Computer in Distance Education


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Computer in Distance Education

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Computer in Distance Education

  1. 1. Computer in Distance Education Done by: 1.Mohammed Al-kasbi 2.Hassan Al-mahri 3.Zaki Al-hashmi Distance Education
  2. 2. Main Concepts: <ul><li>1.Why Computer in Distance Education. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Advantage of computers. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Limitations of Computers. </li></ul><ul><li>4.The Internet and Distance Education. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Instructional Possibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>6.Teaching considerations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1.Why computer in Distance Education? <ul><li>Computer applications for distance education fall into four broad categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI). </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Managed Instruction (CMI). </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Mediated Communication (CMC). </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-Based Multimedia . </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2.Advantage of computers. <ul><li>1. Computers can facilitate self-paced learning. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Computers are a multimedia tool. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Computers are interactive. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Computer technology is rapidly advancing. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Computers increase access. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3. Limitations of Computers: <ul><li>Computer networks are costly to develop. </li></ul><ul><li>The technology is changing rapidly. </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread computer illiteracy still exists. </li></ul><ul><li>Students must be highly motivated and proficient in computer operation before they can successfully function in a computer-based distance learning environment. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 4.The Internet and Distance Education. <ul><li>With access to the internet, distance educators and their students can use: </li></ul><ul><li>- Electronic mail (e-mail) for exchange messages and information with people. </li></ul><ul><li>- Bulletin boards include two types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USENET: is a collection of organized newsgroups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LISTSERV: provides discussion forums. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Word-wide web (www) is wide-area hypermedia information and variety of resources . </li></ul>
  7. 7. 5. Instructional Possibilities of the Internet: <ul><li>Some instructional possibilities of the Internet include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Using e-mail for informal one-to-one correspondence. </li></ul><ul><li>- Establishing a classroom bulletin board. </li></ul><ul><li>- Engaging students in dialogue with other students, faculty, and researchers by encouraging them to join a bulletin boards on topics related to the class. </li></ul><ul><li>- Developing a classroom home page. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 6. Teaching consideration: <ul><li>When incorporating the Internet into a distance delivered course, remember that: </li></ul><ul><li>- All students in a course must have Internet and WWW access to ensure equal opportunities for computer interaction and feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>- Students may face the concurrent challenges of learning basic computer skills, new software, and appropriate online communication skills. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cont, <ul><li>- Some students might hesitate to contribute to computer conferences or to send e-mail because of lack of familiarity with the proper protocols. </li></ul><ul><li>- Using e-mail can help the instructor provide feedback more quickly than surface mail or telephone. </li></ul><ul><li>- Prompt responses might not always be appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>- Becoming familiar with the resources available on the Internet and the most effective ways to use them will be part of the instructional challenge. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cost Multimedia support Stand-alone medium Instruction Delivery Feedback Development Speed Ease of access/use Anyplace Anytime Flexibility Self-based learning Group-based Learning style Student-machine Student-content Student-teacher Student-student Type of interaction Asynchronous Synchronous Time of interaction
  11. 11. Thanks for your attention