BB37: Microsoft SQL Server 2008: Developing Secure Applications
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BB37: Microsoft SQL Server 2008: Developing Secure Applications

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BB37: Microsoft SQL Server 2008: Developing Secure Applications BB37: Microsoft SQL Server 2008: Developing Secure Applications Presentation Transcript

  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008: Developing Secure Applications
    BB37
     Il-Sung Lee
    Senior Program Manager
    Microsoft Corporation
  • Insecure Web Application
    demo
  • Why Do Applications Need to Care?
    Data Protection
    Application Role Separation and Permissions
    SQL Injection
    Agenda
  • Why Do Applications Need To Care?
    Data security is not complete without application involvement
    SQL injection is now one of the most common type of attack on the web
    Applications control or influence:
    Encryption
    Authentication
    Permissions / Role Separation
    Vulnerability to SQL Injection
  • Data Protection
  • Data Encryption
    Why consider encryption?
    Additional layer of security
    Required by some regulatory compliance laws
    In SQL Server 2000, vendor support required
    Since SQL Server 2005
    Built-in support for data encryption
    Support for key management
    Encryption additions in SQL Server 2008
    Transparent Data Encryption
    Extensible Key Management
  • Data EncryptionCell-level Encryption
    Encryption and Decryption built-ins
    DDL for creation of Symmetric Keys, Asymmetric Keys, and Certificates
    Symmetric Keys and Private Keys are always stored encrypted
    Securing the Keys themselves
    Based on user passwords
    Automatic, using SQL Server key management
    Choice of algorithms
    Including DES, TRIPLE_DES, AES (128, 192, or 256)
  • Data EncryptionBest Practices
    Encrypt only necessary data
    Use symmetric encryption
    Plan carefully
    Key management is very important
    Understand changes to existing code needed
    Consider key size and algorithm on CPU
  • Support for full SSL Encryption since SQL Server 2000
    Clients: MDAC 2.6 or later
    Force encryption from client or server
    Login packet encryption
    Used regardless of encryption settings
    Supported since 2000
    Self-generated certificates avail since 2005
    Channel Encryption
  • Channel EncryptionBest Practices
    Enable channel encryption whenever possible and tolerable
    Provision a certificate on the server
    Force encryption from the client
  • Authentication
    Windows Auth is preferable to SQL Auth
  • AuthenticationEnhancement in 2008
    SQL Server 2005
    Kerberos possible with TCP/IP connections only
    SPN must be registered with AD
    SQL Server 2008
    Kerberos available with ALL protocols
    SPN may be specified in connection string (OLEDB/ODBC)
    Kerberos possible without SPN registered in AD
  • Application Role Separation and Permissions
  • Follow principal of least privilege!
    Avoid using sysadmin/sa and db_owner/dbo
    Grant required perms to normal login
    Never use the dbo schema
    User-schema separation
    Applications should have own schema
    Consider multiple schemas
    Leverage Flexible Database Roles
    Facilitates role separation
    Consider Auditing user activity
    Permission Strategy
  • Ownership Chaining
    Be aware of ownership chaining
  • Module Signing
    ALTER LOGIN Bob ENABLE
    Alice
    (non privileged login)
    Need ALTER ANY LOGIN server permission to ALTER LOGIN
    Need to GRANT ALTER ANY LOGIN TO Alice? – No!
  • Module Signing
    SP_ENABLE_LOGIN
    ALTER LOGIN Bob ENABLE
    ALTER ANY LOGIN
    Alice
    (non privileged login)
    Cert_login
    Alice has permission to call SP
    SP run under Alice’s context but with elevated privilege
    SP protected against tampering
  • SQL Injection
  • SQL InjectionIntroduction
    SQL Injection is an attack where malicious code is inserted into strings and later passed to SQL Server for parsing and execution.
    SQL injection is one of the most common attacks.
    It can affect T-SQL code as well as code generated outside SQL such as ASP, ASP .Net, managed code, native code, etc.
  • Fixing SQL Injection
    demo
  • SQL InjectionStrategies to protect against SQL injection
    Validate Input against a white-list
    Use parameterized SQL queries
    Use Type-Safe SqlParameter in .Net
    Use parameterized SPs
    Least-privilege Principle
    Least privileged principal for web services
    Escape special characters
    Escape quotes with quotename/replace
    Escape wildcards in LIKE statements
    Validate buffer length to avoid truncation
  • SQL InjectionTools
    Microsoft Source Code Analyzer for SQL injection
    Aid in SQL injection detection for ASP code
    July CTP: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=58A7C46E-A599-4FCB-9AB4-A4334146B6BA&displaylang=en
    Requirements:
    OS: XP SP2, Windows 2003 SP1, Windows Vista or Windows 2008
    .Net Framework 2.0
  • Source Code Analyzer for SQL Injection
    demo
  • Consider encryption for protecting sensitive data
    Carefully think about permissions
    Maximize role separation
    Always be mindful of SQL Injections
    Protecting Your Data
  • SQL Server Security blog:
    http://blogs.msdn.com/sqlsecurity/
    Raul’s blog:
    http://blogs.msdn.com/raulga/archive/tags/sql+injection/default.aspx
    BOL - Security Considerations for Databases and Database Applications:
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms187648.aspx
    SQL Injection (BOL):
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms161953.aspx
    Preventing SQL Injections in ASP:
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc676512.aspx
    Additional Information
  • Evals & Recordings
    Please fill out your evaluation for this session at:
    This session will be available as a recording at:
    www.microsoftpdc.com
  • Please use the microphones provided
    Q&A
  • © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.
    The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.