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sameer Test2

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  • 1. Business Analysis Presented by QA Department
  • 2. Project Life Cycle 1. Planning 2. Scope the project 3. Gather requirements and analyze 4. Design a solution 5. Build the solution 6. Test the solution 7. Implement the solution Initiation Project Life Cycle
  • 3. W HAT IS A B USINESS A NALYST ? Subject Matter Experts Technical Team Business Analyst
  • 4. E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
    • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
    • How has the Role of the BA changed?
    • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
    • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
    • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
    • Conclusion
  • 5. W HAT IS A B USINESS A NALYST ? A Business Analyst is a person who acts as a liaison between business people who have a business problem and technology people who know how to create automated solutions. IT Business
  • 6. W ork p erformed by A BA
    • Analyzing business needs
    • Gathering business requirements
    • Analyzing and Refining requirements
    • Documenting requirements
    • Communicating requirements
    • Assisting with implementation of requirements
  • 7. E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
    • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
    • How has the Role of the BA changed?
    • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
    • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
    • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
    • Conclusion
  • 8.
    • Mainframe – 1970s
      • Centralized, shared software and data
    • PC – 1980s
      • Individual software applications
      • Decentralized data
    • Client/server – 1990s
      • Interfaces from PC to mainframes and servers
      • Significant coordination required between components
    • Web applications – 2000s
      • Centralized, shared software and data
      • Customizable access
    H ow S oftware D evelopment has C hanged Inter/Intranet
  • 9.
    • In 1980’s emphasis on structured methodologies and CASE tools
      • Role primarily staffed from IT
    • In 1990’s Quality Initiatives (CMMI, ISO 9000, Six Sigma) required focus on standards and documentation
      • Shift of role to Business Area Expert
    H OW HAS THE R OLE OF THE BA C HANGED ?
  • 10.
    • In 2000’s emphasis on eCommerce and Object Oriented Development
    • Emphasis on:
      • Shorter timelines and lower cost
      • Rigorous techniques
      • New methodologies
    H OW HAS THE R OLE OF THE BA C HANGED ? (CONT.)
  • 11.
    • Today, the Business Analyst’s role continues to grow and requires:
      • Excellent communication skills
      • Thorough understanding of business
      • Standards and Methodology
      • Tools and Modeling
      • Emphasis on verification and validation
    H OW HAS THE R OLE OF THE BA C HANGED ? (CONT.)
  • 12. E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
    • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
    • How has the Role of the BA changed?
    • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
    • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
    • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
    • Conclusion
  • 13. W HY R OLE HAS C HANGED
    • Industry Trends
    • IT Under Fire
    • Quality Initiatives
    • Outsourcing
  • 14. I NDUSTRY T RENDS
    • 66% of software projects are not expected to finish on time and on budget
    • Completed projects had only 52% of proposed functionality
    • 82% of projects had time overruns
    • Average cost overrun – 43% over budget
            • Source 2003 Standish Chronicles
  • 15. I NDUSTRY T RENDS – ( CONT. )
    • Defect Origination:
      • 56% Requirements Phase
      • 27% Design
      • 7% Coding
            • Source 2002 Quality Assurance Institute
  • 16. IT U NDER F IRE
    • 72% of CIO’s surveyed by CIO Magazine said their Number One Priority is to improve the customer relationship.
    • Only 10% of CIO’s surveyed said that technical proficiency is an important skill to be successful. The most important personal skills:
      • Communication – 70%
      • Understanding the Business – 58%
  • 17. Q UALITY I NITIATIVES
    • CMMI
    • ISO 9000
    • Six Sigma
  • 18.
    • CMMI
      • Developed by Software Engineering Institute of Carnegie Mellon University
      • A scale for assessing the degree of built-in documentation and discipline in a process, from level 1, with no formal process, to Level 5, with a continuous, rigorous and self-improving process
      • www.sei.cmu.edu/cmmi
    Q UALITY I NITIATIVES – ( CONT. )
  • 19.
    • ISO 9000
      • Developed by International Organization for Standardization
      • A series of performance and quality management system standards for industrial organizations
      • www.iso.ch
    Q UALITY I NITIATIVES – ( CONT. )
  • 20.
    • Six Sigma
      • Developed by Motorola Engineers
      • Literally refers to the reduction of errors to six standard deviations from the mean
      • www.motorola.com/motorolauniversity
    Q UALITY I NITIATIVES – ( CONT. )
  • 21.
    • Obtaining goods or services by contract from an outside source
    • Ideally this source can provide the service or good for far less cost and at higher quality
      • McKinsey study estimates 58 cents cost reduction per dollar in IT sector
      • Most SW development companies in India are at CMM Level 5
    O UTSOURCING
  • 22.
    • One result: American programmers are becoming BAs.
    • Business Week, March 2004, suggests that the role of a Business Analyst is a “relatively safe haven” for programmers IF…
    • … they have communication skills
    • AND a grip on business
    • Another result: Detailing requirements is of paramount importance.
      • Moving away from “captive” IT departments
      • Moving toward geographically-separated business and IT units
      • “ Over-the-wall” is commonplace
    O UTSOURCING – ( CONT. )
  • 23. E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
    • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
    • How has the Role of the BA changed?
    • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
    • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
    • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
    • Conclusion
  • 24. E SSENTIAL S KILLS FOR THE B USINESS A NALYST ELICIT EXCELLENT REQUIREMENTS TECHNICAL AWARENESS CUSTOMER DRIVEN SCOPE DEFINITION and CHANGE MGMT METHODOLOGY PRACTICES DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING VERIFICATION & VALIDATION ANALYTICAL SKILLS COMMUNICATION ELICIT EXCELLENT REQUIREMENTS TECHNICAL AWARENESS CUSTOMER DRIVEN SCOPE DEFINITION and CHANGE MGMT METHODOLOGY PRACTICES DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING VERIFICATION & VALIDATION ANALYTICAL SKILLS COMMUNICATION
  • 25. E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
    • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
    • How has the Role of the BA changed?
    • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
    • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
    • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
    • Conclusion
  • 26. W HY IS THE B USINESS A NALYST A K EY R OLE ? Business Analyst Project Manager Subject Matter Expert Subject Matter Expert Subject Matter Expert Technical Team Member Technical Team Member The BA is “Communications Central”: Business Information
  • 27.
    • The BA holds a Unique Role:
      • Enterprise-wide awareness
      • Understanding of the business problem or opportunity
      • High level and detailed project knowledge
      • Business Analyst toolkit
    W HY IS THE B USINESS A NALYST A K EY R OLE ? (CONT.)
  • 28. IIBA
    • I nternational I nstitute for B usiness A nalysis
    • http://www.iiba.com
    • IIBA Definition of Business Analysis:
          • Business Analysts are responsible for identifying business needs.
          • The Business Analyst is responsible for requirements development and requirements management.
          • The Business Analyst is a key facilitator within an organization, acting as a bridge between the client, stakeholders and the solution team.
          • Business analysis is distinct from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training and documentation development .
  • 29.
    • Now more than ever, Industry Emphasis on:
      • Scope Definition and Change Management
      • Requirements Gathering, Documenting and Management
      • Process Improvement and Reusability
      • Validation and Verification
    W HY IS THE B USINESS A NALYST A K EY R OLE ? (CONT.)
  • 30. E MERGING R OLE OF THE B USINESS A NALYST
    • Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?
    • How has the Role of the BA changed?
    • Why has the Role of the BA changed?
    • What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?
    • Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?
    • Conclusion
  • 31.
    • Must be an outstanding communicator
    • Must understand the SDLC
    • Must enjoy very detailed research and recording
    • Must be skilled at organizing and managing large amounts of information in various forms
    • Must be customer-focused
    • Must be flexible
    • Must come prepared with a toolkit of techniques to elicit excellent requirements
    W HO M AKES A G REAT B USINESS A NALYST ?
  • 32. What is a Business Analyst?
    • IIBA Definition of a Business Analyst:
      • Business Analysts are responsible for identifying business needs.
      • The Business Analyst is responsible for requirements development and requirements management. Specifically, the Business Analyst elicits, analyzes, validates and documents business, organizational and/or operational requirements.  Solutions are not predetermined by the Business Analyst, but are driven solely by the requirements of the business.  Solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement or organizational change.
      • The Business Analyst is a key facilitator within an organization, acting as a bridge between the client, stakeholders and the solution team.
      • Business Analysis is distinct from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training and documentation development.
          • International Institute for Business Analysis
          • http://www.iiba.com
  • 33. Thank You All
    • Following E-mail ID has been created with an intention of having a repository of files related with Business Analysis
    • [email_address]
    • Password - businessanalysis
    • 1] Interview questions for Business Analysts
    • 2] Body of Knowledge – Business Analysis
    • and more …………….