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The korean war continues

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  • Transcript

    • 1. WAR!North Korea AttackedJune 25,1950North Koreans were verysuccessful. The North KoreanPeoples Army easily defeatedthe Republic of Koreas armySouth Korean forces pushed backto southeast corner of peninsula,‘Pusan Perimeter’The Americans were alarmed andpersuaded the United Nations tosupport South Korea. Out of the300,000 UN troops, 260,000 wereAmericans.
    • 2. USA and the United Nations go to War
    • 3. • The American army and UN forces, led by General MacArthur, went to Korea. It landed at Pusan, and made an amphibious landing at Inchon (near Seoul).• UN drove back the North Koreans and recaptured South Korea. 125,000 NKPA prisoners were taken.
    • 4. September 15, 1950 – USA/UN Makes Landing At Inchon • The American army and UN forces, led by General MacArthur, went to Korea. It landed at Pusan, and made an amphibious landing at Inchon (near Seoul). • UN drove back the North Koreans and recaptured South Korea. 125,000 NKPA prisoners were taken.
    • 5. September 15, 1950 – USA/UN Makes Landing At Inchon • The American army and UN forces, led by General MacArthur, went to Korea. It landed at Pusan, and made an amphibious landing at Inchon (near Seoul). • UN drove back the North Koreans and recaptured South Korea. 125,000 NKPA prisoners were taken.
    • 6. Success?– Within weeks, the original UN goal to drive North Korea from South Korea is achieved Communist China led by Mao Zedong, warned the UN not to cross into North Korea Oct 1950: MacArthur/the UN and South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea Truman & MacArthur clearly wanted to destroy communism in Korea
    • 7. Success?– Within weeks, the original UN goal to drive North Korea from South Korea is achieved Communist China led by Mao Zedong, warned the UN not to cross into North Korea Oct 1950: MacArthur/the UN and South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea Truman & MacArthur clearly wanted to destroy communism in Korea
    • 8. President Truman warnedMacArthur to keep theUN forces at least 40miles from the Yalu River.Why?North Korea’s capital,Pyongyang, fell to UNtroops on October 20th.October 26th, the first UNtroops had reached theYalu River. – the borderbetween China and NorthKorea.
    • 9. China Responds Nov 1950: 200,000 Chinese troops (Peoples Volunteers) attack MacArthur. They had modern weapons supplied by Russia. In December, half a million more Chinese troops entered the war. The Chinese drove the Americans back. They recaptured North Korea, and advanced into South Korea.
    • 10. February – March 1951: Stalemate
    • 11. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers.
    • 12. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers.
    • 13. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers. • The Chinese admitted to losing 390,000 men dead - UN sources put the figure at up a million Chinese and half a million North Koreans dead.
    • 14. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers. • The Chinese admitted to losing 390,000 men dead - UN sources put the figure at up a million Chinese and half a million North Koreans dead.
    • 15. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers. • The Chinese admitted to losing 390,000 men dead - UN sources put the figure at up a million Chinese and half a million North Koreans dead. • The USA drove the Chinese back, but lost 54,000 American soldiers doing so.
    • 16. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers. • The Chinese admitted to losing 390,000 men dead - UN sources put the figure at up a million Chinese and half a million North Koreans dead. • The USA drove the Chinese back, but lost 54,000 American soldiers doing so.
    • 17. February – March 1951: Stalemate • The USA landed more troops, and used bombers. • The Chinese admitted to losing 390,000 men dead - UN sources put the figure at up a million Chinese and half a million North Koreans dead. • The USA drove the Chinese back, but lost 54,000 American soldiers doing so. • MacArthur reached the 38th parallel in March 1951.
    • 18. • MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory." He wants to push further. He claimed that the only way to bring about victory was by taking the war to China.
    • 19. • MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory." He wants to push further. He claimed that the only way to bring about victory was by taking the war to China.• In a message to House Republican leader, MacArthur expressed his frustration with the limited war the U.S. was fighting against communists. He publicly criticized Truman’s decisions.
    • 20. • MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory." He wants to push further. He claimed that the only way to bring about victory was by taking the war to China.• In a message to House Republican leader, MacArthur expressed his frustration with the limited war the U.S. was fighting against communists. He publicly criticized Truman’s decisions.• MacArthur wanted to use atomic weapons and invade China
    • 21. • MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory." He wants to push further. He claimed that the only way to bring about victory was by taking the war to China.• In a message to House Republican leader, MacArthur expressed his frustration with the limited war the U.S. was fighting against communists. He publicly criticized Truman’s decisions.• MacArthur wanted to use atomic weapons and invade China• Truman wanted to negotiate a peace, avoid WWIII
    • 22. • MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory." He wants to push further. He claimed that the only way to bring about victory was by taking the war to China.• In a message to House Republican leader, MacArthur expressed his frustration with the limited war the U.S. was fighting against communists. He publicly criticized Truman’s decisions.• MacArthur wanted to use atomic weapons and invade China• Truman wanted to negotiate a peace, avoid WWIII• March ’51: MacArthur ignored UN orders & threatened China with the mushroom cloud
    • 23. • MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory." He wants to push further. He claimed that the only way to bring about victory was by taking the war to China.• In a message to House Republican leader, MacArthur expressed his frustration with the limited war the U.S. was fighting against communists. He publicly criticized Truman’s decisions.• MacArthur wanted to use atomic weapons and invade China• Truman wanted to negotiate a peace, avoid WWIII• March ’51: MacArthur ignored UN orders & threatened China with the mushroom cloud• So...
    • 24. July, 1951
    • 25. July, 1951
    • 26. July, 1951Peace talks begin as both sides continue fighting.
    • 27. July 27, 1953 – Truce Ends KoreanFighting; 38th Parallel Is Truce Line
    • 28. July 27, 1953 – Truce Ends KoreanFighting; 38th Parallel Is Truce Line • In July 1953 an armistice, or truce, was agreed upon.
    • 29. July 27, 1953 – Truce Ends KoreanFighting; 38th Parallel Is Truce Line • In July 1953 an armistice, or truce, was agreed upon. • Korea was to remain divided at the 38th parallel.
    • 30. July 27, 1953 – Truce Ends KoreanFighting; 38th Parallel Is Truce Line • In July 1953 an armistice, or truce, was agreed upon. • Korea was to remain divided at the 38th parallel. • Tension still existed on either side of the demilitarized zone (DMZ), a neutral area in which no warfare could be waged. These tensions continue to the present.
    • 31. Results of the Korean War
    • 32. Results of the Korean War• It cost the United States 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded.
    • 33. Results of the Korean War• It cost the United States 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded.• Total UN casualties reached about 400,000 dead or wounded.
    • 34. Results of the Korean War• It cost the United States 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded.• Total UN casualties reached about 400,000 dead or wounded.• South Korea suffered close to a million civilian casualties, with several million made homeless.
    • 35. Results of the Korean War• It cost the United States 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded.• Total UN casualties reached about 400,000 dead or wounded.• South Korea suffered close to a million civilian casualties, with several million made homeless.• Nearly 1½ million North Korean and Chinese soldiers were dead or wounded.
    • 36. Results of the Korean War• It cost the United States 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded.• Total UN casualties reached about 400,000 dead or wounded.• South Korea suffered close to a million civilian casualties, with several million made homeless.• Nearly 1½ million North Korean and Chinese soldiers were dead or wounded.

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