Instructional Technology for K-12 Teachers
Susan M. Ross
Retired Teacher - 35+ years
MA – Masters of Arts in Instructional Technology –
Google Certified Teacher
Educational Consultant – Learning-Focused
What About YOU???
Freshman, sophomore, junior, senior
What technology(ies) do use in your
Tools for the
Instructor: Susan Ross
Prior to chalkboards all students had slate boards. The
teacher was required to write the lesson on each one.
By 1853 chalkboards were widely used in classrooms
across America. It was the beginning of mass
Interactive SMART BOARD
Visual Instruction Movement - 1910
During the Visual Instruction Movement,
film, slides and photographs were used
in schools to educate students.
The motion picture projector became
one of the first technological devices
used in schools.
Thomas Edison predicted in 1913 that
books would become obsolete and the
motion picture would become the
primary medium of teaching. Of course,
that prediction was incorrect.
AUDIO – Radio - 1925
New York City’s Board of
Education was actually
the first organization to
send lessons to schools
through a radio station.
Over the next couple of
decades, “schools of the
air” began broadcasting
programs to millions of
Based on the theory of “repetitive drill”
schools began to install listening stations
that used headphones and audio tapes.
Most were used in what were dubbed
‘language labs’ and this practice is still in
use today, except now computers are used
instead of audio tapes.
Thousands of educational
podcasts are available in
iTunes. You can even create
Television – 50’s
The Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) decided to set
aside 242 educational channels.
The Ford Foundation spent $170
million for educational instruction.
The only content was teachers giving
Money ran out…no more push for
One website- Discovery Education - has over
100,000 learning objects all tied directly to
state and national standards available for
Television shows available 1 day after
airing. You can watch TV shows on a
Skinner Teaching Machine 1953
Release January 1983
Internet commercialized in 1995
First wave – static information
Second wave - Interactive – used
to create and collaborate
Third wave – ???
-Access from mobile devices
-Speed – Global 2.6 Mbps
Korean 15.7 Mbps
US 6.7 Mbps (in 2000 56kbps dial up)
What is 21st Century Learning?
“ a vision for 21st century student outcomes – a blending of
content knowledge, specific skills, expertise and literacies –
and the support systems that are needed to produce these
outcomes.” Partnership for 21st Century Skills
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
Creativity and Innovation
Communication and Collaboration
8.1 Educational Technology
All students will use digital tools to access, manage, evaluate,
and synthesize information in order to solve problems
individually and collaboratively and to create and communicate
A. Technology Operations and Concepts
B. Creativity and Innovation
C. Communication and Collaboration
D. Digital Citizenship
E. Research and Information Literacy
F. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision-Making
Standards vs. Curriculum
Clear Interpretation of Standards
People often confuse standards with curriculum. "Standards are broad statements of
expectation of what our students should know and be able to do in order to succeed
• Should encompass higher order thinking skills and skills of collaboration and
• Standards Driven Instruction
• National Standards
Local districts will still be responsible for developing their own curriculums to meet
INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR
TECHNOLOGY in EDUCATION
ISTE *Nets Standards for STUDENTS
1. Creativity and Innovation
Students demonstrate creative
thinking, construct knowledge, and develop
innovative products and processes using
2. Communication and Collaboration
Students use digital media and environments
to communicate and work
collaboratively, including at a distance, to
support individual learning and contribute to
the learning of others.
3. Research and Information Fluency
Students apply digital tools to
gather, evaluate, and use information.
4. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and
Students use critical thinking skills to plan and
conduct research, manage projects, solve
problems, and make informed decisions using
appropriate digital tools and resources.
5. Digital Citizenship
Students understand human, cultural, and
societal issues related to technology and
practice legal and ethical behavior.
6. Technology Operations and Concepts
Students demonstrate a sound understanding
of technology concepts, systems, and
Common Theme in Standards