Drip irrigation team renegade(mica ii) 02-11-12


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Drip irrigation team renegade(mica ii) 02-11-12

  1. 1. Innovation 4 – Drip Irrigation Case Study By Team Renegade Arpita Sahoo | Jagriti Chhateja Sneha Chaturvedi | Noor Salam Khan 1
  2. 2. Preface Greetings from Team Renegade!!! We would like to take this opportunity to thank Road2Ideas Team for providing this wonderful opportunity… We appeal you to “Go Green” with Road2Ideas 2012 and request you not to print this Case Study unless really needed. Our presentation theme symbolizes our spirit of “Go Green” Initiative and we request you to read “Go Green Tip” on Thank You Slide  Cheers Team RenegadeTeam Renegade 2
  3. 3. Introduction - Drip Irrigation  Drip Irrigation has been used in Gujarat for the last 10 years.  It was inspired by Israel and we use the same technology  We earlier used the flood technology for irrigation.  Used to produce potato, banana, etc.  Tomatoes, Capsicum, and other vegetables also grownTeam Renegade 3
  4. 4. Drip Irrigation v/s Flood Irrigation Drip Irrigation: Higher Production; Before: After = 2:3 20-25% Lesser Water Used Flood Irrigation: Uses more electricity as compared to drip Uses more labour as compared to drip; 24 hours v/s 1-2 hoursTeam Renegade 4
  5. 5. Drip Irrigation + Fertilizers • Since Gujarat has sandy soil, it needs more water Soil • Now all fertilizers except phosphorous are available in soluble form Soluble • When the drip facility started, soluble fertilizers were unavilable • Earlier fertilizers were added once a week • Now, they are added every day in small quantities with ever Frequency dropTeam Renegade 5
  6. 6. Potato – Sector Analysis • Potato is the third most important crop in the world after rice and wheat consumed by more than a billion people worldwide. • China and India together contribute nearly 1/3rd of the global potato production today. • The map below shows the production. Area under production and yields in India.Team Renegade 6
  7. 7. Introduction – Potato in Gujarat  The average area under potato cultivation in Gujarat during last three years has been around 52,800 hectares, with production of 11,47,300 MT and around 21,741 kg per hectare yield.  The dehydrated potato flakes can be used in place of mashed potatoes. They are functionally like fresh potatoes and could be used for making traditional snacks like samosa, dosa, tikki and parathas, industry experts said.  India is a very insignificant player in the global trade of dehydrated potato products. The exports of dehydrated products from the country are confined to neighbouring countries in form of dehydrated slices, chips and powder manufactured by small units, they said.  Gujarat would soon get its first state-of-the-art potato dehydration centre in Palanpur town, having a handling capacity of 500 kg per hour.Team Renegade 7
  8. 8. Cultivating Potato using Drip Irrigation Drip Irrigation 12-15 packs 1.45 acres of of 50kg land potato seeds 8000 Kgs of Output Input : Output Ratio = 1 : 5Team Renegade 8
  9. 9. Cultivating Potato using Drip Irrigation Potato Seeds come from North India Potato Crop sent to South IndiaTeam Renegade 9
  10. 10. Banana – Sector Analysis • India does not export even 1% of the total banana production and thus, there is a vast potential for increasing this quantity, provided a Banana pack house system comes up. • Indian Banana production has increased substantially in the last few years, due to increased adoption of tissue culture plants which gives higher yield, consistent quality and production for longer period of year. • The major countries to which India exports banana are U.K., Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Yemen Arab Republic. • India contributed 23% to the global banana production and 11% to the total area under cultivation. • Rising Banana productivity in Gujarat as well as India is becoming a matter of concern for post harvest facility of storage and handling.Team Renegade 10
  11. 11. Introduction – Bananas & Gujarat Banana is a perennial cash crop of Central Western India having high water requirement. Banana is one of the major fruits crops of Gujarat. This gives employment and income to millions of people engaged in its growing and trade. Area under production is 46,300 ha with a production of 1.9 million tonnes and productivity of 42.7 tonnes/ha. This is higher than the national average (42.7 tonnes/ha).  Small farmers use suckers of good quality plants for cultivation.  Big farmers use hardened small plants that are made from tissues developed in labs for production.Team Renegade 11
  12. 12. Banana – Production Schedule Tissues come in 1-2 inches of Hardened to small plant (Rs. Sown and grown into Big plants small pieces in black trays (Rs. 13/hardened plant) (Sold at Rs. 3 5/ kg) 8/tissue)Team Renegade 12
  13. 13. Banana - Profitability Input of one hardened small plant costing Rs. 13/plant One hardened small plant yields 30-35 bananas 5-6 bananas = 1 kg; 1 Kg = Rs. 35 30 bananas = 6 kgs; 6ks = Rs. 210 Profit per hardened plant = Rs. 210 – Rs. 13 = Rs. 197 !Team Renegade 13
  14. 14. Gujarat Green Revolution Corporation GGRC was No Queues; Only launched 3 years a Form needs to No Bribery ago by CM Modi be filled Advance No Corruption in Subsidies also Subsidy givenTeam Renegade 14
  15. 15. Secondary Research – Real Insights  An estimate by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) shows that the average shortage of power during the period April 2011 to February 2012 was as high as 71,200 million units, which is about 8 per cent less than the requirement.  The shortage of power supply is affecting the growth of agriculture, where electrical power is used to operate pumpsets to lift water from wells and other sources for irrigation.  Reports from different parts of the country suggest that high-value crops such as sugarcane, banana, cotton, paddy, etc, have dried up due to irregular supply of irrigation water as a result of power shortage.  With rural electrification, the number of pumpsets energised in the country increased to about 18 million which accounted for over 90 percent of Indias total irrigation pumpsets as of January 2012.  During the sixties, the share of ground water irrigation in Indias total irrigated area was only about 29 per cent, but it has increased to over 62 per cent today.  Today, the agricultural sector accounts for close to 20 per cent of Indias total electricity consumption; it was only around 5 per cent during 1960-61.Team Renegade 15
  16. 16. Secondary Research – Real Insights  The time required to irrigate one hectare of crop land under the conventional flood method of irrigation is large as it irrigates the entire land instead of crop. Moreover, the loss of water by conveyance, distribution and evaporation is large.  Under micro-irrigation, water is supplied only at the root zone of the crops at the required quantity through a network of pipes.  One hectare of banana or sugarcane can be irrigated within an hour by drip irrigation method, whereas it requires 10-15 hours under conventional flood method of irrigation. This reduces the consumption of irrigation water and also electricity.Team Renegade 16
  17. 17. SWOT Analysis Strengths: Weakness: > Since demand for food is increasing but supply > The drip system is more like a process and takes of land and water is scarce, methods enhancing heavy money investment for installation food productivity are in high demand > Effective purveyance of weedicide depends on >After installing drip-irrigation system farmers use the quality of water running through the drip. If anywhere from 30 to 50 percent less water, used with sandy/muddy water, the effect gets depending on the crop, and yields have improve neutralized. by 20 to 40 percent. > drip irrigation is ideal for fertigation, which is extremely beneficial for the plants. Opportunity Threats > Still less production per hectare compared to other > Converting to drip irrigation is a process. Each countries; scope for more technological advancement crop and geographic region has different needs > One must not ignore the banana waste which could and undergoes a unique learning curve. Therefore prove to be a bounty if it were to be converted into fresh research must continually be done requiring vermicompost. heavy investment. > The Central and State governments have introduced > Lack of awareness of the profitability of promotional schemes since 1990-91 which offer over switching to scientific ways of food production is 50 per cent of subsidy on the capital cost of drip set to hampering the spread of these technologies. farmers.Team Renegade 17
  18. 18. Stage I – Table Analysis Rating the innovation on a scale of 0 to 5 (5 being the highest score) on each of the parameters outlined in the sandbox, the self assessment scores are:Team Renegade 18
  19. 19. Stage II - C.K. Prahlad’s Sandbox HIGH HIGH HIGH HIGH HIGH MODERATETeam Renegade 19
  20. 20. What’s the way forward  Precision agriculture which involves the use of advanced positioning technologies, like GPS, to tailor inputs, such as fertilizer and water, to specific and variable needs within a field to greatly increase yields while also protecting the environment.  Importing machinery which operates off of sensory output from bands of light pointed at the crop, can be used for in-season nitrogen management, variable-rate fungicide and desiccant, as well as crop-condition mapping and pre-plant variable rate fertility.  As of today, only about two million hectares of area has been brought under drip irrigation, which is only about 7 per cent of its total potential of 27 million hectares estimated by the Task Force on Micro-irrigation (TFMI), appointed by the Ministry of Finance during 2004.  If drip system is made available at low cost, the area under drip irrigation can be increased at a faster rate. Therefore, measures can primarily be taken to reduce the fixed cost of drip irrigation by promoting R&D activities.Team Renegade 20
  21. 21. Way Forward - Drip  Recently, the Government of Tamil Nadu also announced a scheme to promote the adoption of drip irrigation in the State with over 75 per cent of subsidy for marginal and small farmers. Similar schemes can be introduced in Gujarat.  If the government recognised drip industry as an infrastructure industry as well as announced tax holiday for it for a specific time period, competition can be increased, which will ultimately bring down the cost of the system.  Studies have shown that slow growth of drip method of irrigation was not mainly due to economic reasons but due to low awareness among farmers about the real economic and other benefits of drip technology.  Therefore, apart from the provision of capital subsidy, there is also an urgent need for an awareness campaign through an effective extension network, including aggressive field demonstrations.Team Renegade 21
  22. 22. Way Forward - Bananas  M. M. Mustaffa, Director, National Research Centre for Banana (NRCB), said that for an individual farmer vermicomposting could help bring down 50 per cent of the expense on banana cultivation. Besides, by selling the vermicompost, one could earn at least Rs. 5 per kg and for a hectare of banana, the vermicompost alone could fetch Rs.15, 000 to Rs.20,000. Besides, vermiwash that could be used as a spray on the plants could also be produced.  Planting of tissue cultured disease free plants  Adoption of fertigation and nutrient monitoring based on tissue analysis  Invest in Banana pack houses to get technical facilities for pre and post harvest procedures  High-density plantation in double row systemTeam Renegade 22
  23. 23. Sources  www.dripirrigation.org  http://vistar.nic.in  http://greenas.in  http://nhb.gov.in  http://www.gujagro.org  http://www.sfacindia.comTeam Renegade 23
  24. 24. Thank You Go Green Tip : Don’t turn on lights at all for as long as you can— open your curtains and enjoy natural light.Team Renegade 24