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The korean war begins

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Transcript

  • 1. The Korean War:A Cold War Conflict
  • 2. The Korean War:A Cold War Conflict
  • 3. The Korean War:A Cold War Conflict
  • 4. The Korean War:A Cold War Conflict
  • 5. The Korean War:A Cold War Conflict
  • 6. The Korean War:A Cold War Conflict
  • 7. Background: • At The end of WWII, Korea was freed from the Japanese. • US troops stayed in South Korea and Soviet troops remained in North Korea until 1946. The country was split in half at the 38th parallel: –
  • 8. Overview/Background:Background: • At The end of WWII, Korea was freed from the Japanese. • US troops stayed in South Korea and Soviet troops remained in North Korea until 1946. The country was split in half at the 38th parallel: –
  • 9. Overview/Background:Background: • At The end of WWII, Korea was freed from the Japanese. • US troops stayed in South Korea and Soviet troops remained in North Korea until 1946. The country was split in half at the 38th parallel: –
  • 10. A Country Divided
  • 11. Background:• The USSR installed the Communist, one-party state under Kim Il Sung in north • The USA installed an anti-communist government (non-democratic) under Syngman Rhee in south
  • 12. Overview/Background: Background:• The USSR installed the Communist, one-party state under Kim Il Sung in north • The USA installed an anti-communist government (non-democratic) under Syngman Rhee in south
  • 13. – The 1945 agreement to hold nation-wide elections was abandoned as the Cold War developed The situation in Korea has sometimes been compared to the situation in Germany in 1945. •How these situations were similar? •How they were different?
  • 14. US Concerns:: • China becomes Communist • CIA finds evidence of Soviet interference Cominform helped Communists in Malaya, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines and North Korea • US fears ‘Red Tide’ sweeping Asia US believed all “Red” governments took orders from Moscow (USSR)
  • 15. Domino Theory In the Far East, too, Communism was getting powerful – China turned Communist in1949. Truman believed that, if one country fell to Communism, then others would follow, like a line of dominoes. He was worried that, if Korea fell, the Communists would capture Japan.
  • 16. Domino Theory
  • 17. Domino Theory
  • 18. Domino Theory “Asia is where the communist conspirators have decided to make their play for global conquest. If we lose this war, the fall of Europe is inevitable. There is no choice but victory.” – The US General MacArthur, speaking in 1950.
  • 19. The USA Changes Policy
  • 20. The USA Changes PolicyIn April 1950, the American National Security Council issued a report (NSC 68) recommending that America abandon containment and start rolling back Communism.
  • 21. The USA Changes PolicyIn April 1950, the American National Security Council issued a report (NSC 68) recommending that America abandon containment and start rolling back Communism.
  • 22. In what ways is the USA thinking differently about the world?
  • 23. A change in Policy comes with a change in ideasIn what ways is the USA thinking differently about the world?
  • 24. In 1949, Kim II Sung persuadedStalin that he could conquerSouth Korea. Stalin did notthink that America would dareto get involved, so he gave hisagreement. Stalin saw a chanceto continue the cold war anddiscomfort America, but ‘atarm’s length’ – without directlyconfronting the Americans.Kim II Sung also went to seeMao Zedong, the leader ofChina, to get his agreement.
  • 25. Stalin gets involved in the Far East In 1949, Kim II Sung persuaded Stalin that he could conquer South Korea. Stalin did not think that America would dare to get involved, so he gave his agreement. Stalin saw a chance to continue the cold war and discomfort America, but ‘at arm’s length’ – without directly confronting the Americans. Kim II Sung also went to see Mao Zedong, the leader of China, to get his agreement.
  • 26. Stalin gets involved in the Far East In 1949, Kim II Sung persuaded Stalin that he could conquer South Korea. Stalin did not think that America would dare to get involved, so he gave his agreement. Stalin saw a chance to continue the cold war and discomfort America, but ‘at arm’s length’ – without directly confronting the Americans. Kim II Sung also went to see Mao Zedong, the leader of China, to get his agreement.
  • 27. Stalin gets involved in the Far East In 1949, Kim II Sung persuaded Stalin that he could conquer South Korea. Stalin did not think that America would dare to get involved, so he gave his agreement. Stalin saw a chance to continue the cold war and discomfort America, but ‘at arm’s length’ – without directly confronting the Americans. Kim II Sung also went to see Mao Zedong, the leader of China, to get his agreement.
  • 28. Syngman Rhee of South Korea In 1950, Syngman Rhee boasted that he was going to attack North Korea. It was a good enough excuse – on June 25,1950 the North Koreans invaded South Korea.
  • 29. Korean War BeginsTASK: You must rank the main causes of theKorean War. Starting with #1 being the mostimportant cause, compile your list. Includea brief explanation to support your choices.