Web Hosting 101

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Introduction to how the Internet Works.

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Web Hosting 101

  1. 1. Technology Hotspot & Salon555 12th Street, Suite 110, Oakland, CA | http://www.techliminal.comContent in this presentation is Copyright (c) 2013 Tech Liminal. CC-Share-Alike. Feel free to use stuff from this presentation, but leave a link to Tech LiminalWeb Hosting 101What Every Professional Needs to KnowWorkshop WeekendJune 23, 20131Anca MosoiuTech Liminal
  2. 2. www.techliminal.comIntroduction• Web Developer• Information Architect• 20 years of experience intechnology & marketing orgs• Freelancer, Entrepreneur• Technology Hotspot & Salon• Co-Working• Workshops, Conferences• Expert, friendly help with web &social mediaAncaTech Liminalanca@techliminal.com
  3. 3. What We Will Cover• Domain Names• Servers• IP Addresses• Putting it together• Web Requests• Types of Hosting• Q&A3
  4. 4. Domain Names4Google.comBit.lyAnca.tvYour Name = Your Intellectual PropertyInternet “Phone Book”
  5. 5. Domain Names5www.google.comdocs.google.comLearn More: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_SystemTop-Level Domain.com.net.tvA Domain(conventionally)Subdomain
  6. 6. What you buy6mydomain.comLearn More: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_SystemDomain Name Registrar or ResellerGodaddy.comenom.comNetwork Solutions...
  7. 7. What makes it go: Servers7Source:http://www.flickr.com/photos/torkildr/3462607995A computer that responds to requests
  8. 8. IP Address8Learn More: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_addressEach server has one or more66.199.22.145
  9. 9. Domain Name Servers9ns1.bluehost.comLearn More: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_SystemThe Switchboard of the Internet...Convert a domain name to an IPAddress to find a server that can dosomething
  10. 10. A Server Request10DNS Lookup?techliminal.com = 50.116.56.216Makes a web page
  11. 11. Colocation• They sell you a rack, internet access, airconditioning• You bring a server and install it• All the maintenance is up to you• Hurricane Electric (he.net)• 365 Main in SF11
  12. 12. Dedicated Server• You rent a computer from someone in a serverfarm• You can install whatever you want• Managed or unmanaged• Rackspace• Liquidweb12
  13. 13. Virtual Private Server (VPS)• You rent a portion of a server (1/2, 1/4)• You have your own environment• Managed or unmanaged• Laughing Squid• Dreamhost• Liquidweb13Popular for Resellers
  14. 14. Shared Hosting• You share a Dedicated or VPS host with dozens orhundreds of others• You have your own user account on a server• Control Panel• Bluehost• Dreamhost• Laughing Squid14
  15. 15. Cloud Hosting• You get some computing resources on a distributedserver• Generally for individual web applications• No Control Panel• Heroku• Linode• Amazon E315
  16. 16. “Standard” Hosting• Web Applications and Email on one server• Your whole domain!• Control Panels• Cpanel• Plesk• Something Custom16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Q&A• Need a glossary of basic terms• Maybe more about web apps18

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