China's traditional festivals have evolved through the centuries from past major events.
Long ago when people had a bountiful harvest, they gathered and celebrated their good fortune with gala performances.
When natural disasters struck, they offered sacrifices to the gods and their ancestors, hoping for a blessing.
The change of the seasons, flowers in spring, and the bright moon in autumn could all arouse their longing for a more beautiful life.
Thus, creative activities were held to signify these events. Gradually these activities developed into festivals.
Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
According to the Chinese calendar, the New Moon on the first day of the new year -- the full moon 15 days later. The Day is the Chinese Lunar New Year, also Spring Festival.
Chinese New Year, Celebrated internationally, including in Chinatowns, Chinese New Year is the most important holiday of the Chinese people, and many East Asians such as Mongolians, Koreans and Vietnamese who have holidays which fall on the same day.
Guò Nián 过 年
New Year's Eve and New Year's Day are celebrated as a family affair, a time of reunion and thanksgiving. The celebration was traditionally highlighted with a religious ceremony given in honor of Heaven and Earth, the gods of the household and the family ancestors.
The sacrifice to the ancestors, the most vital of all the rituals, united the living members with those who had passed away. Departed relatives are remembered with great respect because they were responsible for laying the foundations for the fortune and glory of the family.
春 联 Spring couplet
Chūn lián 春 联 Spring couplet
Decoration Mén sh é n 门 神 Door God
New Year Picture
Decoration dēnglóng 灯 笼 Lantern
Decoration Jiǎn zhĭ 剪 纸 papercuts
My Chinese classroom
Entertainment Biān pào 鞭炮 fireworks Yān huā 烟花 firecrackers