• Save
Alkatesting
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Alkatesting

on

  • 1,260 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,260
Views on SlideShare
1,259
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Alkatesting Alkatesting Presentation Transcript

  • Business Analysis Presented by QA Department
  • Project Life Cycle Initiation 1. Planning 7. Implement the solution 2. Scope Project the project Life Cycle 6. Test the solution 3. Gather requirements and analyze 5. Build the solution 4. Design a solution
  • WHAT IS A BUSINESS ANALYST? Subject Business Technical Matter Analyst Team Experts
  • EMERGING ROLE OF THE BUSINESS ANALYST  Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?  How has the Role of the BA changed?  Why has the Role of the BA changed?  What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?  Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?  Conclusion
  • WHAT IS A BUSINESS ANALYST? A Business Analyst is a person who acts as a liaison between business people who have a business problem and technology people who know how to create automated solutions. Business IT
  • Work performed by A BA  Analyzing business needs  Gathering business requirements  Analyzing and Refining requirements  Documenting requirements  Communicating requirements  Assisting with implementation of requirements
  • EMERGING ROLE OF THE BUSINESS ANALYST  Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?  How has the Role of the BA changed?  Why has the Role of the BA changed?  What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?  Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?  Conclusion
  • How Software Development has Changed  Mainframe – 1970s  Centralized, shared software and data  PC – 1980s  Individual software applications  Decentralized data  Client/server – 1990s  Interfaces from PC to mainframes and servers Inter/Intran et  Significant coordination required between components  Web applications – 2000s  Centralized, shared software and data  Customizable access
  • HOW HAS THE ROLE OF THE BA CHANGED?  In 1980’s emphasis on structured methodologies and CASE tools  Role primarily staffed from IT  In 1990’s Quality Initiatives (CMMI, ISO 9000, Six Sigma) required focus on standards and documentation  Shift of role to Business Area Expert
  • HOW HAS THE ROLE OF THE BA CHANGED? (CONT.)  In 2000’s emphasis on eCommerce and Object Oriented Development  Emphasis on:  Shorter timelines and lower cost  Rigorous techniques  New methodologies
  • HOW HAS THE ROLE OF THE BA CHANGED? (CONT.) Today, the Business Analyst’s role continues to grow and requires:  Excellent communication skills  Thorough understanding of business  Standards and Methodology  Tools and Modeling  Emphasis on verification and validation
  • EMERGING ROLE OF THE BUSINESS ANALYST  Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?  How has the Role of the BA changed?  Why has the Role of the BA changed?  What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?  Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?  Conclusion
  • WHY ROLE HAS CHANGED  Industry Trends  IT Under Fire  Quality Initiatives  Outsourcing
  • INDUSTRY TRENDS  66% of software projects are not expected to finish on time and on budget  Completed projects had only 52% of proposed functionality  82% of projects had time overruns  Average cost overrun – 43% over budget  Source 2003 Standish Chronicles
  • INDUSTRY TRENDS – (CONT.) Defect Origination:  56% Requirements Phase  27% Design  7% Coding  Source 2002 Quality Assurance Institute
  • IT UNDER FIRE  72% of CIO’s surveyed by CIO Magazine said their Number One Priority is to improve the customer relationship.  Only 10% of CIO’s surveyed said that technical proficiency is an important skill to be successful. The most important personal skills:  Communication – 70%  Understanding the Business – 58%
  • QUALITY INITIATIVES  CMMI  ISO 9000  Six Sigma
  • QUALITY INITIATIVES – (CONT.)  CMMI  Developed by Software Engineering Institute of Carnegie Mellon University  A scale for assessing the degree of built-in documentation and discipline in a process, from level 1, with no formal process, to Level 5, with a continuous, rigorous and self-improving process www.sei.cmu.edu/cmmi
  • QUALITY INITIATIVES – (CONT.)  ISO 9000  Developed by International Organization for Standardization  A series of performance and quality management system standards for industrial organizations www.iso.ch
  • QUALITY INITIATIVES – (CONT.)  Six Sigma  Developed by Motorola Engineers  Literally refers to the reduction of errors to six standard deviations from the mean www.motorola.com/motorolauniversity
  • OUTSOURCING  Obtaining goods or services by contract from an outside source  Ideally this source can provide the service or good for far less cost and at higher quality  McKinsey study estimates 58 cents cost reduction per dollar in IT sector  Most SW development companies in India are at CMM Level 5
  • OUTSOURCING – (CONT.) One result: American programmers are becoming BAs. Business Week, March 2004, suggests that the role of a Business Analyst is a “relatively safe haven” for programmers IF… …they have communication skills AND a grip on business Another result: Detailing requirements is of paramount importance.  Moving away from “captive” IT departments  Moving toward geographically-separated business and IT units  “Over-the-wall” is commonplace
  • EMERGING ROLE OF THE BUSINESS ANALYST  Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?  How has the Role of the BA changed?  Why has the Role of the BA changed?  What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?  Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?  Conclusion
  • ESSENTIAL SKILLS FOR THE BUSINESS ANALYST CUSTOMER DRIVEN TECHNICAL SCOPE DEFINITION and AWARENESS CHANGE MGMT VERIFICATION METHODOLOGY & VALIDATION & VALIDATION PRACTICES COMMUNICATION ELICIT EXCELLENT EXCELLENT ANALYTICAL SKILLS ANALYTICAL SKILLS REQUIREMENTS BUSINESS PROCESS DOCUMENT RE-ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS
  • EMERGING ROLE OF THE BUSINESS ANALYST  Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?  How has the Role of the BA changed?  Why has the Role of the BA changed?  What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?  Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?  Conclusion
  • WHY IS THE BUSINESS ANALYST A KEY ROLE? The BA is “Communications Central”: Project Manager Technical Team Member Technical Subject Matter Team Member Business Expert Analyst Subject Matter Expert Business Subject Matter Information Expert
  • WHY IS THE BUSINESS ANALYST A KEY ROLE? (CONT.)  The BA holds a Unique Role:  Enterprise-wide awareness  Understanding of the business problem or opportunity  High level and detailed project knowledge  Business Analyst toolkit
  • IIBA International Institute for Business Analysis http://www.iiba.com IIBA Definition of Business Analysis: Business Analysts are responsible for identifying business needs. The Business Analyst is responsible for requirements development and requirements management. The Business Analyst is a key facilitator within an organization, acting as a bridge between the client, stakeholders and the solution team. Business analysis is distinct from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training and documentation development.
  • WHY IS THE BUSINESS ANALYST A KEY ROLE? (CONT.)  Now more than ever, Industry Emphasis on:  Scope Definition and Change Management  Requirements Gathering, Documenting and Management  Process Improvement and Reusability  Validation and Verification
  • EMERGING ROLE OF THE BUSINESS ANALYST  Introduction: What is a Business Analyst?  How has the Role of the BA changed?  Why has the Role of the BA changed?  What are the Essential Skills of a Business Analyst?  Why is the Business Analyst a Key Role?  Conclusion
  • WHO MAKES A GREAT BUSINESS ANALYST?  Must be an outstanding communicator  Must understand the SDLC  Must enjoy very detailed research and recording  Must be skilled at organizing and managing large amounts of information in various forms  Must be customer-focused  Must be flexible  Must come prepared with a toolkit of techniques to elicit excellent requirements
  • What is a Business Analyst? IIBA Definition of a Business Analyst: Business Analysts are responsible for identifying business needs. The Business Analyst is responsible for requirements development and requirements management. Specifically, the Business Analyst elicits, analyzes, validates and documents business, organizational and/or operational requirements. Solutions are not predetermined by the Business Analyst, but are driven solely by the requirements of the business. Solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement or organizational change. The Business Analyst is a key facilitator within an organization, acting as a bridge between the client, stakeholders and the solution team. Business Analysis is distinct from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training and documentation development. International Institute for Business Analysis http://www.iiba.com
  • Thank You All  Following E-mail ID has been created with an intention of having a repository of files related with Business Analysis justin.amtexsystems@gmail.com Password - businessanalysis 1] Interview questions for Business Analysts 2] Body of Knowledge – Business Analysis and more …………….