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Tok prescribed title # 5

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    • 1. TOK Prescribed Title # 5What is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 2. Identify
Key
Words
and
PhrasesWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 3. Identify
Key
Words
and
PhrasesWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 4. Contestable
ConceptsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 5. Contestable
ConceptsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 6. Contestable
ConceptsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 7. Contestable
ConceptsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?Be sure to define for yourself, your sciences.
    • 8. Contestable
ConceptsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 9. Contestable
Concepts What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that makes them convincing?This is a thinking word. It has something to do with knowledge.
    • 10. Ambiguous
WordsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 11. Ambiguous
Words We throw the word around and it has many different meanings - even within the Natural and Human Theory is a big, fat Sciences ambiguous word it is what gives the Creationist the wedge they need-”it is just a theory” Then you have stupid theoretical physicists calling String Theory a theory instead of correctly calling it a hypothesis - since it has never been experimentallyWhat is it about theories in the human sciences and testednatural sciences that makes them convincing? Germ theory on the other hand is “rigorously tentative” •It EXPLAINS disease transmission •it has been tested billions of times •has mountains of data •logically fits with what we know about the world source: Skype conversation with Ms Landry
    • 12. Ambiguous
Words We throw the word around and it has many different meanings - even within the Natural and Human Theory is a big, fat Sciences ambiguous word it is what gives the Creationist the wedge they need-”it is just a theory” Then you have stupid theoretical physicists calling String Theory a theory instead of correctly calling it a hypothesis - since it has never been experimentallyWhat is it about theories in the human sciences and testednatural sciences that makes them convincing? Germ theory on the other hand is “rigorously tentative” •It EXPLAINS disease transmission “Theory”-This is •it has been tested billions of times the problem with •has mountains of data this title. •logically fits with what we know about the world source: Skype conversation with Ms Landry
    • 13. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 14. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 15. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 16. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makessciences convincing? them
    • 17. Assumptions True?What is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makessciences convincing? them
    • 18. Assumptions True? Are they convincing?What is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makessciences convincing? them
    • 19. Assumptions True? Are they convincing?What is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makessciences convincing? them
    • 20. Assumptions True? Are they convincing? What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that makessciences convincing? themSome people don’t find scientific theory convincing
    • 21. Assumptions True? Are they convincing?What is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makessciences convincing? them In every culture?
    • 22. This is an assumption that is probably not true all the time for all people. Deal with andaddress this.
    • 23. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 24. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 25. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences that makes them convincing?
    • 26. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences are similar enoughconvincing? together. that makes them to deal with
    • 27. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences are similar enoughconvincing? together. that makes them to deal with True?
    • 28. AssumptionsWhat is it about theories in the human sciences andnatural sciences are similar enoughconvincing? together. that makes them to deal with How true is this?
    • 29. Natural Sciences Human Sciences
    • 30. Natural Sciences Human Sciences Theories are  Theories are constructed to constructed to explain, predict, and explain, predict, master and master phenomena phenomena
    • 31. Natural Sciences Human Sciences Theories are  Theories are constructed to constructed to explain, predict, and explain, predict, master and master phenomena phenomena must be empirically testable or lead to  are often difficult predictions or to test retrodictions that are testable
    • 32. Natural Sciences Human Sciences Theories are  Theories are constructed to constructed to explain, predict, and explain, predict, master and master phenomena phenomena must be empirically testable or lead to  are often difficult predictions or to test retrodictions that are testable actually
make
 rarely verified
predic1ons
 underwrite and/or
 precise retrodic1ons predictions and/ or
retrodic1ons
    • 33. According to Karl Popper, many branches of applied science,especially social science, are not scientific because they have nopotential for falsification.
    • 34. According to Karl Popper, many branches of applied science,especially social science, are not scientific because they have nopotential for falsification. this is one view
    • 35. And another
    • 36. And again!
    • 37. Consider thisThis is pretty well controlled science.
    • 38. Perhaps the human sciences are unable to come up withlaws but are they still sciences? Maybe they will need newtools like computer modeling to deal with very complexinput before they can develop theories. Maybe, maybe not.Maybe we need another definition or better another wordfor theory in the human sciences.
    • 39. As with all the titles, whatever you argue, thereneed to be counter-arguments examined andevaluated.These claims and counter claims will come outof the knowledge issues that arise in your essayor perhaps different conclusions based on theclaim made in the title.
    • 40. Possible Knowledge Issues1. How does a knower recognize when they are convinced?2. Are some forms of reasoning more convincing than others?3. Are some ways of knowing more convincing than others?4. Does a a person have to be convinced on both an emotional and a rational level whenarguing a point of view?5. Are scientific theories more convincing than theories in the humanities?6. Are there a role for emotions in scientific theories?7. Are scientific theories more certain than human theories?