Personality Plus
How to Understand Others by
Understanding Yourself

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

1
Learning Outcome
• Will discover what makes them so special
• Will understand the four major temperaments
and how to bring...
Why do we want to know
about our self?
“When we know who we are and why we act
the way we do,
We can begin to understand o...
Part 1
Personality Profile :
A Quick Method of Self-Examination

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

4
There’s Only One You
No two ALIKE
It’s what underneath that COUNTS

Each one of us is UNIQUE

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

5
Where Do we Start?
Honeymoon of Fred & Florence
Grape Rules – Fred – analyze – unsystematic – not
doing it wrong, not doin...
Fred did really care about every detail in life.
We didn’t realize
someone could be different
and still not be wrong.

PPY...
Let’s
Have fun with the Popular Sanguines
Get serious with Perfect Melancholies

Get charged with Powerful Cholerics
Relax...
No matter who we are,
we have something to learn
from each types of temperament.

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

9
Emotions

At Work
Strengths

As A Parent

As A Friend

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

10
Let’s have fun with
Popular Sanguine
The Extrovert . The Talker. The Optimist
PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

11
Oh! How this world needs Popular Sanguine
The lift of joy in times of trouble.
The touch of innocence in a jaded era.
The ...
Oh! How this world needs Popular Sanguine

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

13
Popular Sanguine’s Emotions
•
•
•
•
•
•

Appealing personality
Talkative, storyteller
Life of the party
Good sense of humo...
Popular Sanguine’s At Work
Volunteer for jobs
Thinks up new activities
Looks great on the surface
Creative and colorful
Ha...
Popular Sanguine’s As A Parent
Makes home fun
Is liked by children’s friends
Turns disaster into humor
Is the circus maste...
Popular Sanguine’s As A Friend
Makes friends easily
Loves people
Thrives on compliments
Seems exciting
Envied by others
Do...
Let’s Get Organized
with Perfect Melancholy
The Introvert . The Thinker. The Pessimist

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

18
Oh! How this world needs Perfect Melancholy
The depth to see into the heart and soul of life.
The artistic nature to appre...
PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

20
Perfect Melancholy’s Emotions
•
•
•
•
•
•

Deep and thoughtful
Analytical
Serious and purposeful
Genius prone
Talented and...
Perfect Melancholy At Work
Schedule oriented
Perfectionist, high standards
Detail conscious
Persistent and thorough
Orderl...
Perfect Melancholy As A Parent
Sets high standards
Wants everything done right
Keeps home in good order
Picks up after chi...
Perfect Melancholy As A Friend
Makes friends cautiously
Content to stay in background
Avoids causing attention
Faithful an...
Let’s Get Moving
with Powerful Choleric
The Extrovert . The Doer. The Optimist
PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

25
Oh! How this world needs Powerful Choleric
The firm control when others are losing theirs
The cut of decision for foggy mi...
PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

27
Powerful Choleric’s Emotions
•
•
•
•
•

Born leader
Dynamic and active
Compulsive need for change
Must correct wrongs
Stro...
Powerful Choleric At Work
Goal oriented
Sees the whole picture
Organize well
Seeks practical solutions
Moves quickly to ac...
Powerful Choleric As A Parent
Exert sound leadership
Establishes goals
Motivates family to action
Knows the right answer
O...
Powerful Choleric As A Friend
Has little need for friends
Will work for group activity
Will lead and organize
Is usually r...
Let’s relax
with Peaceful Phlegmatic
The Introvert . The Watcher. The Pessimist
PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

32
Oh! How this world needs Peaceful Phlegmatic
The stability to stay straight on course.
The patience to put up with provoke...
Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s Emotions
•
•
•
•
•

Low-key personality
Easygoing and relaxed
Calm and cool
Patient, Well-balanced
C...
Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s At Work
Competent and steady
Peaceful and agreeable
Has administrative ability
Mediates problems
Avo...
Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s As A Parent
Makes a good parent
Takes time for the children
Is not in a hurry
Can take the good with...
Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s As A Friend
Easy to get along with
Pleasant and enjoyable
Inoffensive
Good listener
Dry sense of hum...
Personality Plan
A Way to Overcome
Our Personal Weaknesses

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

38
In each of us, we have traits that are and
traits that produce negative responses in
others.
Quite often the same characte...
Popular Sanguines
Great ability to carry on a colorful
conversation is a plus envied by others;
but
Carried to extremes …....
Perfect Melancholies
Deep analytical thinking is a genius trait,
much respected;
but
Carried to extremes ….
Becomes broodi...
Powerful Cholerics
Gift’s for quick, incisive leadership is
desperately needed in every phase of
life today ;
but
Carried ...
Peaceful Phlegmatics
Easygoing nature is an admirable
combination that makes him the favorite
of any group;
but
Carried to...
What is our response?

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

44
We should pay special attention
to those extremes of behavior
that are offensive to others,
and
finally pledge ourselves t...
Let’s each one of us
examine ourselves realistically
and
find our flaws before it is too late.

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

4...
Let’s Organize
Popular Sanguine

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

47
Talk too Much

• Talk half as much as before
• Watch for signs of boredom
• Condense your comments
• Stop Exaggerating

Se...
Let’s Cheer Up
Perfect Melancholy

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

49
Easily depressed

• Realize no one likes gloomy people
• Don’t get hurt so easily
• Look for the positives
• Blow away the...
Let’s Tone Down
Powerful Choleric

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

51
Compulsive
Worker

• Learn to relax
• When I relax, I feel guilty
• Take the pressure off others
• Plan leisure activitys
...
Let’s Motivate
Peaceful Phlegmatic

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

53
Are Not Exciting

Resist change

Seem lazy

Appear wishywashy

• Try to get enthused
• Learn to communicate your feelings
...
Each person is a unique blend
Natural Blends
Popular Sanguine + Powerful Choleric
Perfect Melancholy + Peaceful Phlegmatic...
In whatever way you come out on the
Personality Profile,
remember it is not the label
but
the understanding of your own pe...
Putting us into little boxes?

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

57
As we understand ourselves and become
true to our own natures,
We automatically develop
a new acceptance
for those people ...
Let’s make a personal plan
Assess your strength
Evaluate your weaknesses
Seek other Opinions
Plan your step for personal i...
Change HURTS
but without it

we don’t improve.

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

60
Once we have an understanding of ourselves
through the study of the four personalities,
we can open up a whole new world
o...
Popular Sanguines are best
In dealing with people enthusiastically
In expressing thoughts with excitement
In up-front posi...
Perfect Melancholies are best
In attending to details and in deep thinking
In keeping records, charts and graphs
In analyz...
Powerful Cholerics are best
In jobs that require quick decisions
In spots that need instant action and
accomplishment
In a...
Peaceful Phlegmatic are best
In position of mediation and unity
In storms that need a calming hand
In routines that might ...
We should never use this knowledge
to judge or label anyone,
but to help us
in our relationship with others
and in anticip...
How to GET ALONG with OTHERS

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

67
The Popular Sanguine Personality
Recognize their difficulty in accomplishing tasks.
Realize they talk without thinking fir...
The Perfect Melancholy Personality
Know that they are very sensitive and get hurt easily.
Realize they are programmed with...
The Powerful Choleric Personality
Recognize they are born leaders.
Insist on two-way communication.
Know they don’t mean t...
The Peaceful Phlegmatic Personality
Realize they need direct motivation.
Help them set goals and make rewards.
Don’t expec...
Reference
Florence Littauer. 1999. Personality Plus : How to Understand
Others by Understanding Yourself. Petaling Jaya : ...
Individual Assignment (10%)
• Personality Test
• My Personality Plan
• Please submit it today.

PPYF103_PersonalityPlus

7...
Group Work Exercise No. 4
• Do some research on the topic of shyness. Your
scholarly research should answer to the below
q...
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Personality Plus

  1. 1. Personality Plus How to Understand Others by Understanding Yourself PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 1
  2. 2. Learning Outcome • Will discover what makes them so special • Will understand the four major temperaments and how to bring harmony into all relationship. • Will examine our own strengths and weaknesses and learn how to accentuate our positives and eliminate our negatives. • Understand other people and realize that just because others are different does not make them wrong. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 2
  3. 3. Why do we want to know about our self? “When we know who we are and why we act the way we do, We can begin to understand our inner selves, improve our personalities, and learn to get along with others” PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 3
  4. 4. Part 1 Personality Profile : A Quick Method of Self-Examination PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 4
  5. 5. There’s Only One You No two ALIKE It’s what underneath that COUNTS Each one of us is UNIQUE PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 5
  6. 6. Where Do we Start? Honeymoon of Fred & Florence Grape Rules – Fred – analyze – unsystematic – not doing it wrong, not doing it right – Does it make them taste better? – - Tiny bare stems, sticking out all over the place – ruin the shape of the whole bunch – “Who cares?” – “I care, and that should be enough.” PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 6
  7. 7. Fred did really care about every detail in life. We didn’t realize someone could be different and still not be wrong. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 7
  8. 8. Let’s Have fun with the Popular Sanguines Get serious with Perfect Melancholies Get charged with Powerful Cholerics Relax with Peaceful Phlegmatics PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 8
  9. 9. No matter who we are, we have something to learn from each types of temperament. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 9
  10. 10. Emotions At Work Strengths As A Parent As A Friend PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 10
  11. 11. Let’s have fun with Popular Sanguine The Extrovert . The Talker. The Optimist PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 11
  12. 12. Oh! How this world needs Popular Sanguine The lift of joy in times of trouble. The touch of innocence in a jaded era. The word of wit when we’re weighted down. The lift of humor when we’re heavyhearted. The ray of hope to blow away our black clouds. The enthusiasm and energy to start over and over again. The creativity and charm to color a drab day. The simplicity of a child in complex situations. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 12
  13. 13. Oh! How this world needs Popular Sanguine PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 13
  14. 14. Popular Sanguine’s Emotions • • • • • • Appealing personality Talkative, storyteller Life of the party Good sense of humour Memory for color Physically holds on to listener • Emotional & demonstrative • Enthusiastic and expressive • • • • • • • • PPYF103_PersonalityPlus Cheerful and bubbly Curious Good on stage Wide-eyed and innocent Lives in the present Changeable disposition Sincere at heart Always a child 14
  15. 15. Popular Sanguine’s At Work Volunteer for jobs Thinks up new activities Looks great on the surface Creative and colorful Has energy and enthusiasm Starts in a flashy way Inspires others to join Charms others to work PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 15
  16. 16. Popular Sanguine’s As A Parent Makes home fun Is liked by children’s friends Turns disaster into humor Is the circus master PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 16
  17. 17. Popular Sanguine’s As A Friend Makes friends easily Loves people Thrives on compliments Seems exciting Envied by others Doesn’t hold grudges Apologizes quickly Prevents dull moments Likes spontaneous activitiesr PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 17
  18. 18. Let’s Get Organized with Perfect Melancholy The Introvert . The Thinker. The Pessimist PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 18
  19. 19. Oh! How this world needs Perfect Melancholy The depth to see into the heart and soul of life. The artistic nature to appreciate the beauty of the world. The talent to create a masterpiece where nothing existed before. The ability to analyze and arrive at the proper solution. The eye for detail while others do shoddy work. The aim to finish what they start. The pledge, “If it’s worth doing, it’s worth doing right.” The desire to “do all things decently and in order.” PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 19
  20. 20. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 20
  21. 21. Perfect Melancholy’s Emotions • • • • • • Deep and thoughtful Analytical Serious and purposeful Genius prone Talented and creative Artistic or musical • • • • • • PPYF103_PersonalityPlus Philosophical & poetic Appreciative of beauty Sensitive to others Self-sacrificing Conscientious Idealistic 21
  22. 22. Perfect Melancholy At Work Schedule oriented Perfectionist, high standards Detail conscious Persistent and thorough Orderly and organized Neat and tidy Economical Sees the problems Finds creative solutions Needs to finish what is started Likes charts, graphs, figures, lists PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 22
  23. 23. Perfect Melancholy As A Parent Sets high standards Wants everything done right Keeps home in good order Picks up after children Sacrifices own will for others Encourages scholarship and talent PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 23
  24. 24. Perfect Melancholy As A Friend Makes friends cautiously Content to stay in background Avoids causing attention Faithful and devoted Will listen to complaints Can solve others’ problems Deep concern for other people Moved to tears with compassion Seeks ideal mate PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 24
  25. 25. Let’s Get Moving with Powerful Choleric The Extrovert . The Doer. The Optimist PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 25
  26. 26. Oh! How this world needs Powerful Choleric The firm control when others are losing theirs The cut of decision for foggy minds. The grip of leadership to head us to the good. The willingness to take chance in a doubtful situation. The confidence to hold true in the face of ridicule. The independence to stand alone and be counted. The road map to life when we’re gone astray. The urge to “take arms against a sea of troubles and, by opposing, end them.” PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 26
  27. 27. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 27
  28. 28. Powerful Choleric’s Emotions • • • • • Born leader Dynamic and active Compulsive need for change Must correct wrongs Strong willed and decisive PPYF103_PersonalityPlus • Unemotional • Not easily discouraged • Independent and selfsufficient • Exudes confidence • Can run anything 28
  29. 29. Powerful Choleric At Work Goal oriented Sees the whole picture Organize well Seeks practical solutions Moves quickly to action Delegates work Insists on production Makes the goal Stimulates activity Thrives on opposition PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 29
  30. 30. Powerful Choleric As A Parent Exert sound leadership Establishes goals Motivates family to action Knows the right answer Organizes household PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 30
  31. 31. Powerful Choleric As A Friend Has little need for friends Will work for group activity Will lead and organize Is usually right Excels in emergencies PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 31
  32. 32. Let’s relax with Peaceful Phlegmatic The Introvert . The Watcher. The Pessimist PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 32
  33. 33. Oh! How this world needs Peaceful Phlegmatic The stability to stay straight on course. The patience to put up with provokers. The ability to listen, while others have their say. The gift to mediation, uniting opposite forces. The purpose of peace at almost any price. The compassion to comfort those hurting. The determination to keep you ahead, when all around are losing theirs. The will to live in such a way that even your enemies can’t find anything bad to say about you. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 33
  34. 34. Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s Emotions • • • • • Low-key personality Easygoing and relaxed Calm and cool Patient, Well-balanced Consistent life • • • • Quiet but witty Sympathetic and kind Keeps emotions hidden Happily reconciled to life • All-purpose person PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 34
  35. 35. Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s At Work Competent and steady Peaceful and agreeable Has administrative ability Mediates problems Avoids conflicts Good under pressure Finds the easy way PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 35
  36. 36. Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s As A Parent Makes a good parent Takes time for the children Is not in a hurry Can take the good with the bad Doesn’t get upset easily PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 36
  37. 37. Peaceful Phlegmatic‘s As A Friend Easy to get along with Pleasant and enjoyable Inoffensive Good listener Dry sense of humor Enjoys watching people Has many friends Has compassion and concern PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 37
  38. 38. Personality Plan A Way to Overcome Our Personal Weaknesses PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 38
  39. 39. In each of us, we have traits that are and traits that produce negative responses in others. Quite often the same characteristics can both a plus and a minus, according to degree and many positives carried to extremes become negatives. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 39
  40. 40. Popular Sanguines Great ability to carry on a colorful conversation is a plus envied by others; but Carried to extremes …. constantly talking, monopolizing, interrupting and straying too far from the truth. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 40
  41. 41. Perfect Melancholies Deep analytical thinking is a genius trait, much respected; but Carried to extremes …. Becomes brooding and depressed. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 41
  42. 42. Powerful Cholerics Gift’s for quick, incisive leadership is desperately needed in every phase of life today ; but Carried to extremes …. Becomes bossy, controlling and manipulative. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 42
  43. 43. Peaceful Phlegmatics Easygoing nature is an admirable combination that makes him the favorite of any group; but Carried to extremes …. Doesn’t care about doing anything and is indifferent and indecisive. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 43
  44. 44. What is our response? PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 44
  45. 45. We should pay special attention to those extremes of behavior that are offensive to others, and finally pledge ourselves that we will dedicate ourselves to overcoming these problem areas. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 45
  46. 46. Let’s each one of us examine ourselves realistically and find our flaws before it is too late. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 46
  47. 47. Let’s Organize Popular Sanguine PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 47
  48. 48. Talk too Much • Talk half as much as before • Watch for signs of boredom • Condense your comments • Stop Exaggerating Self-centered • Be sensitive to other people’s interest • Learn to listen • Put others’ need first Uncultivated memories • Pay attention to names • Write things down Disorganized & Immature • Grow up PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 48
  49. 49. Let’s Cheer Up Perfect Melancholy PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 49
  50. 50. Easily depressed • Realize no one likes gloomy people • Don’t get hurt so easily • Look for the positives • Blow away the black clouds Procrastinate • Don’t spend so much time planning Put unrealistic Demands on others • Relax your standards PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 50
  51. 51. Let’s Tone Down Powerful Choleric PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 51
  52. 52. Compulsive Worker • Learn to relax • When I relax, I feel guilty • Take the pressure off others • Plan leisure activitys Must be in control • Respond to other leadership • Don’t look down on “the Dummies”. • Stop manipulating Don’t know how to handle People Right but Unpopular • Practice patience • Keep advice until asked • Tone down your approach • Stop arguing and causing trouble • Let someone else be right • Learn to apologize • Admit you have some faults. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 52
  53. 53. Let’s Motivate Peaceful Phlegmatic PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 53
  54. 54. Are Not Exciting Resist change Seem lazy Appear wishywashy • Try to get enthused • Learn to communicate your feelings • Try something new • Learn to accept responsibility for your life • Don’t put off until tomorrow what you can do today • Motivate yourself • Practice making decision PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 54
  55. 55. Each person is a unique blend Natural Blends Popular Sanguine + Powerful Choleric Perfect Melancholy + Peaceful Phlegmatic Complementary Blends Powerful Choleric + Perfect Melancholy Popular Sanguine + Peaceful Phlegmatic Opposites Popular Sanguine + Perfect Melancholy Powerful Choleric + Peaceful Phlegmatic PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 55
  56. 56. In whatever way you come out on the Personality Profile, remember it is not the label but the understanding of your own personality strengths and weaknesses that is important. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 56
  57. 57. Putting us into little boxes? PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 57
  58. 58. As we understand ourselves and become true to our own natures, We automatically develop a new acceptance for those people who don’t see things our way and who wish to live in a style contrary to our perceptions. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 58
  59. 59. Let’s make a personal plan Assess your strength Evaluate your weaknesses Seek other Opinions Plan your step for personal improvement Ask your family for help Encourage honest opinion PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 59
  60. 60. Change HURTS but without it we don’t improve. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 60
  61. 61. Once we have an understanding of ourselves through the study of the four personalities, we can open up a whole new world of positive human relationships. We can take the principles we’ve learned and apply them in a practical direction. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 61
  62. 62. Popular Sanguines are best In dealing with people enthusiastically In expressing thoughts with excitement In up-front positions of attention PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 62
  63. 63. Perfect Melancholies are best In attending to details and in deep thinking In keeping records, charts and graphs In analyzing problems too difficult for others PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 63
  64. 64. Powerful Cholerics are best In jobs that require quick decisions In spots that need instant action and accomplishment In areas that demand strong control and authority PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 64
  65. 65. Peaceful Phlegmatic are best In position of mediation and unity In storms that need a calming hand In routines that might seem dull to others PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 65
  66. 66. We should never use this knowledge to judge or label anyone, but to help us in our relationship with others and in anticipating reactions. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 66
  67. 67. How to GET ALONG with OTHERS PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 67
  68. 68. The Popular Sanguine Personality Recognize their difficulty in accomplishing tasks. Realize they talk without thinking first. Realize they like variety and flexibility. Help them to keep from accepting more than they can do. Praise them for everything they accomplish. Remember they are circumstantial people. Realize that they mean well. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 68
  69. 69. The Perfect Melancholy Personality Know that they are very sensitive and get hurt easily. Realize they are programmed with pessimistic attitude. Learn to deal with Depression. Compliment them sincerely and lovingly. Accept that they like it quiet sometimes. Try to keep a reasonable schedule. Realize that neatness is a necessity. Help them not to become slaves to the family. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 69
  70. 70. The Powerful Choleric Personality Recognize they are born leaders. Insist on two-way communication. Know they don’t mean to hurt. Try to divide areas of responsibility. Realize they are not compassionate. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 70
  71. 71. The Peaceful Phlegmatic Personality Realize they need direct motivation. Help them set goals and make rewards. Don’t expect enthusiasm. Realize that putting things off is their form of quiet control. Force them to make decisions. Don’t heap all the blame on them. Encourage them to accept responsibilities. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 71
  72. 72. Reference Florence Littauer. 1999. Personality Plus : How to Understand Others by Understanding Yourself. Petaling Jaya : Advantage Quest Publication. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 72
  73. 73. Individual Assignment (10%) • Personality Test • My Personality Plan • Please submit it today. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 73
  74. 74. Group Work Exercise No. 4 • Do some research on the topic of shyness. Your scholarly research should answer to the below questions. • What is shyness? • What causes it? • Proposed one of the ways in overcoming shyness. • Remember to put in your sources of reference. PPYF103_PersonalityPlus 74
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