V2 school geography and survival
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V2 school geography and survival

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    V2 school geography and survival V2 school geography and survival Presentation Transcript

    • Geography in schools and education for survival
      David Lambert
    • Geography in schools and education for survival
    • Crisis, what crisis?
      Environmental
      global climate change
      Economic
      global financial crisis
      Educational
      how to respond?
    • What geography is significant to the 21st century learner?
    • What’s the purpose of school geography?
      And end in itself?
      Or
      A means to an end?
    • Geography underpins a lifelong ‘conversation’ about the earth as the home of humankind. It is not a narrow academic subject for the few. It is a fundamental idea. It is of relevance to everyone.- Geography fascinates and inspires - Geography deepens understanding- Thinking with geography enables decision-making - Geographical enquiry encourages skills developmentSource: the GA Manifesto A Different View(www.geography.org.uk/adifferentview)
    • ‘Geography is all about the living, breathing essence of the world we live in. It explains the past, illuminates the present and prepares us for the future.
      What could be more important than that?’
      Michael Palin, 27 November 2007
      At the reception at the Speaker’s House, House of Commons, to celebrate the successes of the Action Plan for Geography.
    • “I want my children to understand the world, but not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious.
      I want them to understand it so they will be positioned to make it a better place.”
      Gardner H (2000) Intelligence Reframed: multiple intelligences for the 21st century, NY: Basic Books. P 180-1
    • The moral implications
      of teaching geography
      Questions:
      What are the children learning (anyhow)
      What are the children learning through my teaching?
      In what ways is this learning an educational achievement?
      Has it enabled students to travel ‘with a different view’?
    • Curriculum Making
      Which learning activity ?
      Does this take the learner beyond what they already know ?
      Student Experiences
      Geography: the subject
      Teacher Choices
      Underpinned by Key Concepts
      Thinking Geographically
    • The subject
      Geography – not as an end in itself but a resource in the service of educational aims
      Geography - “defined not as a collection of facts but as the state of the art conceptual frameworks of the subject”
    • skills and ways of thinking
      Key processes
      Range and content
      opportunities
      Curriculum
      Key concepts
      knowledge and understanding
      essential ideas
      contexts for learning
      Less prescribed contentbut an increased focuson subject discipline… the key ideas and skillsthat underpin a subject.
      A new look at subjects
      Importance
      Why the subject matters and how it contributes to the aims
    • The study of geography stimulates an interest in, and a sense of wonder about, places and helps make sense of a complex and dynamically changing world. It explains how places and landscapes are formed, how people and environment interact, and how a diverse range of economies and societies are interconnected. It builds on pupils’ own experiences to investigate at all scales from the personal to the global.
      Geographical enquiry encourages questioning, investigation and critical thinking about issues affecting the world and people’s lives, for the present and future. Fieldwork is an essential element of this. Pupils learn to think spatially, using maps, visual images and new technologies, including geographical information systems, to obtain, present and analyse information. Geography inspires pupils to become global citizens by exploring their own place in the world, their values and responsibilities to other people, to the environment and to the sustainability of the planet.
    • What are the key concepts in Geography?
    • KEY PROCESSES
    • What are the stages of enquiry?
      Creating a need
      to know
      speculating, hypothesising,
      generating ideas, asking
      questions,
      planning how to research
      Using sources
      locating evidence,
      collecting, selecting,
      sorting, classifying,
      sequencing
      Reflecting on
      Learning
      evaluating,
      identifying areas for
      improvement
      Making sense
      describing, explaining,
      comparing, contrasting,
      analysing, concluding
    • School Geography and “Capabilities”
    • A student ‘thinking geographically’.
      What does that mean? What does she need in order to be able to do that? And how does it benefit her?
    • Capability
      Derives from Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum and their work in human welfare and development economics:
      What it is to be ‘truly human’?
      Anything that prevents fully human functioning is a deprivation of capability
    • Thus, poverty is not simply ‘low income’. It is:
      a lack of choice
      a lack of opportunity
    • Other examples of capabilities:
      • being able to imagine, use the senses, think and reason
      • being able to form a conception of the good and to plan one’s life accordingly
      • being able to show concern for others, to empathise and to live successfully with others
      • being able participate effectively in political choices, with free speech and association
      [after Nussbaum 1993]
    • Human capabilities and education
      Not to be confused with imparting value
      free ‘skills’ for the ‘knowledge economy’
      Education to enhance the agency of young
      people, clarifying values and deepening
      understanding.
    • Human capabilities and education
      • autonomy and rights
      • choices about how to live
      • creativity and productivity
      In a context of ‘moral seriousness’
    • Human (intellectual) ‘functioning’
      Based on significant organising ideas
      For example,
      A “Global Sense of Place”
      • Porous boundaries
      • Meeting points
      • Power geometries
      This enables a framework for understanding. It helps us puts more specific matters into the context of wider implications and interdependencies.
    • The neo-liberal orthodoxy has “dulled our ability to think for, or beyond, ourselves”
      [Wadley 2008]
      “Vibrant City”
    • Identity
      Who am I? Where am I from? Who is my ‘family’?
      What is their story? And the people around me?
      Society
      Who decides on who gets what, where and why?
      What is fair? Why care?
    • The physical environment
      What is the world (and this place) made of? Why do things move? What becomes of things?
      Our place in the world
      Where do I live? How does it look? How is it changing? How might it become?
    • School geography and capabilities
      School geography enables young people to extend
      and develop their:
      • world knowledge and knowledge of earth as the home of humankind
      • relational understanding of people and places in the world
      • disposition to link social, economic and environmental processes
    • “We are encouraging schools to be outward looking,
      globally minded and future focused.
      (Schools should) enable open-ended engagement
      with wider world issues … It’s the tensions that
      students confront when they do so that are important.”
      Prof Bill Scott
    • A Different View
    • The GA’s ‘manifesto’ links
      Geography: “Knowledge about the earth as the home of humankind”
      and
      Education“ ... to travel with a different view”
      www.geography.org.uk/adifferentview
    • Sharing and learning from good practice - FEB 2008
    • Sharing and learning from good practice - FEB 2008
      Is it possible to imagine school geography underpinning radical debate with young people about ‘how to live’?
    • Sharing and learning from good practice - FEB 2008
      Is it possible to imagine school geography underpinning radical debate with young people about ‘how to live’?
      Yes please
    • Geography in schools and education for survival