International TEEB process was initiated by environment ministers from the G8+5 countries, meeting in Potsdam, Germany, in 2007 Acknowledging the importance of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity as indispensible basis for the provision of ecosystem services and the long term provision of natural resources for the global economy ministers agreed to “analyze the global economic benefit of biological diversity and the failure to take protective measures versus the costs of effective conservation” (Potsdam Initiative) The TEEB Interim Report, which provided strong evidence of significant economic losses due to ecosystem degradation, was presented at the High-Level Segment of the CBD COP-9, in Bonn, Germany, in May 2008 The launching of the Interim Report stimulated further interest in the TEEB initiative and led to calls for additional economic analysis and the production of a series of reports focusing on specific stakeholders In order to inform the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen 2009, the TEEB Climate Issues Update was published ahead presenting a series of early conclusions from the TEEB studies related to climate change Publication of the main reports started in November 2009 and was finalized at the CBD COP-2010 in Nagoya, Japan
Output 1. TEEB - Ecological and Economic Foundations. A report on the fundamental concepts and methodologies for economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services; 2. TEEB - National and International Policy Making. A report providing analysis and guidance on how to value and internalize biodiversity and ecosystem values in policy decisions; TEEB - Local and Regional Policy and Management. A report providing analysis and guidance for mainstreaming biodiversity and ecosystem values at regional and local levels, illustrated with case study examples; an TEEB – Business and Enterprise. A report providing analysis and guidance on how business and enterprise can identify and manage their biodiversity and ecosystem risks and opportunities. These publications were released on the TEEB website and Earthscan is publishing them as separate volumes over the course of 2011-2012. TEEB Quantitative Assessment is currently being finalized. TEEB – Synthesis was released in Nagoya in October 2010. Complements, but does not attempt to summarize the other products of TEEB; the aim is to highlight and illustrate the approach by TEEB see next slide
Basic premise of the TEEB study (demonstrated and made tangible for different stakeholders in the reports): (p. 11 ff. Synthesis, see also to give an example) Valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services may be carried out in more or less explicit ways according to the situation at hand. The TEEB study follows a tiered approach in analyzing and structuring valuation. Recognizing value: sometimes sufficient to ensure conservation and sustainable use (especially where the cultural values of nature are strong) monetary valuation may be unnecessary and protective legislation/voluntary agreements should be preferred Demonstrating value: often useful for policymakers and others, such as businesses, in reaching decisions that consider the full costs and benefits of a proposed use Capturing value: Final tier of the economic approach involves the introduction of mechanisms that incorporate values of ecosystems into decision-making, through incentives and price signals (this can include payments for ecosystem services, reforming environmentally harmful subsidies, introducing tax breaks for conservation, creating new market for sustainably produced goods In summary, TEEB’s approach to valuing ecosystems and biodiversity is one that acknowledges the limits, risks and complexities involved, covers different types of value appreciation, and includes various categories of response at the level of public policies, voluntary mechanisms and markets.
TEEB initiative has been very successful in raising the interest of policymakers in biodiversity and ecosystem valuation Support for the TEEB findings and for building on the TEEB analysis at the national-level has been highlighted in a number of policy platforms and government decisions: G8 Carta di Siracusa (April 2009) G20 Leaders Statement from the Seoul Summit (November 2010) CBD COP-10 decisions Ramsar Resolution X.12 on “Principles for partnerhsips between the Ramsar Convention and the business sector”
TEEB has also been widely referenced and discussed in the media as a result of TEEB outreach and communications.
After the successful launch of the TEEB series of reports at the CBD COP-10 meeting in Nagoya, Japan the TEEB Advisory Board agreed to extend the TEEB initiative at least until the Rio+20 Conference and CBD COP-11 meetings in 2012 For the upcoming TEEB Phase III, the Advisory Board recommended a “facilitation” approach whereby the UNEP TEEB office in Geneva and partners would draw on the TEEB community of experts in order to respond to a range of end-user demands. The four main components of the international TEEB follow-up work include: Strengthening of the TEEB network of experts Promotion of outreach and communications Support for additional sectoral studies which address certain stakeholders needs and help them make use of the TEEB approach Supporting and facilitating TEEB implementation at the national level
The production of the TEEB reports, coupled with the outreach events and media coverage, has created an international “buzz” surrounding TEEB and has led to numerous requests by governments, in both developed and developing countries, for support in applying TEEB methodologies. Countries that have expressed interest/are planning to conduct national TEEB studies include, inter alia (see slide) UNEP aims to provide guidance via the TEEB network of experts to build national, regional and local government capacity and to support the production of national-level economic assessments. Move of the TEEB office to Geneva (UNEP, ETB) will ensure close cooperation between the TEEB initiative and the UNEP Green Economy Initiative. In particular, there are a number of synergies that will arise in linking the national-level TEEB implementation support with the national-level advisory services that are being offered as part of UNEP GEI. The UNEP GEI is currently providing advisory services in over fifteen countries and these activities will benefit from the inclusion of TEEB analysis and expertise. Two options of support are envisaged (for developed countries – on the one hand – and developing countries – on the other hand) Option 1 where UNEP acts as a host and adopts a facilitation role, putting relevant experts in contact with each other. Under this option, UNEP would not actively participate in the development of national studies, and would not provide funding to countries wishing to undertake TEEB work. Option 2 where UNEP takes a more active and participatory role. This option would provide UNEP with the ability to become more directly involves in country level studies, including being able to provide some funding support. [CLICK] Coming back to today’s workshop Bridge to presentation on European Biodiversity Strategy While several European states have already approached UNEP in order to conduct national TEEB studies in the future the new EU biodiversity strategy adopted in May 2011 (Laure Ledoux from the European Commission will go into detail in the next presentation) now explicitly asks Member States to assess their biodiversity and ecosystem services see next slide
Target 2 (Maintain and Restore Ecosystems and their Services) Action 5 reads (see above) The EU and several European countries have not only funded and supported the TEEB initiative so far but have already made commitments for Phase III as well. UNEP TEEB is looking forward to getting to know current country-level projects and to an interesting discussion and exchange With expertise and experience built since the initiation of the process in 2007 the UNEP TEEB Office is hoping to facilitate these processes (looking forward to cooperation)
Transcript of "Current issues from the international teeb process.asad"
Current issues from the international TEEB process 11 October – 15 OctoberInternational Academy for Nature Conservation, Isle of Vilm, Germany Asad Naqvi UNEP
TEEB’s genesis … “Potsdam Initiative – Biological Diversity 2010” ……the economic significance of the global loss of biological diversity…. TEEB Interim ReportCBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008 TEEB Climate Issues Update Strömstad, September 2009. TEEB Main Reports Nov. 2009 – Oct. 2010
TEEBs main reports TEEB’s main reports Ecological & Economic Foundations Policy Evaluation for National Policy Makers Assessment and Policies for Local and Regional Policy Makers Business Risks & Opportunities Synthesis
TEEB’s Recommendations Make Nature’s values visible: Recognise, Assess and Change • Recognizing value: a feature of all human societies and communities • Demonstrating value: in economic terms, to support decision making • Capturing value: introduce mechanisms that incorporate the values of ecosystems into decision making
High-Level acknowledgement and support for TEEB findings…• G8 Carta di Siracusa• G20 Leaders Statement• CBD COP-10 • Decision X/2 on the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-20 • Decision X/21 on Business Engagement • Decision X/44 on Incentive Measures• Ramsar Resolution X.12 on “Principles for partnerships betweenthe Ramsar Convention and the business sector”
… and broad media coverage• over 1,100 news articles in 65 countries• more than 1300 websites• 1800 social media fora
TEEB III - The way to Rio+20 and CBD COP-11• Strengthening TEEB network of experts – Providing up-to-date news and information about natural capital developments (inter alia newsletter) – Making the TEEB database available – Compiling TEEB case studies• Promoting outreach and communications – Developing TEEB training materials – Supporting national workshops and meetings
• Supporting sectoral studies – Ramsar Convention TEEB water/wetlands study – TEEB Agriculture – TEEB Oceans – TEEB and Green Economy (Rio+20 input) Strengthening the TEEB network of experts – TEEB Cities (released August 2011; www. teebweb.org)
• Facilitating national studies – Brazil – India – Nepal – Georgia – Japan – Korea – European Countries Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020
TEEB EuropeTarget 2, Action 5:Improve knowledge of ecosystems and their services in the EU“Member States, with the assistance of the European Commission, will map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services, and promote the integration of these values into accounting and reporting systems at EU and national level by 2020.”