99
The MLA System of
Documentation
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Modern language Association - sponsor of MLA
style
• An association of ...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• MLA style requires every source you use be
documented twice:
• First: i...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• What to document
• General knowledge, common sayings and self-evident
o...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations (Read text pg. 145)
1. Keep in Brief
•...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations (Read text pg. 145)
3. Identify the so...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations (Read text pg. 145)
5. Document parent...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations
7. Material by more than 3 authors
• U...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations
9. No author
• Cite the first two or t...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations
11.Work in a collection
• State the na...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations
13.Double reference
• A quotation with...
Parenthetical documentation:
Author – work (MLA)
• Guidelines for in-text citations
15.Use Arabic numerals
• Use Arabic nu...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• MLA calls the bibliography “Works Cited”
• Will list every source you actually used in yo...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page
1. Use a new page for your “Works Cited” page
...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page
5. Entries by same author(s) in same order are...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page
7. Alphabetize corporate authors - association...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page
9. If work is anonymous, move title into the a...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to books
• Basic template for an MLA citation (presented earl...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to books
• Author
• The name of the author comes first, alpha...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to books
• Title
• Exactly as it appears on title page, Perio...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to books
• Sample References to Books
• Book by a single auth...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to books
• Sample References to Books
• Reference Works
• Wor...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to books
• Sample References to Books
• Book of illustrations...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• General order in references to Periodicals
• Author
• Title of the article
• Publication ...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Sample References to Periodicals
• Anonymous Author
• Single Author
• More than one autho...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Sample References to Periodicals
• Letter to the editor
• Critical review
• Published int...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• References to Electronic Sources
• General order in references to electronic
sources
• Se...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• References to Electronic Sources
• Sample references to electronic sources
• Abstract onl...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• References to Electronic Sources
• Sample references to electronic sources
• Electronic m...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Sample references to nonprint materials
• Address or lecture
• Artwork
• Film, videotape,...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Sample references to special items
• Artwork, published
• Bible and other sacred texts
• ...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Sample references to special items
• Plays
• Poems
• Public Documents
• Quotations used a...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Content Notes
• Consists of explanation, additional information,
reference to other sourc...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Finished Form of the Paper
•Appearance
•Title Page
•Abstract
•Pagination and headings
•Sp...
Format for “Works Cited” (MLA)
• Finished Form of the Paper
•Use of Numbers
•Bibliography (Titled “Works Cited”)
•Peer Rev...
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Writing The Research Paper A Handbook (7th ed) - Ch 9 mla system

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Writing The Research Paper Winker - Ch 9 mla system
Winkler McCuen-Metherell
Seventh Edition

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Writing The Research Paper A Handbook (7th ed) - Ch 9 mla system

  1. 1. 99 The MLA System of Documentation
  2. 2. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Modern language Association - sponsor of MLA style • An association of over 30,000 American and international scholars and writers in a hundred countries • MLA was founded in 1883 as a group advocating the study of literature and modern languages • Style is widely used by literature and language scholars worldwide
  3. 3. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • MLA style requires every source you use be documented twice: • First: in an in-text citation in the body of the work • Specifies the source • Second: in an entry in the bibliography at the end of the paper • Lists complete publication details • Formula Name of author inverted (period) + title of book or work underlined (period) + city of publication (colon) + publisher + year of publication (period) • Read text example, pg. 143
  4. 4. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • What to document • General knowledge, common sayings and self-evident opinions do not need to be documented • Specific eye-witness accounts do need to be documented • Err on the side of caution • Read/review text example pg.144
  5. 5. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations (Read text pg. 145) 1. Keep in Brief • parenthetical references should be brief as possible, only information to clearly identify source • Don’t need parenthetical citation if your “Works Cited” includes only one work by that particular author 1. Introduce the authority • Introduce paraphrases or quotations by giving the authority’s name – first name and surname the first time the authority is cited • Subsequent citations simply use authority’s surname
  6. 6. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations (Read text pg. 145) 3. Identify the source • Identify what makes the source important 3. Mention both author and work • If you can do it smoothly, mention both the author and the work in your introduction Read text pg. 145
  7. 7. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations (Read text pg. 145) 5. Document parenthetically • If you do not mention the authority behind a paraphrase, or quotation in your text, place the information in parenthesis 5. Material by two or three authors • Mention the names of all the authors Read text pg. 145-146
  8. 8. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations 7. Material by more than 3 authors • Use the first name followed by et al. and others (no comma following the name) 7. Anonymous author • Mention it is anonymous in the text and place in parenthesis the title of the work from which the piece was taken (or abbreviated it title is very long) Read text pg. 146
  9. 9. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations 9. No author • Cite the first two or three significant words from the title 9. More than one work by the same author • Use a shortened version of the title in each citation Read text pg. 146
  10. 10. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations 11.Work in a collection • State the name of the person who wrote the opinion you are citing • Place the title of the piece within quotation marks 11.Multivolume works • When referring to a specific passage in a multivolume work, give the author, volume number, followed by a colon and a space and the page reference • When referring to entire volume, give name of author, followed by a comma, the then abbreviation vol. followed by volume number Read text pg. 146-147
  11. 11. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations 13.Double reference • A quotation within a cited work 13.Short passages of poetry • Set off the passage with quotation marks • Use slash (space before after slash) to indicate line breaks • Place proper documentation in parentheses immediately following quotation, inside the period because the reference is part of your basic sentence • Reference should be to the lines of the poem Read text pg. 147
  12. 12. Parenthetical documentation: Author – work (MLA) • Guidelines for in-text citations 15.Use Arabic numerals • Use Arabic numerals for books, parts, volumes, an chapters of works; for acts, scenes, and lines of plays; and for cantos, stanzas and lines of poetry 15.Vary your introductions • You will find a number of ways to introduce authors and their works • Some places will be easier to mention source in your text, • In others, mentioning author’s name will be more natural Read text pg. 147-148
  13. 13. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • MLA calls the bibliography “Works Cited” • Will list every source you actually used in your paper, in alphabetical order by surname of the first author
  14. 14. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page 1. Use a new page for your “Works Cited” page 2. Alphabetize the surnames of cited author 3. Alphabetize according to the prefix/ preposition 4. Put single-author entries before multiple-author entries Read text pg. 148
  15. 15. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page 5. Entries by same author(s) in same order are arranged alphabetically by title, excluding A, An, or The • Use a row of three hyphens followed by a period to replace the name of the repeated author(s) 5. Alphabetize works by authors with the same surname by the first letter of the first name Read text pg. 149
  16. 16. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page 7. Alphabetize corporate authors - associations, government agencies, intuitions – by the first significant word of the name. Use the full name, not an abbreviation 8. Place a parent body before a subdivision Read text pg. 149
  17. 17. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Rules for preparing the “Works Cited” page 9. If work is anonymous, move title into the author’s place, and alphabetize it by the first significant word in the title 10.Alphabetize legal references by the first significant word Read text pg. 149
  18. 18. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to books • Basic template for an MLA citation (presented earlier) – Text Pg. 149 • Center the “Works Cited” on a new page, with a one-inch top margin and double spacing throughout • Put page number in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top • Begin first entry flush with left margin, and subsequent lines one-half inch or five spaces (known as hanging indent) See Text, pg. 150 – Figure 9-1
  19. 19. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to books • Author • The name of the author comes first, alphabetized by surname, and followed by a period • If a book has more than one author, invert the name of only the first and follow with a comma • For more than three authors, use the name of the fist followed by et al.: • Or, you may list all names as they occur in full • In some cases, name of the editor, translator, or compiler is cited before the name of the author See Text, pg. 150
  20. 20. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to books • Title • Exactly as it appears on title page, Period follows title, MLA underlines • Name of editor, compiler or translator • Edition (Other than first) • Series name and number • Volume number • Publication facts • Page Numbers • See Text, pg. 151-152
  21. 21. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to books • Sample References to Books • Book by a single author • Books by two or more authors • Book by a corporate author • Books by an anonymous or pseudonymous author • Work in several volumes or parts • Work within a collection of pieces, all the same author • Collections: Anthologies, casebooks, readers • Double reference – a quotation within a cited work • See Text, pg. 153-155
  22. 22. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to books • Sample References to Books • Reference Works • Work in a Series • Reprint • Edition • Edited Work • Book published in foreign country • Introduction, preface, forward, afterword • translation • See Text, pg. 155-156
  23. 23. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to books • Sample References to Books • Book of illustrations • Foreign Title • See Text, pg. 156
  24. 24. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • General order in references to Periodicals • Author • Title of the article • Publication information • Journals, magazines, newspapers • Pages • See Text, pg. 157-158
  25. 25. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Sample References to Periodicals • Anonymous Author • Single Author • More than one author • Journal with continuous pagination throughout annual volume • Monthly magazine • Weekly magazine • Newspaper • Editorial • See Text, pg. 159-160
  26. 26. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Sample References to Periodicals • Letter to the editor • Critical review • Published interview • Published address or lecture • See Text, pg. 160-161
  27. 27. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • References to Electronic Sources • General order in references to electronic sources • See Text, pg. 162-163
  28. 28. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • References to Electronic Sources • Sample references to electronic sources • Abstract online or on CD-ROM • CD-ROM • Computer Program • Corporate Website • E-Mail • FTP Source • Gopher • Government website • See Text, pg. 164-165
  29. 29. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • References to Electronic Sources • Sample references to electronic sources • Electronic mailing list • Online book • Online database • Online dictionary • Online encyclopedia • Online magazine article author listed • Online magazines article, no author listed • Telnet, usenet, website • See Text, pg. 165-167
  30. 30. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Sample references to nonprint materials • Address or lecture • Artwork • Film, videotape, DVD • Interview • Musical composition • Radio or television program • Sound recording (CD) • Performance • See Text, pg. 167-170
  31. 31. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Sample references to special items • Artwork, published • Bible and other sacred texts • Classical works in general • Dissertation • Footnote or endnote citation • Manuscript or typescript • Pamphlet or brochure • Personal letter • See Text, pg. 170-173
  32. 32. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Sample references to special items • Plays • Poems • Public Documents • Quotations used as a source • Report • Table, graph, chart, map or other illustrations • See Text, pg. 173-178
  33. 33. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Content Notes • Consists of explanation, additional information, reference to other sources, acklnowledgement of special help • Content Notes: Text pg. 178-180 • Explaining a term • Expanding on an idea • Referring to another source • Explaining procedure • Acknowledging help, consolidating references
  34. 34. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Finished Form of the Paper •Appearance •Title Page •Abstract •Pagination and headings •Spacing of text •Font •Illustrations, tables and other Graphs See Text, pg. 181-188
  35. 35. Format for “Works Cited” (MLA) • Finished Form of the Paper •Use of Numbers •Bibliography (Titled “Works Cited”) •Peer Review Checlist •Submit Paper electronically See Text, pg. 188-189
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