Connie and Mary Ann <br />EDIT 451:CSULA<br />Positivism & ConstructivismEpistemology and the Design of Learning Environme...
2<br />Conceptual Map of  Ideas in Chapter 6<br />
3<br />Questions posed and future approaches<br />
POSITIVISM<br />A philosophical and epistemological approach which holds that knowledge is acquired through actual experie...
WordAssociation<br /><ul><li>Comte
Scientific Method
Weber
Rationalism
Durkheim
Science
Logical
Sensory
Concrete
Sociology
Logic
Analytical
Skinner
Facts
Testable
Behaviorism
Social Positivism</li></ul>5<br />
AUGUSTE COMTE<br />French philosopher who founded sociology and positivism<br />http://www.d.umn.edu/~jhamlin1/comte.html<...
Positivism & Design Framework<br />Knowledgeexists independent of the learner. There is an absolute truth.<br />Design fra...
Positivism & Design Practices<br />Knowledgeexists independent of the learner. There is an absolute truth.<br />Classroom<...
Instructional Design Process<br />9<br />
Objectivist Design<br />11<br />
Technologizing School Systems<br />Robotics in Medical and Dental Instruction, Japan<br />Go to the next slide to watch Si...
eLearning (positivist approach)<br />http://www.webbasedtraining.com/home.aspx<br />Go to the next slide to watch the vide...
Jonassen, D.H. et al. (1997). “ Certainty, Determinism, and Predictability in Theories of Instructional Design: Lessons fr...
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Positivism & Constructivism

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Transcript of "Positivism & Constructivism"

  1. 1. Connie and Mary Ann <br />EDIT 451:CSULA<br />Positivism & ConstructivismEpistemology and the Design of Learning Environments <br />1<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Conceptual Map of Ideas in Chapter 6<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Questions posed and future approaches<br />
  4. 4. POSITIVISM<br />A philosophical and epistemological approach which holds that knowledge is acquired through actual experience<br />http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/positvsm.php<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positivism<br />4<br />
  5. 5. WordAssociation<br /><ul><li>Comte
  6. 6. Scientific Method
  7. 7. Weber
  8. 8. Rationalism
  9. 9. Durkheim
  10. 10. Science
  11. 11. Logical
  12. 12. Sensory
  13. 13. Concrete
  14. 14. Social Research
  15. 15. Sociology
  16. 16. Simmel
  17. 17. Logic
  18. 18. Analytical
  19. 19. Skinner
  20. 20. Facts
  21. 21. Testable
  22. 22. Behaviorism
  23. 23. Social Positivism</li></ul>5<br />
  24. 24. AUGUSTE COMTE<br />French philosopher who founded sociology and positivism<br />http://www.d.umn.edu/~jhamlin1/comte.html<br />http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/130750/Auguste-Comte<br />http://membres.multimania.fr/clotilde/etexts/index.htm<br />6<br />
  25. 25. Positivism & Design Framework<br />Knowledgeexists independent of the learner. There is an absolute truth.<br />Design frameworks are based on objectivism. Knowledge is transferred from outside to inside the learner. Conditions are arranged to promote goals. Knowledge is engineered externally. <br />7<br />
  26. 26. Positivism & Design Practices<br />Knowledgeexists independent of the learner. There is an absolute truth.<br />Classroom<br />Directed<br />Teacher-centered<br />Goal predetermined<br />Objectives defined<br />Activities, materials, assessment teacher driven<br />Products given to teacher for assessment.<br />8<br />
  27. 27. Instructional Design Process<br />9<br />
  28. 28. Objectivist Design & Analysis<br />10<br />
  29. 29. Objectivist Design<br />11<br />
  30. 30. Objectivist Development, Implementation & Evaluation<br />12<br />
  31. 31. Technologizing School Systems<br />Robotics in Medical and Dental Instruction, Japan<br />Go to the next slide to watch Simroid<br />13<br />Current Trends: Positivism in IDT<br />
  32. 32. eLearning (positivist approach)<br />http://www.webbasedtraining.com/home.aspx<br />Go to the next slide to watch the video<br />14<br />Current Trends: Positivism in IDT<br />
  33. 33. Jonassen, D.H. et al. (1997). “ Certainty, Determinism, and Predictability in Theories of Instructional Design: Lessons from Science”. EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, VOL 37; NUMBER 1, pages 27-33 ( found on ERIC)<br />http://www.ifets.info/journals/3_2/morrison_book_review.html<br />http://www.stanford.edu/dept/SUSE/SEAL/Reports_Papers/methods_papers/On%20the%20Science%20of%20Ed%20Design%20Studies_ER.pdf<br />Books available at http://www.amazon.com<br />15<br />Further reading: Positivism & Instructional Design Application<br />
  34. 34. CONSTRUCTIVISM<br />A philosophical and epistemological approach which holds that reality is not directly knowable, and can only be inferred or assigned by convention or consensus<br />http://tip.psychology.org/bruner.html<br />http://carbon.ucdenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/constructivism.html<br />.<br />16<br />
  35. 35. WordAssociation<br /><ul><li>Vygotsky
  36. 36. Construction
  37. 37. Multiple meanings
  38. 38. Interpretation
  39. 39. Representation
  40. 40. Piaget
  41. 41. Vico
  42. 42. Constructionism
  43. 43. Social Learning
  44. 44. Thought
  45. 45. Language
  46. 46. Culture
  47. 47. Race
  48. 48. Gender
  49. 49. ZPD
  50. 50. Schema
  51. 51. Prior knowledge
  52. 52. Collaboration
  53. 53. Dewey
  54. 54. Progressive
  55. 55. Scaffolding
  56. 56. Active learning</li></ul>17<br />
  57. 57. LEV VYGOTSKY<br />Belarusian psychologist who wrote extensively on developmental psychology, child development and education<br />http://tip.psychology.org/vygotsky.html<br />http://www.kolar.org/vygotsky/<br />.<br />18<br />
  58. 58. Constructivism & Design Framework<br />Knowledge is constructed by the learner. Truth is contextual.<br />Design frameworks are based on constructivism/relativism. Guide the learner in constructing knowledge. Provide a rich context for negotiation and meaning construction. Knowledge constructed internally. <br />19<br />
  59. 59. Constructivism & Design Practices<br />Knowledge is constructed by the learner. Truth is contextual. <br />Environment<br />Learner-centered<br />Teacher facilitating; learner controlling<br />Learning goals negotiated<br />Learning problems and contexts authentic<br />Activities, materials, assessment context driven and individually constructed<br />Artifacts shared and reflected on, collectively and individually. <br />20<br />
  60. 60. Instructional Design Process<br />21<br />
  61. 61. 22<br />Constructivist Design & Analysis<br />
  62. 62. Constructivist Design<br />23<br />
  63. 63. Constructivist Development, Implementation & Evaluation<br />24<br />
  64. 64. 25<br />Current Trends in IDT: Constructivism in Action<br />eLearning (constructivist approach)<br />University of Leicester<br />Go to the next slide to watch the video<br />
  65. 65. Twitter & World Simulation<br />Kansas State University<br />Visit Michael Wesch’s Digital Ethnography site<br />http://mediatedcultures.net/ksudigg/<br />Go to the next slide to watch the video<br />26<br />Current Trends in IDT: Constructivism in Action<br />
  66. 66. Virtual Worlds: Second Life<br />California State University, Los Angeles<br />27<br />Current Trends in IDT: Constructivism in Action<br />
  67. 67. http://gionas.webfactional.com/web/portfolio/pdf/Design_Research.pdf<br />http://www.ifets.info/journals/3_2/tam.html<br />http://www.dirkdavis.net/cbu/edu524/resources/Problem%20based%20learning%20An%20instructional%20model%20and%20its%20constructivist%20framework.pdf<br />http://doc.utwente.nl/26780/1/00650010.pdf<br />Books on http://www.amazon.com<br />28<br />Further reading: Constructivism & Constructional Design Practices<br />
  68. 68. How do you think our EDIT classes are in terms of epistemological perspectives, instructional design and design practices? <br />What kind of educational technologist or instructional designer will you be?<br />Thank you for going through our slides<br />29<br />Questions<br />

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