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    Upload PPT In IE Through Browse Upload PPT In IE Through Browse Presentation Transcript

    • Business Analysis Presented by QA Department
    • Project Life Cycle 1. Planning 2. Scope the project 3. Gather requirements and analyze 4. Design a solution 5. Build the solution 6. Test the solution 7. Implement the solution Initiation Project Life Cycle
    • W HAT IS A B USINESS A NALYST ? Subject Matter Experts Technical Team Business Analyst
    • E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
      • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
      • How has the Role of the BA changed?
      • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
      • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
      • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
      • Conclusion
    • W HAT IS A B USINESS A NALYST ? A Business Analyst is a person who acts as a liaison between business people who have a business problem and technology people who know how to create automated solutions. IT Business
    • W ork p erformed by A BA
      • Analyzing business needs
      • Gathering business requirements
      • Analyzing and Refining requirements
      • Documenting requirements
      • Communicating requirements
      • Assisting with implementation of requirements
    • E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
      • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
      • How has the Role of the BA changed?
      • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
      • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
      • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
      • Conclusion
      • Mainframe – 1970s
        • Centralized, shared software and data
      • PC – 1980s
        • Individual software applications
        • Decentralized data
      • Client/server – 1990s
        • Interfaces from PC to mainframes and servers
        • Significant coordination required between components
      • Web applications – 2000s
        • Centralized, shared software and data
        • Customizable access
      H ow S oftware D evelopment has C hanged Inter/Intranet
      • In 1980’s emphasis on structured methodologies and CASE tools
        • Role primarily staffed from IT
      • In 1990’s Quality Initiatives (CMMI, ISO 9000, Six Sigma) required focus on standards and documentation
        • Shift of role to Business Area Expert
      H OW HAS THE R OLE OF THE BA C HANGED ?
      • In 2000’s emphasis on eCommerce and Object Oriented Development
      • Emphasis on:
        • Shorter timelines and lower cost
        • Rigorous techniques
        • New methodologies
      H OW HAS THE R OLE OF THE BA C HANGED ? (CONT.)
      • Today, the Business Analyst’s role continues to grow and requires:
        • Excellent communication skills
        • Thorough understanding of business
        • Standards and Methodology
        • Tools and Modeling
        • Emphasis on verification and validation
      H OW HAS THE R OLE OF THE BA C HANGED ? (CONT.)
    • E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
      • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
      • How has the Role of the BA changed?
      • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
      • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
      • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
      • Conclusion
    • W HY R OLE HAS C HANGED
      • Industry Trends
      • IT Under Fire
      • Quality Initiatives
      • Outsourcing
    • I NDUSTRY T RENDS
      • 66% of software projects are not expected to finish on time and on budget
      • Completed projects had only 52% of proposed functionality
      • 82% of projects had time overruns
      • Average cost overrun – 43% over budget
              • Source 2003 Standish Chronicles
    • I NDUSTRY T RENDS – ( CONT. )
      • Defect Origination:
        • 56% Requirements Phase
        • 27% Design
        • 7% Coding
              • Source 2002 Quality Assurance Institute
    • IT U NDER F IRE
      • 72% of CIO’s surveyed by CIO Magazine said their Number One Priority is to improve the customer relationship.
      • Only 10% of CIO’s surveyed said that technical proficiency is an important skill to be successful. The most important personal skills:
        • Communication – 70%
        • Understanding the Business – 58%
    • Q UALITY I NITIATIVES
      • CMMI
      • ISO 9000
      • Six Sigma
      • CMMI
        • Developed by Software Engineering Institute of Carnegie Mellon University
        • A scale for assessing the degree of built-in documentation and discipline in a process, from level 1, with no formal process, to Level 5, with a continuous, rigorous and self-improving process
        • www.sei.cmu.edu/cmmi
      Q UALITY I NITIATIVES – ( CONT. )
      • ISO 9000
        • Developed by International Organization for Standardization
        • A series of performance and quality management system standards for industrial organizations
        • www.iso.ch
      Q UALITY I NITIATIVES – ( CONT. )
      • Six Sigma
        • Developed by Motorola Engineers
        • Literally refers to the reduction of errors to six standard deviations from the mean
        • www.motorola.com/motorolauniversity
      Q UALITY I NITIATIVES – ( CONT. )
      • Obtaining goods or services by contract from an outside source
      • Ideally this source can provide the service or good for far less cost and at higher quality
        • McKinsey study estimates 58 cents cost reduction per dollar in IT sector
        • Most SW development companies in India are at CMM Level 5
      O UTSOURCING
      • One result: American programmers are becoming BAs.
      • Business Week, March 2004, suggests that the role of a Business Analyst is a “relatively safe haven” for programmers IF…
      • … they have communication skills
      • AND a grip on business
      • Another result: Detailing requirements is of paramount importance.
        • Moving away from “captive” IT departments
        • Moving toward geographically-separated business and IT units
        • “ Over-the-wall” is commonplace
      O UTSOURCING – ( CONT. )
    • E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
      • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
      • How has the Role of the BA changed?
      • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
      • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
      • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
      • Conclusion
    • E SSENTIAL S KILLS FOR THE B USINESS A NALYST ELICIT EXCELLENT REQUIREMENTS TECHNICAL AWARENESS CUSTOMER DRIVEN SCOPE DEFINITION and CHANGE MGMT METHODOLOGY PRACTICES DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING VERIFICATION & VALIDATION ANALYTICAL SKILLS COMMUNICATION ELICIT EXCELLENT REQUIREMENTS TECHNICAL AWARENESS CUSTOMER DRIVEN SCOPE DEFINITION and CHANGE MGMT METHODOLOGY PRACTICES DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING VERIFICATION & VALIDATION ANALYTICAL SKILLS COMMUNICATION
    • E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
      • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
      • How has the Role of the BA changed?
      • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
      • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
      • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
      • Conclusion
    • W HY IS THE B USINESS A NALYST A K EY R OLE ? Business Analyst Project Manager Subject Matter Expert Subject Matter Expert Subject Matter Expert Technical Team Member Technical Team Member The BA is “Communications Central”: Business Information
      • The BA holds a Unique Role:
        • Enterprise-wide awareness
        • Understanding of the business problem or opportunity
        • High level and detailed project knowledge
        • Business Analyst toolkit
      W HY IS THE B USINESS A NALYST A K EY R OLE ? (CONT.)
    • IIBA
      • I nternational I nstitute for B usiness A nalysis
      • http://www.iiba.com
      • IIBA Definition of Business Analysis:
            • Business Analysts are responsible for identifying business needs.
            • The Business Analyst is responsible for requirements development and requirements management.
            • The Business Analyst is a key facilitator within an organization, acting as a bridge between the client, stakeholders and the solution team.
            • Business analysis is distinct from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training and documentation development .
      • Now more than ever, Industry Emphasis on:
        • Scope Definition and Change Management
        • Requirements Gathering, Documenting and Management
        • Process Improvement and Reusability
        • Validation and Verification
      W HY IS THE B USINESS A NALYST A K EY R OLE ? (CONT.)
    • E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
      • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
      • How has the Role of the BA changed?
      • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
      • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
      • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
      • Conclusion
      • Must be an outstanding communicator
      • Must understand the SDLC
      • Must enjoy very detailed research and recording
      • Must be skilled at organizing and managing large amounts of information in various forms
      • Must be customer-focused
      • Must be flexible
      • Must come prepared with a toolkit of techniques to elicit excellent requirements
      W HO M AKES A G REAT B USINESS A NALYST ?
    • What is a Business Analyst?
      • IIBA Definition of a Business Analyst:
        • Business Analysts are responsible for identifying business needs.
        • The Business Analyst is responsible for requirements development and requirements management. Specifically, the Business Analyst elicits, analyzes, validates and documents business, organizational and/or operational requirements.  Solutions are not predetermined by the Business Analyst, but are driven solely by the requirements of the business.  Solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement or organizational change.
        • The Business Analyst is a key facilitator within an organization, acting as a bridge between the client, stakeholders and the solution team.
        • Business Analysis is distinct from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training and documentation development.
            • International Institute for Business Analysis
            • http://www.iiba.com
    • Thank You All
      • Following E-mail ID has been created with an intention of having a repository of files related with Business Analysis
      • [email_address]
      • Password - businessanalysis
      • 1] Interview questions for Business Analysts
      • 2] Body of Knowledge – Business Analysis
      • and more …………….