Reductionism vs.    Holism
Does a group have a “character” that isdifferent from the individuals that make it                    up?  A football team...
Reductionismreduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their parts
Reductionism  reduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their partsa complex system is nothing but the sum of its p...
Reductionism  reduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their partsa complex system is nothing but the sum of its p...
thermodynamics=mechanics heat=motion of molecules
consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics
consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics            Psychology
consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics            Psychology                        Biology
consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics            Psychology                        Biology       ...
reductive fallacies
the whole is“more than” the sum of       its parts
the whole is“more than” the sum of       its parts       organization
What aboutthe human  body?
Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?Or does the “whole” have characteristics that are “more                   than”...
Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?Or does the “whole” have characteristics that are “more                   than”...
a few words from John Cleese:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-M-vnmejwXo
Holism   The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.The whole contains properties that cannot be  discovered through t...
“HOLISM is … simply the belief that ‘the whole isgreater than the sum of its parts’. No one in hisright mind could reject ...
how do we resolve this?
how do we resolve this?
Verstehen Position“the main aim of the human sciences is to understand themeaning of various social practices from the ins...
meanings and purposes vs. causes and effects
meanings and purposes vs. causes and effectsdescribe and understand vs. explain and predict
describe and understand vs. explain and predict
meaning vs. mechanism
please read “Predictions” p.279-280
and complete the chart
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
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Reductionism vs holism

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and a bit of verstehen

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  • Reductionism vs holism

    1. 1. Reductionism vs. Holism
    2. 2. Does a group have a “character” that isdifferent from the individuals that make it up? A football team may consist of elevengreat players and yet do badly in a league. How?
    3. 3. Reductionismreduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their parts
    4. 4. Reductionism reduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their partsa complex system is nothing but the sum of its parts
    5. 5. Reductionism reduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their partsa complex system is nothing but the sum of its parts Newtonian, linear
    6. 6. thermodynamics=mechanics heat=motion of molecules
    7. 7. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics
    8. 8. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics Psychology
    9. 9. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics Psychology Biology
    10. 10. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics Psychology Biology Physics
    11. 11. reductive fallacies
    12. 12. the whole is“more than” the sum of its parts
    13. 13. the whole is“more than” the sum of its parts organization
    14. 14. What aboutthe human body?
    15. 15. Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?Or does the “whole” have characteristics that are “more than” the sum?
    16. 16. Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?Or does the “whole” have characteristics that are “more than” the sum?
    17. 17. a few words from John Cleese: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-M-vnmejwXo
    18. 18. Holism The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.The whole contains properties that cannot be discovered through the analysis of parts
    19. 19. “HOLISM is … simply the belief that ‘the whole isgreater than the sum of its parts’. No one in hisright mind could reject holism.“REDUCTIONISM is … simply the belief that ‘awhole can be understood completely if youunderstand its parts, and the nature of their “sum”’.No one in her left brain could rejectreductionism.” (Hofstadter 1980: 312)
    20. 20. how do we resolve this?
    21. 21. how do we resolve this?
    22. 22. Verstehen Position“the main aim of the human sciences is to understand themeaning of various social practices from the inside as they are understood by the subjects themselves.”
    23. 23. meanings and purposes vs. causes and effects
    24. 24. meanings and purposes vs. causes and effectsdescribe and understand vs. explain and predict
    25. 25. describe and understand vs. explain and predict
    26. 26. meaning vs. mechanism
    27. 27. please read “Predictions” p.279-280
    28. 28. and complete the chart
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