Introduction to referencing
Aim <ul><li>To provide an understanding of what referencing is and why you should do it </li></ul>
Outcomes <ul><li>At the end of this session you will be able to:  </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise when to include citations in...
What is a reference?  <ul><li>reference,  n . </li></ul><ul><li>     5. a.  A direction to a book, passage, etc., where ce...
What is a reference?  <ul><li>Can be a book, journal article, newspaper, website, diagram or any other source </li></ul><u...
Types of referencing  <ul><li>Author-Date  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author and year of publication inserted in brackets after...
Why reference  <ul><li>To inform the reader of sources of direct quotations, data, diagrams etc </li></ul><ul><li>When par...
Plagiarism  <ul><li>“ The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; l...
You don’t have to reference…  <ul><li>Your own ideas and observations </li></ul><ul><li>Common knowledge  </li></ul><ul><l...
Exercise  <ul><li>Look at case scenarios given and say whether or not you would reference them  </li></ul><ul><li>You can ...
Any questions? <ul><li>Steve McIndoe  </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>0161 275 8730 </li></ul>
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Citations And Referencing

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Citations And Referencing

  1. 1. Introduction to referencing
  2. 2. Aim <ul><li>To provide an understanding of what referencing is and why you should do it </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outcomes <ul><li>At the end of this session you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise when to include citations in your work </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the essentials of a complete reference </li></ul><ul><li>Cite references using the Harvard style of referencing </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a reference? <ul><li>reference, n . </li></ul><ul><li>     5. a. A direction to a book, passage, etc., where certain information may be found; an indication of the author, work, page, etc., to be looked at or consulted (OED, 2008) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is a reference? <ul><li>Can be a book, journal article, newspaper, website, diagram or any other source </li></ul><ul><li>How it looks depends on the referencing style you are using </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of referencing <ul><li>Author-Date </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author and year of publication inserted in brackets after the quote or paraphrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference list at the end of your essay arranged alphabetically by author </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Numerical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number each quote or paraphrase in the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference list at the end of the essay with references in numerical order </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Why reference <ul><li>To inform the reader of sources of direct quotations, data, diagrams etc </li></ul><ul><li>When paraphrasing another author’s ideas </li></ul><ul><li>When describing a theory or model associated with a particular author </li></ul><ul><li>To give weight and credibility to your argument </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid charges of plagiarism </li></ul>
  8. 8. Plagiarism <ul><li>“ The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft” </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford English Dictionary, 2008 </li></ul>
  9. 9. You don’t have to reference… <ul><li>Your own ideas and observations </li></ul><ul><li>Common knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Historical overviews </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exercise <ul><li>Look at case scenarios given and say whether or not you would reference them </li></ul><ul><li>You can use the examples handout as a guide </li></ul>
  11. 11. Any questions? <ul><li>Steve McIndoe </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>0161 275 8730 </li></ul>

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