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Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
Reductionism vs holism
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Reductionism vs holism

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and a bit of verstehen

and a bit of verstehen

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Reductionism vs. Holism
    • 2. Does a group have a “character” that isdifferent from the individuals that make it up? A football team may consist of elevengreat players and yet do badly in a league. How?
    • 3. Reductionismreduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their parts
    • 4. Reductionism reduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their partsa complex system is nothing but the sum of its parts
    • 5. Reductionism reduces complex phenomena to the interactions of their partsa complex system is nothing but the sum of its parts Newtonian, linear
    • 6. thermodynamics=mechanics heat=motion of molecules
    • 7. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics
    • 8. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics Psychology
    • 9. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics Psychology Biology
    • 10. consider applying reductionism to the Human Sciences Economics Psychology Biology Physics
    • 11. reductive fallacies
    • 12. the whole is“more than” the sum of its parts
    • 13. the whole is“more than” the sum of its parts organization
    • 14. What aboutthe human body?
    • 15. Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?Or does the “whole” have characteristics that are “more than” the sum?
    • 16. Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?Or does the “whole” have characteristics that are “more than” the sum?
    • 17. a few words from John Cleese: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-M-vnmejwXo
    • 18. Holism The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.The whole contains properties that cannot be discovered through the analysis of parts
    • 19. “HOLISM is … simply the belief that ‘the whole isgreater than the sum of its parts’. No one in hisright mind could reject holism.“REDUCTIONISM is … simply the belief that ‘awhole can be understood completely if youunderstand its parts, and the nature of their “sum”’.No one in her left brain could rejectreductionism.” (Hofstadter 1980: 312)
    • 20. how do we resolve this?
    • 21. how do we resolve this?
    • 22. Verstehen Position“the main aim of the human sciences is to understand themeaning of various social practices from the inside as they are understood by the subjects themselves.”
    • 23. meanings and purposes vs. causes and effects
    • 24. meanings and purposes vs. causes and effectsdescribe and understand vs. explain and predict
    • 25. describe and understand vs. explain and predict
    • 26. meaning vs. mechanism
    • 27. please read “Predictions” p.279-280
    • 28. and complete the chart

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