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Layout of the Library
Layout of the Library
• Libraries have changed – main difference is
computers
• Pre-Computer: used Card catalogues: 3” X 5...
The Computer
• Astounding improvement in efficiency and
accessibility, cost has decreased dramatically
• Most universities...
Online Full-Text Databases
• Useful databases offer full text of an article or
book, rather than directing to library
• Di...
Online Full-Text Databases
• Other databases found in libraries (Text pg. 24)
• Oxford English Dictionary Encyclopedia Bri...
Microform Indexes
• Was once popular system which stored
magazines and newspapers and microfiche
• Use Microfilm readers
•...
Stacks
• Stacks are the shelves where books and
periodicals are stored in the library
• Can be closed (need permission) or...
Reference Room or Shelf
• Encyclopedias, indexes consulted for info are
stored in a reference room/shelf
• Large unwieldy ...
Main Desk
• Information center and as checkout counter for
books
• Library personnel are trained to help researcher find
m...
Reserve Desk
• Reserve books are kept at the reserve desk
• Reserve books available only in library and only for
limited t...
Audiovisual/Media/Computer Room
• Non books materials: cassettes, tapes, CDs, etc.
• Can watch/listen to materials
Newspaper Rack
• Libraries subscribe to major national/foreign
newspapers
• Displayed on newspapers racks
• Other news sou...
Carrels
• Small semi-enclosed desks for reading,
researching
• Required to be quiet, penalty for misuse
Organization of the Library
Collections
• 2 Major Classification Systems:
• Dewey Decimal System / Cutter-Sanborn
• Librar...
Organization of the Library
Collections
Dewey Decimal System
Used more than any
other system
(Text pg. 28)
Organization of the Library
Collections
• Cutter-Sanborn Author Marks
• Used in conjunction with Dewey Decimal System
• As...
Organization of the Library
Collections
• Library of Congress (www.loc.gov)
• Founded in 1880
• Rapidly growing collection...
Organization of the Library
Collections
• Library of Congress Classification System
• Main branches of knowledge with 21 l...
Organization of the Library
Collections
• Classification of Periodicals/Newspapers
• Classified differently than books
• C...
Organization of the Library
Collections
• Classification of non-books
• Non-book materials: films, microfilms, recordings,...
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Writing The Research Paper A Handbook (7th ed) - Ch 3 layout of the library

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Writing The Research Paper Winker - Ch 3 layout of the library
Winkler McCuen-Metherell
Seventh Edition

Published in: Education
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Transcript of "Writing The Research Paper A Handbook (7th ed) - Ch 3 layout of the library"

  1. 1. 3 Layout of the Library
  2. 2. Layout of the Library • Libraries have changed – main difference is computers • Pre-Computer: used Card catalogues: 3” X 5” • Modern libraries have computers, internet, photocopy machines, etc. • Etiquette is the same: • Whisper instead of talk • Return books on time
  3. 3. The Computer • Astounding improvement in efficiency and accessibility, cost has decreased dramatically • Most universities/colleges have remote access • Can access entire library remotely • (PAC) Public-Access Catalogue • (OPAC) Online Public-Access Catalogue • Can request interlibrary loans (takes several days) • Now, next generation search catalogues – available online (example Text pg. 22-23)
  4. 4. Online Full-Text Databases • Useful databases offer full text of an article or book, rather than directing to library • Different libraries subscribe to different databases • Examples of most popular databases: (George Washington University) • ArticlesPlus ProQuest (All databases) • ProQuest Research Library Academic Search Complete • JSTOR WorldCat • LexisNexis Academic Web of Science • ABI/Inform PsycINFO • Project Muse
  5. 5. Online Full-Text Databases • Other databases found in libraries (Text pg. 24) • Oxford English Dictionary Encyclopedia Britannica • American National Biography The Grove Dictionary of Art Online • Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy • Popular Full text databases: • Highwire Press (life sciences, social sciences, medicine) • Merlot (Multimedia Educational Research) • Project Gutenburg Electronic Public Library (books in public domain, meaning published before 1923)
  6. 6. Microform Indexes • Was once popular system which stored magazines and newspapers and microfiche • Use Microfilm readers • Generally now replaced by online sources
  7. 7. Stacks • Stacks are the shelves where books and periodicals are stored in the library • Can be closed (need permission) or open
  8. 8. Reference Room or Shelf • Encyclopedias, indexes consulted for info are stored in a reference room/shelf • Large unwieldy volumes – many available on CD-ROM / DB
  9. 9. Main Desk • Information center and as checkout counter for books • Library personnel are trained to help researcher find material – can be invaluable assistance – just ask!
  10. 10. Reserve Desk • Reserve books are kept at the reserve desk • Reserve books available only in library and only for limited time (ex. 2 hours) • Professors often put essential books on reserve
  11. 11. Audiovisual/Media/Computer Room • Non books materials: cassettes, tapes, CDs, etc. • Can watch/listen to materials
  12. 12. Newspaper Rack • Libraries subscribe to major national/foreign newspapers • Displayed on newspapers racks • Other news sources online (Text pg. 27)
  13. 13. Carrels • Small semi-enclosed desks for reading, researching • Required to be quiet, penalty for misuse
  14. 14. Organization of the Library Collections • 2 Major Classification Systems: • Dewey Decimal System / Cutter-Sanborn • Library of Congress Classification System
  15. 15. Organization of the Library Collections Dewey Decimal System Used more than any other system (Text pg. 28)
  16. 16. Organization of the Library Collections • Cutter-Sanborn Author Marks • Used in conjunction with Dewey Decimal System • Assigns number to author surname - published table • Uses first letter of surname, number, first letter of title • (Text pg. 29-30)
  17. 17. Organization of the Library Collections • Library of Congress (www.loc.gov) • Founded in 1880 • Rapidly growing collection led to new system of classification (now widely used by larger libraries)
  18. 18. Organization of the Library Collections • Library of Congress Classification System • Main branches of knowledge with 21 letters • Library of Congress Subject Headings available in libraries
  19. 19. Organization of the Library Collections • Classification of Periodicals/Newspapers • Classified differently than books • Current issues usually shelved, older issues on microfilm/computer/CD-ROM/Stacks
  20. 20. Organization of the Library Collections • Classification of non-books • Non-book materials: films, microfilms, recordings, sheet music, slides, etc. (Text Pg. 32) • No hard-and-fast rule • Ask librarian
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