Udl at westborough


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From the PD Day at Westborough High on 10/24/11

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Udl at westborough

  1. 1. Kate Ahern, M.S.Ed. Assabet Valley Collaborative WESTBOROUGH PUBLIC SCHOOLS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OCTOBER 24, 2011
  2. 2. What is Universal Design for Learning? <ul><li>UDL is framework that allows us to meet the diverse needs of many learners </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Means of Representation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give learners many different ways of learning relevant curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple Means of Expression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give learners many different was to show what they have learned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple Means of Engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide the most appropriate way to challenge each student and meet his or her needs </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What isn’t UDL? <ul><li>UDL is not one piece of software or technology </li></ul><ul><li>UDL will not eliminate the need for appropriate assistive technology for some students </li></ul><ul><li>UDL is not a cost saving measure </li></ul><ul><li>UDL is a way of thinking! </li></ul>
  4. 4. What can UDL do for your district? <ul><li>Act as a means to meet RtI mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Act as a means to differentiate instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Improve performance of learners with various disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Improve performance of learners from diverse backgrounds, including ELL and LD </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease negative attention focused on students who learn differently or have unique needs </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease number of special education and assistive technology referrals </li></ul><ul><li>When strategically implemented can reduce the need for some costly assistive technology implementation </li></ul>
  5. 5. What UDL can look like? <ul><li>“ There's also that belief that we should be so private as to not speak about the needs of the children. Don't embarrass Johnny by telling him to put on his glasses, hearing aids, etc. Don't make Susie feel bad by handing her a fidget toy to play with so she can pay attention. </li></ul><ul><li>In our classroom, fidget toys are in a box for all the children, glasses are mentioned frequently, students are encouraged to move to the front of the room, grab a spell checker, use the computer or alphasmart , pull out the E.Z.C. Readers , etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The difference? These tools are demonstrated to and available for everyone. (Well, not glasses or hearing aids but you get the point.) So when a lesson begins, up jumps the classified student along with the gifted student. They both gather tools they need to be successful.” </li></ul><ul><li>From Lisa’s Lingo at www.lisaslingo.blogspot.com </li></ul>
  6. 6. UDL School Might… <ul><li>Have free UDL software on every computer </li></ul><ul><li>Have dyslexia friendly fonts installed on all computers as the default </li></ul><ul><li>Have free UDL websites bookmarked on every computer </li></ul><ul><li>Have plenty of low tech UDL items in every room for any student to access </li></ul><ul><li>Teach the use of UDL tools in a variety of settings including academic classrooms, computer class and the library </li></ul><ul><li>Have higher tech free UDL tools – such as flash drives with various program installed available for use in multiple settings </li></ul><ul><li>Have links to free online UDL tools within the school’s website and intranet </li></ul>
  7. 7. But what if…? <ul><li>Teachers and others in education tend to be a proactive group of people. They will worry that UDL will hold students back, encourages cheating, makes students who don’t need certain UDL things reliant on those things and that students may use UDL things to misbehave. </li></ul><ul><li>However, we need to remember that students will only use tools if that tool works for them, cheating will always be an issue with or without UDL, we all rely on tools that aren’t “necessary” like our Smart Phones and using calculators for math we could do in our head and if students misbehave with a UDL tool you respond the same way you would if he or she misbehaved in any other way. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is your role? <ul><li>Make resources available to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Keep an open mind </li></ul><ul><li>Stay up-to-date </li></ul><ul><li>And </li></ul><ul><li>Know resources </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is Assistive Technology? <ul><li>Assistive technology (AT) can be defined as any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. (29 U.S.C. Sec 2202(2)). </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: grab bars in rest rooms, pencil grips, slant boards, hearing aids, text-to-speech software, audiobooks, braille, curb cuts and so much more. </li></ul>
  10. 10. AT Mandates in Schools <ul><li>Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 U.S.C. 794) </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.) </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technology Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-394) </li></ul><ul><li>Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA 2004 (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(3)(B)(v)) requires IEP teams to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consider the assistive technology needs of all children with disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use AT &quot;to maximize accessibility for children with disabilities.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide AT services (any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device) as well as products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide assistive technology training for the teachers, child, and family </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Consider “Low Tech” as UDL (and AT) <ul><li>Slant boards </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil grips </li></ul><ul><li>Fidget toys </li></ul><ul><li>Seat cushions (i.e. Move n’ Sit) </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential seating </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing blockers (ear plugs, sound blocking headphones) </li></ul><ul><li>Word banks to support spelling and vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>High lighting tape </li></ul><ul><li>EZC Readers </li></ul>
  12. 12. UDL and AT to Try
  13. 13. Hear Your Writing <ul><li>Word Talk is a free add on to Microsoft Word. It reads your writing aloud and highlights in the color of your choice as it does so. (This is installed on WPS computers.) </li></ul><ul><li>Power Talk does the same for Power Point </li></ul><ul><li>Balabolka is a free text-to-speech program that reads text cut into the program, text can be saved as an audio file </li></ul><ul><li>Orato is similar but speaks text from the clipboard </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Soft Reader is also similar to these, reads highlighted text and saves as MP3 </li></ul><ul><li>Good for learners with reading, spelling and attention troubles. </li></ul>
  14. 14. My Study Bar <ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lingoes – talking dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LetMeType – word prediction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balabolka – text-to-speech with save as MP3 and spell check </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Magnifier – on-screen magnifying glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sonar Ring – circle your pointer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SSOverlay – screen tint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to the Windows speech-to-text program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A suite of portable UDL/AT apps that can be run from a flashdrive </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xmind – mind mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hott Notes – stickies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunbird – calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T-bar – screen mask </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid Set – change text/background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vu-bar – read one line at a time (EZC reader-esque) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orato – text-to-speech </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Other Accessibility Suites <ul><li>My VisBar runs from a flashdrive and offer software for low vision </li></ul><ul><li>Access Apps is a complete set of accessibility apps for those with more complex needs </li></ul>
  16. 16. Talking Word Processor <ul><li>EdWord is a free simplfied talking word processor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three levels of complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaks the names of icons as you mouse over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Custom word lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak letters, words, sentences and/or paragraphs </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Install a Screen Reader <ul><li>A screen reader will read what is on the computer screen to your students. Ones designed for the blind read EVERYTHING, which may be too much for some. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many free text to speech utilities out there. </li></ul><ul><li>One is built into Windows, look under accessibility in the control panel. </li></ul><ul><li>Others you can download, such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thunder Reader </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Accessible Instructional Media <ul><li>The Chafee Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Bookshare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ePUB, DAISY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Ally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ePUB, DAISY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perkins Talking Book Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cassettes, MP3, Braille, DAISY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accessible Book Collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ePub, Clicker 5, Boardmaker Plus, Classroom Suite </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Word Prediction <ul><li>AI Type predicts words and phrases from previously entered text and also offers translation tools </li></ul><ul><li>LetMeType is a word prediction program that is customizable </li></ul><ul><li>Several On Screen Keyboards have built in word prediction </li></ul>
  20. 20. On Screen Keyboards <ul><li>These work well on Tablet PC and for students who can use a mouse or mouse emulator but not a keyboard: </li></ul><ul><li>These include word prediction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic Keyboard by CanAssist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click n’ Type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows 7 On Screen Keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These do no include word prediction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft XP and Vista On Screen Keyboard </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Use Mind Maps and Graphic Organizers <ul><li>Westborough has Inspiration and Kidspiration Available </li></ul><ul><li>There are many website that offer free mind mapping tools students can use at home or on a portable drive here are a few: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bubbl.us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindomo.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xmind (portable app) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other sites offer us various graphic organizers to try here are a few: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exploratree.org.uk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>freeology.com/graphicorgs/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>webenglishteacher.com/graphic.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://myt4l.com/index.php?v=pl&page_ac=view&type=tools&tool=graphicorganizers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Good for learners on the autism spectrum and those with some kinds of reading disabilities </li></ul>
  22. 22. Micro Blogs <ul><li>Use micro blogs to post assignments or update your students on the any classroom news </li></ul><ul><li>Or if you are a real technophile have your students micro blog to turn in assignments, comment and keep in touch. </li></ul><ul><li>A micro blog to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edmodo – Twitter like but for teachers </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Alternative Inbox <ul><li>We all know the student who will loss the work sheet between here and the locker, or will forget to bring it home. </li></ul><ul><li>Save a copy of worksheets online so that students only have to worry about the return trip using free online storage programs, this also means that students can do make up work immediately when they are out </li></ul><ul><li>Allow students to turn in work via e-mail and other methods as allowed by your servers </li></ul>
  24. 24. Note to self… <ul><li>Encourage your students to figure out what how to best use technology combined with their learning style to get things done. (Let’s face it after high school very few of us stick with the assignment notebook system.) </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of every period insist that all students record the assignment in their assignment notebook but also in some other method which could include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using a voice recorder or a voice recorder attachment to an iPod </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mailing/texting yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using calendar software on a Palmpilot, Blackberry or iPhone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using calendar software online, such as Google’s iCal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use free to do list programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember the Milk www.rememberthemilk.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toodledo www.toodledo.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ta Da List www.tadalist.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Based Sticky Notes http://www.hottnotes.com/ </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Change Your Font <ul><li>Certain fonts may be more helpful to learners with the visual kind of dyslexia or those learners with low vision. Look for those in b,d,p,q look different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comic Sans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Here are some links to downloads of fonts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.fonts.com/AboutFonts/Articles/fyti/Typography+for+Children.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.k-type.com/fontlexia.html </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Use Visual Supports <ul><li>Learn about visual supports: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.usevisualstrategies.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use them by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual doesn’t have to mean pictures – text is visual too. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using picture or text schedules and lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making the rules visual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using visual cues for transitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use First/Then, Now/Later, and To Do Lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the international “no” sign (red circle with line through it) when something is not an option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing “maps” so students can “find their way around” everything from inside their desks, to the building to their papers, to bibliographies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the lower grades or with non-readers using photographs and picture symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make step by step photographic or picture based instruction for things like science labs or art projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider making The Visual Dictionary (http://visual.merriam-webster.com/index.php) your online dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This will help all visual learners, all multi-modal learners, those on the autism spectrum, those with dysphonetic dyslexia, those with non-verbal learning disabilities, those with Fragile X and Down Syndrome. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Visual Schedules <ul><li>Interactive Time Tables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free download to create visual schedules for all young children and those with cognitive impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication4All </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a visual schedule created in Power Point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do2Learn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual schedules symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ARASAAC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full symbol set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online and downloadable software </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Free Photographs and Picture Symbols for Visual Supports <ul><li>Do2Learn - mostly schedule and personal care related line drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Sclera - 14,000 pictograms for education, schedules and communication all are black on white in design </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberry Symbols – thousands of symbols for download </li></ul><ul><li>ARASAAC – thousands of symbols and photos and online software to create schedules and more </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget that you can use your digital camera, Google images and website like Flickr as well. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Math Tools <ul><li>Calculators </li></ul><ul><li>AlphaWolfram </li></ul><ul><li>Calr http://instacalc.com/calcr/ </li></ul><ul><li>Visualize Data </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Graph http://nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createagraph/ </li></ul><ul><li>Other Math Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Math Trax from NASA http://prime.jsc.nasa.gov/mathtrax/homepage.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Word Mathematics Add-in </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=17786 </li></ul>
  30. 30. Other Curriculum Areas <ul><li>Science Writer is a free UDL online app from CAST for students to complete science reports with support from note taking to the final draft </li></ul><ul><li>Online Timeline programs like Circavie and Dipity </li></ul><ul><li>UDL Book Builder from CAST allows teachers to create and share books for their elementary aged students with built in “tutors” </li></ul>
  31. 31. Use MultiMedia <ul><li>Animoto - video slide shows http://animoto.com/education </li></ul><ul><li>Voice Thread – narrated slide shows with ability to add comments throughout www.voicethread.com </li></ul><ul><li>GlogsterEdu – multi-media online posters http://edu.glogster.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Dipity – multi-media time lines http://www.dipity.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>ReadWriteThink – offers interactive apps in most curriculum areas </li></ul>
  32. 32. The Right Tool for the Job <ul><li>Bibliography/Works Cited Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Maker http://myt4l.com/index.php?v=pl&page_ac=view&type=tools&tool=bibliographymaker </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Bib http://www.easybib.com/ </li></ul>
  33. 33. What do you do if UDL is necessary but not sufficient? <ul><li>If the student does not have an IEP, refer for Special Education Evaluation (UDL trials can be used as RtI data) </li></ul><ul><li>If the student has an IEP convene the TEAM to discuss options that may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial commercial programs the district already has </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Download trial versions of commercial programs the district does not own and introduce to the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invite a vendor to demo commercial programs on-site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attend an online webinar through a vendor to explore options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer for an outside Assistive Technology Evaluation </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. AT Evaluation <ul><li>Will likely use the SETT format: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enviroment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May use a formalized intake tool like the WATI </li></ul><ul><li>Can be performed by an AT TEAM or by an individual who specializes in AT for special education and uses input from the student’s TEAM </li></ul><ul><li>It will be extrememely helpful for the evaluator to have a history of what UDL and AT have already been tried </li></ul>
  35. 35. Options and Actions <ul><li>What has your school/district done? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the next steps? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Install Firefox with accessibility, Word Talk and other free programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change default fonts on computers to dyslexia friendly fonts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create AccessApps or My Study Bar flash drives and have available in all classrooms/libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a website that has direct access to UDL/AT web based tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train teachers and paraprofessionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower students to self-select tools that will enhance learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can an action plan be created that will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase student access to supports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize free and low cost options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease sped referals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train teachers and paraprofessionals on UDL/AT </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Other places to find links to free AT <ul><li>Teaching Every Student Blog http://teachingeverystudent.blogspot.com/2007/06/free-technology-toolkit-for-udl-in-all.html </li></ul><ul><li>UDL Tech Tool Kit http://udltechtoolkit.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Free Assistive Technology You Already Own </li></ul><ul><li>http://speaking.stanford.edu/Back_Issues/SOC68/highlights/Free_Assistive_Technology.html </li></ul><ul><li>One Stop for Free A.T. http://www.onlineconferencingsystems.com/at.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Free Resources From the Net for (Special) Education Blog http://paulhami.edublogs.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>OATSoft http://www.oatsoft.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pinterest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://pinterest.com/teechkidz/free-at/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bundlr </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://gobundlr.com/b/free-assistive-technology </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Resources <ul><li>WordTalk www.wordtalk.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>PowerTalk www.fullmeasure.co.uk/powertalk </li></ul><ul><li>Access Apps http://www.rsc-ne-scotland.ac.uk/accessapps/index.php?ID=NjEw </li></ul><ul><li>Can Assist Dynamic Keyboard http://www.supportdisc.co.uk/Visual_timetable.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Time Tables http://www.supportdisc.co.uk/Visual_timetable.htm </li></ul>
  38. 38. Resources <ul><li>EdWord Talking Word Processor http://www.softpedia.com/get/Internet/Browsers/EdWord.shtml </li></ul>