Writing The Research Paper A Handbook (7th ed) - Ch 3 layout of the library

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Writing The Research Paper Winker - Ch 3 layout of the library
Winkler McCuen-Metherell
Seventh Edition

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  • 1. 3 Layout of the Library
  • 2. Layout of the Library • Libraries have changed – main difference is computers • Pre-Computer: used Card catalogues: 3” X 5” • Modern libraries have computers, internet, photocopy machines, etc. • Etiquette is the same: • Whisper instead of talk • Return books on time
  • 3. The Computer • Astounding improvement in efficiency and accessibility, cost has decreased dramatically • Most universities/colleges have remote access • Can access entire library remotely • (PAC) Public-Access Catalogue • (OPAC) Online Public-Access Catalogue • Can request interlibrary loans (takes several days) • Now, next generation search catalogues – available online (example Text pg. 22-23)
  • 4. Online Full-Text Databases • Useful databases offer full text of an article or book, rather than directing to library • Different libraries subscribe to different databases • Examples of most popular databases: (George Washington University) • ArticlesPlus ProQuest (All databases) • ProQuest Research Library Academic Search Complete • JSTOR WorldCat • LexisNexis Academic Web of Science • ABI/Inform PsycINFO • Project Muse
  • 5. Online Full-Text Databases • Other databases found in libraries (Text pg. 24) • Oxford English Dictionary Encyclopedia Britannica • American National Biography The Grove Dictionary of Art Online • Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy • Popular Full text databases: • Highwire Press (life sciences, social sciences, medicine) • Merlot (Multimedia Educational Research) • Project Gutenburg Electronic Public Library (books in public domain, meaning published before 1923)
  • 6. Microform Indexes • Was once popular system which stored magazines and newspapers and microfiche • Use Microfilm readers • Generally now replaced by online sources
  • 7. Stacks • Stacks are the shelves where books and periodicals are stored in the library • Can be closed (need permission) or open
  • 8. Reference Room or Shelf • Encyclopedias, indexes consulted for info are stored in a reference room/shelf • Large unwieldy volumes – many available on CD-ROM / DB
  • 9. Main Desk • Information center and as checkout counter for books • Library personnel are trained to help researcher find material – can be invaluable assistance – just ask!
  • 10. Reserve Desk • Reserve books are kept at the reserve desk • Reserve books available only in library and only for limited time (ex. 2 hours) • Professors often put essential books on reserve
  • 11. Audiovisual/Media/Computer Room • Non books materials: cassettes, tapes, CDs, etc. • Can watch/listen to materials
  • 12. Newspaper Rack • Libraries subscribe to major national/foreign newspapers • Displayed on newspapers racks • Other news sources online (Text pg. 27)
  • 13. Carrels • Small semi-enclosed desks for reading, researching • Required to be quiet, penalty for misuse
  • 14. Organization of the Library Collections • 2 Major Classification Systems: • Dewey Decimal System / Cutter-Sanborn • Library of Congress Classification System
  • 15. Organization of the Library Collections Dewey Decimal System Used more than any other system (Text pg. 28)
  • 16. Organization of the Library Collections • Cutter-Sanborn Author Marks • Used in conjunction with Dewey Decimal System • Assigns number to author surname - published table • Uses first letter of surname, number, first letter of title • (Text pg. 29-30)
  • 17. Organization of the Library Collections • Library of Congress (www.loc.gov) • Founded in 1880 • Rapidly growing collection led to new system of classification (now widely used by larger libraries)
  • 18. Organization of the Library Collections • Library of Congress Classification System • Main branches of knowledge with 21 letters • Library of Congress Subject Headings available in libraries
  • 19. Organization of the Library Collections • Classification of Periodicals/Newspapers • Classified differently than books • Current issues usually shelved, older issues on microfilm/computer/CD-ROM/Stacks
  • 20. Organization of the Library Collections • Classification of non-books • Non-book materials: films, microfilms, recordings, sheet music, slides, etc. (Text Pg. 32) • No hard-and-fast rule • Ask librarian