Road2Ideas_Biomass_Gasifier_Team_Renegade (MICA-II)


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Road2Ideas_Biomass_Gasifier_Team_Renegade (MICA-II)

  1. 1. Innovation 1 – Biomass Gasifier Case Study By Team Renegade (MICA - II) Arpita Sahoo | Jagriti Chhateja Sneha Chaturvedi | Noor Salam Khan 1
  2. 2. Preface Greetings from Team Renegade!!! We would like to take this opportunity to thank Road2Ideas Team for providing this wonderful opportunity… We appeal you to “Go Green” with Road2Ideas 2012 and request you not to print this Case Study unless really needed. Our presentation theme symbolizes our spirit of “Go Green” Initiative and we request you to read “Go Green Tip” on Thank You Slide  Cheers Team RenegadeTeam Renegade 2
  3. 3. Introduction – Biomass Gasifier What is Biomass Gasifier?  A gas system based on biomass  Biomass is sold in the market ranging from Rs. 8 - Rs. 16  Biomass is free in the villages. Anything can be used like cotton balls, twigs, grass, branches, etc. Price  For Commercial:  Huge size: Rs. 1500; takes 10 minutes to start up  For Domestic Use:  Small size: 3000 + Solar Panel-2500 : takes 3 minutes to start upTeam Renegade 3
  4. 4. Key Characteristics of Innovation  The gas operates basically on electricity or solar panel system.  Very cheap as compared to LPG  Releases 10 times less pollution or harmful gasses than LPGTeam Renegade 4
  5. 5. Sector Analysis  India’s significant and sustained economic growth is placing enormous demand on its energy resources.  The country imports about 80 percent of its oil.  While dependence on imported coal is increasing, supply of coal is likely to decrease because of production and logistic constraints.  According to a Central Electricity Authority (CEA) report, the anticipated energy and peaking shortage in the country is estimated to be 12.9 percent in 2012.  In view of electricity supply shortages, huge quantities of diesel and furnace oil are being used by all sectors – industrial, commercial, institutional and residential. Lack of rural lighting is leading to large scale use of kerosene. This usage needs to be curtailed, as it is leading to enormous costs in form of subsidies, and increasing the country’s import dependence.  More than 50 percent of the population has little or no commercial energy access in their daily lives. Others with access often have to cope with poor and erratic availability and other fuels to complement the shortfall.Team Renegade 5
  6. 6. Category Analysis  India’s climatic conditions offer an ideal environment for biomass production.  In fact, bio-energy has remained critical to India’s energy mix, with a total installed capacity of 3000 MW.  Biomass gasification based power production is able to generate power on small scales and offers a solution for producing off-grid green power  India has an estimated potential of over 30,000 MW of power from biomass, but around 3000 MW has been exploited. Thus, over 90% of potential capacity lies untapped.Team Renegade 6
  7. 7. Insights from Field Team (Primary Research) Pictures taken on fieldInnovation Venue: Dept. of Environment & Research, DAVV, IndoreInnovation Point of Contact: Mr. Sudhir PuloriaInnovations done by Dept. on Biomass Gasifier:Smoke emission has been reduced.Removable ash tray has been addedAsh residue is 4% on average or maximum 7%Special Inlet for putting BiomassProper pipe fittings for regulation of primary and secondary gasRunning of this device can be supported by solar panelsEvery component of the specifier is easily available at gram panchayat/municipalcorporationTeam Renegade 7
  8. 8. Secondary Research – Real Insights  Biomass gasification represents an important form of electricity production using a renewable resource – biomass. Its ability to use waste biomass in the form of crop and mill waste further enhances its attractiveness.  Gasification based power production is an exciting domain for businesses and entrepreneurs in India. This renewable power source provides the benefit of distributed power production such that small communities and remote villages could get access to affordable electricity.  Since India produces a lot of agricultural products, they transform the soil and since generally the residues of the transformation process are not used, this provides a free resource for gasification.  Biomass gasification could use a whole range of crop waste and agriculture waste to produce power. It uses gasifiers in conjunction with gas engines to produce electricity. It can operate at small scales (10-25 kW) as well as medium scale (upto 2 MW). As a result, it presents an interesting opportunity to many small scale and medium scale entrepreneurs and businesses.Team Renegade 8
  9. 9. Secondary Research – Real Insights  While gasification is a fairly old technology, the use of biomass gasifiers for power production has gained currency only in the recent past. India is unique poised to benefit from this trend. Latest estimates suggest that India could have as high as 30,000 MW of power from crop waste alone.  Currently, India’s installed capacity for biomass gasification for power production is small but this is expected to change soon.  Biomass gasification technology is an option to replace/substitute the existing oil based electricity generation in remote locations. It is also important to recognize this modern bio energy technology is a promising candidate for mitigating the climate change issues.  An efficient biomass combustion system to meet the cooking needs would release the pressure on wood for charcoalTeam Renegade 9
  10. 10. SWOT Analysis Strengths: Weakness: > Cost Effective > Initial cost is high (Rs. 1500 for big, 3000 for small > Environment Friendly and 2500 for small solar panel) > Uses Biodegradable Materials > Some smoke is still there > Raw Material: Biomass is easily available. Also, it is > Ash: 4-7%(very less but still there) very cheap as compared to LPG (1kg LPG= Rs 80; 1KG > Proves economical only when used for atleast 4-5 Bio mass—can be collected free or else in market 1kg = hours. This makes it infeasible for short duration Rs 8 - 16) usage(like in households) > All parts & components are easily available at the > Takes some time in starting up(warming up Gram Panchayat level or at the Municipal level for urban time)..(refer my prev mail) areas > Saves LPG i.e made of petroleum (scarce resource) Opportunity Threats > Good for commercial use, such as restraunts, mess > Similar gassifiers made by several other vendors etc; > Similar research in other universities and > Suitable 4 use in community kitchens in organisations villages, tribal groups or when food is to be prepared > Germany a world leader in gassifiers for larger groups and gas needs to be on for a longer > As it cant be used for short duration cooking(such as time in homes), its scope is limited presently > With various gasifier types and processes, biomass > Farmers might start charging for biomass once they gasification system can be designed in appropriate realise its economic worth scale according to user demandTeam Renegade 10
  11. 11. Stage I – Table Analysis Rating the innovation on a scale of 0 to 5 (5 being the highest score) on each of the parameters outlined in the sandbox, the self assessment scores are:Team Renegade 11
  12. 12. Stage II - C.K. Prahlad’s Sandbox HIGH HIGH HIGH MODERATE HIGH MODERATETeam Renegade 12
  13. 13. What’s the way forward – Key Recommendations  Commercialization of product to make it cheaper  Technological Development for reducing smoke further  Technological Development for reduction of ash  Like fossil fuel technology, biomass also requires professional approach on collecting, processing and delivery mechanism. This has happened in sugar and paper sectors  Customization of the product for use in restaurants and SHGs, Mess, tribal areas (where commercial LPG is not available)  The Government may provide subsidy for this instead of LPG to make it economicalTeam Renegade 13
  14. 14. Commercialization of product Access to raw material at acceptable price level Commercial Cheaper Energy Develop a technology that make the technology competitive with alternativesTeam Renegade 14
  15. 15. Policy Changes Needed • Subsidy to biomass technologies to balance the implicit subsidies to fossil fuels. • Remove distortions in fossil energy tariffs • Land supply for biomass generation • Institutions and policies to be set in place for competitive biomass energy service marketTeam Renegade 15
  16. 16. Customization of Product Power generation using glasifiers in plywood processing unit Finished good of Cheaply and readily plywood at cheaper available of supply for manufacturing cost due fuel is created in-house to cheap fuel Collection of waste plywood units and scrapSuch customization can be done for industries such as tea processing, coconut and rice mills, etc.Team Renegade 16
  17. 17. Integrate supply and production The system is supplying Installed a 40 KW A tree plantation with the surplus power to gasifier in 1988 for 4000 fast growing trees Gujarat Electricity Board meeting own power was set up on a private since 1989 at a requirement during the land to ensure wood competitive price periods of load shedding supply for the gasifier (Rs.1.25/KWhr) Case Study of Ankur Scientific Energy Technologies, a private firm located at Vadodara, GujaratTeam Renegade 17
  18. 18. Sources for Secondary Research  “The Potential for Renewable Energy in India – 2012”,  ‘Biomass Energy in India: Policies and Prospects’, Shukla P.R., IIM-A    Presentation by Dasappa S., IIS Bangalore  www.teriin.orgTeam Renegade 18
  19. 19. Thank You Go Green Tip : Take shorter showers to reduce water use. This will lower your water and heating bills too Team Renegade 19