Eastern Europe until it broke up in 1991. </li></ul>By 4000 B.C., people living on the steppes of present-day Russia and Ukraine first domesticated horses. 1
  4. 4. Physical Characteristics 2
  5. 5. Physical Characteristics <ul><li>Some geographers contend the Ural mountains in Russia mark the boundary between Europe and Asia, while others suggest that Europe and Asia should be considered a single continent called Eurasia. </li></ul><ul><li>The region is flat in the west and rises toward the east and south. </li></ul>Central Europe and Northern Eurasia form a huge region with many nations. 2
  6. 6. Climate 3
  7. 7. Climate <ul><li>Subarctic and Tundra stretch across much of Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Humid Continental covers much of the south and west. </li></ul><ul><li>Semiarid lies along the Black and Caspian seas. </li></ul><ul><li>Several climate zones extend over the Balkans and along the western border of the region. </li></ul>Much of the region lies in cooler climate regions. 3
  8. 8. Ecosystems 4
  9. 9. Ecosystems <ul><li>Tundra and coniferous forest extend across northern Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed forest covers much of the western parts of the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate grassland stretches from the Black Sea coast east along much of the southern border of Russia. </li></ul>Tundra, taiga, and steppe are the most extensive ecosystems. 4
  10. 10. People and Cultures <ul><li>Orthodox Christianity has been important in Central Europe for centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Central Europe and Northern Eurasia are home to dozens of ethnic groups, groups of people who share such things as culture, language, and religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Many cities in the region show a mixture of traditional architecture and modern businesses. </li></ul>With few natural barriers, easy migration has led to most nations of the region being multiethnic. 5
  11. 11. Economies, Technology, and Environment 6
  12. 12. Economies, Technology, and Environment <ul><li>Women make up more than 50 percent of the workforce in Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing and trade are based in the western parts of the region, where industry has contributed to acid rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial farming is important to the southern and western parts of the region. </li></ul>Since the late 1980s, economies of the region have moved from communism to some form of capitalism. 6
  13. 13. Database <ul><li>In Poland, high-quality medical care is free for most people, and life expectancy is fairly high. </li></ul><ul><li>Romania has a relatively weak health care system, and high pollution contributes to health problems and a low life expectancy. </li></ul><ul><li>The health care system in Russia is underfunded and in crisis, with medicine and medical equipment in short supply. </li></ul><ul><li>The nuclear accident at Chernobyl in 1986 continues to pose serious health threats to many Ukrainians. </li></ul>7