SCARLET IS forum

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  • The JISC Observatory report, ‘Augmented Reality for Smartphones‘ was paramount in selecting the AR browser the SCARLET project would use to deliver content. At the time(April 2011), there was a proliferation of Augmented Reality browsers available with development API’s such as Layar, Wikitude, Sekai, Google Goggles and Junaio. Students expect increased differentiation in learning styles in contrast to traditional didactic approach.Universities have to offer more supported e-learning materials supplementing contact time.Differentiation and blended learning (Jo to write)
  • The JISC Observatory report, ‘Augmented Reality for Smartphones‘ was paramount in selecting the AR browser the SCARLET project would use to deliver content. At the time(April 2011), there was a proliferation of Augmented Reality browsers available with development API’s such as Layar, Wikitude, Sekai, Google Goggles and Junaio.
  • The JISC Observatory report, ‘Augmented Reality for Smartphones‘ was paramount in selecting the AR browser the SCARLET project would use to deliver content. At the time(April 2011), there was a proliferation of Augmented Reality browsers available with development API’s such as Layar, Wikitude, Sekai, Google Goggles and Junaio.
  • The JISC Observatory report, ‘Augmented Reality for Smartphones‘ was paramount in selecting the AR browser the SCARLET project would use to deliver content. At the time(April 2011), there was a proliferation of Augmented Reality browsers available with development API’s such as Layar, Wikitude, Sekai, Google Goggles and Junaio. Students expect increased differentiation in learning styles in contrast to traditional didactic approach.Universities have to offer more supported e-learning materials supplementing contact time.Differentiation and blended learning (Jo to write)
  • Users can see and touch real manuscripts/editions while having the security of  interactive guided support, allowing users to work at their own pace.Being able to interact with a core medieval text while referencing supplemental materials via visual triggers (e.g. augmented 3D models that overlay the physical image and require user touch gestures to proceed) can spark enthusiasm, confronting the materiality of objects,  and preparing them for solo research.AR promotes ‘active’ teaching, maximizing the opportunity for interaction, encouraging critical response and the adoption of new perspectives and positions. This is in opposition to traditional didactic methods that are predominantly teacher led.Users retain a very small amount of the information that is delivered, and a slightly larger percentage of what is shown to them, but when we become actively involved in an experience, learners will remember and retain the majority of the information presented to them.AR can harness both asynchronous (emailing tutor questions) and synchronous (discussion with peers) e-learning methods.Abstract concepts or ideas that might otherwise be difficult for students to comprehend can be presented through an enhanced learning environment offering access to source historical artifacts and online research in situ.The learning curve for new users engaging with mobile AR through browsers is relatively quick enabling the learning/pedagogy to be the driver, not the technology.
  • “The way children use media through the day is also changing, says the research, suggesting a push-button, on-demand culture, which is moving away from scheduled television programmes.” – Childwise survey, children 7-16John Herlihy, Google’s VP stated in 2010, the …”desktop has about three years before phones replace it.”
  • For the SCARLET project, I narrowed this down to 10 key ‘objects’, that is, 10 editions of the poem which are particularly important in terms of the publishing and or/intellectual history of the poem, all published between 1472 and 1555.
  • My hope is that the SCARLET app will not only provide a usable way of delivering teaching material, but will actually become part of the wider discussion of text technologies and their effects which is central to the module.
  • Due to the environmental constraints of the technology being used inside the John Rylands library, the traditional format of augmented delivery – POI’s (Points of Interest) mapped to GPS co-ordinates was problematic. Mobile devices would struggle to detect accurate location-based data with their inbuilt GPS, or in some cases would not work at all due to compass interference.At the time, Junaio was the only AR browser to harness optical tracking functionality, linking 3D models, videos and information to images in the form of “GLUE” based channels. This coupled with an open API and compatibility on Android, iOS and Nokia devices would prove decisive  in the final reckoning. Subsequently, other AR browsers such as Aurasma and Layar have launched similar image recognition, but in Junaio the technology is far more mature having been available to developers for over a year.‘Review of available Augmented Reality packages and evaluation of their potential use in an educational context‘ produced from Exeter University, it was clear that the smartphone market was dramatically growing in the UK (Doubling in two years from 2008) and that in an Eduserv survey over 49% of students at University of Edinburgh owned one.
  • 8 Third year students on “Beyond the Book” module led by Guyda ArmstrongStudents had access to iPad2s to use when researching physical editions (Dante) in reading room for two weeks.Focus group was facilitated by member of team recording student reaction and feedback.
  • It was my hope that the images would provide an overview of the process  with minimal text to reinforce the user journey. The help document will be employed in the initial user testing and amended (if required) to reflect any feedback that is received.
  • It was my hope that the images would provide an overview of the process  with minimal text to reinforce the user journey. The help document will be employed in the initial user testing and amended (if required) to reflect any feedback that is received.
  • SCARLET IS forum

    1. 1. Matt Ramirez Andy LandAugmented reality in the Library – a joint projectTuesday 17th April 2012
    2. 2. Presentation Overview» Project Overview» What is AR?» Implementation of AR with Special Collections» Evaluation» Next steps
    3. 3. Project OverviewThe problem being address»Fragile material»Decontextualised
    4. 4. Project OverviewAims»Use AR to add value to the learner experience.»Produce a methodology that other Special Collectionslibraries can follow, making these resources accessible forresearch, teaching and learning.Considerations»How does the use of AR enhance Learning & Teaching?»What application does AR have to the wider audience?
    5. 5. The wider context» Tuition Fees increased in most UK universities to £9000 per year.» Students require more demonstrative input and contact time from academics.» E-learning materials offer flexibility to support traditional form of study.» Engaging students with innovative use of technologies will help universities to be seen as cutting edge.
    6. 6. Stakeholder Roles» SCARLET is unique in that it has a multi-disciplinary team working to achieve aims with a focus on student learning Mimas To evaluate learning with students Mimas John Rylands Library Project Management and AR Access and technical integration technology with digitised content and special collections. Expert knowledge of special collections materials Academics Award winning academics from Humanities faculty to develop and deliver content
    7. 7. Team SCARLET
    8. 8. Introduction to AR» Augmented Reality (AR) is a term for superimposing computer graphics over a live view of the real world» Can be delivered on a desktop, television, mobile device etc.
    9. 9. Examples of AR» In televised sporting events real-time analytical information is displayed offering insight into a player, time left, league tables etc.
    10. 10. AR Student Benefits» Combining the magic of seeing and handling primary sources with leading-edge technology to support research-led teaching.» Surround objects with interpretative and contextual material.» Bridging the gap between tutor-mediated seminars and independent learning.» Using blended learning methodology.» Users retain information when actively involved in a learning experience.
    11. 11. Mobile Usage» Morgan Stanley forecast that by 2014 mobile internet usage will overtake user access through traditional desktop means.» “The way children use media through the day is also changing… suggesting a push-button, on- demand culture, which is moving away from scheduled television programmes.” – Childwise survey, children 7-16
    12. 12. SCARLET Content
    13. 13. Bringing Special Collections to life using AR
    14. 14. Software/Platform» Use Junaio AR browser to display content» Different channels for subject areas» Browser available as a FREE app through Apple and Android App stores (Symbian coming soon)» Works through handheld device phone or tablet» Open source SDK for education and wealth of online support» At the start of the project Junaio was only AR browser to have GLUE functionality to link physical images, augmenting it with text, videos, images.
    15. 15. GLUE-ing information to images
    16. 16. Storyboarding – Phase 1 development» The GLUE object or visual reference should be kept with the Edition, in this case Dante’s Landino but can also be copied for student to take away.» User journey should be self contained to browser app. GLUE Object Landing page Webpage
    17. 17. Content AcquisitionLanding Page»Title»Short Description»Audio (Optional)»Video Walkthrough (Optional)»Email (Optional)Web page»Links to associated resources»Short piece of text to accompany links»Images (Optional)»RSS Feeds - Twitter, blog, news etc. (Optional)»Learning/Research Activities
    18. 18. Overview – Phase 1 workflow GLUE Object Landing page Webpage
    19. 19. Mobile enhanced web page» User clicks Open web button to launch supporting web page in browser within app.» Can include links, videos, Twitter/Blog Feed, more information» Optimised for handheld devices using media queries and JQUERY Mobile framework iPhone Portrait iPad Landscape
    20. 20. Initial Evaluation objectives» How effective was the SCARLET application in enhancing the student experience.» How can feedback be used to inform the next development phase?» Does AR add value to students study and assist with learning outcomes?» Is AR more appropriate/beneficial for specific student demographics?
    21. 21. User Journey http://teamscarlet.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/userjourney.png
    22. 22. User Journey video http://youtu.be/UzI1dtSQ7ac
    23. 23. Feedback - Positive» Technology was easy to use.» Provided a central reference to library systems and external resources.» Beneficial for initial planning of essays and basic knowledge acquisition.» Video introductions related to specific objects were most valuable asset in the delivery.» “Makes learning fun”» Enjoyed using the iPads working with peers.» Offer a fresh perspective? Student-led, i.e., using more initiative about how to research/study» Give a more realistic perspective – puts you “in” the situation. Makes learning more exciting and interactive
    24. 24. Feedback - Negative» Resources were already available online (Blackboard)» Students felt divorced from physical object; linking to web app diluted the experience» Activity was prescribed and not aligned with some users research methods consulting physical secondary texts.
    25. 25. Feedback – Student Quotes» “Makes learning fun”» “Offer a fresh perspective. Student-led, i.e., using more initiative about how to research/study» “Give a more realistic perspective – puts you “in” the situation. Makes learning more exciting and interactive”» “It can make you feel like you’re not studying, almost fun and I think information goes in more like that.”
    26. 26. Feedback – Lessons Learned» Use of AR should be more contextual and linked to the object.» Best used in short byte size learning chunks» Must deliver unique learning values different from online support (e.g.VLE).» User should become less conscious of the technology and more engaged with the text.» Users learn in different ways and AR may not be appropriate to all students.» Evaluation needed from other user groups and course areas.
    27. 27. Next Steps
    28. 28. Next Steps» Develop materials overlaid on the physical resource for other courses (Milton, Ancient Egyptian papyri).» Work with library to promote public engagement.» Investigate funding opportunities in other subject areas (e.g. Medical) and services (Landmap – visual spatial representations).» Disseminate tool kit at project end.
    29. 29. Phase 2 workflow - Printing Press GLUE Object Layered Webpage (Real World) information on object
    30. 30. Other subject applications
    31. 31. Project Communication» Project blog at http://teamscarlet.wordpress.com/ where all members of project contribute on all aspects (academic, technology, pedagogy, special collections.» Twitter @team_scarlet» Email: matthew.ramirez@manchester.ac.uk; andy.land@manchester.ac.uk» Upcoming presentations » Elag 2012 15-18th May 2012 – Palma, Spain» Publications » CILIP Update magazine (February 2012) » SCONUL Focus (February 2012)
    32. 32. Questions?

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