Let us recap: TEEB is an international initiative which draws attention to the economic benefits of biodiversity and ES, estimates costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation and combines expertise from natural science, economics and policy to guide action that safeguards ES for future generations. Whilst TEEB does focus on assessing the economic impacts of biodiversity from a practical perspective, TEEBs advocates a more holistic approach by recognizing that VALUE is not just necessarily economic but also cultural, ethical and ecological. TEEB has been conducted in different phases . The first phase of TEEB, which was inspired by the 2006 Stern Review’s analysis of the costs of climate change, was launched in response to a proposal by the G8+5 Environment Ministers in Germany in 2007 to develop a global study on the economics of biodiversity loss. Those ministers, from the G8+5 countries, agreed TEEB’s goal would be to END the economic invisibility of nature – to HELP stakeholders and beneficiaries recognize the value of ecosystem services and to REWARD responsible custodians of earth’s living fabric, its ecosystems and biodiversity. The first report that was released at the COP 9 in Bonn was the TEEB Interim Report in 2008, which provided strong evidence of significant economic losses due to ecosystem degradation. The launching of the Interim Report stimulated further international interest in the TEEB initiative and led to calls for additional economic analysis by experts and the subsequent production of the TEEB main reports (next slide) In order to inform the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen 2009, the TEEB Climate Issues Update was published ahead presenting a series of early conclusions from the TEEB studies related to climate change I think you should add a slide between slide 2 and 3 that shows Pavan as study leader, that we had coordinators for each report, that over 500 people and organisations contributed data etc for the creation of the reports, including case studies etc, and they came from over 53 countries (check that number though as I am quoting that from memory. So, inspired by the Stern Review’s analysis of the costs of climate change, released in October 2006, TEEB was conceived at the meeting of environment ministers in Potsdam the following year. Those ministers, from the G8+5 countries, agreed TEEB’s goal is to END the economic invisibility of nature – to HELP stakeholders and beneficiaries recognize the value of ecosystem services and to REWARD responsible custodians of earth’s living fabric, its ecosystems and biodiversity. TEEB’s immediate purpose was to assess the ECONOMIC IMPACTS of the on-going loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystems and to EXPLORE an economic case for early actions to support the effective conservation of nature. Its broader purpose was to describe the economic and policy context for such action.
The second phase of the TEEB initiative, which was initiated in September 2009 and came to a close in June 2011, responded to the call for additional analysis by producing four key publications/reports: 1. D0 - TEEB - Ecological and Economic Foundations. A report on the fundamental concepts and methodologies for economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services; D1- TEEB - National and International Policy Making. A report providing analysis and guidance on how to value and internalize biodiversity and ecosystem values in policy decisions; D2 - TEEB - Local and Regional Policy and Management. A report providing analysis and guidance for mainstreaming biodiversity and ecosystem values at regional and local levels, illustrated with case study examples; an D3 - TEEB – Business and Enterprise. A report providing analysis and guidance on how business and enterprise can identify and manage their biodiversity and ecosystem risks and opportunities. In keeping with TEEB’s multi-disciplinary approach, it has been written in conjunction with business. With inputs from companies such as PwC. Shows how biodiversity loss and decline in ecosystem services affects all businesses, either directly or indirectly Additional publications that have been released on the TEEB website and which Earthscan is now publishing as separate volumes are: - TEEB Quantitative Assessment And - TEEB – Synthesis which was released in Nagoya in October 2010 - a short complementary which highlights and illustrates the TEEB approach The teeb4me website was developed to help reach citizens
Since and even during the development of the reports themselves, TEEB has been widely referenced and discussed in the media as a result of strong outreach and communications. The study has therefore not gone unnoticed. Media in over 77 countries have reported on TEEB – this has included publications such as Time magazine, Newsweek, New York Times, Financial Times and CNN. Over 1400 websites link to, or mention TEEB. During the past two years, the TEEB study leader Pavan Sukhdev, and other members of the team have presented at over 200 conferences, international meetings and political briefings around the world. TEEB is mentioned specifically in the OECD resource implementation plan, the CBD Strategic Plan, the Carta di Siracusa signed by G8+5 ministers in 2009, and a recent white paper for US president Barak Obama. TEEB seems to have caught people’s attention. Conservation is starting to be seen through a different lens, one which may actually interest audiences not previously well known for their commitment to conservation – such as finance ministries, trade ministries, the finance sector and business.
After the successful launch of the TEEB series of reports at the CBD COP-10 meeting in Japan the TEEB Advisory Board agreed to extend the TEEB initiative into a phase III at least until the Rio+20 Conference and CBD COP-11 meetings this year. This phase will focus on the following three areas: policy, business, and communications/outreach . The objective of Phase III is to mainstream TEEB beyond the biodiversity policy sphere while ensuring scientific credibility. During 2011 it was decided that for this third phase a small UNEP- hosted TEEB Office would be established within the UNEP Economics and Trade Branch (Geneva, Switzerland). The Advisory Board recommended a “facilitation” approach whereby the UNEP TEEB office and partners would draw on the TEEB community of experts in order to respond to a range of end-user demands. The four main components of the international TEEB follow-up work include: Strengthening of the TEEB network of experts The key to TEEB III future success will be to ensure a continued focus on expanding and supporting this network of experts and associations. With this objective in mind, the TEEB Office will support the development of an e-newsletter to allow experts to exchange information and provide links to relevant studies and analysis. The web-based newsletter will be complemented by the organization of occasional meetings/workshops among the experts and TEEB advisors to ensure the vitality of the overall network and encourage high quality information exchange. A TEEB database of key information will also be made available as well the TEEB case studies. Next slide…
2. Promotion of outreach and communications Another key function of the TEEB Office will be communication and outreach activities, which not only includes the continuous update of the TEEB websites, e-newsletter dissemination (as already mentioned on the previous slide) and coordination of global media coverage, but also the development of TEEB training materials for capacity development that aims to encourage TEEB implementation at the national level plus the required support needed at national workshops/meetings with partners Next slide…
3. The TEEB office is also supporting the development of additional sectoral studies which address certain stakeholders needs and help them make use of the TEEB approach These sectoral studies include: A TEEB water/wetlands study, a TEEB Agriculture study, an Oceans study, a think piece on TEEB and Green Economy for Rio+20 and a TEEB for Cities (released August 2011)
… and finally… 4. Supporting and facilitating TEEB implementation at the national level The production of the TEEB reports, coupled with the outreach events and media coverage, has created an international “buzz” surrounding TEEB and has led to numerous requests by governments, in both developed and developing countries, for support in applying TEEB methodologies. Indeed the outcome of the CBD COP 10 gave further impetus towards the interest of execution of TEEB national studies particularly through the launch of NBSAPs Members committed themselves to Biodiversity Aichi Targets including the aim to “integrate biodiversity values into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning process and to integrate them in national accounting and reporting systems.” (Target 2)
Countries that are planning to conduct national TEEB studies or indeed have already started the process include: Belgium, Brazil, Germany, Norway, Nordic Council, Portugal, India, Netherlands and other countries that have shown strong interest are South Korea, Nepal, Georgia In more detail: - TEEB India – was launched at the beginning of 2011. It will be hosted by the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forests, but conducted through an independent structure. The project will focus on the development of a framework for assessing the economic value of India’s natural capital with a distinct three-pronged approach: 1) a national level/green accounting study; 2) state-level policy-focused studies for 3-4 pilot states; and 3) development of local examples as success stories to be showcased at the CBD COP-11 meeting in November 2012. - TEEB Brazil – A national TEEB Brazil study was launched in March 2011 in Brasilia. The Brazilian business community has been engaged in the framing of this study and a Brazilian “ TEEB for Business ” companion study. Two Brazilian companies have also committed funding to support the effort. These studies are targeted for publication by the Rio+20 conference in 2012. TEEB Brazil (Interim) Report will be presented at Rio (June 2012). Further studies: TEEB Brazilian States study; TEEB for Business Brazil Interim Study TEEB Germany – The TEEB Germany study (‘Naturkapital Deutschland’) has been launched. The study is being managed by Germany’s Federal Agency for Conservation with UFZ, TEEB’s scientific coordinators, closely involved. - TEEB Belgium: started with regional and sectoral ecosystem valuations (e.g. freshwater ecosystem services; TEEB Flanders feasibility study). TEEBelgium will be launched in April 2012. TEEBelgium office will coordinate and bring together different initiatives Strong Interest shown by Georgia by the President of Georgia himself National scoping study will be launched in March/April 2012 Long-term goal to produce comprehensive TEEB Georgia study (depending on financial and technical assistance
With regard to national studies, the mandate of TEEB Phase III which was given in 2011 by its advisory board is to: Provide support and facilitation of TEEB projects at the national and local level connect projects to each other and/or to funding options support new initiatives in the business world assist in the translation of the reports into policy The new establishment of the TEEB office in Geneva (UNEP, ETB) aims to provide guidance via the TEEB network of experts in order to build national, regional and local government capacity and to support the production of national-level economic assessments. Two methods of support are envisaged for this facilitation: For the developed countries UNEP will act as a host and adopts a facilitation role, putting relevant experts in contact with each other. Under this option, UNEP would not actively participate in the development of national studies, and would not provide funding to countries wishing to undertake TEEB work. For those developing countries, UNEP will take a more active and participatory role. This option would provide UNEP with the ability to become more directly involves in country level studies, including being able to provide some funding support. Next slide….
So that our office can find out plans for the North African and Middle East region, I would like to hand out a short survey for all participants to fill in where the results intend to be of mutual benefit: help UNEP TEEB office fulfill its mandate and facilitate the execution of national studies In exchange, UNEP TEEB can guide national plans and TEEB/ecosystem valuation processes via our TEEB network of experts and help source funded where possible Indeed, we would also be keen to hear about some of these plans after my presentation during the roundtable discussion……
TEEB Phase III; Towards Implementation 21 February – 23 FebruaryTEEB Capacity-building Workshopfor North Africa and the Middle East Chloe Hill UNEP
TEEB’s genesis … “Potsdam Initiative – Biological Diversity 2010” … the economic significance of the global loss of biological diversity…. TEEB Interim Report CBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008 TEEB Climate Issues Update Strömstad, September 2009. TEEB Main Reports Nov. 2009 – Oct. 2010
TEEBs main reportsPHASE II of TEEB – Reports for different audiences TEEB’s main reports Ecological & Economic Foundations (D0) Policy Evaluation for National Policy Makers (D1) Assessment and Policies for Local and Regional Policy Makers (D2) Business Risks & Opportunities (D3) Synthesis
TEEB in the Media- over 1,100 news articles in 65 countries- more than 1300 websites- 1800 social media fora
TEEB Phase III; The way to Rio+20 and CBDCOP-11 1. Strengthening TEEB network of experts – Providing up-to-date news and information about natural capital developments (inter alia newsletter) – Making the TEEB database available – Compiling TEEB case studies
TEEB Phase III 1. Promoting outreach and communications – Developing TEEB training materials (for online use as well as at workshops) – Supporting national workshops and meetings in collaboration with partners such as the CBD
TEEB Phase III 1. Supporting sectoral studies – Ramsar Convention TEEB water/wetlands study – TEEB Oceans – TEEB and Green Economy (Rio+20 input) – TEEB Cities (released August 2011; www. teebweb.org)
TEEB Phase III1. Facilitating National Studies (I) - Uniquely successful in raising the interest of policymakers - CBD COP 10 (October 2010) gave further impetus to the launch of national initiatives - Members committed themselves to Biodiversity Aichi Targets
TEEB Phase III1. Facilitating National Studies (I) UNEPs TEEB office is responding to countries’ requests by: - keeping track of national TEEB initiatives - guiding initiatives via TEEB network of experts - connecting projects to each other (exchange of expertise and success stories) and funding options - national, regional and local capacity building - providing – where possible – technical assistance - distribution of TEEB updates
Valuing ecosystems and biodiversity - North Africa and Middle East - What are Your Plans?