The Road to Revolution
Our Political Beginnings
• American colonists believed that gov’t
should be:
– Ordered --> organized into offices
– Limite...
Where Our Gov’t Ideas
Came From
• Magna Carta (1215) - first document that
officially limited the power of the English kin...
The English Bill of Rights
(1689)
• Said:
– Parliament was in control of taxing, not the
king
– People couldn’t be punishe...
The Colonies (1607-1733)
• 13 English colonies were established in
America for
– religious freedom
– commercial trading/fa...
Types of Colonies
• Royal Colony- under the direct control of the
king
• King named a royal governor to rule the
colony
• ...
• Proprietary Colony - king gives land to a
proprietor (overseer/owner), who organized
the colony
– colony was directly co...
• Charter Colony - based on charters
given straight to the colonists
– Mostly governed themselves
– Officials were elected...
Group Work
• Imagine you are citizens under King John
John XXXXVII.
• Create a Bill of Rights listing all the
freedoms you...
British Colonial Policies
• Britain was in serious debt after the
French and Indian War
– Decided that the colonies should...
Problems With Britain
• “Taxation Without Representation” -->
American colonists were not given a voice in
Parliament
– sa...
• Great Britain also:
– Housed troops in people’s homes
– Left troops to monitor cities
– Cracked down on smuggling and en...
Response of the
Colonists
• To avoid paying taxes, they would
smuggle (sneak) other goods in
• They boycotted (to protest ...
The Boston Massacre
• March 5, 1770 - A mob of Boston colonists
harassed British troops stationed in the city,
and shots w...
The Boston Tea Party
(1773)
• British tea ships block
Boston Harbor until the
colonists bought their
tea
• 116 colonists d...
Road to Revolution
Road to Revolution
Road to Revolution
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Road to Revolution

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Chapter Two Notes (Part I)

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Road to Revolution

  1. 1. The Road to Revolution
  2. 2. Our Political Beginnings • American colonists believed that gov’t should be: – Ordered --> organized into offices – Limited --> it was NOT all-powerful – Representative --> gov’t was to serve the people’s interests, not its own
  3. 3. Where Our Gov’t Ideas Came From • Magna Carta (1215) - first document that officially limited the power of the English king – Basically said that the king did not have unlimited power • The Petition of Right (1628) - further limited the king’s power – couldn’t throw people in prison without a trial – couldn’t use the military to rule people in times of peace
  4. 4. The English Bill of Rights (1689) • Said: – Parliament was in control of taxing, not the king – People couldn’t be punished for asking the king to fix problems – No cruel and unusual punishment – Everyone got a fair trial
  5. 5. The Colonies (1607-1733) • 13 English colonies were established in America for – religious freedom – commercial trading/farming/fishing – New home for debtors – All colonies were started with a charter - written permission from the king
  6. 6. Types of Colonies • Royal Colony- under the direct control of the king • King named a royal governor to rule the colony • Had a bicameral legislature – “bicameral” = two houses – “legislature” = group of representatives that make laws
  7. 7. • Proprietary Colony - king gives land to a proprietor (overseer/owner), who organized the colony – colony was directly controlled by the proprietor, not the king (still reported to him) • One colony had a unicameral (one-house) legislature
  8. 8. • Charter Colony - based on charters given straight to the colonists – Mostly governed themselves – Officials were elected by the people, not the king or proprietor
  9. 9. Group Work • Imagine you are citizens under King John John XXXXVII. • Create a Bill of Rights listing all the freedoms you wish to have as the king’s subject (List at least ten) – What freedoms do you value? What rights should all people have? – Make your list REALISTIC, as if the king were going to read it.
  10. 10. British Colonial Policies • Britain was in serious debt after the French and Indian War – Decided that the colonies should help pay the debt – The colonies had been taxing themselves and had been left alone for several years by the Crown
  11. 11. Problems With Britain • “Taxation Without Representation” --> American colonists were not given a voice in Parliament – saw themselves as British subjects and believed representation was a right of all Englishmen – Colonist believed Parliament had no right to tax them • Taxes: – Stamp Act - tax on paper goods and documents – Other taxes laid on imports like tea, paper, and glass
  12. 12. • Great Britain also: – Housed troops in people’s homes – Left troops to monitor cities – Cracked down on smuggling and enforced strict trade rules (colonies could only trade with Britain) – Took power from local colonial gov’ts
  13. 13. Response of the Colonists • To avoid paying taxes, they would smuggle (sneak) other goods in • They boycotted (to protest by not buying something) British goods until Parliament lifted taxes • Protested, petitioned the King/Parliament, and destroyed British property
  14. 14. The Boston Massacre • March 5, 1770 - A mob of Boston colonists harassed British troops stationed in the city, and shots were fired in the chaos, leaving 5 people dead • Used as propaganda against the British and to encourage rebellion
  15. 15. The Boston Tea Party (1773) • British tea ships block Boston Harbor until the colonists bought their tea • 116 colonists dress up as Indians and throw boxes of tea into the Boston Harbor • Then Britain shut down Boston’s port until they could pay back the damage

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